Darlington (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 54°31′44″N 1°33′11″W / 54.529°N 1.553°W / 54.529; -1.553

Darlington
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Darlington in County Durham.
Outline map
Location of County Durham within England.
County County Durham
Electorate 67,476 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Darlington
Current constituency
Created 1868
Member of Parliament Jenny Chapman (Labour)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North East England

Darlington is a market town in County Durham in the North East of England and regarded as a semi-marginal Labour seat currently represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Jenny Chapman of the Labour Party.[n 1]

History[edit]

The constituency was created for the 1868 election[n 2] and covers the economically depressed market town of Darlington in County Durham. The seat has been held by all three major parties in its long existence, but has been a marginal constituency between the Labour and Conservative parties in the years since the Second World War. Labour have held the seat since 1992 with their candidate Jenny Chapman winning the seat in 2010 with a 3,388 majority down from 10,404 in the previous election.

Boundaries[edit]

The seat has electoral wards:

  • Bank Top, Central, Cockerton East, Cockerton West, College, Eastbourne, Faverdale, Harrowgate Hill, Haughton East, Haughton North, Haughton West, Hummersknott, Lascelles, Lingfield, Mowden, Northgate, North Road, Park East, Park West and Pierremont in the Borough of Darlington

These boundaries show only a minor change from those used from 1983 to 2010.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[2] Party
1868 Edmund Backhouse Liberal
1880 Theodore Fry Liberal
1895 Arthur Pease Liberal Unionist
1898 by-election Herbert Pike Pease Liberal Unionist, then Unionist
1910 Ignatius Timothy Tribich Lincoln[3] Liberal
1910 Herbert Pike Pease Conservative
1923 by-election William Edwin Pease Conservative
1926 by-election Arthur Lewis Shepherd Labour
1931 Charles Urie Peat Conservative
1945 David Hardman Labour
1951 Fergus Graham Conservative
1959 Anthony Bourne-Arton Conservative
1964 Edward Fletcher Labour
1983 by-election Oswald O'Brien Labour
1983 Michael Fallon Conservative
1992 Alan Milburn Labour
2010 Jenny Chapman Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Darlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jenny Chapman[4]
Conservative Peter Cuthbertson[5]
General Election 2010: Darlington[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jenny Chapman 16,891 39.4 −13.0
Conservative Edward Legard 13,503 31.5 +5.5
Liberal Democrat Mike Barker 10,046 23.4 +4.9
BNP Amanda Foster 1,262 2.9 N/A
UKIP Charlotte Bull 1,194 2.8 +0.9
Majority 3,388 7.9
Turnout 42,896 61.9 +1.6
Labour hold Swing −9.2

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Darlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alan Milburn 20,643 52.4 −3.9
Conservative Anthony Frieze 10,239 26.0 −4.3
Liberal Democrat Robert Adamson 7,269 18.5 +7.6
UKIP John Hoodless 730 1.9 N/A
Veritas David Davies 507 1.3 N/A
Majority 10,404 26.4
Turnout 39,388 60.3 −1.7
Labour hold Swing +0.2
General Election 2001: Darlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alan Milburn 22,479 56.3 −5.2
Conservative Tony Richmond 12,095 30.3 +2.0
Liberal Democrat Robert Adamson 4,358 10.9 +3.7
Socialist Alliance Alan Docherty 469 1.2 N/A
Independent Craig Platt 269 0.7 N/A
Socialist Labour Amanda Rose 229 0.6 N/A
Majority 10,384 26.0
Turnout 39,899 62.0 −11.9
Labour hold Swing −3.6

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Darlington[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alan Milburn 29,658 61.6 +13.5
Conservative Peter Scrope 13,633 28.3 −14.7
Liberal Democrat Leslie Boxell 3,483 7.2 −1.1
Referendum Party Michael Blakey 1,399 2.9 N/A
Majority 16,025 33.3
Turnout 48,172 73.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Darlington[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alan Milburn 26,556 48.1 +6.5
Conservative Michael Fallon 23,758 43.0 −3.6
Liberal Democrat Peter John Bergg 4,586 8.3 −3.5
BNP Dr. Donald Clarke 355 0.6 N/A
Majority 2,798 5.1 +0.1
Turnout 55,255 83.6 +2.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +5.0

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Darlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Fallon 24,831 46.6 +2.0
Labour Oswald O'Brien 22,170 41.6 +3.8
Liberal Andrew Collinge 6,289 11.8
Majority 2,661 5.0
Turnout 53,290 80.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Darlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Fallon 22,434 44.6
Labour Oswald O'Brien 18,996 37.8
Social Democratic Ray Dutton 8,737 17.4
Christian Democratic Party A.H. Clark 108 0.2
Majority 3,438 6.8
Turnout 80.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
Darlington by-election, 1983
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Oswald O'Brien 20,544 39.5 −6.0
Conservative Michael Fallon 18,132 34.9 −8.5
Social Democratic Anthony Cook 12,735 24.5 +14.3
Monster Raving Loony Screaming Lord Sutch 374 0.7 N/A
Independent Arthur Clark 164 0.3 N/A
Tactical Voting Annihilates Bennite Tatchellites Thomas Keen 27 0.1 N/A
Yoga and Meditation Jitendra Bardwaj 15 0.0 N/A
Republican Peter Smith 10 0.0 N/A
Majority 2,412 4.6 +2.5
Turnout 52,001
Labour hold Swing +1.25

