Dasypodaidae

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Dasypodaidae
Dasypoda altercator DSCF0332.JPG
Dasypoda altercator
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Suborder: Apocrita
Superfamily: Apoidea
Family: Dasypodaidae
Subfamilies

Dasypodainae
Promelittinae
Sambinae

The family Dasypodaidae (originally named "Dasypodidae", although that name had already been taken) is a small bee family, with more than 100 species in eight genera,[1] found in Africa and the northern temperate zone, primarily in xeric habitats.

They are typically small to moderate-sized bees, with shaggy scopae, and are commonly oligolectic (e.g., Hesperapis regularis). All members of this family have two submarginal cells in the forewing.

Taxonomy[edit]

Historically, they have been considered a subfamily within the family Melittidae, but recent molecular studies indicate the dasypodaids are not only ancestral to them, but also, in fact, the sister taxon to all other bees.[2] The largest genus, Hesperapis, contains some 40 known species, plus several more undescribed ones, with an unusual disjunct distribution in North America and southern Africa.

The family Dasypodaidae groups these subfamilies and genera:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Michez D. (2008)Monographic revision of the melittid bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Melittidae sensu lato). Proc. Neth. Entomol. Soc. Meet. 19: 31-39.
  2. ^ Danforth, B.N., Sipes, S., Fang, J., Brady, S.G. (2006) The history of early bee diversification based on five genes plus morphology. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103: 15118-15123.
  • C. D. Michener (2000) The Bees of the World, Johns Hopkins University Press.

External links[edit]