Daria-i-Noor

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Daria-i-Noor
Darya-e Noor Diamond of Iran.png
Weight 182 carats (36.4 g)
Color Pale pink
Cut Tabular, free-form. Inscribed.
Country of origin India
Mine of origin Kollur Mine Andhra Pradesh
Cut by Shekhar Bhimanadham
Current owner Sonali Bank, Dhaka, Bangladesh/
Central Bank of Iran , Tehran, Iran

The Daria-i-Noor (Persian: دریای نور‎ which means "Sea of light" in Persian; (also spelled Darya-ye Noor) is one of the largest cut diamonds in the world, weighing an estimated 182 carats (36 g). Its colour, pale pink, is one of the rarest to be found in diamonds. The exact whereabouts of the Daria-i-Noor is debatable. The Daria-i-Noor is said to be preserved in a vault of Sonali Bank in Dhaka, Bangladesh.[1][2] While a diamond with a similar name and description could be found in the Iranian Crown Jewels of Central Bank of Iran in Tehran.[3]

History[edit]

Rezā Shāh with the Darya-ye Noor on his uniform

This diamond, like the Koh-i-Noor, was mined at the Paritala-Kollur Mine in Andhra Pradesh, India.[4] It was owned by the Mughal emperors.

In 1739, Nader Shah of Iran invaded Northern India, occupied Delhi and then massacred many of its inhabitants. As payment for returning the crown of India to the Mughal emperor, Muhammad, he took possession of the entire fabled treasury of the Mughals, including the Darya-i-noor, in addition to the Koh-i-noor and the Peacock throne. All of these treasures were carried to Iran by Nader Shah and the Darya-i-noor has remained there ever since.

After Nader Shah's death, the Darya-ye Noor was inherited by his grandson, Shahrokh Mirza. It then passed into the possession of Alam Khan Khozeimeh, and later, of Lotf Ali Khan Zand, a member of Iran's Zand dynasty. Agha Mohammad Khan, founder of Qajar dynasty, defeated the Zands, and thus the Darya-e-noor came into the possession of the Qajars. Fath Ali Shah Qajar had his name inscribed on one facet of the diamond. Later, Nasser-al-Din Shah Qajar often wore it on an armband. He apparently believed that this diamond had been one adorning the crown of Cyrus the Great. When armbands fell from royal fashion, he wore the diamond as a brooch. On occasion, the gem would be left in the care of high personages of the land, as a sign of honor. It was eventually kept hidden in the Golestan Palace treasury museum until Mozaffar al-Din Shah Qajar's time — this monarch wore it as a hat decoration while visiting Europe in 1902. Reza Shah, founder of the Pahlavi dynasty, wore the diamond as a decoration on his military hat during his coronation in 1926, and it was used in his son Mohammad Reza's coronation ceremony in 1967.

Possible association[edit]

In 1965, a Canadian team conducting research on the Iranian Crown Jewels concluded that the Darya-ye Noor may well have been part of a large pink diamond that had been studded in the throne of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, and had been described in the journal of the French jeweller Jean-Baptiste Tavernier in 1642, who called it the Great Table diamond ("Diamanta Grande Table"). This diamond may have been cut into two pieces; the larger part is the Darya-ye Noor; the smaller part is believed to be the 60 carats (12 g) Noor-ol-Ein diamond, presently studded in a tiara also in the Iranian Imperial collection.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Daria-i-Noor". Banglapedia. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Meet Daria-i-Noor, the Koh-i-Noor’s little-known sibling". The Tribune. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Collections". cbi.ir. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  4. ^ Deccan Heritage, H. K. Gupta, A. Parasher and D. Balasubramanian, Indian National Science Academy, 2000, p. 144, Orient Blackswan, ISBN 81-7371-285-9

External links[edit]