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Darlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Fletcher 22,565 45.52 +0.0
Conservative Timothy Kirkhope 21,513 43.39 +5.8
Liberal K. Walker 5,054 10.19 −6.4
National Front H. Outhwaite 444 0.90 N/A
Majority 1,052 2.12 −5.8
Turnout 49,576 78.4 +13.4
Labour hold Swing −2.82
General Election October 1974: Darlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Fletcher 21,334 45.55
Conservative B.H. Hord 17,620 37.62
Liberal Philip Frietag 7,882 16.83
Majority 3,714 7.93
Turnout 74.40
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Darlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Fletcher 20,546 40.75
Conservative B.H. Hord 18,477 36.65
Liberal Philip Frietag 11,398 22.61
Majority 2,069 4.10
Turnout 80.78
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Darlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Fletcher 23,208 48.47
Conservative Anthony Bourne-Arton 19,447 40.62
Liberal S.S. Newton 5,222 10.91
Majority 3,761 7.86
Turnout 76.44
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Darlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Fletcher 23,909 50.50
Conservative Anthony Bourne-Arton 19,546 41.28
Liberal R. Oakeshott 3,891 8.22
Majority 4,363 9.22
Turnout 82.26
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Darlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Fletcher 21,751 45.15
Conservative Anthony Bourne-Arton 19,841 41.19
Liberal J.G. Pease 6,578 13.66
Majority 1,910 3.97
Turnout 82.98
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Darlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Bourne-Arton 24,318 48.56
Labour R.H. Lewis 19,901 39.74
Liberal John Patrick McQuade 5,863 11.71
Majority 4,417 8.82
Turnout 84.40
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Darlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Fergus Graham 25,765 52.64
Labour A.J. Parkinson 23,184 47.36
Majority 2,581 5.27
Turnout 82.34
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Darlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Fergus Graham 26,858 50.77
Labour David Hardman 26,045 49.23
Majority 813 1.54
Turnout 87.11
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1950: Darlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Hardman 23,528 44.78
Conservative G. Walford 17,421 33.16
Liberal Gordon Victor Rogers 11,588 22.06
Majority 6,107 11.62
Turnout 88.48
Labour hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Darlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Rennie Hardman 21,442 48.91
Conservative Charles Urie Peat 13,153 30.02
Liberal Gordon Victor Rogers 9,215 21.03
Majority 8,289 18.92
Turnout 80.09
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Darlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Urie Peat 22,320 55.21
Labour Arthur Lewis Shepherd 18,105 44.79
Majority 4,215 10.43
Turnout 84.79
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Darlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Urie Peat 24,416 60.72
Labour Arthur Lewis Shepherd 15,798 39.28
Majority 8,618 21.43
Turnout 89.47
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929

Electorate 43,327

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Lewis Shepherd 17,061
Unionist Viscount Castlereagh 15,596
Liberal John Joseph Richardson 6,149
Majority 1,465
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
Darlington by-election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Lewis Shepherd 12,965 44.5 −1.7
Unionist E. H. Pease 12,636 43.3 −10.5
Liberal John Purcell Dickie 3,573 12.2 N/A
Majority 329 1.2 N/A
Turnout 29,174 87.6 +1.5
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +4.4
General Election 1924: Darlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist William Edwin Pease 15,174 53.8 +11.6
Labour Arthur Lewis Shepherd 13,008 46.2 +12.6
Majority 2,166 7.6 −1.0
Turnout 28,182 86.1 −0.7
Unionist hold Swing −0.5
General Election 1923: Darlington

Electorate: 31,801

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist William Edwin Pease 11,638
Labour William John Sherwood 9,284
Liberal Robert Alderson Wright 6,697
Majority 2,354
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
Darlington by-election, 1923

Electorate: 31,801

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist William Edwin Pease 14,684 56.6 +6.9
Labour William John Sherwood 11,271 43.4 +9.6
Majority 3,413 13.2 −2.7
Turnout 25,955 85.3 −2.7
Unionist hold Swing −1.4
General Election 1922: Darlington

Electorate: 30,411

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Herbert Pike Pease 13,286 49.7 −11.8
Labour William John Sherwood 9,048 33.8 N/A
Liberal Thomas Crooks 4,419 16.5 −22.0
Majority 4,238 15.9 −7.1
Turnout 26,753 88.0 +20.2
Unionist hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Darlington[10]

Electorate 28,660

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 11,951 61.5
Liberal Alfred Henry Scott 7,494 38.5
Majority 4,457 23.0
Turnout 67.8
Unionist hold Swing
  • denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  2. ^ 17 years before the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 which created many more
References