David Chubinashvili (Georgian: დავით ჩუბინაშვილი), otherwise known as David Yesseevich Chubinov (Russian: Давид Йессеевич Чубинов) by the Russified form of his name (September 26, 1814 – June 5, 1891) was a Georgian lexicographer, linguist and scholar of old Georgian literature.
Having graduated from the University of St. Petersburg in 1839, he later lectured there on Georgian language, rising to the rank of professor. He helped establish the Department of Georgian Language and Literature and chaired it from 1855 to 1871. He was elected to the Imperial Geographic and Imperial Archaeological Societies and participated in the Tbilisi-based Society for the Spreading of Literacy Among Georgians (SSLG). He wrote literary criticism for the Russian and Georgian press, authored several works on Georgian language and literature, and published Shota Rustaveli and other classics of old Georgian literature. Chubinov was twice awarded Demidov Prize for compiling Georgian-Russian-French and Russian-Georgian dictionaries in 1840 and 1846 respectively. He bequeathed his rich collection of Georgian manuscripts to the SSLG.