Davangere

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Davangere
ದಾವಣಗೆರೆ
city
Statue of Saraswati at Fine Arts college, Davanagere.
Statue of Saraswati at Fine Arts college, Davanagere.
Nickname(s): DVG(Da-Van-Gere Or The One Line Town)
Davangere is located in Karnataka
Davangere
Davangere
Davangere in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 14°28′00″N 75°55′27″E / 14.4666°N 75.9242°E / 14.4666; 75.9242Coordinates: 14°28′00″N 75°55′27″E / 14.4666°N 75.9242°E / 14.4666; 75.9242
Country India
State Karnataka
District Davangere District
Government
 • Type City Municipal Corporation
 • District Collector Shri. Anjan Kumar, IAS
Area
 • Total 72 km2 (28 sq mi)
Population (2011-12)
 • Total 4,35,128
 • Rank 6th(Karnataka)
 • Density 6,000/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 577001-02-03-04-05-06
Telephone code 91 8192/08192
Vehicle registration KA-17
Website www.davanagerecity.gov.in/

Davanagere, usually spelled Davangere, is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka, lying at the western part of South India. It is the administrative headquarters of Davangere District, positioned at the geographical centre of the state of Karnataka. The city is located on National Highway 4 (India), at a distance of about 265 kilometres (165 mi) from the state capital, Bangalore. Davangere became a separate district in 1997, when it was separated from the erstwhile undivided district of Chitradurga for administration conveniences. Davangere is famous for its benne dosa (butter dosa). Home to a population of about half a million, it is the 6th-largest city in the state of Karnataka.[1]

Etymology[edit]

Karnataka area speaks Kannada.

It is popularly believed that the Chalukyas halted at this place to rest after a long horse-ride. A lake ("kere" in Kannada, the local language) was excavated for them to quench their thirst. The place thus came to be known as "Devan giri" (an abbreviation of 'danivina kere') and eventually "Davangere". This popular belief is not attested by any concrete historical evidence. There is no lake to show to prove this note.[citation needed]

Civic administration[edit]

The civic administration of the city was managed by the Davangere City Corporation (Davanagere Mahanagara Palike), before it was established as a municipality on 7 August 1951. It now has the status of a City Corporation, and gained this on 6 January 2007. It is headed by a mayor, assisted by commissioners and council members. The city is divided into 41 wards, and the council members (corporators) are elected by the people of the city.

Davanagere had a municipality as early as 1870.[2] The Imperial Gazatteer of India (1911) says that the receipts and expenditure of the municipality, during the ten years ending 1901, averaged Rs 14,200 and Rs 12,600 respectively.[2]

History[edit]

Davanagere was originally an obscure village, forming one of the suburbs of Bettur. Sultan Hyder Ali gave it as jagir to a Maratha chief named Apoji Ram, who encouraged merchants to settle there. While Apoji Ram died without heirs, the place continued to grow, favored by Tipu Sultan. After the fall of Tipu Sultan's regime,

Rajanahalli Sh. Hanumatappa family stepped in and started a cotton mills named as "The Davangere Cotton mills Ltd., Similarly Gundi and Chigateri Family started a cotton mills , These mills flourished as cotton was grown in plenty, in and around Davanagere, as well as the adjacent town of Harihar. Climatic conditions and the nature of the soil (black gypsum) favoured its growth. Davanagere Cotton Mills is now a well-known name in the region. But due to Bad administration or local politics above mills were closed & demolished.

BT. Family & Rajanahalli Family also stepped in to Oil mill business named as "B.T. Oil Mills Ltd." & "Chandrodaya Oil Mils Ltd ." This mills were flourished with Ground Nut . Ground Nut was grown in plenty, in and around Davanagere, as well as the adjacent town of Harihar. Climatic conditions and the nature of the soil (black gypsum) favoured its growth. B.T. Oil mill is now a well-known name in the region. But due to Bad administration or local politics above mills were closed & demolished.

