David Douillet

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David Douillet
UMP meeting Paris regional elections 2010-03-17 n04.jpg
Medal record
Men's judo
Competitor for  France
Olympic Games
Gold Atlanta 1996 +95 kg
Gold Sydney 2000 +100 kg
Bronze Barcelona 1992 +95 kg
World Championships
Gold 1993 Hamilton +95 kg
Gold 1995 Chiba +95 kg
Gold 1995 Chiba Open
Gold 1997 Paris +95 kg
European Championships
Gold 1994 Gdańsk +95 kg
Silver 1993 Athens +95 kg
Bronze 1991 Prague +95 kg
Bronze 1992 Paris +95 kg

David Douillet (French pronunciation: ​[david duˈjɛ]; born 17 February 1969) is a retired French judoka and politician.

Douillet was born in the city of Rouen. Standing at 1.96 meters (6 feet 5 inches) and weighing 125 kilograms (276 pounds), he won the judo heavyweight gold medals in the 1996 and 2000 Olympic Games in Atlanta and Sydney. He also gained four world titles and a European crown. These achievements make him one of the most decorated judoka in history. The size of David Douillet (1 m 96 and more than 120 kg in his period of competition) classified him in the heavyweight division.[1] After finishing his sporting career, he maintained his popularity by engaging with Bernadette Chirac in the charity “Operation Yellow coins" (fr:Opération Pièces Jaunes). He also became a consulting sportsman for Canal+.

He was elected deputy to the French National Assembly on 18 October 2009 and on 26 September 2011 became the new Sports Minister until May 2012.

Sporting career[edit]

Early career[edit]

David Douillet began judo at age 11, in the commune of Neufchâtel-in-Bray, near his birthplace of Rouen. Having exceptional physical size for someone his age (1,80 m and 80 kg), he was instructed by Jacques Lemaître who taught him the rudiments of the sport.[2] Quickly becoming attracted to the Japanese martial art, he distinguished himself on the tatamis, and thanks to his school results, integrated the study of the sport at the school Victor et Hélène Basch,[3] near the University of Rennes. In 1986, when Douillet was 17, he was noticed during a demonstration by Jean-Luc Rougé who brought him into INSEP (National institute of sport and physical education).

He was already heads above the others, and after what was seen on the mat, I immediately reserved a place for him; at INSEP, the center of the elite of the French athletics.

—Jean-Luc Rougé[4]

Consequently, the Norman youth could devote himself to his passion, while continuing his education in the Paris region, Maisons-Alfort, and involving himself at the INSEP facility of Bois de Vincennes, the côterie of the best French judokas. There, he met his idol Fabien Canu, double world champion in 1987 and 1989. With strength and drive, Douillet obtained his first awards in his age class. In 1988, he became French junior champion, then obtained fifth place at the European championships. Rising again to the top of the national standings in 1989, he captured the European bronze medal in Athens, again as a junior.

Among the world elite[edit]

After a period of adaptation, he won his first Senior French championship in 1991, imposing himself in the final against Georges Mathonnet, another hope for French judo, born two years before Douillet.[5][6] Thanks to this first national title, David qualified for his first senior European championships in Prague, where he finished in third place, a real achievement for a 22-year-old at his first selection. A few weeks later, he disputed the world championships, where he earned two medals. At the beginning of 1992, he successfully defended his national title in the heavyweight category. Selected for the European Championships, which were held in Paris, in May 1992, he shone in a decisive competition obtaining a qualification for the Olympic Games, in Barcelona,[7] which took place in July of the same year: during these European championships, he obtained the bronze medal, synonymous with an Olympic ticket for Spain. He faced a hard bracket during the Olympic tournament with the German Henry Stöhr (Olympic vice-champion in 1988), and the Japanese Naoya Ogawa (quadruple world champion). Not succeeding in carrying a frank attack on the Frenchman, Stöhr, neutralized, was disqualified for uncombativeness. However, a movement of the legs by Ogawa, in the next fight, put Douillet ippon, and the French judoka out for the gold medal race. He could, however, still hope for bronze. Facing the Cuban Franck Moreno Garcia, in the bout for third place, the Frenchman imposed himself, thanks to a movement of legs realized a few seconds into the period. The judoka won the bronze medal at not yet 23 years old.

