Dausa

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This article is about the municipality in Rajasthan, India. For its namesake district, see Dausa district.
Dausa
DHANAWAR
city
Dausa is located in Rajasthan
Dausa
Dausa
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 26°53′N 76°20′E / 26.88°N 76.33°E / 26.88; 76.33Coordinates: 26°53′N 76°20′E / 26.88°N 76.33°E / 26.88; 76.33
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Dausa
Elevation 327 m (1,073 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 61,589
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Dausa (Devanagari: दौसा) is a city and administrative headquarters of Dausa district in the state of Rajasthan, India. It is 55 km from Jaipur, 240 km from Delhi and situated at NH-11. It is also known as "Dev Nagari."

History[edit]

The city of Dausa is situated in the north-eastern region of Rajasthan, a region widely known as Dhundhar it was ruled by Bargujars. Dausa was an important political place for Dhundhar region. The Bargujar ruler Manthan Dev ruled this region during 9th century AD is evident from Rajor inscription.

Dausa has given prominent freedom fighters to the nation. Late Shri Tikaram Paliwal & Late Shri Ram Karan Joshi and Late haji rafeeq khan pathan dausa were amongst the freedom fighters who gave their valuable contribution for fight for independence and for amalgamation of the Princely States to form Rajasthan State. Late Shri Tikaram Paliwal was the first elected Chief Minister of Rajasthan in 1952 after independence. Also, Late Shri Ram Karan Joshi was the First Panchayati Raj Minister of the Rajasthan state who submitted the First Panchayati Raj Bill in the Vidhansabha in 1952.

The famous poet of the traditional worship by poetry, Sant Sunderdas was born on Chaitra Shukla Navami in Vikram Samvat 1653 in Dausa. He was a renowned Nirgun Panthi Sant and wrote 42 famous Grantha, out of which Gyan Sundaram & Sunder Vilas are famous.

Geography[edit]

Dausa is located at 26°53′N 76°20′E / 26.88°N 76.33°E / 26.88; 76.33.[1] It has an average elevation of 333 metres (1072 feet). It is one of the 7 Districts of Jaipur division and is surrounded by Jaipur, Alwar, Sawai Madhopur, Karauli, Bharatpur and Tonk. The total area is 3404.78 km2 in roughly C shape tampering towards east and west at corners. The soil of the district is yellowish to dark brown dominantly fine textured, generally suitable for all type of crops. The mountain ranges in Dausa are part of North Aravalli Range. Banganga and Morel are the major rivers in the area, these rivers have dried now and there are 36 dams.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[2] Dausa had total population of 1,637,226. Males constitute 8,59,821 of the population and females 7,77,405. Dausa has an average literacy rate of 69.17%, lower than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 84.54% and, female literacy is 52.33%. In Dausa, 15.68% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Travel and transportation[edit]

  • Rail Network:The district is well connected by rail. It is on Delhi-Jaipur and Agra-Jaipur train route, which gives it great connectivity. District has also one important railway station, namely, Bandikui Junction. Dausa railway station is a very important railway station of north-western railway under Jaipur division.
  • Road distances:NH 11 passes through the district. It covers about 85 km in the district which includes district headquarters, Sikandra and Mahwa. Dausa is 55 km from Jaipur on NH-11 and well connected with Agra, Delhi and other surrounding districts viz. Karouli, Sawai Madhopur and Bharatpur by road. Further, NH-11A also passes through the district covering Dausa & Lalsot Tehsil regions. Two Mega Highways, to be constructed by RIDCOR, namely Alwar to Sikandra (81 km) and Lalsot to Kota (195 km) will pass through the district. The district has four-lane facility on NH-11.

Culture[edit]

Folk Music and Dance[edit]

The folk art of Hela-Khayal is a unique singing style of this region. Its uniqueness lies in its traditional singing which is highly stylized yet it has now been skillfully employed to comment on the current socio-economic-political scenario in a satirical manner. Extremely popular among the village folk of Dausa, Hela singers demonstrate and typify the undying spirit and zest for life of its people. In dausa district MEENA songs is very famous. Mr. Visnu meena from Patlas is very famous singer. At the marriage time ladies songs is very popular.

