Darling, Western Cape

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Darling
Darling WC.jpg
Darling is located in South Africa
Darling
Darling
 Darling shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 33°23′S 18°23′E / 33.383°S 18.383°E / -33.383; 18.383Coordinates: 33°23′S 18°23′E / 33.383°S 18.383°E / -33.383; 18.383
Country South Africa
Province Western Cape
District West Coast
Municipality Swartland
Established 1853
Area[1]
 • Total 9.3 km2 (3.6 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 10,420
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 8.6%
 • Coloured 81.9%
 • Indian/Asian 0.4%
 • White 8.1%
 • Other 1.0%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Afrikaans 85.4%
 • English 6.2%
 • Xhosa 5.7%
 • Other 2.7%
Postal code (street) 7345
PO box 7345
Area code 022
Website www.darlingtourism.co.za

Darling is a small town in a farming area on the west coast region of the Western Cape, about 75 km from Cape Town.

By the beginning of the 18th century about 29 farmers lived in an area called Groenkloof and on one of these farms, Langfontein, Darling was founded in 1853. It was named after Sir Charles Henry Darling who came in 1851 to the Cape as Lieutenant Governor.

The Darling Museum shows the history of the town and the Darling creamery which was established in 1899 by two Swedish settlers, Nils Georg Moller and G. Threnstrom, and was closed in 1950. The museum also holds a collection of large agricultural machines. Darling is famous for its wildflowers and since 1917 the annual Darling Wildflower show is held by the Darling Wildflower Society, founded in 1915 by Mrs. Suzanne Malan and Mr. Frederick Duckitt of Waylands. [2]

The Darling Wind Farm is situated between Darling and the coastal town of Yzerfontein and it is operational with plans for expansion.

The South African satirist Pieter-Dirk Uys performs many of his shows as Evita Bezuidenhout at Evita se Perron, a cabaret venue and restaurant in Darling. The adjacent arts and crafts market has been taken over in 2006 by the Darling Trust, a charitable organisation which addresses the problems of impoverished communities in the area through the establishment of grassroots projects. The first private school to open its doors in the Swartland area, Darling College, is also situated close to the entrance of the town on the Malmesbury side.

In 2006, the city launched the Darling Music Experience with the aim to organise small concerts in a rural setting for both lovers of classical and more popular music. The festival offers chamber music, popular choir works and Jazz, bringing together community ensembles and soloists with well known national and international musicians. A young local composer is commissioned every year to write a piece especially for the festival.[3]

Darling's role in World War 2[edit]

By 1942 German U-Boat activity off the South African coast was at its peak. In an effort to provide greater security to the Naval convoys plying the sea route the South African Air Force hastily constructed or supplemented existing facilities at six additional airfields around the coast.[4]

The first SAAF flying unit to be based at Darling was 23 Squadron, arriving on the airfield at the beginning of 1943. From here the Ventura aircraft patrolled the western sea approaches to Cape Town at the height of the submarine menace. The unit was strengthened by the arrival of a Ventura detachment from 27 Squadron between February and April 1943.[4]

In November 1943 the Venturas of 29 Operational Training Unit (OTU) were relocated from Nigel to Darling with torpedo training forming a large part of their brief.[5]

On 31 January 1944 construction began on an iron hangar at Darling to ease maintenance problems experienced in the hitherto basic conditions. Temporary buildings were hastily completed and lecture rooms were erected alongside administrative buildings.[4]

On 12 April 1944 Ventura 6457 of 27 Squadron crashed into Dassenberg near Darling shortly after taking off on a training flight killing the crew of six. On 12 April 1988 the wreckage was discovered and airlifted off the hill for transport to the South African Air Force Museum[4]

Use of Darling’s airfield gradually tapered off after the war as AFB Langebaanweg became the epicentre of SAAF operations on the West Coast.[5]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Sum of the Main Places Nuwedorp and Darling from Census 2011.
  2. ^ "Darling Tourism". Darling Tourism. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  3. ^ "Darling Music Experience". Darling Music Experience. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  4. ^ a b c d Route 27 West Coast South Africa
  5. ^ a b Becker, Capt Dave (1989). Yellow Wings. The Story Of The Joint Air Training Scheme In World War 2. Pretoria: The SAAF Museum. p. 79. 

External links[edit]