A dashcam (dashboard camera) is an onboard camera that attaches to the vehicle's interior windscreen by either a supplied suction cup mount or an adhesive-tape mount. It can also be positioned on top of the dashboard or attached to the rear-view mirror with a special mount. It continuously records the road ahead while the vehicle is in motion. Dashcams often provide video evidence in an event of an accident. Various types of dashcam are available on the market, ranging from basic video cameras to ones which also record parameters such as date/time, speed, G-forces and location.
Dashcams are widespread in Russia as a form of sousveillance, additional evidence in court, and as a guard against police corruption and insurance fraud. They have been called "ubiquitous" and "an on-line obsession", and are so prevalent that dashcam footage was the most common footage of the 2013 Chelyabinsk meteor, which was documented from a dozen angles. Thousands of videos showing automobile and aircraft crashes, close calls, and attempts at insurance fraud have been uploaded to video sharing websites like YouTube, an oft-gruesome genre which has generated its own Russian lexicon such as:
- слабоумие и отвага (slaboumiye i otvaga): "Stupidity and courage"
- железобетонное очко (zhelezobetonnoye ochko): "Anus of Reinforced Concrete" (i.e. "one whose anus is made of reinforced concrete", an honorific for an especially skilled driver with nerves of steel, reacting adequately to an emergency situation).
Dashcams are gaining in popularity in many parts of Asia, Europe (particularly in France), Australia and the US. They are forbidden by law in Austria, where they carry heavy fines. In Switzerland, their use is strongly discouraged in public space as they may contravene data protection principles.  In Germany, while small cameras for personal use in vehicles are allowed, posting footage from them on social-media sites is considered a violation of privacy and thus forbidden. Dashcam footage is also inadmissible as evidence in a German court. In Australia and Poland, recording on public roadways is allowed as long as the recording does not infringe upon one's personal privacy in a way that may be deemed inappropriate in a court of law.
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