A view of Davleia
|Administrative region:||Central Greece|
|Population statistics (as of 2011)|
|- Area:||94.985 km2 (37 sq mi)|
|- Density:||18 /km2 (46 /sq mi)|
|- Area:||61.725 km2 (24 sq mi)|
|- Density:||20 /km2 (52 /sq mi)|
|Time zone:||EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)|
|Elevation (min-max):||260–410 m (853–1345 ft)|
|Postal code:||320 08|
Davleia (Greek: Δαύλεια) is a village and a former municipality in Boeotia, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Livadeia, of which it is a municipal unit. Its name comes from the ancient settlement Daulis. The municipality includes the eastern portion of Mount Parnassos. Phthiotis lies to the north. Davleia is located ESE of Lamia, SW of Kamena Vourla, W of Livadeia and Thiva, NE of Itea and E of Delphi.
In ancient Greece, this city in Phocis was called Daulis (Δαυλίς) and at a later stage Daulia (Δαυλία) and Daulion (Δαύλιον). Mentioned by Homer, it was said to be named either in reference to the woody character of the area or after a nymph Daulis, a daughter of the river-god Cephissus.
During the Greco-Persian Wars, Daulis was destroyed for the first time in 480 BC. In 395 BC, the city was attacked by Thebes. In 346 BC, Daulis was destroyed again during the so-called Third Sacred War. In 220 BC, the city was attacked by the Aetolians. In 198 BC, the Romans occupied Daulis by a stratagem.
Remains of the walls of the city's acropolis can be seen today above the modern town.
- "Detailed census results 2011" (xls 2,7 MB). National Statistical Service of Greece. (Greek)
- Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
- William Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), entry: Daulis
- Eisner, Robert (1987). The Road to Daulis: Psychoanalysis, Psychology, and Classical Mythology. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press. ISBN 0-8156-0210-3.
- Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), "Sedi titolari", p. 880