Nothing comes free of cost in this modern world But “ Dharma Ratnakra Sh. Rajanahalli Hanumantappa” offered since 1955 Free for all 3 choultries irrespective of caste and class, in the heart of the city for performing marriage ceremony & other family functions etc. "Successors of Hanumanthappa have been continuing the tradition.

Davangere is known for its donors. Many rich industrialists and merchants have contributed to the growth of the city over the decades. Rajanahalli family stands tall among many generous donors of the district.

Till 1980s Davangere was named as Manchester of India for cotton Mills. After closure of cotton mills the development of Davangere is completely slow down.

Now Davangere named as City of Education, Because many education industries have come up & growing like Mushroom.

Geography[edit]

Lush green Paddy fields overlooking sunset near Hadadi village

Davangere is the "Heart of Karnataka". Davangere is surrounded from Chithradurga, Bellary, Shimoga, Chikmagalur and Haveri districts. Davangere is at the center of Karnataka, 14°28' N latitude, 75°59' longitude and 602.5 metres (1,977 ft) above sea level. Davanagere District receives average annual rainfall of 644 mm (25.4 in).[3]

Davanagere lies in the Maidan region on the Deccan Plateau. The district is bounded by Shimoga District (Malenadu) Area of Hills, Haveri District, Chitradurga District, Chikmagalur and Bellary Districts.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 census, Davangere city had a population of 435,125. Males constitute 52% of the population, and females 48%. Davangere has an average literacy rate of 85%, higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 89% and, female literacy is 81%.[4] In Davangere, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Davangere is a mixed community centre. The majority are Lingayats with different sub-castes within the community. The mixed culture had previously developed very good tolerance for each other's religious practices.

Davanagere is located on the Bangalore-Pune national highway NH4, which is part of the Golden Quadrilateral highway network. Geographically, the city is divided into Old Davanagere and New Davanagere. Old Davanagere comprises most of the market areas, such as Mandipet, Hasabavi Circle, Avaragolla,Kaddlebalu,Chowkipet, Swagerpete, Chamrajpet, K.R. Market, Kalikadevi road; and residential areas like Gandhinagar, Anekonda, Basavapura, Shivajinagar, Devaraj Urs Layout, SM Krishna Nagara, S S Layout, Karur,Kondajji, etc.

New Davanagere comprises residential extensions, including:Nittuvalli, KTJ Nagar, KB Extn,Srinivasa Nagar, PJ Extn, MCC A Block, MCC B Block, Anjaneya Extension, Swamy Vivekananda Extension, Shamanur,Naganur, Shiramgondanahalli, Nijalingappa Layout, SS layout A Block, SS Layout B Block, Vinobha Nagar,Bati, Vidyanagara, Taralabalu Badavane,Sanjeevininagar, Vinayaka Nagara, Sarswathi Nagara, Shivakumara Swamy Nagar, 1st stage and 2nd stage, Ranganatah Badavane,Jaya Nagara A Block, Jaya Nagara B Block, DCM Layout, Ragavendra Nagara, Shakthi Nagara, LIC colony, Avargere, Vinayaka extension, Banshankri, Belavanur, Tolahunasi, Sri Ram Nagara, S O G Colony, Bhoomika Nagara, Siddaveerappa Nagara, etc. The national highway 4 and the railway track exactly cut the city into two halves. In the late 18th century, Haidar Ali, ruler of Mysore, gave Davanagere to the Maratha leader Apoji Ram, who encouraged merchants to settle there. The city eventually developed into an area with a large-scale textile industry and as a trading center for cotton and grain. Davanagere has established 803 villages.

Attractions[edit]

Board on National Highway 4 showing directions for Shamanur and Davangere City

Durgambika Temple It is said that around 200 years ago, a stone was brought from Dugatti Village and installed in this temple and worshipped as Durga Devi. In 1932, this shrine was converted into the beautiful Durgambika Temple. The presiding deity is Durgambika, also known variously as Durgamma.

