This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Dausa.
28. Dausa district in Rajasthan
Dausa District is a district of Rajasthanstate in western India. The city of Dausa is the district headquarters. Dausa District has a population of 1,316,790 (2001 census), an area of 2950 km², and a population density of 384 persons per km² with 62.75% literacy rate. It is bounded on the north by Alwar District, on the northeast by Bharatpur District, on the southeast by Hindaun-Karauli District, on the south by Sawai Madhopur District, and on the west by Jaipur District. The district is divided into five tehsils, Baswa, Dausa, Lalsot, Mahwa and Sikrai. The Sawa and Ban Ganga rivers run through the district. It is situated on National Highway no.11 From Jaipur to Agra. It is 55 km to the east of Jaipur. In Tehsil Mahwa there is a Gram Panchayat, Kherla Bujurg, it is famous for a record which was made during an election of member for legislative assembly Mahwa seat for Rajasthan Vidhan Sabha. All three candidates from National parties were resident this village, all of these three were from same cast (Gurjar), all were advocate by there profession. Eventually Hari Singh Gurjar was elected. BBC news services broadcast a special programme about it.
Dausa is named after a hill near the city that was called Devgiri.[clarification needed] On the top of hill is situated a fort, built by Badgujar Kings, who were the orininal rulers of this area. Later, Dausa was given by Chauhans to Kachwahas, but the centre of their power shifted to Amber.
When Akbar went to Ajmer as a pilgrim to Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti in 1562, he stayed in Dausa and met with Rupsi Baragi, Hakim of Dausa at the time and brother of Bharmal. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Dausa. The main crops of the district are wheat, bajra, rapeseed, mustard and groundnuts.