|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2013)|
|Elevation||514 m (1,686 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||413801 , 413802|
Daund is a town and a municipal council in Pune district in the state of Maharashtra, India. In ancient times a sage, 'Dhaumya Rishi' used to stay here, hence people started calling this place after him: 'Dhaum'. Gradually 'Dhaum' became 'Dhoand', then 'Dhaundh', and before it getting corrupted to the present name 'Daund'. According to the Epic Mahabharata Krishna's wife Rukhmini had gone in the 'Dhindir forest', this ancient 'Dhindir Van' is today's Daund.
Shahaji Maharaj (father of Shivaji Maharaj) was a sardar in the Nizam Shahi. He had been given Daund as a jagir, including the Bahadurgad fort in Pedgaon (which is still extant on the banks of the Bhima River).
In 1739 the Bajirao - Mastani affair had brought clashes among the Peshwa family, hence Bajirao Peshwa took Mastani away from Pune and made her stay in Patas. Hence forth Bajirao and Mastani met at the Firangai Devi temple in Kurkumb. Water of the rivers Bhima, Nira, Pravara, Ghod and Godavari are best suited to the horses, hence the horses breeding on these waters used to be strong, quick and loyal. The area of 'Bhimthadi' which is close to Daund was famous for getting good breed of Horses and people preferred to get a pony only from this place. This breed was supposed to be the best of all. Hence the Horse business in Daund has flourished. At the end of the Peshwa Era due to heavy loans on them Daund and some villages from Pune had gone in control of 'Girgosavi'.
Daund was extensively developed during the British rule. When railways were started during the British rule in 1870, the 'Bombay-Solapur' railway passed via Daund. 'Daund-Baramati' MG[disambiguation needed] route was started. Daund became a junction after the 'Daund-Manmad' train. Daund got connected to Srigonda when in 1928 the bridge over river Bhima was constructed. In the British period Daund was an important center for coal engines. There were more than 125 coal engines in Daund Because of this coal ash was found in abundance. Hence the brick making business started and it went to various big cities.
3 km away from Daund there was the Indian wireless center. At that time there only 2-3 wireless centers in India. From 1942 to 1945 two Military camps were set up in Daund. The first theater called 'Hind Cinema' was started in 1938, and the first hotel in Daund called 'Maharashtra Khanaval' was started in 1930 which owned by Mule and in 1940 the 'Jogalekar Upahar Gruh' came into existence.
Geography and Climate
Daund is located at Deccan plateau. It is situated about 80 km (50 mi) east of the Sahyadri mountain range, which forms a barrier from the Arabian sea. The town is mostly flat terrain, with hills rising 600 m (2,000 ft) to the south of the town near Kurkumbh. Daund is located on the southern bank of Bhima river, a major river in Maharashtra. The river creates the Ujjani reservoir around 25 km (16 mi) southeast of the town ., about 514 m (1,686 ft) above sea level on the western margin of the
The climate of Daund is generally hot and dry, and the area receives scant rainfall. Lakes like Warvand, Kasurdi and Motoba fall in this Taluka.
Daund lies very close to the seismically active zone around Koyna Dam, about 130 km (81 mi) southeast of the town, and has been rated in Zone 3 (on a scale of 2 to 5, with 5 being the most prone to earthquakes) by the India Meteorological Department.
Primary crops include wheat, sugar cane, oranges and sweet limes. Daund has a large working class population, and the primary occupation is farming. MIDC provides employment for the people. Daund is currently being developed as a hub for Pharmaceutical Industries. Pharmaceutical majors such as Cipla, Emcure, Dia Ichi already have their base here.
Daund is served by shuttle bus from Pune and rail at the Daund Junction. Daund is a very important railway junction, serving as a halt for south bound trains from Mumbai, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan as the origin/destination for trains to north India. Trains going northwards to New Delhi, Jammu from Pune and Goa have to pass through Daund. The town is also just 9 km (5.6 mi) north of National Highway (NH 9). Daund is also an access point to one of the Ashtavinayak Ganpati, Siddhatek. Daund is the important station for devotees who use to visit shridi from chennai. They use to get down here and board another train for shridi or for kopargaon. []
As of 2001[update] India census, Daund had a population of 41,907. Males constitute 51.23% and Females constitute %48.77 of the population. Daund has an average literacy rate of 74.12%, higher than the national average of 74.04%. Male literacy is 79% and female literacy is 69%. In Daund, 13.2% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The historical place in Daund is the Ancient Vitthal Temple. There are 9 mosques in Daund. The Norton Memorial Church and Christ Church are two main churches, including 10 more churches in Daund. Narayan- Bet near Chaufula in Daund is a popular picnic spot. Firangai Mata Temple in Kurkumbh is one of the Ancient temples and a picnic spots just 7 km (4.3 mi) away from Daund. Balaji temple in heart of the town celebrated 100 years of completion. Ram Navami is the largest religious event, marked by Lord Rama's sculpture carried throughout the town on a palanquin. At Malthan which is at a distance of 22 km from Daund is the Palace of Dadoji Kondhdev, teacher of Shivaji Raje Bhosale. Ancient temple of Bhuleshwar is located at Yavat which is 15 km from Daund.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.