Daund

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This article is about the City of Daund in Pune district, Maharashtra, India. For the Tahasil in Pune district, see Daund Tahasil.
Daund
दौंड
Daund is located in Maharashtra
Daund
Daund
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 18°27′47″N 74°34′44″E / 18.46306°N 74.57889°E / 18.46306; 74.57889Coordinates: 18°27′47″N 74°34′44″E / 18.46306°N 74.57889°E / 18.46306; 74.57889
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Pune
Elevation 514 m (1,686 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 241,907
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 413801 , 413802
Telephone code 02117
Vehicle registration MH12,42
Website www.punediary.com/html/Daund.html

Daund is a City and a municipal council in Pune district in the state of Maharashtra, India. In ancient times a sage, 'Dhaumya Rishi' used to stay here, hence people started calling this place after him: 'Dhaum'. Gradually 'Dhaum' became 'Dhoand', then 'Dhaundh', and before it getting corrupted to the present name 'Daund'.[citation needed] According to the Epic Mahabharata Krishna's wife Rukhmini had gone in the 'Dhindir forest', this ancient 'Dhindir Van' is today's Daund.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Shivaji era[edit]

Shahaji Maharaj (father of Shivaji Maharaj) was a sardar in the Nizam Shahi. He had been given Daund as a jagir, including the Bahadurgad fort in Pedgaon (which is still extant on the banks of the Bhima River).

Peshwa era[edit]

In 1739 the Bajirao - Mastani affair had brought clashes among the Peshwa family, hence Bajirao Peshwa took Mastani away from Pune and made her stay in Patas. Hence forth Bajirao and Mastani met at the Firangai Devi temple in Kurkumb. Water of the rivers Bhima, Nira, Pravara, Ghod and Godavari are best suited to the horses, hence the horses breeding on these waters used to be strong, quick and loyal. The area of 'Bhimthadi' which is close to Daund was famous for getting good breed of Horses and people preferred to get a pony only from this place. This breed was supposed to be the best of all. Hence the Horse business in Daund has flourished. At the end of the Peshwa Era due to heavy loans on them Daund and some villages from Pune had gone in control of 'Girgosavi'.

British rule[edit]

Daund was extensively developed during the British rule. When railways were started during the British rule in 1870, the Bombay-Solapur railway passed via Daund, and the Daund-Baramati metre gauge track was constructed. Daund became a junction after the Daund-Manmad connection was established. Daund got connected to Srigonda when in 1928 the bridge over river Bhima was constructed. In the British period Daund was an important center for coal engines. There were more than 125 coal engines in Daund Because of this coal ash was found in abundance. Hence the brick making business started and it went to various big cities.

A receiver station of the Imperial Wireless Chain was installed three kilometers outside the city. From 1942 to 1945 two Military camps were set up in Daund. The first motion picture theater, called 'Hind Cinema', was started in 1938, and the first hotel in Daund, called 'Maharashtra Khanaval', was established in 1930, followed in 1940 by the 'Jogalekar Upahar Gruh'.

Geography and climate[edit]

Ujjani reservoir, created by river Bhima, about 25 km from Daund.
A bridge over the Bhima river in Daund

Daund is located at 18°28′N 74°36′E / 18.47°N 74.6°E / 18.47; 74.6, about 514 m (1,686 ft) above sea level on the western margin of the Deccan plateau. It is situated about 80 km (50 mi) east of the Sahyadri mountain range, which forms a barrier from the Arabian sea. The town is mostly flat terrain, with hills rising 600 m (2,000 ft) to the south of the town near Kurkumbh. Daund is located on the southern bank of Bhima river, a major river in Maharashtra. The river creates the Ujjani reservoir around 25 km (16 mi) southeast of the town .

The climate of Daund is generally hot and dry, and the area receives scant rainfall. Lakes like Warvand, Kasurdi and Motoba fall in this Taluka.

Daund lies very close to the seismically active zone around Koyna Dam, about 130 km (81 mi) southeast of the town, and has been rated in Zone 3 (on a scale of 2 to 5, with 5 being the most prone to earthquakes) by the India Meteorological Department.

Economy[edit]

Primary crops include wheat, sugar cane, oranges and sweet limes. Daund has a large working class population, and the primary occupation is farming. MIDC provides employment for the people. Daund is currently being developed as a hub for Pharmaceutical Industries. Pharmaceutical majors such as Cipla, Emcure, Dia Ichi already have their base here.

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Daund Junction railway station

Daund is served by shuttle bus from Pune and rail at the Daund Junction. Daund is a very important railway junction, serving as a halt for south bound trains from Mumbai, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan as the origin/destination for trains to north India. Trains going north wards to New Delhi, Jammu from Pune and Goa have to pass through Daund. Daund is also an access point to one of the Ashtavinayak Ganpati, Siddhatek. Daund is the important station for devotees who use to visit shridi from chennai. They use to get down here and board another train for shridi or for kopargaon.

Roads[edit]

Both public and private transport are popular in Pune. Public buses within the city and its suburbs are operated by the Daund Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited. The town is also just 9 km (5.6 mi) north of National Highway (NH 9).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[1] Daund had a population of 41,907. Males constitute 51.23% and Females constitute %48.77 of the population. Daund has an average literacy rate of 74.12%, higher than the national average of 74.04%. Male literacy is 79% and female literacy is 69%. In Daund, 13.2% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Daund acts as a base for the State Reserve Police Force (SRPF) of the Maharashtra Police. The town has a significant population working as an employee of the Indian Railways and SRPF. There are various job opportunities in the MIDC.

Religion[edit]

The historical place in Daund is the Ancient Vitthal Temple. There are 9 mosques in Daund. The Norton Memorial Church and Christ Church are two main churches, including 10 more churches in Daund. Narayan- Bet near Chaufula in Daund is a popular picnic spot. Firangai Mata Temple in Kurkumbh is one of the Ancient temples and a picnic spots just 7 km (4.3 mi) away from Daund. Balaji temple in heart of the town celebrated 100 years of completion. Ram Navami is the largest religious event, marked by Lord Rama's sculpture carried throughout the town on a palanquin. At Malthan which is at a distance of 22 km from Daund is the Palace of Dadoji Kondhdev, teacher of Shivaji Raje Bhosale. Ancient temple of Bhuleshwar is located at Yavat which is 15 km from Daund.The town has a beautiful Jain Digambar temple known as the 1008 Chandraprabhu Bhagwan Mandir which is known for its architecture and no use of iron. The temple is built by marble and is situated Behind Reliance Petrol pump on SH10 Ahmednagar road. This temple was completed on 7 February 2013 under the guidance of Munishri 108 Suvirsagarji Maharaj. The temple has a beautiful Manasthambh which is also made from Marble. The temple is built only using Makrana marble. The railway tracks to Solapur, Ahmednagar and Pune lie exactly on the backside of the temple. People can see the temple when passing by it due to its high peak. The Pratishta of the Temple was done in the month of February 2013. The occasion was attended by people from various parts of India.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.