David Corwin

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David L. Corwin is a board certified psychiatrist, child and adolescent psychiatrist, and forensic psychiatrist.[1] Corwin has done extensive work into the long-term impact of child violence and abuse on health, and has promoted family support and treatment programs.[2] Corwin has worked as a consultant, a lecturer, a trainer, and an evaluator of suspected or known child sexual abuse cases throughout many countries, as well as serving as an expert witness of child sexual abuse cases.[1][2] Corwin has founded, directed or chaired groups that serve to advance prevention and protection against child violence and abuse, as well as furthering the education and research of the impact of child abuse.[2][3]

Biography[edit]

Education[edit]

Corwin received a B.S degree at the University of Michigan, followed by receiving an M.D at the Michigan State College of Human Medicine.[2] Corwin completed an internship in psychiatry and internal medicine and then a psychiatry residency at UCLA-VA Medical Center.[2] Corwin completed a fellowship in child psychiatry at the UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute, and then certificates in executive leadership, advanced training in continuous quality improvement and conflict resolution at the University of Utah and Intermountain Healthcare.[2]

Career[edit]

David Corwin inspired and chaired the National Summit Conference meeting in Los Angeles in 1985 about how to diagnose child sexual abuse.[3] A consequence of the conference was the formation of the group that founded the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children (APSAC) in 1986 which Corwin chaired and later served as a member of APSAC's BOD.[1][3] In the same year that he chaired the organizing committee for APSAC, Corwin founded the California Professional Society on the Abuse of Children (CAPSAC).[1] The aim of APSAC is to promote the best possible professional response for children and families at risk of maltreatment[4] APSAC regularly publishes a newsletter the ‘APSAC Advisor’ and the Journal, 'Child Maltreatment' which inform professionals in a range of disciplines about the latest policies, research findings and up to date information on child maltreatment.[4] Corwin was awarded Outstanding Service in 1993 and Outstanding Professional of the Year in 2007 by APSAC.[1]

Corwin co-directed the UCLA Family Support Program for treatment of intra-familial child sexual abuse from 1980 to 1982. During his time at UCLA, he initiated and chaired the Los Angeles Task Force on interviewing sexually abused children which was the first to recommend nationally and internationally (Washington D.C. and Paris, 1982) the video recording of investigative and evaluative interviews with children in possible sexual abuse cases. Starting in 1999 he served as Medical Director of Primary Children’s Medical Center’s (PCMC) Safe and Healthy Families Department (SHF)and later Chief of the Pediatrics Child Protection Division until August 1, 2012.[3] Corwin has served as an expert witness and evaluated, trained, consulted and lectured on suspected or known cases of child sexual abuse throughout many countries and regions over the last 30 years, including Thailand, Canada, the United States, Europe, Israel, South Korea and Great Britain.[2][3]

Corwin served as liaison for the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry,[2] from 2001 to 2009 to[1] the AMA’s National Advisory Council on Violence and Abuse of which he was its last Steering Committee Chair and oversaw its transformation,[3] into the National Health Collaborative on Violence and Abuse (NHCVA) for which he served as the first chair.[1]

Corwin also helped found and serves as President for the Academy on Violence and Abuse (AVA) from 2013 to 2015,[2][5] which is an interprofessional international membership society that promotes research and education about the health effects of violence and abuse.[1] Corwin is also a founder of the Helfer Society,[2] which is named after one of his first faculty preceptors at Michigan State University College of Human Medicine,Ray E. Helfer, MD.[3] The Helfer Society is an honorary society for physicians who focus their work on child abuse.[1] Corwin was chosen as a national leading child abuse physician in 2006 and invited to join the Whitworth Seniors Forum,[1] a small group of physician leaders focusing on child abuse policy. The Child Abuse Research Education and Services (CARES) Network is a proposal to establish a nationwide network of consortia of excellence dedicated to training, research and improving the ability of the healthcare system to identify, treat and prevent child abuse.[5] The CARES Network, conceived and promoted by Drs. Randall Alexander, John Stirling and Corwin was endorsed by the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, AACAP, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the National Association of Children's Hospitals and Related Institutions but to this dated never funded by Congress.