Lingeswara Temple Lingeswara temple is located close to Gandhi Circle Near Railway Track . Built by Kirwadi Family in 1950s. The presiding deity in this temple are Lord Shiva & Naga Devata . Maha Shivratri (the 'Great Night of Shiva') is a Hindu festival celebrated every year in reverence of Lord Shiva. It is the day Shiva was married to Parvati. The Maha Shivratri festival, also popularly known as 'Shivratri' or 'Great Night of Lord Shiva', is observed on the 13th night/14th day in the Krishna Paksha every year on the month of Falgun according to the Hindu calendar. The festival is principally celebrated by offerings of Bael or golden apple orBilva/Vilvam leaves to Lord Shiva, all-day fasting and an all-night-long vigil (jagarana). All through the day, devotees chant "Om Namah Shivaya", a sacred Panchakshara mantra dedicated to Lord Shiva. In accordance with scriptural and discipleship traditions,

Sri Ram Mandir & Navagraha Temple. Ram Mandir is located close to Gandhi Circleon PB Road. Built by Sh. Rajanahalli Family in 1960s The presiding deity in this temple are Lord Ram, Sita , Lakshman & Hanumanji, Specialty of this Navagraha Temple devoted to Navagrahas along with Their wifes- the nine (nava) major celestial bodies (Grahas) of Hindu astronomy. These celestial bodies are Surya (Sun), Chandra (Moon), Mangal (Mars), Budhan (Mercury), Guru/Brihaspati(Jupiter), Shukra (Venus), Shani (Saturn), Rahu (North Lunar Node) and Ketu (South Lunar Node). Navagrahas is considered to have a major role in influencing the fortunes of any individual. In order to mitigate the negative effects of a planet which is debilated in the birth chart or to provide more potency to a planet that is in an exalted state,

Subramanya Temple Subramanya temple is located close to NH4 highway on lokikere road. The presiding deity in this temple is Subramanya, also known as Lord Muruga(Tamil). Aadi Krithigai is a day auspicious for Lord Muruga. This year it falls on Aug 10, Subramanya or Muruga is the second son of Lord Shiva and Mother Parvathi. Extolled as the epitome of beauty, valour and "Jnana" [Supreme Knowledge], Muruga is worshipped in several ways, through various rituals. Here, special poojas and yagams are conducted for Lord Subramanya on Aadi Kirthigai day.

Kunduvada kere (Mallikarjuna Sagara Parivartita Kunduwada Kere) in Davangere, is a picturesque lake. It is one of the sources of drinking water for the city. It is restored from its ruins. During the last decade, when Davangere was suffering from water shortage, the local MLA Mallikarjuna worked to restore Kunduvada kere and made it as a water reservoir for the city. New garden and walking paths have been built around the lake, and it is quite pleasant to take evening walks along the lakeshore. Another one is a lake at the TV station, that has a good view of sunsets and is a popular picnic spot.

Bathi Gudda is situated 4 km (2.5 mi) from Davangere city towards Harihara. From the top of this hill, the city looks scenic. On this hill, there is a Temple and Dargah where believers go for prayers and mercies. Chaman Sha Wali Dargah of Baathi is a famous place to visit for all communities. Every year there are festivities conducted jointly by all the community leaders. Near this hill, the Bhadra sugar factory and Bathi lake are situated. Visitors can even visit the Davangere Dairy located in Bathi, which supplies milk to Davanagere and Chitradurga District.

Kondajji is situated around 12 km (7 mi) from Davangere city. It is a major scout and guides camp for south India which is named in commemoration of former Union minister and Scouts veteran, Kondajji Basappa. In Kondajji there are 3 hills and a lake, and a boating facility on the lake is available.