World and European achievements[edit]

First International Games[edit]

In search of confirmation after his Olympic bronze medal, David Douillet ambitiously approached his second participation in a world championship. It was in Hamilton, Ontario, that the French judoka hoped to carry out a winning performance. Having defeated several experienced judokas, like the Polish Rafał Kubacki, he finally beat the Olympic champion and champion of Europe David Khakhaleishvili, then ranked #1 in the world and logical favourite of the tournament.[8] He then took his revenge on the Georgian[who?] who, a few months earlier, had beaten him at the European championships. Thanks to this title acquired at 24 years, he becomes the first French world champion in this weight class, regarded by some as the premier category of judo. It is in this same weight class that he gained his first European title the following year in the 1994 European Judo Championships at Gdansk, Poland, by defeating Rafał Kubacki in the final bout.

Chiba 1995: for the double[edit]

In view of the Olympic Games in Atlanta in the United States, the 1995 World Judo Championships in Chiba, Japan constituted an obligatory preparatory stage to participate in the American olympics.[9] A good performance being a great step towards an Olympic medal, David Douillet was planning to defend his world title gained two years earlier in Canada. But this time, he competed at the same time in his weight class (heavyweight, in +95 kg) and in the open category (a category without weight limit). In the first, the Frenchman made a display of his class, by winning each of his fights by ippon. Having beaten the Japanese quadruple world champion Naoya Ogawa, then the Spaniard Ernesto Pérez in the semi-final, he finally triumphed over the German Frank Möller by ippon, after less than 2 minutes of fighting, and retained his title.[10] Three days later, Douillet repeated his performance in the open category, by beating in the final the Russian Sergei Kossorotov by an pin.[11] Thanks to the heavyweight title, he became the second Frenchman to preserve his world title after Fabien Canu in 1980, and placed himself as the legitimate favourite for the Olympic Games. Furthermore, with his double win, David Douillet entered the history books of judo, becoming the third judoka to carry out this exploit after Yasuhiro Yamashita in 1981 and Naoya Ogawa in 1989.[12] Carrying out this exploit in Japan, and equaling the performances of two native stars, made David Douillet an instant icon in Japan.

Dedication[edit]

Olympic title[edit]

Logically selected for the 1996 Summer Olympics, organized in Atlanta, he was the favourite thanks to the three world titles obtained since his first Olympic participation in 1992. Douillet passed the first matches without difficulties by eliminating the Belgian Van Barneveld, the Luxembourger Müller, and the Austrian Krieger. The Frenchman then fought the semi-final against the Japanese Naoya Ogawa, the same judoka whom he had beaten, at the same stage of the Olympic tournament of Barcelona, four years earlier. This tight fight, styled as the "final before the final" by the French,[13] was won by Douillet, who punched his ticket for the Olympic final against the Spaniard Ernesto Pérez Lobo. Against a judoka that he had already overcome during the last world championships, the world champion took the contest in hand, and, thanks to an Uchi-mata (mowing by the interior of the thigh), obtained an irreversible advantage which enabled him to take the Olympic title.[14] Thus, he became the first French judoka to win the gold medal in the reigning category of judo, and the fourth Olympic champion to do it within all categories. During the award ceremony it was the Dutch Anton Geesink, Olympic champion in 1964, who gave the medal to Douillet.

Between victories and injuries[edit]

On 30 September 1996, two months after the Olympic title captured in Atlanta, Douillet was seriously injured in the calf and the right shoulder in a motorbike accident. The long convalescence, and eight months of rehabilitation, actually reinvigorated the Frenchman and gave him new motivation after his gold medal:

This accident rekindled my desire. After Atlanta, I had the impression of having made it. I had gained a lot... Then, after the accident, I had a new challenge: to become again first an athlete, then a performing athlete.[15]

Thus, he returned gradually to his ideal shape (approximately 125 kg) and joined again the competition, at the time of the Mediterranean Games, which took place in June 1997 in Bari, Italy. He made a good show and obtained a medal by defeating the European champion, Selim Tataroğlu. More than this victory, it was the prospect of the world championships, organized in Paris, which intensified Douillet's return to the foreground. The judoka carried out serious preparations in hopes of obtaining a fourth world title. In the competition, Douillet qualified for the final by defeating once again the Turkish Selim Tataroğlu in the semi-finals. In the finals, he beat the Japanese Shinichi Shinohara by disqualification.[16] This victory, giving him a third world crown (fourth with the Open title in 1995), tied Douillet with another Japanese athlete, Yasuhiro Yamashita, and closed a difficult post-Atlanta period marked not only by his motorbike accident, but also by financial problems related to bad investments.[17] However, a pain in the shoulder forced him to withdraw once again from the tatamis after the world championship in Paris, and in August 1998, he was the victim of a distortion of the wrist, and withdrew from competition for several months.

Return of “Goliath”[edit]

Difficult return to competition[edit]

In spite of almost two years of inactivity in competition, he was selected for the 1999 European Judo Championships in Bratislava. He had a sub-par performance there, taking only seventh place, letting his main competitors gain the podium.[18] Nevertheless, the Frenchman started his preparation for a historic second Olympic title at the Olympic Games of 2000 in Sydney. The principal stage of this preparation was the participation in the 1999 World Judo Championships in Birmingham. However, David Douillet underwent a large disappointment, being forced to withdraw two days before the beginning of the competition because of a groin strain.[19] The months that followed were troubled by new physical problems with his back. While this was not the ideal way to prepare for his return, one and half months before the Olympic event he participated in a competition in Bonn,[20] where he was beaten in the semi-final by the German Frank Möller and took third place. This was a minor but essential competition in his road back to high-level,[21] a comeback considered encouraging by his trainer Marc Alexandre, who did not entirely hide his concerns, however, due to the delay in his preparation caused by David's repetitive injuries.

Historic double[edit]

In spite of the doubts concerning his physical condition, David Douillet was present in Sydney, Australia, for the opening ceremonies of the 2000 Summer Olympics. Even more, the judoka was nominated to be the flag carrier of the French delegation by the CNOSF (Olympic and sporting National committee French), thus succeeding the athlete Marie-José Pérec.[22][23]

On 22 September 2000, the judo tournament started, and David Douillet entered the heavyweight competition to try to become the most titled Judoka in history.[24] After winning his first match on a no-show from the Venezuelan Douglas Cardozo (he was not present at the weighing before the competition[25]), the Frenchman faced the Turk Selim Tataroğlu, recent vice-champion of Europe (Open), and multiple medal-holder in the World Judo Championships. The Frenchman, however, beat him by ippon thanks to an o-uchi-gari (great interior mowing), and qualified for the quarter-finals where he faced the Belgian Harry van Barneveld, bronze medal winner four years before in Atlanta. Again Douillet passed this round thanks to the disqualification of his adversary (hansoku-make). Next, he went to fight against the Estonian Indrek Pertelson with a shot at the final. Pertelson, the world vice-champion, was quickly dispatched by the Frenchman on an ippon in less one minute.

In the final, his adversary was the Japanese Shinichi Shinohara, double champion of the world in 1999. That game is seen as a revenge of the 1997 World Judo Championships finals, where Douillet had beaten the Japanese heavyweight.[26] The confrontation between the two judokas was extremely tactical, and it was only after one and a half minutes that the Frenchman took the lead thanks to a mowing by the interior of the thigh (uchi-subdued).[27] The referee decision allotted a yuko to Douillet, a decision disputed by Shinohara, who argued that he dodged and then countered the Frenchman.[28] However, the head referee was not moved, and Shinohara did not manage to make up for this lost time. After five minutes of fight, David Douillet was finally able to win his second Olympic gold medal. This was also a victory for the Judo history books as he became the fighter with the most international titles.[29] With six major international titles (2 Olympic titles, 4 world titles), he passed the Japanese Yasuhiro Yamashita (1 Olympic title, 4 world titles) who won his titles in the seventies. The Olympic tournament in Sydney, however, marked the end of the road for the French judoka, who immediately announced his retirement after the competition.[30]

Retirement[edit]

The legacy of David Douillet[edit]

