Paakantyi (Darling language)

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Darling
Paakantyi
Native to Australia
Native speakers
24  (2006)[1]
Dialects
?Gurnu (Guula)
Naualko
Baarundji
Wiljaali
Dhanggaali (Thangkaali)
Bulaali
Barrindji
Marawara (Maraura)[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 drl
Glottolog darl1243[3]
AIATSIS[4] D12
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The Darling language (green) among other Pama–Nyungan (tan)

The Darling language, or Paakantyi (Baagandji), is a nearly extinct Australian Aboriginal language spoken along the Darling River in New South Wales from present-day Bourke to Wentworth and including much of the back country around the Paroo River and Broken Hill. The people's and language name refers to the Paaka (Darling River) with the suffix -ntyi meaning 'belonging to',[5]

The Darling language is nearly extinct, with a recent report indicating that only two people could speak the language fluently.[6]

Dialects of Paakantyi include Southern Paakantyi (Baagandji, Bagundji), Kurnu (Kula), Wilyakali (Wiljagali), and Pantyikali (Bandjigali, Baarundji), Parrintyi (Barrindji), Marawara (Maraura). Bowern (2011) lists Gurnu/Guula as a separate language, though Hercus includes it because of its almost identical vocabulary.[5] Dixon adds several other names, some perhaps synonyms;[2] Bulaali (Bulali) may have been an alternative name for Wilyakali, but also for a different language, Maljangapa.[7]

The major work on the Paakantyi language has been that of linguist Luise Hercus.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Darling at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ a b Dixon, R. M. W. (2002). Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development. Cambridge University Press. p. xxxvi. 
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Darling". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. ^ Darling at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
  5. ^ a b c Luise Hercus. Baagandji Grammar, ANU 1960; Paakantyi Dictionary (published with the assistance of AIATSIS, 1993)
  6. ^ Paul, Margaret. "Funding sought for Aboriginal language classes". abc.net.au. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 1 June 2012. 
  7. ^ Bulali at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies