Datia

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This article is about the municipality in Madhya Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Datia District.
Veer Singh Palace Datia
Datia
City
View from window
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Datia is located in Madhya Pradesh
Datia
Datia
Coordinates: 25°40′N 78°28′E / 25.67°N 78.47°E / 25.67; 78.47Coordinates: 25°40′N 78°28′E / 25.67°N 78.47°E / 25.67; 78.47
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Datia
Area
 • Total 2,691 km2 (1,039 sq mi)
Elevation 420 m (1,380 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 82,742
 • Density 292/km2 (760/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 475661
Telephone code 917522
Vehicle registration MP32
Website http://datia.nic.in

Datia is the district headquarters of the Datia District in the north central Madhya Pradesh state of Central India. It is an ancient town, mentioned in the Mahabharata as Daityavakra. The town is 69 km from Gwalior, 325 km south of New Delhi and 320 km north of Bhopal. About 15 km from Datia is Sonagiri, a sacred Jain hill. Datia is also about 34 km from Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh and 52 km from Orchha. The nearest airport is at Gwalior. It was formerly the seat of the eponymous princely state in the British Raj. Datia is situated near Gwalior and on the border with Uttar Pradesh (U.P.); the town of Jhansi in U.P. is only about 25 km away.

The old town is surrounded by a stone wall, enclosing beautiful palaces and gardens. The 17th-century palace of Bir Singh Deo is one of the finest examples of Hindu domestic architecture available in North India. The town is a market center for food grains and cotton products. Handloom weaving is an important industry. Datia has several important landmarks and is famed for their seven story palace built by Raja Beer Singh Deo in 1614. The town is also a thriving pilgrimage spot for devotees. There are many temples including the Sidhapeeth of Shri Peetambhara Devi, Buglamukhi Devi Temple and Gopeshwar Temple. Peetambra Peeth is a famous Shaktipitha located at the entrance of Datia. This pilgrimage spot is located about 1 km from Datia Bus Station and 3 km from Datia Railway Station on the Delhi-Chennai main line and features Buglamukhi Devi Temple. The Dhumavati Main Temple, established by Shri Golokwasi Swamiji Maharaj, is here as well as Vankhandeshwar temple, a Mahabharat period temple of Lord Shiva.


History[edit]

Main article: Datia State

The state was founded in 1549. Rao Bhagwan Rao, 1st Rao of Datia and Baroni 1626/1656, received Datia and Baroni from his father, Raja Bir Singh Deo of Orchha, in 1626 and established his own state. He died in 1676. The state came under British control with other territories in Bundelkhand, by the Treaty of Bassein in 1802. The treaty was formed with the Peshwa. The ancient title of the ruling family was Maharaja Rao Raja, but in 1865 the British Government recognized only the title of Maharaja as hereditary. The Peshwa maintained for the British a military force of 945 cavalry, 5203 infantry, and 3,000,000 guns, and was entitled to a salute of 15 guns. The motto of the royal family was Wir dalap Sharandah ("Lord of the Brave Army, Giver of Refuge"). The state suffered from famine in 1896-97, and again to a lesser extent in 1899-1900. After India's independence in 1947, the Maharaja of Datia acceded the dominion of India. It later merged with the union of India. Datia, together with the rest of the Bundelkhand agency, became part of the new state of Vindhya Pradesh in 1950. In 1956, Vindhya Pradesh state was merged with certain other areas to form the state of Madhya Pradesh within the Union of India.

Geography[edit]

Datia is located at 25°40′N 78°28′E / 25.67°N 78.47°E / 25.67; 78.47.[1] It has an average elevation of 302 metres (990 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[2] Datia had a population of 100,466. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Datia has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75% and female literacy is 60%. In Datia, 15% of the population is under six years of age.

Education[edit]

Colleges[edit]

  • Govt PG College affiliated with Jiwaji University Gawalior (MP).
  • Excel IT Institute For Professional Studies
  • Aspirant Institute For Professional Studies
  • RASS-JB College of Professional Studies Datia
  • Under the single umbrella of SRI there are five colleges providing world class education in various disciplines i.e. engineering, pharmacy, BEd and D.Ed., nursing and allied sciences. All the institutes and colleges are set up and run by Shri Ramraja Sarkar Lok Kalyan Trust, an autonomous foundation which is a registered, charitable trust functioning through a Board of Governors and a Board of Trustees.
  • Shri Rawatpura Group of Colleges (SRGOC) consists the following institutions:[3]-
    • Shri Rawatpura Institute of Technology & Science (SRITS)
    • Shri Rawatpura Institute of Management Sciences (SRIMS)
    • Shri Rawatpura Institute of Pharmacy (SRIP)
    • Shri Rawatpura College of Nursing (SRCN)
    • Shri Rawatpura College of Physical Education (SRSCPE)
    • Shri Rawatpura Sarkar Collage of Science & Education (SRCSE)
    • Shri Rawatpura Sarkar Polytechnic College (SRPC)
    • Shri Rawatpura Sarkar Institute of Journalism and Mass Communication
    • Shri Rawatpura Sarkar Snatak Mahavidhyalaya (SRSMV)

Educational institutes[edit]

  • School of excellence datia
  • Aspirant International School (Dedicated to Change Your Luck)
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir Bharatgarh
  • Holy Cross Ashram School
  • Rani Laxmibai Public School
  • Little Flower School, Rajgarh Choraha
  • Government Higher Secondary School No.1
  • Government Higher Secondary School No 2
  • Government Girl School
  • Rajeev Vidyalaya
  • Mahila Samiti School
  • Rass JB professional studies
  • Bhaskar School(OP Gupta) in Bundela colony
  • College of Advanced Studies
  • St. Kolbe School, Indergarh
  • Gurukul public school
  • Lord Krishna Public School
  • Awasthi Computer Center
  • Guidance public school Indergarh
  • Vidyaashray School Indergarh 9827210405

Sites of interest[edit]

Datia is best known for the Pitambara Peeth (Peetambra Peeth), a famous shaktipitha located at the entrance of Datia. This pilgrimage spot features Bagalamukhi Devi Temple and Dhumavati Mai Temple, established by Shri Golokwasi Swamiji Maharaj. Vankhandeshwar, a Mahabharat period temple of Lord Shiva, is also situated here. Temple of the goddess Peetaambara Bagalamukhi and Jain temples are located at Sonagiri. Sonagiri is located 9 miles from Datia and is well connected by road and train. It has white marble Jain temples.

References[edit]

External links[edit]