DataCite is an international not-for-profit organisation which aims to improve data citation in order to:
- establish easier access to research data on the Internet
- increase acceptance of research data as legitimate, citable contributions to the scholarly record
- support data archiving that will permit results to be verified and re-purposed for future study.
In August 2009 a paper was published laying out an approach for a global registration agency for research data. DataCite was subsequently founded in London on 1 December 2009 by organisations from 6 countries: the British Library; the Technical Information Center of Denmark (DTIC); the TU Delft Library from the Netherlands; the National Research Council’s Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (NRC-CISTI); the California Digital Library (University of California Curation Center); Purdue University (USA); and the German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB).
After the founding of DataCite, leading research libraries and information centres converged for the first official members’ convention in Paris on 5 February 2010. The inclusion of five further members was approved in the office of the International Council for Science (ICSU): Australian National Data Service (ANDS); Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Medizin (ZB MED); GESIS - Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften; French Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (INIST); and Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich.
The primary means of establishing easier access to research data is by DataCite members assigning persistent identifiers, such as digital object identifiers (DOIs), to data sets. Although currently leveraging the well-established DOI infrastructure, DataCite takes an open approach to identifiers, and considers other systems and services that help forward its objectives.
DataCite's recommended format for a data citation is:
- Creator (PublicationYear): Title. Publisher. Identifier
- Creator (PublicationYear): Title. Version. Publisher. ResourceType. Identifier
DataCite recommends that DOI names are displayed as linkable, permanent URLs.
- Beijing Genomics Institute - BGI (Associate Member)
- Technical Information Center of Denmark
- Institut de l'information scientifique et technique - INIST-CNRS
- Library and Information Centre, Hungarian Academy of Sciences - MTA KIK
- ICSU World Data System - ICSU-WDS (Associate Member)
- Conference of Italian University Rectors - CRUI
- TU Delft Library
- Republic of Korea:
- Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information - KISTI (Associate Member)
- Swedish National Data Service - SND
- National Research Council of Thailand - NRCT
- United Kingdom:
- United States:
- California Digital Library - CDL
- Office of Scientific and Technical Information, US Department of Energy - OSTI
- Purdue University Libraries - PUL
- Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research - ICPSR (Associate Member)
- Microsoft Research (Associate Member)
- Harvard University Library (Associate Member)
- Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers - IEEE (Associate Member)
- "What is DataCite?". DataCite. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- "Approach for a joint global registration agency for research data". doi:10.3233/ISU-2009-0595.
- "University of California becomes founding member of Datacite". Retrieved 2014-05-05.
- "Purdue Libraries becomes founding member of Datacite". Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- "TIB becomes founding member of Datacite". Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- "ANDS joins Datacite". Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- "Inist join Datacite consortium". Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- "What do we do?". DataCite. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- "Why cite data?". DataCite. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- Thorisson, Gudmundur (2013-05-13). "New ORCID-integrated data citation tool". ODIN Project. Retrieved 7 May 2014.