Stone Carving[edit]

Sikandra is situated at 25 km on NH-11 towards Agra. This place has made its mark in the domestic as well as international market for its sandstone carvings from districts adjoining Dausa.

Local Festivals[edit]

Basant Panchmi Mela[edit]

At district headquarters, eid, bakraeid, moharram, shekh jmaal baba urss, Basant Panchmi Mela (During February every year) is organised with the worship of idols of Raghunathji, Narshingji and god Surya. The festival is celebrated for three days with a large local market for villagers to procure essential requirements for the entire year. Besides this, it has all arrangements for rural entertainment. Therefore, it has very much attention and importance for rural population scattered in the district.

Dolchi Holi[edit]

In Pavta village, the young men of Gurjar caste, celebrates the traditional Holi with a difference. On the next day of Dhulandi, those young men throw a jet of water on each other using a small pot made up of leather from the four adjacent ponds prepared for this purpose. It goes on for one hour and they face it with brevity and enthusiasm.[3]

Tourism[edit]

Chand Baori(Abhaneri) (step-well)

Dausa has many places to visit like as Abhaneri and Mehandipur Balaji Temple . In Abhaneri many movies have been shot including Paheli starring Shahrukh Khan.[4]Mehandipur Balaji Temple is a divine places for devotees specially from nearby states like Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi

  • Abhaneri: Abhaneri is famous for its Post-gupta or early medieval monuments. It is situated at about 33 km from the district headquarters towards Bandikui. The Chand Baori (Step Well) and Harshat Mata Temple are the important places to visit.
  • Bhandarej: Bhandarej is famous for walls, sculptures, decorative lattice work, terracotta utensils etc. found in excavation. It is situated at about 10 km from the district headquarters towards Sikandra on NH-11.
  • Khawaraoji: Khawaraoji is famous for residence of the then ruler Raoji and natural beauty. It is situated at about 25 km from the district headquarters towards Sikrai. Though, it has typical way to reach this place, the fort like 350+ years old residence is converted into the Hotel Khawa Palace There is one more fort on the top of hills which is said to be 1200 years old. Surrounded by hills on three sides, and having Amol Ghati nearby with natural beauty, this place has worth to visit by tourists. There is a Lake behind the hills in Khawaraoji Village. With Beautiful Hills, Lake and Desert its a treat for the tourists to visit the place.
  • Jhajhirampura : Jhajhirampura is famous for the natural water tank and temples of Rudra (Shiv), Balaji (Hanuman) and other religious god and goddess. It is situated at around 45 km from district headquarters towards Baswa (Bandikui). Surrounded by hills and with natural water resource, this place has natural and spiritual glory.[5]

Temples and Religious Spots[edit]

  • Mehandipur Balaji Temple: The temple of Bajrang Bali (Hanuman) god is famous for treatment of mentally disturbed people. With the tremendous growth in medical sciences in the world, still people from all over India come to this place to overcome such diseases. It is situated about 40 km from district headquarters on NH11 towards Mahwa/Agra.
  • Neelkanth & Panch Mahadev: Dausa is also known as DEVNAGRI. In fact, Sahajnath, Somnath, Gupteshwar & Neelkanth, the five images of God Shive (Mahadev) are situated in the temples at Dausa. The temple of Neelkanth, situated on the plateau of the nearby hill, shows its ancient glory and spiritual presence. The roap-way also attracts the tourists to enjoy the faith of this religious place.
  • Gatolav: Gatolav, at the district headquarters, is famous for the birth of Sant Sunderdas who had been preached by his master, Sant Dadudayal, the founder of Dadupanthi religion.[6]
  • Shri Paplaj Mata Mandir:The Temple of Paplaj Mata Ji is situated in the sub-district Lalsot. The goddess is worship by Meena, Gurjar and Bairwa Caste.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Dausa
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ jitendra (dharam singh)PAVTA. "Culture Of Dausa". 
  4. ^ Times of India Publications
  5. ^ "Tourism in dausa". Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  6. ^ "Temples at Dausa". Retrieved 23 May 2011. 

External links[edit]