Uchangidurga is located 30 km (19 mi) from Davangere, on the Annaji route. It is a historic place and has an old fort. Adjacent to Uchangidurga, there is village called Karadidurga (Land of Bear). It is believed that the Sri Hanuman Temple in the village was worshipped by the bears in the fort.

Shamanur is famous for Sri Anjaneya Swamy temple.

Shanthi Sagara near Davangere, is a major water supply source and also the second-largest pond in Asia. It was built by namesake Princess Shanthi during the 12th century. Now it is a source for both drinking water and agriculture. There is a temple dedicated to Lord Siddeshwara near the lake. An aqueduct designed by Sir M Vishweshwariah is also a major tourist attraction. The government is taking steps to improve tourist attractions in the area.

Anekonda: The Eshwara temple at Anekonda is a little one in the Hoysala style. It was restored about 1912 with mud walls and plastered. Originally it had three cells, though there are only 2 at present, the south cell being no longer in existence and a navaranga. The garbhgriha doorway is well-executed and has figure of Gajalakshmi in the middle of the lintel. The sukhanasi door-way, which is also good, has ornamental screens at the sides and a figure of Siva on the lintel, flanked on the left by Vishnu and Subramanya, and on the right by Brahma and Ganapati, with makaras beyond these on both the sides.

Santhebennur: is a village situated from Davangere at 40 km, is famous for a pond called "Pushkarani," locally called "Honda." Apart from the structure in the center, four more can be seen on the surrounding steps, and there are two more - one each on the left & right. The Pushkarani itself is in front of a gallery kind of structure, open towards the Pushkarani, and without any rooms. These structures are built

with a mix of stone, bricks & mortar.

Pushkarani at Santhebennur

Punyasthala: is a village situvated from Davanagere at 38 km, it is famous for temples, it called chathurtha manthralaya, and has minimum 25 temples situvated in one place like venkateswara,aadi subramanya. raghavendra swami, narasimha swami, Ganesh, Nava graha,Rama,Krishna,kannika parameswari,etc...

Languages Spoken[edit]

Kannada is the major language spoken. The Kannada particular to Davangere has mild regional influences. English owing to the presence of a sizable student population, hailing from across India and overseas. The tone of the language is rather harsh and might seem objectionable to those unaccustomed to it. To the residents of the town, however, certain ways of using the language may connote a great rapport and level of comfort between people.

Transportation[edit]

Davangere is well-connected by road to Mumbai, Pune, Goa, Bangalore, Mangalore and Chennai through National Highway 4 (India) (previously Pune-Bangalore Highway and now Mumbai-Pune-Bengaluru-Chennai Highway).

Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation, KSRTC has a divisional office situated in Davanagere City. The city is well-connected to Bangalore and other cities in the state by KSRTC buses. It has Volvo and multi-axle Volvo bus connectivity to Bangalore & Chennai. But, in spite of Davanagere having a Divisional KSRTC office, there are no Volvo buses originating from Davanagere City. Thus, if someone wishes to travel outside Karnataka state by Volvo buses, their only option is private buses. KSRTC does not give booking and service of Volvo buses from Davanagere to Mumbai, Pune, Kolhapur, Goa, Hyderabad, Tirupati, Shirdi, etc.

Railways also play a major role in connectivity. The city's railway station comes under South Western Railway Zone (India) and was constructed during the British period and has been renovated recently. The station code is DVG. The railway station is located in front of Davanagere Municipal Corporation and is located very close to the old (private) bus stand. Davanagere railway station has been upgraded, and the public is provided with high-class facilities. A new proposal to lay a rail track between Davangere to Tumkur would further reduce the travel time from Bangalore to Davangere. This would further connect to Shimoga, Kottur, etc. along with the Harihara-Kotturu Rail Line which is awaiting for inauguration.

Earlier, the city's public transportation was provided only by private bus services. Recently, KSRTC has started bus service. They run through the main and arterial roads of the city. Auto-rickshaws are also available for transportation.

