Dauntless Dotty

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Dauntless Dotty
497bg-869sq-42-24592-dauntless-dolly.jpg
869th Bomb Squadron B-29, 42-24592, Dauntless Dotty. Shown is Major Robert Morgan, pilot of the aircraft.
Type Boeing B-29-40-BW Superfortress
Manufacturer Boeing Airplane Company
Construction number 4253
Serial 42-24592
First flight ca. Jan 1944
Owners and operators United States Army Air Force
In service 1944 - 6 June 1945
Flights 53 missions [1]
Total hours 880 combat hours [2]
Total distance 176,000 combat miles [3]
Fate Crashed on takeoff, 6 June 1945, Kwajalein


Dauntless Dotty is the nickname of a Boeing B-29-40-BW Superfortress during the Second World War that led the first B-29 raid on Tokyo on 24 November 1944, the first bombing attack of the Japanese capital since the Doolittle Raid on 18 April 1942.

Combat history[edit]

The B-29 that became Dauntless Dotty is a block 40 airframe, manufactured by Boeing at the Wichita, Kansas plant which was built specifically for Superfortress production, and was the twenty-second of a hundred block 40-BWs constructed. It was assigned Army Air Force serial number 42-24592, and Boeing-Wichita constructors number (c/n) 4253.[4]

The future Dotty was assigned to the 497th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy), with three assigned squadrons, at Pratt Army Air Field, Kansas, in the spring of 1944. The 497th was deployed to the Pacific Theater of Operations (PTO) in September 1944, being assigned to the XXI Bomber Command 73d Bombardment Wing in the Northern Mariana Islands, and stationed at Isely Field, Saipan. The first 497th Superfort arrived there on 17 September. The group began operations in October 1944 with work up attacks against Iwo Jima and the Truk Islands.

Robert Morgan[edit]

Captain Robert K. Morgan (31 July 1918 – 15 May 2004), of Asheville, North Carolina, had been the pilot on the majority of the missions flown by the B-17 Flying Fortress, Memphis Belle, when it was designated the official "first" bomber to complete 25 operations, while flying with the 91st Bomb Group, VIII Bomber Command, in the European Theatre of Operations. (Hell's Angels, of the 303d Bomb Group, actually beat the Belle by one week.) [5][6] Memphis Belle was the first combat-veteran bomber to return to the United States as part of a publicity campaign to sell war bonds.[7] Morgan flew the plane all over the United States for bond rallies.

Return to Tokyo[edit]

Promoted to Major, Morgan flew a second combat tour in the Pacific Theater, commanding the 869th Bomb Squadron, 497th Bomb Group. Flying B-29 Superfortress, 42-24592, tail code 'A1'[8] named Dauntless Dotty, after his third wife, Dorothy Johnson Morgan, he completed 26 missions over Japan until sent home on 24 April 1945. On 24 November 1944, he led the first mission of the XXI Bomber Command to bomb Japan, 111 aircraft of the 73rd Bomb Wing to Tokyo, with wing commander Brigadier General Emmett O'Donnell, Jr. as mission command pilot and Vince Evans as lead bombardier. Evans had served in England with Morgan as bombardier of the Memphis Belle.

"The city was 1,500 miles from the Marianas. Brigadier-General Emmett O’Donnell flying the Dauntless Dotty led 111 B-29s against the Musashima [sic] engine factory. The planes dropped their bombs from 30,000 feet and came across the first of a number of problems – accuracy. The B-29’s were fitted with an excellent bomb aimer – the Norden – but it could not make out its target through low cloud. Also flying at 30,000 feet meant that the planes frequently flew in a jet stream wind that was between 100 and 200 mph which further complicated bomb aiming. Of the 111 planes on the raid, only 24 found the target."[9]

Dotty also participated in another significant Tokyo raid on 9/10 March 1945, when it flew the first night, low level altitude, fire bombing (Operation Meetinghouse) raid. This was the single deadliest air raid of World War II;[10] greater than Dresden,[11] Hiroshima, or Nagasaki as single events.[12][13]

Demise[edit]

Dauntless Dotty, departed Kwajalein at 0306 hrs. on 7 June 1945 for the second leg of a ferry flight back to the United States, commanded by Capt. William A. Kelley, of Tifton, Georgia. Forty seconds after takeoff, the aircraft struck the Pacific Ocean and sank, killing 10 of 13 on board instantly. (MACR 14530)[14] Co-pilot 1st Lt. John Neville, of Bradley, Illinois, tailgunner S/Sgt. Glenn F. Gregory, of Waldron, Illinois, and left gunner S/Sgt. Charles McMurray (also spelt McMurry in one source), of Memphis, Tennessee, were thrown from the wreckage and were recovered by a rescue boat after some 45 minutes in the water.[15]

The wreckage of the Dotty and the remains of the ten men who were trapped inside her when she sank have never been located. The wreckage is believed to be at a depth of approximately 6,000 feet.[16] A search for the lost airframe by the National Underwater and Marine Agency Australia has been proposed.[17]

References[edit]