Date, Fukushima

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Date
伊達市
City
Location of Date in Fukushima Prefecture
Location of Date in Fukushima Prefecture
Date is located in Japan
Date
Date
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 37°49′N 140°30′E / 37.817°N 140.500°E / 37.817; 140.500Coordinates: 37°49′N 140°30′E / 37.817°N 140.500°E / 37.817; 140.500
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Fukushima Prefecture
Area
 • Total 265.10 km2 (102.36 sq mi)
Population (October 1, 2008)
 • Total 65,409
 • Density 250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Address 180 Hobaramachi aza Funabashi, Date-shi, Fukushima-ken
960-0692
Phone number 024-575-2570
Website City of Date

Date (伊達市 Date-shi?) is a city located in northern Fukushima Prefecture, Japan.

As of May 2011, the city has an estimated population of 65,409[1] and a population density of 220 persons per km². The total area is 265.10 km².

The modern city of Date was established on January 1, 2006, from the merger of the towns of Hobara, Date (former), Date, Ryōzen, Tsukidate and Yanagawa (all from Date District). The central locality is Hobara.

A whole body skeleton of Paleoparadoxia was excavated in Yanagawa on August 21, 1984. The skeleton is named the Yanagawa Specimen.

History of two Date Cities[edit]

In the Edo period, the Date clan ruled the whole Miyagi and the South of Iwate. The Date clan was one of the most influential daimyos, samurai. In the Meiji period, many samurai lost their territories because of the Meiji Restoration. This was also true for the Date clan. A party led by Watari-Date, a branch family of the Date clan, settled in uncultivated Hokkaido. This is the origin of Date in Hokkaido. On the other hand, the name of Date clan originated from the name of Date District in Fukushima.

The Date clan rose in Date District in 12th Century. Date in Fukushima is the ancestral ground of Date clan. Date in Hokkaido is the ground of a descendant of Date clan. The two cities have an indirect relation.

The Date family, descendants of Fujiwara no Uona (721-783) received the Date District in 1189 from the Shôgun Minamoto no Yoritomo.

Before the Edo period, the home castle of Date clan was Yanagawa castle in Yanagawa in Date District. In the Edo period, the home castle was Sendai castle in Sendai, Miyagi.

Economy[edit]

Taiyo Yuden operates a CD and DVD production plant in the Yanagawa Industrial Zone in Date, Fukushima.

2011 earthquake and tsunami[edit]

Date is about 60 kilometres (37 miles) north-west of Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant, the site of the nuclear accident that followed the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. Although outside the nuclear accident exclusion zone, the levels of radiation in the city caused residents, and especially schoolchildren, to remain indoors more.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Estimated population May 1, 2011". Official Fukushima Prefecture website. Retrieved 29 July 2011. (Japanese)
  2. ^ Takahiko Hyuga and Shigeru Sato (11 May 2011). "Fukushima Students Wear Masks as Radiation Looms". Bloomberg. Retrieved 11 May 2011. 

External links[edit]