Datchet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 51°29′03″N 0°34′34″W / 51.4841°N 0.5762°W / 51.4841; -0.5762

Datchet
Datchet Village centre - geograph.org.uk - 25730.jpg
Datchet village centre
Datchet is located in Berkshire
Datchet
Datchet
 Datchet shown within Berkshire
Population 4,646 (2001)
OS grid reference SU988771
Civil parish Datchet
Unitary authority Windsor and Maidenhead
Ceremonial county Berkshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SLOUGH
Postcode district SL3
Dialling code 01753
Police Thames Valley
Fire Royal Berkshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Windsor
List of places
UK
England
Berkshire

Datchet is a village and civil parish on the River Thames in Berkshire, England. It was transferred to Berkshire from Buckinghamshire in 1974.

The village developed because of its close proximity to Windsor and the ferry service which connected it to the main London road across the River Thames. The ferry was later replaced by three road bridges and two rail bridges across the river.[1]

The name "Datchet" is thought to be Celtic in origin, and the last part may be related to cet ("wood"). In Domesday Book it is called "Daceta".

History[edit]

There is evidence of people living in the area which become Datchet shortly after the end of the last ice age, between 10,000 and 6,500 years ago, and of a settlement 440–2,700[clarification needed] years ago.[2]

Datchet is first mentioned between 990 and 994, when King Ethelred made small grants of land here. Datchet Manor is in Domesday Book (1085–86) when it was held by Giles de Pinkney.[3] In 1150, the church already existed in Datchet and the Pinkney family sold it to the abbey of St Albans, Hertfordshire. As such the Abbot became rector as improprietor of the parish and had the right to appoint vicars.

Datchet Mead and Datchet Ferry in 1686 with Windsor Castle in the background
Datchet from J5 of the M4 and the Queen Mother Reservoir to Datchet Golf Course

There was a ferry at Datchet Ferry which provided a shorter route from London to Windsor Castle and was frequently used by royalty. In 1249, Henry III gave a great oak from his Windsor forest to make a barge for passage from Windsor to Datchet. In 1350, Edward III gave Datchet Church as part of the endowment of his new church and college of St George at Windsor Castle. On the Dissolution of the monasteries, the Crown confiscated the rectory, which was sold by Parliament in 1659 to William Stanbridge and Thomas Roberts.[3]

In the 17th century, traffic went to London via Horton. Horton Road began to be built up and extended by the wealthy next to the hovels of the poor. The great plague came to Datchet before and after the great plague of London. An unsubstantiated story is that Charles II kept his mistress Nell Gwynne at Old Bridge House in Datchet.

St Mary the Virgin, Datchet

In 1706, the ferry that carried the Windsor Road traffic across the Thames was replaced by Datchet Bridge. The crossing was replaced three times until it was finally demolished in 1851 after the establishment of Windsor Great Park. As the original alignment of Windsor Road was severed by the new Royal Park, the bridge was no longer useable. Traffic between Old Windsor and Datchet now uses a southerly route across Albert Bridge.

In 1742, John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu bought Datchet manor, and his family owned it until at least 1925; at one point it was owned by the head of the influential Montagu-Douglas-Scott family, Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch.[3]

In 1790, a workhouse was built in Holmlea Road and in 1820 an almshouse belonging to the workhouse was turned into a shop. In 1848, the first train went through Datchet to Windsor and by 1860 Datchet Common's beer house, The Plough, was in existence. In 1886, Datchet was known as Black Datchet because of a large number of bad characters living there. This was borne out by Aylesbury County Jail having one building known as the 'Datchet Wing' filled mostly with poachers. Jerome K. Jerome's Three Men in a Boat describes Datchet as a minor riverside resort. This has descriptions of the Manor Hotel and the Royal Stag.

From 1911 to 1914, cars were made at workshops at the end of Holmlea Road; Lord Montagu was the landlord. In 1911, Sir Thomas Sopwith landed his light aircraft in Datchet eight years after the first flight in the USA by Orville Wright.

Windsor Guards polo grounds in Horton were where the Queen Mother Reservoir now stands. The houses opposite were built in the late 19th century to house the workers on the grounds. 140 Horton Road was an old school house.

In 1931, the Pavilion club was built on Datchet riverside. Dame Vera Lynn sang here and the 'London Set' socialised here. Edward VIII and Mrs Simpson had secret meetings here.

Notable Residents[edit]

18th century
  • William Herschel (astronomer to George III and discoverer of the planet Uranus) lived with his sister in a house on Horton Road in 1782 and from 1783 to 1785 he occupied "The Lawn" on Horton Road and built a 20 ft telescope in the garden.
19th century
  • Hon. Evelyn Ellis drove the first ever motor car to be driven or owned in Britain to his home in Southleigh Road in 1895 - the car is in the Science Museum, London. Ellis was closely associated with the Prince of Wales (later the King Edward VII) and gave him his first ever ride in a car.
  • Hon. John Scott Montagu, Lord of the Manor of Datchet and Ditton, was another motoring pioneer whose family's continued interest resulted in the National Motor Museum at Beaulieu in the New Forest National Park.
20th century
21st century
Other associations with Datchet

Charles Dickens used Datchet station when he varied his route to Slough to visit a mistress.

Commerce and services[edit]

Datchet railway station is on the Windsor & Eton Riverside to London Waterloo line with a journey time of around 55 minutes.[4]

Datchet Manor is now a hotel and conference centre. The history of the manor begins in 1335 when King Edward III gave the manor of Datchet to William de Montacute, who then passed it on to Sir John Molins, who held it until 1631. The Plough public house is now a Tesco Express.[citation needed]

There is one pub in Datchet, The Royal Stag. The Morning Star is now a Costa coffee shop.

Datchet has two schools — Churchmead School, a secondary school, and Datchet St. Mary's Primary School.

Datchet has several sports clubs including Datchet Village Football Club, the cricket club and Datchet Golf Club.

References[edit]

External links[edit]