May 25, 1924 |
Brooklyn, New York
|Institutions||U.S. Air Force, University of Chicago, National Center for Atmospheric Research and NASA|
|Known for||Radar meteorology|
|Notable awards||Numerous, including Symons Memorial of the RMS in 1989 and Carl-Gustaf Rossby Research Medal in 1996 from the AMS|
David Atlas (born May 25, 1924) is one of the pioneers of radar meteorology. His career extend from World War II to the present days. He has worked for the US Air Force, then was professor at the University of Chicago and National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), researcher at NASA and private consultant. Dr. Atlas owns 22 patents, has published more than 260 papers, is fellow member of many associations, and has received numerous honors in his field.
Life and career
Dr. Atlas was born May 25, 1924, in Brooklyn, New York, from Jewish parents who immigrated from Poland and Russia. He studied primary and high school in Brooklyn, starting college in City College of New York afterward. He served in the U.S. Army during the Second World War in the US Army Air Corps, where he worked on the development of radars, in particular on the problem of precipitation echos.
After the war, Atlas remained in the U.S. Air Force for 18 years, working at the Cambridge Research Laboratories, in Bedford, Massachusetts, as head of a research team on weather radars while working on his Master and Doctorate degrees. He particularly investigated the Doppler Effect for use in wind measurement.
From 1966 to 1972, Atlas has been professor of meteorology at the University of Chicago. From 1972 to 1976, he was the director of the atmospheric technologies division at NCAR in Boulder, Colorado. The results of his team were used for the development of the actual United States Doppler weather radars network called NEXRAD.
In 1977, Atlas formed the Laboratory for Atmospheric Sciences at the NASA at the Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. This center has produced numerous meteorological instruments to be used on weather satellites for study of the atmosphere, the oceans, and the cryosphere.
Atlas officially retired in 1984, but remained active in the meteorology research community, in particular in radar meteorology. He still worked until recently at Goddard, he is a fellow of the American Geophysical Society, the Royal Meteorological Society (RMS),and the National Academy of Engineering. Atlas is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society (AMS), and a previous president in 1975.
He received numerous awards, including the Gold Symons Memorial of the RMS in 1989 and the Carl-Gustaf Rossby Research Medal in 1996 from AMS. He received in 2004, the Dennis J. Picard Medal from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers for "exceptionally outstanding leadership and significant individual technical contributions to the eapplication of radar for the observation of weather and other atmospheric phenomena".
- David Atlas, Radar in Meteorology: Battan Memorial and 40th Anniversary Radar Meteorology Conference, published by the American Meteorological Society, Boston, 1990, 806 pages, ISBN 0-933876-86-6, AMS Code RADMET.
- David Atlas, Reflections: A Memoir, série Historical Monograph published by the American Meteorological Society, Boston, 2001, 144 pages, ISBN 1-878220-46-2; AMS Code REFLECTIONS.
- Roger M. Wakimoto et Ramesh Srivastava: Radar and Atmospheric Science: A Collection of Essays in Honor of David Atlas, Meteorological Monograph Volume 30, issue 52 published by the American Meteorological Society, Boston, August 2003, 270 pages, ISBN 1-878220-57-8; AMS Code MM52.
Sources and references
- Dean Acheson. "Biography of David Atlas". Hanneby.com. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "Atlas, David". jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 2013-08-28.
- "David Atlas". Biography. National Academy of Engineering. 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "List of AMS Fellows". American Meteorological Society. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- "Past Presidents of the AMS". American Meteorological Society. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- "Recent prizewinners". Royal Meteorological Society. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- "Award for Extraordinary Scientific Achievement 1951-1999 (Médaille Carl-Gustaf Rossby)". American Meteorological Society. 28 December 1999. Retrieved 6 April 2012(Write 1996 in the year box)
- "IEEE Dennis J. Picard Medal for Radar Technologies and Applications" (PDF). IEEE. 2004. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- This article incorporates information from
- "David Atlas Maniac Lecture, 25 September 2013". NASA Goddard Center. Retrieved November 22, 2013.