Darton

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This article is about an English village. For people with the name, see Darton (surname). For other uses, see Darton (disambiguation).
Darton
Darton Church.jpg
Darton church, built in 1150 AD
Darton is located in South Yorkshire
Darton
Darton
 Darton shown within South Yorkshire
Population 14,927 
OS grid reference SE309099
Metropolitan borough Barnsley
Metropolitan county South Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BARNSLEY
Postcode district S75
Dialling code 01226
Police South Yorkshire
Fire South Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Barnsley Central
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 53°35′06″N 1°31′57″W / 53.585°N 1.5325°W / 53.585; -1.5325

Darton is a large village in the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley (part of South Yorkshire, England), on the border with West Yorkshire. At the time of the 2001 UK census, it had a population of 14,927.[1]

Parliamentary representation[edit]

Formerly part of the now defunct Barnsley West and Penistone borough constituency, following the Boundary Commission for England's report on South Yorkshire's Parliamentary constituencies in 2004 and an inquiry in 2005, it is now part of the Barnsley Central borough constituency.

Geography[edit]

Darton lies on the River Dearne, directly to the east of Kexbrough, and 5 miles (8.0 km) north of the town of Barnsley. It is served by the A637 road and is bisected by the M1 motorway (junction 38 being a mile to the north). Its location is approximately 53°35′6″N 1°31′57″W / 53.58500°N 1.53250°W / 53.58500; -1.53250, at an elevation of around 260 feet (79 m) above mean sea level. Darton is the only village on the M1 with three motorway bridges.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The name Darton is believed to be an amalgamation of "Dearne" and the Anglo-Saxon word "ton" (meaning 'town'). Hence, in ancient times it was known as 'the town on the Dearne'. However, other sources dispute this explanation and claim that the name originates from a description given to a deer enclosure or something similar.

A church was built in the village in 1150, but, as elsewhere in England, an official register of baptisms, deaths and marriages did not begin until several centuries later in 1539.

Darton may have also been the birthplace of the painter William Tate, a pupil of Joseph Wright of Derby.[2]

Present day[edit]

Darton has its own railway station which links train journeys between Sheffield and Leeds. The railway station is in South Yorkshire but Metro (West Yorkshire PTE) tickets are also valid to and from this station. The reason for this is because the West-South Yorkshire boundary historically ran between the village and its main source of employment, Woolley Colliery.

Darton College is a secondary school located in the village.

Floods[edit]

On 15 June 2007, Darton hit the national headlines after 48 hours of torrential rain caused the River Dearne to burst its banks leading to heavy flooding in the village.[3][4][5] The main road through the village was rendered impassable and many homes and businesses were damaged, including the village post office, which re-opened in June 2008. Further flooding occurred in January 2008, although the damage and disruption caused this time was not as bad as the previous year's.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Urban Areas : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Retrieved 26 August 2009
  2. ^ Polehampton, Hugh, The Thorpe Family of Gaweber Hall, in "Moving Lives - Stories of Barnsley Families"
  3. ^ Lamond, Jessica (2012). "4". Flood hazards: Impacts and responses for the built environment (in English). Boca Raton: CRC Press. p. 39. ISBN 978-1-4398-2626-3. 
  4. ^ Worst deluge in decades - Yorkshire Post
  5. ^ "Darton Floods - 25th June 2007". Youtube.com. Retrieved 3 May 2015.