David Caygill

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The Honourable
David Caygill
CNZM
David Caygill, 2013.jpg
Caygill in 2013
28th Minister of Health
In office
24 August 1987 – 30 January 1989
Prime Minister David Lange
Preceded by Michael Bassett
Succeeded by Helen Clark
Constituency St Albans
36th Minister of Finance
In office
14 December 1988 – 2 November 1990
Prime Minister David Lange
Geoffrey Palmer
Mike Moore
Preceded by Roger Douglas
Succeeded by Ruth Richardson
Personal details
Born 1948
Christchurch
 New Zealand
Political party Labour

David Francis Caygill, CNZM (born 15 November 1948 in Christchurch), [1] is a former New Zealand politician. After being New Zealand's youngest city councillor[citation needed] at 22 (in Christchurch), he was an MP from 1978 to 1996, representing the Labour Party. He served as Minister of Finance between 1988 and 1990.

Political career[edit]

Christchurch City Council[edit]

Caygill was a councillor of Christchurch City Council from 1971 to 1980.[2] On 29 April 1974, he became the city's youngest ever acting Mayor for a period of five days.[3]

Member of Parliament[edit]

Parliament of New Zealand
Years Term Electorate Party
1978–1981 39th St Albans Labour
1981–1984 40th St Albans Labour
1984–1987 41st St Albans Labour
1987–1990 42nd St Albans Labour
1990–1993 43rd St Albans Labour
1993–1996 44th St Albans Labour

Caygill was first elected to Parliament in the 1978 elections as MP for the Christchurch electorate of St Albans. He served for six terms.[4]

Lange Ministry[edit]

When the Fourth Labour Government was formed after the 1984 elections, Caygill aligned himself with Roger Douglas, the controversial Minister of Finance. Douglas, Caygill, and Richard Prebble were together dubbed "the Treasury Troika",[5] and were responsible for most of the economic reform undertaken by the Labour government. The "Rogernomics" reforms, which were based on free market economic theory, were unpopular with many traditional Labour supporters, but Caygill managed to avoid the worst of the condemnation directed towards Douglas and Prebble. When the two became founding members of the ACT New Zealand political party in 1994, Caygill chose not to join them.

Caygill was appointed Minister of Trade and Industry, and Minister of National Development, on 26 July 1984.[6] The Prime Minister at that time was David Lange.

Minister of Finance[edit]

When Douglas was fired by Prime Minister Lange, Caygill was appointed Minister of Finance in his place. After Lange himself had resigned, Caygill retained his position under both Geoffrey Palmer and Mike Moore, Lange's short-lived successors as Prime Minister.

In his last budget as Minister of Finance before retiring, Caygill lifted the quarantining of rental losses on investment property, allowing an investor to offset losses on their investment property against their other taxable income.

In 1991, a year after the Labour Party had lost office, Caygill was replaced as finance spokesperson by Michael Cullen, who was more moderate in his economic policies. Caygill continued to hold a senior position in the Labour Party, however, and when Helen Clark became leader in 1993, Caygill replaced her as deputy leader. At the 1996 elections, Caygill retired from Parliament. He was replaced as deputy leader by Michael Cullen.

Life after politics[edit]

After leaving politics, Caygill returned to his original occupation, law. For some time, he was a partner at Buddle Findlay, a prominent law firm. He also worked for a number of government bodies, and was chair of the Accident Compensation Corporation. He chaired a ministerial inquiry into the New Zealand electricity market in 2000, and was appointed chairman of the Electricity Commission in 2007. He is a board member of the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority. He is the chair of the Education New Zealand Trust.[4]

In 2010, Caygill was appointed by the National Government as one of the commissioners at Environment Canterbury. He holds the role of deputy chair.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Temple, Philip (1994). Temple’s Guide to the 44th New Zealand Parliament. Dunedin: McIndoe Publishers. p. 58. ISBN 0 86868 159 8. 
  2. ^ "Councillors of the City of Christchurch". Christchurch: Christchurch City Council. Retrieved 17 August 2010. 
  3. ^ Christchurch Chronology (2nd edition ed.). Christchurch: Christchurch City Council. 1990. p. 55. 
  4. ^ a b c "About the Commissioners". Environment Canterbury. Retrieved 17 August 2010. 
  5. ^ Bassett, Michael (2008). Working with David: Inside the Lange Cabinet. Auckland: Hodder Moa. pp. 108,279. 
  6. ^ Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. p. 97. OCLC 154283103. 
New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Roger Drayton
Member of Parliament for St Albans
1978–1996
Constituency abolished
Political offices
Preceded by
Michael Bassett
Minister of Health
1987–1989
Succeeded by
Helen Clark
Preceded by
Roger Douglas
Minister of Finance
1988–1990
Succeeded by
Ruth Richardson
Party political offices
Preceded by
Helen Clark
Deputy Leader of the New Zealand Labour Party
1993–1996
Succeeded by
Michael Cullen