David Bar-Hayim

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Rabbi David Bar-Hayim
Position Founder and director
Organisation Machon Shilo (Shiloh Institute)
Personal details
Residence Israel
Occupation Rabbi
Alma mater Merkaz Harav Kook yeshiva

David Bar-Hayim (Hebrew: דוד חנוך יצחק ב"ר חיים) is an Israeli rabbi who heads the Machon Shilo (Shiloh Institute) in Jerusalem, Israel.


Rabbi Bar-Hayim was born David Mandel 24 February 1960 in Sydney, Australia. He studied at the Merkaz Harav Kook yeshiva in Jerusalem for 10 years. He now lectures in the greater Jerusalem area and publishes articles in English and Hebrew on various web sites.[1] Although an Orthodox rabbi, Bar-Hayim prefers the term "Halakhic Judaism", explaining that "Orthodox Judaism is flawed as it was by definition a response to the rise of Reform Judaism in the early 19th century. Responding to the Reform movement’s complete disregard for traditional practice and established religious jurisprudence, the new and reactionary “Orthodox Judaism” (a previously unknown term) adopted an extreme and opposite approach, viz. that the Ashkenazi Jewish practice which had evolved in Europe until that time should be enshrined, denying the possibility of any change whatever, even where such change is mandated by the Torah itself."[2]

Eretz Yisrael[edit]

He has proposed the re-establishment of Minhagei Eretz Yisrael, religious customs and practices that reflect those of the pre-exile Jewish communities in Israel, rather than those of Babylon or Europe. For this purpose, he has published a prayer book intended to reflect the ancient nusach tefillah of ancient Israel, "Nusach Eretz Yisrael", based upon the Jerusalem Talmud, for use at his Machon Shilo.[3]


In 2007 Rabbi Bar Hayim issued a highly controversial opinion claiming that that Jews in Israel, regardless of their origin, may eat kitniyot on Passover.[4][5]

Other Halachic Positions[edit]

He has argued for the return of the primacy of the Jerusalem Talmud and gives more weight to rulings contained therein.[6]

He has proposed that when the first day of Sukkot falls on Shabbat, Israeli Jews should follow the Mishna and Talmud Yerushalmi's ruling and perform the lulav ritual.[7]

He states that one should say Hallel on Israeli Independence Day.[8]


External links[edit]