Darkhan (city)

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Darkhan
Дархан
ᠳᠠᠷᠬᠠᠨ
District
Darkhan District
Дархан сум
ᠳᠠᠷᠬᠠᠨᠰᠤᠮᠤ
Buddha Statue complex
Buddha Statue complex
Darkhan is located in Mongolia
Darkhan
Darkhan
Coordinates: 49°28′08″N 105°57′27″E / 49.46889°N 105.95750°E / 49.46889; 105.95750
Country Mongolia
Province Darkhan-Uul Province
Founded October 1961
Elevation 665 m (2,182 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Urban 74,738
Time zone UTC + 8 (UTC+8)
Postal code 213800
Area code(s) +976 (0)137
Vehicle registration ДАx (x variable)

Darkhan (Mongolian: Дархан, blacksmith) is the third-largest city in Mongolia and the capital of Darkhan-Uul Aimag (Darkhan-Uul Province). It had a population of 74,738 in 2010.[1]

History[edit]

On October 17, 1961, the city of Darkhan was built with extensive economic assistance from the Soviet Union. As its name implies, the city was originally conceived to be a manufacturing site for Mongolia's northern territory. The city remains a mostly industrial region and is the home of some 82% of Darkhan-Uul Province's population. As with most urban Mongols, some 86% of the city's population live in residential apartments, with the remaining population living in yurts (gers) on the outskirts of the city. The city is relatively close to Russia and retains a fairly small percentage of native Russians.

Climate[edit]

Darkhan has a borderline humid continental climate (Dwb), close to the more typical subarctic climate (Dwc) of northern Mongolia, which is found in higher areas near the city, and only marginally wet enough to avoid qualifying as a semi-arid climate (BSk). These three climate types tend to overlap a good deal over the border regions of Mongolia, Russia and Kazakhstan.[2] This area has extremely cold and dry winters; however the summers are warmer and more humid.

Climate data for Darkhan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −18.7
(−1.7)
−13.8
(7.2)
−0.8
(30.6)
10.6
(51.1)
19.3
(66.7)
24.6
(76.3)
25.6
(78.1)
23.2
(73.8)
17.0
(62.6)
7.8
(46)
−4.6
(23.7)
−15.2
(4.6)
6.25
(43.25)
Daily mean °C (°F) −24.7
(−12.5)
−21.1
(−6)
−8.3
(17.1)
3.2
(37.8)
11.2
(52.2)
17.2
(63)
19.2
(66.6)
17.1
(62.8)
9.9
(49.8)
0.7
(33.3)
−11.1
(12)
−21.1
(−6)
−0.65
(30.84)
Average low °C (°F) −30.6
(−23.1)
−28.3
(−18.9)
−15.7
(3.7)
−4.2
(24.4)
3.1
(37.6)
9.9
(49.8)
12.9
(55.2)
11.1
(52)
2.8
(37)
−6.3
(20.7)
−17.6
(0.3)
−27
(−17)
−7.49
(18.47)
Precipitation mm (inches) 3
(0.12)
2
(0.08)
4
(0.16)
8
(0.31)
17
(0.67)
59
(2.32)
83
(3.27)
75
(2.95)
36
(1.42)
12
(0.47)
6
(0.24)
4
(0.16)
309
(12.17)
Source: http://en.climate-data.org/location/29830/

Culture[edit]

Monument to Morinkhuur instrument

The Kharagiin monastery is housed in a pretty log cabin in the old town; it has recently become active again as a Buddhist monastery.

In addition, the city hosts the Museum of Darkhan-Uul. This museum, also called the Traditional Museum of Folk Art, contains a collection of archaeological findings, traditional clothing, religious artifacts, and taxidermy.

The city has a monument to the horse-head fiddle (morinkhuur), the national instrument of Mongolia.

Education[edit]

Darkhan is the second largest educational center in Mongolia, making the educational level of the city's population very high. Hundreds of students come to Darkhan from other parts of Mongolia to study. Currently in Darkhan Uul Aimag there are 10 higher education institutions, 25 secondary schools, 14 kindergartens, the Institute of Management and Development, the Regional Business Development Center and the Plant Science and Agricultural Training Research Institute.

Partner cities[edit]

Darkhan is partnered with:[3]

City State Country
Dimitrovgrad BUL Димитровград COA.png Haskovo Province Bulgaria Bulgaria
Irving Texas Texas United States United States
Kaposvár FLAG-Somogy-megye.svg Somogy County Hungary Hungary
Ulan Ude Buryatia Buryatia Russia Russia

References[edit]