Dartos

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Dartos
Gray1143.png
The scrotum. (Label for Dartos is at bottom left.)
Gray1144.png
The scrotum. (Label for Dartos is at bottom left.)
Latin Tunica dartos
Gray's p.1238
Origin Subcutaneous tissue of scrotum, superficial to superficial fascia (Colles)
Insertion Skin and midline raphé of scrotum
Artery Artery of Duffy[citation needed]
Nerve Genital branch of genitofemoral nerve
Actions Corrugates the scrotum
Anatomical terms of muscle

The dartos fascia is a layer of connective tissue found in the penile shaft and scrotum.[1]66 In addition to being continuous with itself between the scrotum and the penis, it is also continuous with Colles fascia of the perineum and Scarpa's fascia of the abdomen.[1]66

It lies just below the skin, which places it just superficial to the external spermatic fascia in the scrotum and to Buck's fascia in the penile shaft.

In the scrotum, it consists mostly of smooth muscle.[2] The tone of this smooth muscle is responsible for the wrinkled (rugose) appearance of the scrotum.[1]66

In females, the same muscle fibers are less well developed and termed dartos muliebris, lying beneath the skin of the labia majora.

It receives innervation from postganglionic sympathetic nerve fibers arriving via the ilioinguinal nerve and the posterior scrotal nerve. (http://anatomy.med.umich.edu/gastrointestinal_system/inguinal_tables.html)

Function[edit]

In the penis, the loose attachment of the Dartos fascia to Buck's fascia is responsible for the high degree of mobility of the penile skin over the underlying tissue.[1]66 It is also responsible for carrying the blood supply of the penile skin, a longitudinally-coursing anastamotic network of vessels that arise from the external pudental vessels.[1]66

In the scrotum, the tunica dartos acts to regulate the temperature of the testicles, which promotes spermatogenesis. It does this by expanding or contracting to wrinkle the scrotal skin.

  • Contraction reduces the surface area available for heat loss, thus reducing heat loss and warming the testicles.
  • Conversely, expansion increases the surface area, promoting heat loss and thus cooling the testicles.

The dartos muscle works in conjunction with the cremaster muscle to elevate the testis but should not be confused with the cremasteric reflex.

Related terms[edit]

Some dartos-related terms:

dartoic (dar·to·ic) (dahr-to'ik) of the nature of a dartos; having a slow, involuntary contractility like that of the dartos.
dartoid (dar·toid) (dahr'toid) resembling the dartos.

Additional images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e et al, Alan J. Wein (2012). Campbell-Walsh urology / editor-in-chief, Alan J. Wein ; [editors, Louis R. Kavoussi ... et al.]. (10th ed. ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders. ISBN 978-1-4160-6911-9. 
  2. ^ Gray's 16th Edition

External links[edit]