The nearest airport to Davanagere is Hubli Airport (IATA:HBX), which is 143 kilometres (89 mi) from the city.

There has been a proposal for a new airport in Davangere, and the place has been seen near Tolahunase on the outskirts of Davangere.

Cuisine[edit]

The aromatic and the delicious Davangere benne dosa

Davangere has mixed blend of South and North Karnataka food patterns. Jowar Roti which is common in Karnataka and Ragi mudde Chapathi, Rice, Akki Rotti, which is common in South Karnataka are seen in Davangere.

Davangere is also famous for its special cuisine, particularly Benne dosa, Benne kali dosa, Benne Open dosa, Benne masala dosa, Set dosa and Open dosa. Kara-mandakki (spiced puffed rice), Menasinakaayi, Nargis Mandakki Uppittu, Avalakki, Poori, Pulav, Rice Bath, etc. .

A unique sweet dish called “Guladiki unndi” is only made in Davangere.

Davangere benne dosa is a famous dish across the state, and it has found its own well-deserved place in the menu cards of all well-known restaurants in Karnataka. There are a few restaurants in Singapore and USA that serve this specialty of Davangere.[5][6] [7]

Also famous is the variety of juices available in the area, and some of the noted juice stalls are the Rasavanthi Juice Stall (Ram & Co Circle) Archana Juice Stall (Dental College Road) and Rasapriya Juice Centre (Medical Boys' Hostel) and . One of the old shops for "Kara Mandakki" is the Hotte Nanjappa shop at Vijayalakshmi Road, near B S Channabasappa & Sons Shop. Gundi circle is one of the famous spots where people can get many road-side cuisines, like south Indian, North Indian, Chinese and so on. Snow Land Ice Cream Parlor is a popular hangout located in front of JJM Medical College. People call Davangere as "Heaven city" because of the variety of food available in this city. Every food of Karnataka also India is available in Davangere as it situated in center of karnataka state.

Education[edit]

Davangere is an educational centre. It is known for its higher educational institutes.In Davangere there are 2 Government First Grade Colleges. One is Government College for Women and another is Government First Grade College and P.G. Centre. In Davangere there are four major engineering colleges, two dental colleges, two medical colleges, one Ayurvedic medical college,ARG Arts & Commerce College, Bapuji Pharmacy College (offering Pharm.D, B.Pharma, D.Pharma and M.Pharm), a number of management schools and colleges, an art college, and a fashion design college. JJM Medical college in Davangere is an internationally renown medical college which produces 245 MBBS graduates every year. Bapuji Educational Association in Davangere is a conglomerate of over 50 educational institutions across the city of Davangere. The institute was established in the year 1958 with the start of a first grade college in Davangere. Two medical colleges, 2 dental colleges, an engineering college Bapuji Institute of Engineering & Technology, and numerous other colleges are associated with the association. These colleges account for around 50 institutions. Dr. S. Kotrabasappa, Kasal Srinivasasetty, Maganur Basappa, Rajnahally Lakshman Shetty, Ajjampur Rangappa have been the significant personalities behind the growth of the organisation. Davangere also has other three engineering colleges, G M Institute of Technology, and University B.D.T College of Engineering. Recently in the academic year 2011-2012, a new engineering college has been started in Davangere called Jain Institute of Technology. It is situated near Avargere(Near to Bada cross). It also has the famous school Sri Taralabalu jagadguru Residential School.It also has the first and the only I.C.S.E school.CADDCENTRE Training services VIDYANAGAR Davangere training centre for Computer Aided Design (CAD), Computer Aided Engineering (CAE), and Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM), courses for students and working professionals of Mechanical, Civil, Electrical & Electronics engineering, Architecture, and Project Management. disciplines.

Davangere is also famous for coaching centres which coach students for various engineering and medical entrance exams. Taralabalu IIT and Vaishnavi Chetana are two very famous ones. Students come far annd wide to get coaching.