Dr. Corwin currently works as a Professor and Director of Forensic Services for the Pediatrics Department at the University of Utah. He has a continuing interest in improving services and awareness about the adverse health impacts of violence and abuse across the lifespan. Dr. Corwin also continues to serve as an expert witness, consultant and forensic evaluator.[2][3] He has produced three DVDs including the 2012 AVA ACE Study DVD featuring Drs. Felitti, Anda and Putnam and reviewed by Dick Krugman, MD in the August 15, 2012 issue of JAMA, http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1346147 .

Publications[edit]

Journal Articles[edit]

Listed are a selection of journal publications David Corwin has written, or co-written. Because the articles demonstrate his area of work and interest, a short summary of each article is given below each journal reference.

  • Olafson, E., Corwin, D. L. & Summit, R. (1993). "Modern history of child sexual abuse awareness: Cycles of discovery and suppression". Child Abuse and Neglect 17: 7–24. doi:10.1016/0145-2134(93)90004-o. 

Child sexual abuse has cycled in and out of public and professional awareness over more than a century, through periods of discovery and suppression. Modern awareness of sexual abuse has been enlightened by the amount of research done into its negative impact on health and development, and its prevalence. Nevertheless current knowledge of child sexual victimization has been influenced by reaction that is reminiscent of earlier suppression cycles in child sexual abuse history. Such cycles can diminish the scale of child sexual abuse as a problem. It is important to understand where such recoil can come from, as doing so can help to avoid reoccurrence of suppression in the future.

This article is a response to Milchman’s article[6] about ethical guidelines for professionals on child sexual abuse assessment. The areas of ethical issues that Milchman focuses on are confidentiality, parent and child interviews, child evaluation for the attorney representing the accused and evaluation agreement to one side of a dispute or battle for custody. One area is of particular interest; whether or not it is ethical and wise for a professional who is well trained on child sexual abuse and who has completed the relevant evaluations to attest that a child has been abused.

The article presents a case extract of a young adolescent boy who was sexually abused by a professional within his school, after which a court case followed. The article highlights how to make use of relevant research regarding the prognosis of damage to mental health and how to arrive at a conclusion for a forensic report based on the evidence. An evidence-based practice approach is emphasised.

  • Corwin, D. L. & Keeshin, B. R. (2011). "Estimating present and future damages following child maltreatment". Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America 20 (3): 505–518. doi:10.1016/j.chc.2011.03.005. 

Over the last century and a half child sexual abuse has been marked by periods of suppression and discovery. Child sexual abuse has emerged back into public and professional awareness in the last 30 years, and since then billions of dollars have been spent on efforts toward its prevention and the protection of children from maltreatment. Such efforts are the results of evidence from research and investigation into all aspects of child maltreatment. There has been a need for mental health professionals and child psychiatrists to provide expert knowledge for forensic and legal issues surrounding child maltreatment; this article provides an approach to take for professionals who are called upon to assess the personal damage, long-term harm, and treatment of victims of child maltreatment.

  • Corwin, D. L., Berliner, L., Goodman, G., Goodwin, J. & White, S. (1987). "Child sexual abuse and custody disputes no easy answers". Journal of Interpersonal Violence 2 (91). 

Child sexual abuse in the context of custody battles is at risk of being oversimplified instead of recognised as a complex problem. Children who are victims of sexual abuse and are caught in the middle of a custody battle are most at risk at missing out on protection and of misdiagnosis. Limitations of formulas which seek to distinguish between true and false claims of child sexual abuse are discussed.

  • Coulborn-Faller, K. & Corwin, D. L. (1995). "Children’s interview statement and behaviours: Role in identifying sexually abused children". Child Abuse and Neglect 19 (1): 71–82. doi:10.1016/0145-2134(94)00104-3. 

There has been an increase of attention toward professional evaluation of identifying child sexual abuse and away from children themselves validating sexual abuse. Consensus of measures in identifying child sexual abuse is required of professionals. Some studies have looked interviews of sexually abused children as a way of identifying factors that indicate sexual abuse, but more research is needed.

  • Brilleslijper-Kater, S. N., Friedrich, W. N. & Corwin, D. L. (2004). "Sexual knowledge and emotional reaction as indicators of sexual abuse in young children: Theory and research challengers". Child Abuse and Neglect 28: 1007–1017. doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2004.06.005. 

It is more difficult to confirm sexual abuse of pre-schoolers than for older children; this article discusses some reasons why this is so, and suggests that sexual knowledge is the most useful yardstick of sexual abuse in quite young children. Methods of assessment are also discussed.

