Dartmouth Lower Ferry
The Dartmouth Lower Ferry is a vehicular and passenger ferry which crosses the River Dart in the English county of Devon. It is one of three ferries that cross the tidal river from Dartmouth to Kingswear, the others being the Higher Ferry and the Passenger Ferry. The 630-mile (1,010 km) long South West Coast Path crosses the Dart on either the Lower or Passenger ferries.
Unlike the Higher Ferry, which operates somewhat to the north of the centres of Dartmouth and Kingswear, the Lower Ferry operates from slips directly in the centre of both places. This is more convenient for local traffic, but means the traffic must negotiate the narrow streets of Kingswear village.
The ferry is owned and operated by the South Hams District Council. It is operated by unpowered ferry pontoons, carrying up to 8 cars each. Each ferry pontoon is pushed and pulled by a tug boat and, when traffic demands, two such ferry/tug combinations are used in service at the same time.
There are records of a "Kingswear Ferry" as early as 1365. By the 18th century, a second ferry was sailing from Hoodown on the Kingswear side, upstream from Waterhead Creek, which had an easier approach than the steep slipway in the village square. The Dartmouth and Torbay Railway was authorised by its 1857 Act of Parliament to establish a steam ferry across the Dart from its station and agreed to purchase the ferries, although the Hoodown Ferry was discontinued in 1864 after the opening of the railway. The remaining Kingswear Ferry was leased out by the railway to a succession of local operators.
In addition to the rowing boat that operated from Kingswear, a "horse boat" was operated that could convey a horse and cart. A steam ferry supplemented the rowed ferry in April 1867, and this could tow the horse boat when required. A new steam ferry, the Forester, was brought into use in 1878. The rowing boat finally ceased operation in 1915 when the Relief was introduced.
In the 1920s the railway sold the ferry rights to Dartmouth Corporation.
- "Dartmouth Lower Ferry". South Hams District Council. Retrieved 2008-09-17.
- "BBC News - Dartmouth ferry becomes Jubilee party venue". BBC Online. 31 May 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2012. "Kingswear and Dartmouth each sent about 20 people for the party on one of the three ferries that daily ply their trade across the River Dart. The [Lower] ferry was moored in middle of the Dart for an hour on Wednesday evening for the cream teas and entertainment"
- "Memories of Dartmouth - Dartmouth Museum". Dartmouth Museum. Retrieved 2 June 2012. "30 May 2012, Dartmouth and Kingswear celebrate the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II with a Devon Cream Tea on the Lower Ferry, half way between Dartmouth and Kingswear."
- Potts, C R (1998). The Newton Abbot to Kingswear Railway (1844 - 1988). Oxford: Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-387-7.
- Media related to Dartmouth Lower Ferry at Wikimedia Commons
- Ferry schedule and charges
- Video and additional pictures
- "Dartmouth Lower Ferry - 1912". Dartmouth Museum. Retrieved 12 May 2012.