S.S Medical College is also a very renowned college in Karnataka which is located in davangere.


Head office of the Bapuji Educational Association.

University[edit]

Main article: Davangere University

A new University has been established in 2008 at Davangere named as Davangere University. All degree colleges in Davangere district, and Chitradurga district come under Davangere University.

The Shivagangothri Campus is located at Tolahunase, 8 km from Davangere and houses the post graduate departments of Commerce, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Economics, Food Technology, Accounting & Finance, M.Ed., and MSW. The Institute of Management studies is also located at P.G. Centre. The campus of 73 acres (30 ha) has attractive buildings as well as hostels.

Commerce and Economy[edit]

Irrigation canal at Doddaghatta village near Channagiri

Davangere town is a major trading center in Central Karnataka. It was well acclaimed as the "Manchester of Karnataka" for housing many cotton mills and cloth business establishments. It's geographical location at the center of the State and good rail and road connectivity provides ample scope for trading. The surrounding hinterlands provide support to the businesses at Davangere. Around half of the Davangere District is irrigated, thanks to the Bhadra Reservoir. Many rich cash and food Crops like Rice, arecanut, Maize and cotton are traded here.[8] Currently the major agro-industrial activity around Davangere revolves around rice and sugarcane, with a number of sugar mills in and around this area. The Shamanur Sugar Mills, situated in the Dugavathi village near Davangere, is a major industry in Davangere. Many of the rice mills are established in the industrial area near the Bypass Road. There are many rice mills making puffed rice and beaten rice in and around this town. Davangere is famous for textile mills. Shankar Textile Mills, Chigateri Mills, Chandrodaya Mills Ltd, Yallamma Cotton Woollen and Silk Mills Ltd, all contributed to the economic development of the city. The cotton mills which are existing till date are: Anjaneya Cotton Mill, Ganesh Mill, and Siddeshwara Cotton Mill. Davangere was a major cotton textile exporter during the 1960s until the 1980s. But most of the mills were shut down during the 1990s. Davangere has a big garment and clothing shop, i.e. B.S. Channabasappa and Sons, Vastra (Texas)Kaipet circle. This is one of the biggest garment shop of Central karnataka with its branches spread all over the city.

At Harihar is the manufacturing plant of Aditya Birla group company Grasim Industries which is world's second largest manufacturer of Viscose Staple Fibers (called Harihar Poly Fibers & Grasilene division)

Sports[edit]

Davangere houses major cricket and football clubs which provide opportunities to youngsters of the city. Vinay Kumar is a famous Indian cricketer from Davangere, who plays for team India and Karnataka Ranji Trophy cricket team, as a leading pace-bowler. He played for Royal Challengers Bangalore in IPL3.

Davangere has its name synonymous with bodybuilding and powerlifting in the state of Karnataka. The people of the city have been nurturing the sport/art since olden days. Gyms are found throughout the city, with a lot of interest within the youngster community. L.M. Karibasappa, Ekalavya award winner and five-time Mr. India titler in bodybuilding is from Davangere. Davangere has produced the highest number of Mr. India athletes.[9][10] Many builders like Gangappa, Styanarayana and many others represented India in events like Asian Games and Commonwealth Games. M. Maheshwarayya is a famous Powerlifting athlete of international repute from the city.

The high school grounds, in the heart of city, is home to most of the sports events. The district stadium near Bapuji Hospital is a key place for cricket-coaching camps. Nethaji Subash Chandra Bose Indoor Stadium is an Indoor stadium on the Kundwada Kere Road.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Davangere City Statistics
  2. ^ a b Uchicago.edu
  3. ^ NIC.in
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ [2]
  6. ^ Preparation
  7. ^ [3]
  8. ^ "Davangere town". dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 2009-09-04. 
  9. ^ "St. Mary's triumph - The Times of India". The Times Of India. 
  10. ^ [4]