David Clark, Baron Clark of Windermere

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Lord Windermere.
The Right Honourable
The Lord Clark of Windermere
PC DL
Davsignfreedom.jpg
Clark, upon gaining the Freedom of South Shields, with his wife and their daughter.
Minister for the Cabinet Office
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
In office
2 May 1997 – 27 July 1998
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Preceded by Roger Freeman
Succeeded by Jack Cunningham
Shadow Secretary of State for Defence
In office
18 July 1992 – 2 May 1997
Leader John Smith
Tony Blair
Preceded by Martin O'Neill
Succeeded by John Major
Shadow Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
In office
13 July 1987 – 18 July 1992
Leader Neil Kinnock
Preceded by Roger Freeman
Succeeded by Jack Cunningham
Member of Parliament
for South Shields
In office
3 May 1979 – 7 June 2001
Preceded by Arthur Blenkinsop
Succeeded by David Miliband
Member of Parliament
for Colne Valley
In office
18 June 1970 – 28 February 1974
Preceded by Richard Wainwright
Succeeded by Richard Wainwright
Personal details
Born (1939-10-19) 19 October 1939 (age 75)
Castle Douglas, United Kingdom
Political party Labour
Alma mater Victoria University of Manchester
University of Sheffield

David George Clark, Baron Clark of Windermere[1] PC DL (born 19 October 1939 in Castle Douglas, Scotland) is a British Labour politician, former cabinet minister and author.

Education and early career[edit]

He attended Bowness Elementary School and Windermere Grammar School in Cumbria. After leaving school, he worked as a forester and then as a Laboratory Assistant in a textile mill before becoming a student teacher in 1959.

He attended the University of Manchester as a mature student from 1960, gaining a BA in Economics, then later an MSc. He was President of the Students' Union. In 1978 he gained a PhD from the University of Sheffield.

He was a Lecturer in Government and Administration at the University of Salford from 1965–70 and a Tutor at University of Manchester from 1967-1970.

Parliament[edit]

He joined the Labour Party in 1959 and the Co-operative Party two years later.

He was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Colne Valley from 1970 to 1974. After losing in the February 1974 general election, he became a Senior Lecturer in Politics at Huddersfield Polytechnic (now the University of Huddersfield) until 1979 when he returned to the House of Commons as Member of Parliament for South Shields in Tyne and Wear, a seat he held until he stood down at the 2001 general election.

Shadow cabinet[edit]

Clark was regularly elected to the Shadow Cabinet while the Labour Party was in opposition. He held a number of Shadow portfolios, including Agriculture Fisheries & Food (1972–74), Defence (1980–81), Food Agricultural and Rural Affairs (1987–92), and Shadow Defence Secretary (1992–97). Although Clark was not a strong supporter of New Labour, he did support Tony Blair's bid for the party leadership, and continued as Shadow Defence Secretary following Blair's appointment.

Government[edit]

Clark's long-standing position as a member of Labour's frontbench team meant Tony Blair was obliged to appoint him to the Cabinet when the party was elected to government in May 1997. However, he was not given a senior or middle-ranking position, and instead was given the office of Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, with responsibility for producing a White Paper on Freedom of Information which was published in July 1998 and ultimately led to the Freedom of Information Act 2000.

He opposed moves to water-down the freedom of information proposals from what had been proposed by Labour in Opposition, and this led to his sacking. At the time, he said that he believed his sacking was also because of his insistence on living in the North-East and "missing out on the London cocktail circuit". Additionally, Blair's sacking of Clark and another "old Labour" figure, Gavin Strang, was part of a plan by Blair to bring two Liberal Democrats into the Cabinet, a plan thwarted by John Prescott and others (though it is highly likely the Liberal Democrats would not have accepted the plan anyway had it become public).

Heavily involved and interested in Bosnia, Clark was forced to apologise for not declaring a 1993 meeting with Radovan Karadžić in the Register of Members' Interests, as he "thought it had been a United Nations-funded trip".

Speaker's election[edit]

Two years later, on 23 October 2000, he stood for the job of Speaker of the House of Commons in succession to Betty Boothroyd but was unsuccessful (192 votes in favour, 257 against) and his backbench colleague, Michael Martin was elected.

2001 general election and resignation[edit]

Clark sought reselection by the South Shields Constituency Labour Party in order to contest the 2001 General Election for the seat. However, control of the constituency Party had swung in favour of a vocal group of critics, led by a faction within South Tyneside Council, who feared Clark actually intended to stand down when the General Election was called, thus enabling the Labour Party's National Executive Committee to parachute a favoured candidate into the Constituency[citation needed], historically a safe Labour seat. During the reselection contest Clark vigorously denied the claims and told the Shields Gazette newspaper advising he had every intention of contesting the General Election[citation needed]. In the event, Clark won reselection but only with support of regional trade union barons.

When Prime Minister Tony Blair announced the date of the General Election in 2001, Clark immediately stood down and the Labour Party NEC moved swiftly, New Labour rising star David Miliband was selected to fight the seat.

Within weeks of the Labour Party winning the 2001 General Election, Clark was given a life peerage as Baron Clark of Windermere, of Windermere in the County of Cumbria and now sits in the House of Lords. He was also appointed the paid post of Chairman of the Forestry Commission.

House of Lords[edit]

Lord Clark of Windermere's ongoing political interests include Bosnia, open spaces, hunting and bloodsports (to which he is opposed), defence, and the environment.

He was awarded Freedom of the Borough of South Shields in February 1999, and is a long-standing fan of Carlisle United Football Club, of which he is a Director. He is a Deputy Lieutenant of Cumbria. Clark was Chair of the Atlantic Council of the UK (1998–2003), and has been Leader of the North Atlantic Assembly since 2001, having been a member since 1980. He was a member of the Executive of the National Trust from 1980 until 1994. He was Chair of the Forestry Commission from 2004 to 2009; a non-executive director of the Homeowners Friendly Society, the Thales Group, and the UK Friendly Insurance Services. He is a trustee of the Vindolanda Trust, the History of Parliament Trust, and the Gravetye Trust, and a patron of the UK Defence Forum.

Personal life[edit]

He married Christine Kirkby, a nurse, in 1970 and they have one daughter, Catherine. He lives in Windermere, and lists his recreations as gardening, fell walking, reading, and watching football. He is a director of Carlisle United Football Club.

References[edit]

  1. ^ House of Lords (2001-07-02). "Minutes of Proceedings". Retrieved 2007-04-20. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Richard Wainwright
Member of Parliament for Colne Valley
19701974
Succeeded by
Richard Wainwright
Preceded by
Arthur Blenkinsop
Member of Parliament for South Shields
19792001
Succeeded by
David Miliband
Political offices
Preceded by
Roger Freeman
Minister for the Cabinet Office
1997–1998
Succeeded by
Jack Cunningham
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1997–1998