David B. Hill
|David B. Hill|
|United States Senator
from New York
January 7, 1892 – March 4, 1897
|Preceded by||William M. Evarts|
|Succeeded by||Thomas C. Platt|
|29th Governor of New York|
January 6, 1885 – December 31, 1891
|Lieutenant||Dennis McCarthy (acting)
Edward F. Jones
|Preceded by||Grover Cleveland|
|Succeeded by||Roswell P. Flower|
|Lieutenant Governor of New York|
January 1, 1883 – January 6, 1885
|Preceded by||George Gilbert Hoskins|
|Succeeded by||Dennis McCarthy (acting)|
|Born||David Bennett Hill
August 29, 1843
Havana, New York
|Died||October 20, 1910
Albany, New York
David B. Hill was born on August 29, 1843 in Havana, New York. He was educated locally, studied law, and began a practice in Elmira in 1864. In 1864 was he was named Elmira's City Attorney. He was a Democratic member of the New York State Assembly (Chemung County) in 1871 and 1872. Hill was elected an alderman of Elmira in 1880, served as Mayor of Elmira in 1882, and was President of the New York State Bar Association from 1886 to 1887. Hill was Lieutenant Governor from 1883 to 1885, elected in 1882 on the ticket with Governor Grover Cleveland. He was Governor from 1885 to 1891, succeeding to the office upon Cleveland's resignation and re-elected in 1885 and 1888.
During his tenure as Governor, William Kemmler was executed in the electric chair, the first inmate in the country ever to be put to death in this manner. On April 23, 1889 Hill vetoed a bill from the state legislature that would block the street construction at the Polo Grounds. He also vetoed two times (1888 and 1889) a ballot reform bill by the Republican legislature to stop the rife election fraud in New York.
He was a U.S. Senator from New York from 1892 to 1897. He was elected in February 1891, but took his seat only after the end of his term as governor in January 1892. He was also a candidate for the Democratic nomination for President in 1892, but lost to Grover Cleveland, who later won the presidential election. He was defeated by Republican Levi P. Morton when, as a sitting U.S senator, he ran again for Governor in November 1894. While Senator in 1893 and 1894 he blocked President Cleveland's two appointments to the U.S. Supreme Court: William B. Hornblower and Wheeler H. Peckham who had opposed Hill's political machine.
- Nash, Roderick F. 2001. Wilderness and the American Mind, 4th ed. New Haven: Yale University Press, p.119.
- William M. Ivins: On the Electoral System of the State of New York. A paper presented at the twenty-ninth annual meeting of the New York State Bar Association. New York 1906.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to David B. Hill.|
- A Jeffersonian Governor: David Bennett Hill
- David B. Hill at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
George Gilbert Hoskins
|Lieutenant Governor of New York
|Governor of New York
Roswell P. Flower
|United States Senate|
William M. Evarts
|U.S. Senator (Class 3) from New York
Served alongside: Frank Hiscock, Edward Murphy, Jr.
Thomas C. Platt