Daventry International Rail Freight Terminal
Daventry International Rail Freight Terminal (DIRFT) is a rail-road intermodal freight terminal with an associated warehousing estate; the facility is located at the junctions between the M1 motorway, A5 and A428 roads with a rail connection from the Northampton loop of the West Coast Main Line.
The original development of approximately 120 ha (300 acres) was built during the 1990s. of which only DIRFT south (DIRFT Railport) had a direct rail connection. An extension, often referred to as DIRFTII, of about 54 ha (130 acres) received planning permission in 2005, and is designed to have all facilities rail connected - the first occupier of DIRFT2 was Tesco, whose distribution centre reached completion in late 2011.
A third extension DIRFTIII, also rail connected, is at a planning and consultation stage as of 2011.
Daventry International Rail Freight Terminal is part of a land development project undertaken by Severn Trent Water on a 174 hectares (430 acres) site near Crick in Northamptonshire. The location, at junction 18 of the M1 motorway in close proximity to the A5 and M6 roads had been identified as early as 1978 as a "motorway orientated growth point". The ground area of the original DIRFT development is divided into three sections: DIRFT Central 16 ha (40 acres), DIRFT East 53 ha (130 acres), and DIRFT South 55 ha (140 acres) by the A5 and A428 roads.
The site first became operational in July 1997, and was officially opened in November 1997 by HRH The Princess Royal, at inception the facility included a 475,000 square feet (44,100 m2) warehouse operated for road haulage operator Eddie Stobart. The rail connected terminal was operated by Tibbett and Britten; construction of a 210,000 sq ft (20,000 m2) rail connected warehouse was started in 1998, a second 265,000 sq ft (24,600 m2) facility was constructed in 2000.
DIRFT was one of the earliest post-Channel Tunnel road-rail intermodal terminals - the site includes rail connected terminals and traditional warehousing was designed to act as a regional node for rail freight flows to and from the Port of Felixstowe and the Channel Tunnel, it forms part of the UK network of the Trans-European Combined Transport network.
The site was primarily developed by Severn Trent Property, part of Severn Trent Water. Early occupiers included Royal Mail, Tesco ('Fastway RDC' operated by DHL) (closed 2009), and Mothercare. In 2004 74 acres (0.30 km2) of undeveloped land on the site with a capacity for 1,400,000 sq ft (130,000 m2) of warehousing was sold to a joint venture between British Land and Rosemund; British Land subsequently let its holding to several customers including a 750,000 sq ft (70,000 m2) warehouse let to TESCO in 2005.
In 2005 planning permission was granted for a rail connected 54 ha (130 acres) westward expansion of the original site with a built ground area of over 180,000 m2 (1,900,000 sq ft). The DIRFTII expansion was designed for rail connected warehousing allowing transfer between sea or channel tunnel born rail-freight and road transport or warehouse storage. Plans included facilities for containerised and side-loaded palletised rail freight.
Tesco acquired a 840,000 sq ft (78,000 m2) grocery distribution center in 2011, constructed by VolkerFitzatrick (main contractor), construction work was completed in September 2011. As part of the development, a rail tunnel was built under the A5 road to connect DIRFTII to the rail network via the original DIRFT railport.
A further 7.5 million sq.ft. extension, DIRFTIII, was proposed for construction on the former Rugby radio station site to the northwest of the current development. The proposal also included a large area 70 ha (170 acres) of green space, named Lilbourne Meadows. The development is a joint venture between ProLogis and Rugby Radio Station Limited Partnership (RRSLP) (BT and Aviva). The DIRFTIII site would also be rail connected, with over 700,000 m2 (7,500,000 sq ft) of warehousing over 163 hectares (400 acres) of land plus a 3.5 ha (8.6 acres) HGV parking site. A related development is the Sustainable Urban Extension (SUE) built to the west of DIRFT as a suburb of Rugby - with over 6000 homes planned.
A planning application to the Infrastructure Planning Commission (IPC) is to be submitted in 2011, with a decision expected in 2012. If consent is got the building project is expected to start in 2013 with the earliest completed building open by 2014.
- Kilsby and Crick railway station - Former railway station on the site of the rail freight terminal.
- "Annual Report and Accounts 2001". Severn Trent. Property, p. 11.
- Brian Turton (1970), The Geographical Magazine
- Peter Merriman (2011), Driving Spaces: A Cultural-Historical Geography of England's M1 Motorway, John Wiley & Sons, p. 203
- "An Introduction to DIRFT", www.daventrydc.gov.uk
- Nathaniel Lichfield and Partners (nlp) (December 2005), "Daventry International Rail Freight Terminal - Design Guide - Sustainability Appraisal", www.daventrydc.gov.uk
- "Severn Trent Property develops facilities in the UK, primarily for distribution, retail and industrial sectors (reproduced from Hemmington Scott annual report)", www2.hemscott.com (Hemmington Scott Ltd), "In July 1997, the International Rail Freight Terminal at Daventry, Northamptonshire, became operational. The railport, which is operated by Tibbett & Britten Plc, was officially opened by HRH The Princess Royal on 13 November 1997, together with 475,000 sq ft of warehouse and office space developed on the site by Eddie Stobart Limited"
- "TURF CUT AT DIRFT FOR NEW DISTRIBUTION CENTRE", www.hayesanderson.com, 27 August 1998
- "Tibbett & Britten Distribution Centre", www.sfrplc.com (Severfield-Rowen Plc), retrieved 17 January 2012
- "WORK STARTS ON SECOND TIBBETT & BRITTEN WAREHOUSE AT DIRFT", www.hayesanderson.com, 22 June 2000
- John Ratcliffe; Michael Stubbs; Miles Keeping (2009), Urban planning and real estate development (3 ed.), Routledge, Freight Villages, pp.596-597
- Sinead Cruise (18 October 2006), "ProLogis secures Severn Trent properties", www.building.co.uk
- "Consignia chooses DIRFT for £40m postal hub", m.propertyweek.com, 1 November 2002
- "Tesco – we will not sacrifice food space", www.thegrocer.co.uk, 1 November 2003
- "Tesco closes Fastway DC", www.logisticsmanager.com, 13 March 2009
- "Mothercare focuses on a planned delivery", www.telegraph.co.uk (The Telegraph), 21 August 2002
- "Part of dIRft sold", www.logisticsmanager.com, 1 May 2004
- "British Land and Rosemound acquire at DIRFT", www.britishland.com (British Land), 5 April 2004
- "British Land/Rosemound jv lets 750,000 sq ft to Tesco at Dirft, Daventry (UK)", www.europe-re.com, 17 March 2005
- "Disposal", www.severntrent.com (Severn Trent), 6 November 2006
- Jim Clark (27 September 2011), "Scotland's Transport Future In A Changing World", iatp.info (WH Malcolm Ltd)
- "Prologis RFI DIRFTII Daventry", www.prologisrfidirft.co.uk (ProLogis), retrieved 21 January 2012
- "Northamptonshire logistics go green", www.northamptonshireletyourselfgrow.com, 22 July 2011
- "Tesco’s building goes up at DIRFT", www.logisticsmanager.com, 20 September 2011
- "Thousands of new jobs in major DIRFT expansion", www.rugbyadvertiser.co.uk, 2 February 2011
- "DIRFT III - PLANNING FOR THE FUTURE", dirftiii.com
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Daventry International Rail Freight Terminal (DIRFT).|
- "Prologis RFI Dirft Daventry", www.dirft.com (ProLogis), official site
- "DIRFT III", www.dirftiii.com (ProLogis), DIRFT3 official site