Location of Date in Fukushima Prefecture
|• Total||265.10 km2 (102.36 sq mi)|
|Population (October 1, 2008)|
|• Density||250/km2 (640/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|Address||180 Hobaramachi aza Funabashi, Date-shi, Fukushima-ken
|Website||City of Date|
The modern city of Date was established on January 1, 2006, from the merger of the towns of Hobara, Date (former), Date, Ryōzen, Tsukidate and Yanagawa (all from Date District). The central locality is Hobara.
A whole body skeleton of Paleoparadoxia was excavated in Yanagawa on August 21, 1984. The skeleton is named the Yanagawa Specimen.
History of two Date Cities
In the Edo period, the Date clan ruled the whole Miyagi and the South of Iwate. The Date clan was one of the most influential daimyos, samurai. In the Meiji period, many samurai lost their territories because of the Meiji Restoration. This was also true for the Date clan. A party led by Watari-Date, a branch family of the Date clan, settled in uncultivated Hokkaido. This is the origin of Date in Hokkaido. On the other hand, the name of Date clan originated from the name of Date District in Fukushima.
The Date clan rose in Date District in 12th Century. Date in Fukushima is the ancestral ground of Date clan. Date in Hokkaido is the ground of a descendant of Date clan. The two cities have an indirect relation.
Before the Edo period, the home castle of Date clan was Yanagawa castle in Yanagawa in Date District. In the Edo period, the home castle was Sendai castle in Sendai, Miyagi.
2011 earthquake and tsunami
Date is about 60 kilometres (37 miles) north-west of Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant, the site of the nuclear accident that followed the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. Although outside the nuclear accident exclusion zone, the levels of radiation in the city caused residents, and especially schoolchildren, to remain indoors more.
- "Estimated population May 1, 2011". Official Fukushima Prefecture website. Retrieved 29 July 2011.(Japanese)
- Takahiko Hyuga and Shigeru Sato (11 May 2011). "Fukushima Students Wear Masks as Radiation Looms". Bloomberg. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
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- Date City official website (Japanese)
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