Davao del Sur

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Davao del Sur
Lalawigan sa Davao del Sur
Lalawigan ng Timog Dabaw
Province
Flag of Davao del Sur
Flag
Official seal of Davao del Sur
Seal
Map of the Philippines with Davao del Sur highlighted
Map of the Philippines with Davao del Sur highlighted
Coordinates: 6°20′N 125°30′E / 6.333°N 125.500°E / 6.333; 125.500Coordinates: 6°20′N 125°30′E / 6.333°N 125.500°E / 6.333; 125.500
Country  Philippines
Region Davao Region (Region XI)
Founded May 8, 1967
Capital Digos City
Government
 • Governor Claude Bautista (NPC)
 • Vice Governor Aileen Almendras (NPC)
Area
 • Total 2,039.48 km2 (787.45 sq mi)
Area rank 61st out of 80
Population (2010 NSO Census)
 • Total 574,910
including independent cities: 2,024,206
 • Rank 33rd out of 80
including independent cities: 10
 • Density 198.2/km2 (513/sq mi)
 • Density rank 39th out of 80
Divisions
 • Independent cities 1
 • Component cities 1
 • Municipalities 9
 • Barangays 232
including independent cities: 414
 • Districts Lone District of Davao del Sur
including independent cities:
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ISO 3166 code PH-DAS
Spoken languages Cebuano, Tagalog, Bagobo, Mansakan

Davao del Sur (Filipino:Timog Dabaw) is a province of the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao. Its capital and largest city is Digos City. The province is bordered by Davao City to the north, the new province of Davao Occidental to the south and Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, South Cotabato and Sarangani to the west. To the east lies the Davao Gulf.

History[edit]

The beginnings of both Davao Region and Davao del Sur was associated with that of the foundation of Davao, which is the first town to be founded South of the island of Mindanao in 1848, following the conquest of the area by Don Jose Uyanguren of Guipuzcoa, Spain. In 1849, Nueva Guipuzcoa province was founded in the region conquered by Don Uyanguren in what is now Davao Region, with Davao, then called Nueva Vergara, as the provincial capital. Don Uyanguren, then the provincial governadorcillo, made some efforts to develop the areas he conquered, but failed.

Just thirty-six years after the foundation of Davao, the town of Sta. Cruz was founded on the 5th day of October, 1884. It is the first town to be founded south of Davao and is now the oldest in the province.

In 1898, the Spanish administration in the Philippines ended in 1898 following its defeat during the Spanish-American War. In early 1900s, waves of immigrants from the Visayas, Luzon, and as well as from Japan began to live in the region, centered mainly in Davao. The region began to boom in economic growth as agricultural business proliferated in the region.

As part of the "food bowl" of what is now the province of Davao del Sur, otherwise known as the Padada Valley, the agricultural area south of the town of Sta. Cruz, which is known as Digos that time, lured many migrants, majority of whom came from the Visayas and Ilocos regions to settle permanently in the area. Before World War II, an enterprising American by the name of N.E. Crumb leased 10.24 km² and transformed the place into an Abaca Plantation. This became the hub of economic activity in the locality during those days.

In 1942, during the start of the Second World War in the Pacific, the first waves of invading Japanese units landed and entered the province of southern Davao.

In 1945, the liberation in southern Davao by the United States and the Philippine Commonwealth troops was supported by the Davaoeño guerrilla fighters against the Japanese forces beginning to fighting in the Second World War.

In 1967, Davao Province was divided into three provinces, one of them being Davao del Sur; the town of Digos was made its capital and will become a suburban city for the next 33 years.

In October 28, 2013, along with the Barangay Elections, a plebiscite was held to create a new province named Davao Occidental, formed out of the southern part of Davao del Sur, covering the municipalities of the 2nd district of the province, namely Don Marcelino, Jose Abad Santos, Sta. Maria, Sarangani and Malita (which was designated as the provincial capital) by virtue of Republic Act 10360 enacted on July 23, 2013, and the majority of votes cast were "Yes", ratifying the province.[1]

Geography and topography[edit]

Located in the southeastern corner of the country's southernmost island of Mindanao, the province of Davao del Sur is bounded by the province of Davao del Norte to the north; Davao Occidental to the south-east; North Cotabato and Sultan Kudarat to the west; South Cotabato and Saranggani to the south-west ; and Davao Gulf to the east. With a land area of 4,607.59 km2., the province is composed of sandy beaches and outlying islands, agricultural plains and valleys, rainforests, swamps, rolling hills and mountains including the Philippines' highest peak, Mt. Apo, which is at 3,144 meters above sea level.

The province enjoys a mild, pleasant climate all year round. Because of its topographical characteristics and geographical location, it is rarely visited by typhoons. There is no pronounced wet or dry season. The coolest months are from November to February with an average temperature of 25 degrees Celsius. during the peak summer months from March to May, temperatures average 28 degrees Celsius but may rise as high as 32 degrees Celsius.

Demographics[edit]

Davao del Sur is an ethnic mix of Mindanaoans, Visayans, Tagalogs, Chinese, Japanese and Spanish with a number of indigenous tribes scattered in more than 2,300,000 inhabitants spread across a vast 244,000-hectare land. Davaoeño, a variant of Cebuano, is the main and official language of the province, although English and Filipino are widely spoken.