  • Olafson, E. & Corwin, D. L. (1997). "Videotaped discovery of a reportedly unrecallable memory of child sexual abuse: Comparison with a childhood interview videotaped 11 years before". Child Maltreatment 2: 91–112. doi:10.1177/1077559597002002001. 

This article reviews the case of a young girl 'Jane Doe' who disclosed to Dr. David Corwin that she had been sexually abused. The article includes verbatim transcript and the history behind one of the first interviews with Jane, which was videotaped. Jane was contacted again 11 years later and re-interviewed by Dr. David Corwin, again which was videotaped. Comparison of both the interviews provides a unique look at Jane’s memory for the event, which is discussed.

The Jane Doe case[edit]

Main article: Jane Doe case

In 1997 David Corwin published an article in the journal Child Maltreatment about 'Jane Doe'; a young girl who in 1984 along with her parents were referred to David Corwin for a court appointed forensic evaluation, as mutually agreed by all parties involved in family court litigation regarding custody and visitation, after she disclosed that she had been sexually abused by her mother after the parents separated.[7] Corwin videotaped his interviews with Jane, then five and six years old, the third and last interview of which a verbatim transcript, history and discussion of the case are documented in the 1997 publication.[7] Corwin had previously concluded that Jane had been sexually abused by her mother, and her father was granted custody rights while the mother eventually lost even the right to visitation.[8] Ten years after the court appointed and video recorded evaluation, Jane was contacted again by Corwin to reaffirm her assent for his use of the earlier video recorded interview for professional education and she requested to view her forensic evaluation interviews to help her remember what she had told Corwin, since she could not remember the experiences she earlier described.[7] A year later, after her father's death, Corwin met with Jane and videotaped the informed consent with Jane prior to showing her the earlier video recorded interviews. Jane was 17years old at that time.[7] During the videotaped informed consent, Jane appears to recall the memory of sexual abuse, but also described events for which there was no previous documentation.[7] Five commentaries[9][10][11][12][13] follow Corwin’s 1997 article,[7] which discuss various aspects of the Jane Doe case such as Jane’s expressive behaviour during her interviews[9] and implications of the recollection of the abuse that Jane previously hadn’t remembered.[10] Although some researchers hailed Jane’s recollection as an example of 'repressed memory',[12][13] Elizabeth Loftus was sceptical about the truth surrounding the alleged abuse and investigated Jane Doe's case, concluding that Jane had never been abused by the mother.[14] Jane Doe, who then revealed herself as Nicole Taus, sued Loftus and lengthy litigation took place.[8] The Jane Doe case raises questions about the ethics, methods, and rights of professionals to review and investigate published case reports.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "San Diego International Conference". 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Find a Physician". University of Utah Health Care. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Corwin, David (January 5, 2012). "Who I am and who's that cute little girl on my arm?". Retrieved January 9, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children". APSAC publications. 
  5. ^ a b "Advancing Health Education and Research". AVA Academy on Violence and Abuse. 
  6. ^ Milchman, M. S. (1995). "Child sexual abuse assessment: Issues in professional ethics". Journal of Child Sexual Abuse 4 (4): 95–113. doi:10.1300/j070v04n04_06. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f Olafson, E. & Corwin, D. L. (1997). "Videotaped discovery of a reportedly unrecallable memory of child sexual abuse: Comparison with a childhood interview videotaped 11 years before.". Child Maltreatment 2: 91–112. doi:10.1177/1077559597002002001. 
  8. ^ a b Loftus, E. F. & Guyer, M. J. (2002). "Who abused jane doe? The hazards of the single case history, part one". Skeptical Inquirer. 
  9. ^ a b Ekman, P. (1997). "Expressive behaviour and the recovery of a traumatic memory: Comments on the videotapes of jane doe". Child Maltreatment 2: 91–112. 
  10. ^ a b Neisser, U. (1997). "Jane doe's memories: Changing the past to serve the present". Child Maltreatment 2: 91–112. 
  11. ^ Lindsay, D. S. (1997). "Jane doe in context: Sex abuse, lives and videotapes". Child Maltreatment 2: 91–112. 
  12. ^ a b Putnam, F. W. (1997). "Commentary". Child Maltreatment 2: 91–112. 
  13. ^ a b Schooler, J. W. (1997). "Reflections on a memory discovery". Child Maltreatment 2: 91–112. 
  14. ^ Loftus, E. F. & Guyer, M. J. (2002). "Who abused jane doe? The hazards of the single case history, part two". Skeptical Inquirer.