Daura

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For the national costume of Nepal, see Daura-Suruwal.
Daura
Daura is located in Nigeria
Daura
Daura
Location in Nigeria
Coordinates: 13°2′11″N 8°19′4″E / 13.03639°N 8.31778°E / 13.03639; 8.31778Coordinates: 13°2′11″N 8°19′4″E / 13.03639°N 8.31778°E / 13.03639; 8.31778
Country Nigeria
State Katsina State
Local Government Area Daura LGA
Government
 • Emir of Daura (Ceremonial) Elhadj Oumar Farouk Oumar
Elevation 1,558 ft (474 m)
Time zone West Africa Time (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) West Africa Time (UTC+1)

Daura is a city, emirate, and Local Government Area in Katsina State, northern Nigeria. It is the spiritual home of the Hausa people.

The University of California's African American Studies Department refers to Daura and Katsina as having been "ancient seats of Islamic culture and learning."[1] However, the city also has a Roman Catholic church, St Gabriel's Catholic Church.[2]

Emirate[edit]

Main article: Daura Emirate

The Daura Emirate is referred to as one of the "seven true Hausa states" (Hausa Bakwai)[3] In 1805, during the Fulani War, Daura was taken over by Fulani warrior Malam Ishaku, who set up an emirate. The Hausa set up rival states nearby, and the ruler of one, Malam Musa, was made the new emir of Daura by the British in 1904.[3] Daura's traditional ruler, the Emir of Daura still rules as a ceremonial hereditary monarch, and maintains a palace.[4] Faruk Umar Faruk became the 60th Emir of Daura on 28 February 2007 following the death of Sarki Muhammadu Bashar Dan Umaru.[5]

Modern times[edit]

Once part of Kaduna State,[3] Daura became part of the new Katsina State in 1987.[6] In 2003, Lawal Garba, a member of the All Nigeria Peoples Party, was elected as Daura's representative to the House of Representatives of Nigeria. The federal constituency comprises Daura, Mai'adua and Sandamu. His term expired in 2007.[7] In April 2007 Yusuf Bello of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), from Mai'adua, became the representative in the National Assembly. In the 2011 elections, Bello was defeated and left the National Assembly. He was replaced by Dr. Umar Katsayal of the Congress for Progressive Change (CPC). Intra-party squabbles, characterized by litigations, cut short the tenure of Dr. Katsayal and Salisu Ado was recognized by the courts. He represents the people of Daura, Mai'adua and Sandamu at the lower chamber of the National Assembly.

Population and geographic statistics[edit]

Daura's population was estimated as 25,151 as of 1972.[3] According to the MARA/ARMA organization, malaria affects Daura for four to six months of the year, and is "endemic and seasonal."[8] In 2005, after an outbreak of measles in Katsina State, Daura became one of five training centers for workers who were to carry out immunization.[9]

On vehicle license plates, Daura is abbreviated as DRA.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "African Films and Documentaries: Daura and Katsina, Nigeria. The Hausa Woman". University of California's African American Studies Department. Retrieved 2007-01-24. 
  2. ^ "Sokoto Diocese". Diocesan Information. Catholic Bishops Conference of Nigeria. Retrieved 2007-01-24. [dead link]
  3. ^ a b c d "Daura". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 2006-12-21. 
  4. ^ "INEC registers 1.8m voters in Katsina". The Tide Online (Rivers State Newspaper Corporation). 2007-01-09. Retrieved 2007-01-24. 
  5. ^ "Traditional States of Nigeria". World Statesmen. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  6. ^ "Katsina State". Nigeria Direct. Federal Ministry of Information and National Orientation. Archived from the original on 2006-12-13. Retrieved 2007-01-20. 
  7. ^ "House of Representatives Member : Honourable Lawal Garba". The House of Representatives. National Assembly of Nigeria. Retrieved 2007-01-24. [dead link]
  8. ^ "Nigeria: Duration of the Malaria Transmission Season". mara.org.za. MARA/ARMA (Mapping Malaria Risk in Africa / Atlas du Risque de la Malaria en Afrique). July 2001. Retrieved 2007-01-24. 
  9. ^ "Measles kills 500 children in Katsina". The Tide Online (Rivers State Newspaper Corporation). 2005-10-25. Retrieved 2007-01-24. 
  10. ^ "NGR - Nigeria - Where's That Vehicle Come From?". Where's That Vehicle Come From?. Retrieved 2007-01-24. 

External links[edit]