Indigenous groups[edit]

Lumad peoples[edit]

A Lumad woman from Davao. Lumad peoples form the most largest indigenous ethnicity in the province.

Bagobos live in an area that extends from Davao del Sur and South Cotabato to the foot of Mt. Apo and Davao City all the way to the land bordered by the Davao and Pulangi rivers and up to northern Cotobato and southeast Bukidnon. Numbering about 80,000, their traditional costume is woven from abaca fiber and heavily ornamented with beads, shells, metal discs, embroidery and brightly colored geometric applique. Though Bagobos have the most stunning costumes among the Davao ethnic groups, they wear them only on special occasions. Like the Mandayas and Mansakas, they shave their eyebrows to a thin line and file and blacken their teeth. Bagobo smiths cast little bells which are attached to pouches, bracelets, jackets, anklets and inlaid metal boxes.

Tagacaolos number about 23,000 and occupy the area between the western shores of the gulf and the slopes of Mt. Apo. This is one of the tribes which resisted Muslim conversion and maintained a highland animistic culture.

Kalagans are a Muslim group related to the Tagacaolos. Numbering only about 7,000, they live along the shores of the Davao Gulf.

Mangguangans are now only 3,000. They can be found in Davao del Sur and Davao del Norte.

In both groups, women generally wear handwoven abaca tube skirts, embroidered blue cotton tops and heavy jewellery. Men sport wide blue or white fringed and embroidered trousers and a loose shirt. Red is a color only for a headman ("bagani") and for women of high status.

Aeta people[edit]

Aeta people live in some areas of Davao City all the way to Davao del Norte, Compostela Valley and Bukidnon. They are related to the Manobos of Cotabato and include sub-groups such as the Talaingod of the Kapalong forests in Davao del Norte and the Matigsalug. Numbering about 222,000, Ata men wear long-sleeved shirts, carry spears, hunt, log and grow crops. Their womenfolk wear native blouses, "malong" skirts and accessories of brass bracelets and bead necklaces. Mandaya and Mansaka are culturally related groups who are highly musical - playing the five string bamboo guitar, two-string lute, violin, flute, gong, drum and bamboo Jew's harp. They are also excellent silversmiths crafting breastplates, jewellery, daggers and knives. The Mandayas are famous for their colorful abaca fiber weaves embroidered with tribal motifs.

Art and culture[edit]

The colorful artistic heritage of Davao stems from the rich culture of its tribes. For the Bagobos, aesthetics is the meticulous carving of weapons; the elaborate decoration of inlaid metal boxes with bells; and the ornamentation of their abaca fiber dress with embroidery, shells, beads and metal discs. The Mandayas, on the other hand, have a solid tradition in weaving. To produce their famed coarse textured cloth, abaca fiber is colored with earth dyes and woven on a backstrap loom.

The final product is embroidered with bright-colored threads in geometric patterns. Some elements of tribal folklore are also included in the designs. The Mansakas, together with the Mandayas, are also expert silversmiths. They craft weapons, breastplates and dress accessories. Much of its people are Christians. Davao is also a harmonious blend of Christian and Muslim cultures. However, its most stunning cultural aspect is definitely its ethnic art which encompasses music, dance, religious ritual, dress and ornamentation.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Davao del Sur, Philippines
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 42
(108)
38
(101)
39
(102)
38
(100)
37
(99)
43
(109)
38
(101)
39
(102)
39
(103)
38
(100)
34
(93)
38
(100)
43
(109)
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
31
(87)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(89)
31
(87)
31
(87)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(87)
31
(88)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(74)
23
(74)
24
(75)
24
(76)
24
(76)
24
(76)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
Record low °C (°F) 19
(66)
20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(71)
21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(71)
22
(72)
21
(69)
19
(66)
Source: Weatherbase[2]

Political[edit]

Government[edit]

Governor: Claude P. Bautista (NPC/Liberal)
Vice Governor: Aileen C. Almendras-Uy (NPC)

Districts: Lone District of Davao del Sur
1st District Representative: Mercedes "Didi" C. Cagas
2nd District Representative: Franklin P. Bautista

Local government units[edit]

The province of Davao del Sur is subdivided into 9 municipalities (or towns) and 2 cities: 1 independent city and 1 component city. Even though Davao City is part of the province for some statistical purposes, is, being a highly-urbanized city, governed independently from the province.

City/Town Income Classification Population as of 2010 No. of Barangays Founded
Davao City Highly urbanized 1,449,296 182 Town: 1848
City: March 16, 1936
Digos City 1st class 149,891 26 Town: July 19, 1949
City: September 8, 2000
Santa Cruz 1st class 81,093 18 October 5, 1884
Bansalan 1st class 56,496 25 September 18, 1952
Matanao 2nd class 51,382 33 1957
Magsaysay 2nd class 49,141 22
Hagonoy 2nd class 49,107 22
Sulop 3rd class 32,163 25
Padada 3rd class 25,724 17 July 15, 1949
Kiblawan 2nd class 44,618 30
Malalag 1st class 35,295 15 July 2, 1953

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cayon, Carina L. (30 October 2013). "DavSur voters approve of Davao Occidental". Philippine Information Agency. Retrieved 7 November 2013. 
  2. ^ del Sur-Philippines units=metric= "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Davao del Sur, Philippines". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-15. 

External links[edit]