Dasbodh

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Samarth Ramdas

Shreemat Dāsbodh (Devanagari: दासबोध), loosely meaning "advice to the disciple", is a classical 17th century Hindu Advaita Vedanta spiritual text. It was orally narrated by the saint Samarth Ramdas, to his disciple Kalyan Swami. The Dāsbodh provides readers with spiritual guidance on matters such as devotion and acquiring knowledge.

Background[edit]

Dāsbodh (दासबोध) was written in 1654 by Rāmdās (1608-1681), a religious Hindu poet from Mahārāstra, in the Marathi language, the native language of Maharashtra State in India. It is a comprehensive volume in verse form providing instructions on the religious life, presented in the format of a conversation between a Guru and disciple. The narration is believed to have taken place in a cave called Shivatharghal in the Raigad district of Maharashtra in India.

Style[edit]

Dāsbodh is written in the verse form known as owi (ओव्या) in Marathi. The volume comprises 7,751 owi (ओव्या) and is divided into 20 dashak (दशक) chapters, each chapter consisting of ten samās (समास) sub-chapters.

Dāsbodh has 20 main chapters, each consisting of 10 sub-chapters. Each of these sub-chapters varies in the number of stanzas, but averages around 30-40 stanzas (ovi) per sub-chapter, with some being considerably longer.

Contents[edit]

Dāsbodh prescribes the path of devotion to God or "Bhakti mārg", and the path of Knowledge or "Jnana Marg" for liberation. Through knowledge, Ramdas clears away all doubts and gives the understanding of one's "True Self". Ramdas also reveals the true meaning and significance of "Discrimination" and "Detachment".

It deals with diverse aspects of human life such as politics, conducting business dealings and taking care of one's body and family life. One of the key messages given by Saint Ramdas is to not be lazy, as he always encouraged aspirants to earn the livelihood in a virtuous manner. The person who is ready to work will always be fortunate. Common man normally does not want to work and expects everything from God without an effort.

In Dasbodh, Samartha Ramdas presents the essence of many Vedic texts. Dasbodh is truly a manual for life, in the highest sense. Dasbodh is somewhat unique among spiritual literature in that it not only expounds the classic themes of discrimination between the true and the untrue, and detachment commonly found in Vedic literature, but also provided is detailed instruction on how to function and excel in society from a place of deep spiritual understanding.

Contained within the chapters of Dasbodh, Ramdas clearly outlines and makes easy the path of liberation through Devotion and Knowledge. Through knowledge, Ramdas clears away all doubts and gives the understanding of one's "True Self." Ramdas also reveals the true meaning and significance of "Discrimination" and "Detachment." Truly, an entire volume could be written in trying to describe all that is contained within this great text. It draws upon ancient Vedic texts including, but not limited to; The Vedas, the Shashtras, the Upanishads, the Avadhut Gita, the Bhagavad Gita, the Rama Gita, the Yogavasishtha, the Guru Gita, the Brahma Sutras, but to name a few. Mainly what is presented in Dasbodh is the voice of direct experience itself.

Influences[edit]

Dāsbodh draws upon ancient Vedic texts: the Vedas, the Shashtras, the Upanishads, the Avadhut Gita, the Bhagavad Gita, the Rama Gita, the Yogavasishtha, the Guru Gita and the Brahma Sutras.

Popularity[edit]

Dāsbodh has been popular for many years in India. Only recently has it begun to receive recognition in the West. Dāsbodh is highly recommended by the Inchegeri Sampradaya, including Shri Siddharameshwar Maharaj.[1]

Translations[edit]

Dāsbodh has been translated into many Indian and foreign languages like German, English, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Gujrathi and Sindhi.[2]

  • Sanskrit
  • Hindi (three different authors (Chitrashala press Poona copy, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Mumbai, copy and Hindi Sahitya Kutir, Banaras copy))
  • Telugu (Sundaraiyya vidnyan kendram copy and Vedavyas Mudraksharshala chittur copy)
  • Kannada
  • Tamil
  • Sindhi
  • English (four different authors)
    • SADGURU SHREE SAMARTH RAMDAS SWAMI MAHARAJ, THE DASBODHA, siddharameshwar.org 
    • Samartha Ramdas (2010), Dasbodh - Spiritual Instruction for the Servant, Sadguru Publishing 

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.inner-quest.org/Ranjit_Interview.htm
  2. ^ [1] Dāsbodh.com : Online library containing Dāsbodh in various languages

External links[edit]