On judo[edit]

The French judoka is no longer the record Olympic title-holder, since the Japanese Tadahiro Nomura won his third consecutive title in 2004 in Athens. However, he retains a dominating place at the top of the world's judo. He is one of the five male judokas (except Nomura) to have gained two Olympic titles, but thanks to his bronze medal obtained in 1992 in Barcelona, he is the only one besides Nomura and Angelo Parisi to have gained three Olympic medals. With regard to the World Judo Championships, David Douillet is the most titled judoka along with three other Japanese athletes. He is also one of the only two judokas who achieved triple world champion titles in the heavyweight class, the other being Yasuhiro Yamashita. This last achievement puts the Frenchman in competition for the "title" of greatest judoka in history. However, as a tie breaker, the second Olympic medal in Sydney allows Douillet to surpass the heavyweight Japanese.

On French sport[edit]

Thanks to his second Olympic title acquired in Sydney, he was proclaimed for the second time in 2000 Champion of the champions français by the French sporting daily newspaper L'Équipe. This recognition is all the more remarkable because it came ahead of both Brahim Asloum, the first French Olympic champion of boxing since 1936, and the leader of the France national football team Zinédine Zidane, who just won the European championship.[31]

In 2005, he was one of the flag carriers for the unsuccessful bid of Paris 2012 for the organization of the 2012 Summer Olympics. David Douillet also fought against doping and joined, in 1999, the council of martial arts and prevention against doping.[32] Recognized on the international scene, he is one of the forty sporting personalities, members of the Academy, of the Laureus World Awards' Sports since its founding in 1999.[33]

A popular sportsman[edit]

Generous as a sportsman, David Douillet put his popularity at the service of charitable operations. Close to the Chirac couple, he became godfather of the charity operation "Operation Yellow pieces" with then First French lady Bernadette Chirac. Each year David "drives" an SNCF TGV La Poste to go and collect funds for his "operation pieces jaunes", and he is the main sponsor, via public appearances, for this operation. In 1996 he started the foundation of the hospitals of Paris to improve the daily life of hospitalized children and teenagers.[34] In addition, after his second Olympic title, he was named a UNESCO ambassador for youth in 2001. His medals and his generosity are held in high regard amongst the French, who ranked him the second most popular personality in France. Sometimes invited onto television programs, the judoka has his puppet with the Les Guignols de l'info (News Puppets), a popular satirical broadcast on Canal+.[35]

Retirement[edit]

Since the end of his sporting career, David Douillet has tried to manage his image as well as possible. This image was put to the test when the company Travelsport, a travel agency in which David Douillet was a shareholder, filed for bankruptcy in 1997.[36] Victim of a swindle, David Douillet quickly put this embarrassing affair to rest by gaining his fourth world title a few weeks later. Thanks to his second Olympic title, the Frenchman was able to leverage his heightened popular image into lucrative business deals. After a short passage through the television production companies,[37] David Douillet now lends his name to several brands (sporting material, working goods, camp-site or excursion equipment), as well as kimonos under the signature DD (mark),[38] and even recently to a judo simulation video game, David Douillet judo. On television, after a short passage on French television, he joined Canal+ where he is regularly present as a sporting consultant when international Judo events are broadcast. He also participates in the preparation of rebroadcasts of events like the Olympic Games, or the 24 Hours of Le Mans, on premium cable television. Moreover, he appears occasionally in commercials. While he is focusing right now on the business side of his career, he has not entirely given up on judo: he was named to the management committee of the French federation of judo in 2005.[39]

Politics[edit]

David Douillet ran to be elect member of the National Assembly of France, in a by-election on 11 and 18 October 2009, in the 12th constituency of Yvelines département. He won the election with 52,10% of ballots. In the French regional elections, 2010, he was elected in the Île-de-France Regional Council. On 29 June 2011, he was appointed Secretary of State for Abroad French nationals in the François Fillon Cabinet. On 26 September 2011, he was appointed Minister of Sports[40] until the election of the new French president, François Hollande, in May 2012.

Anecdotes[edit]

  • David Douillet had to wait until 1997 to claim his proper Olympic medal that he won the previous year. The American organizers of the Atlanta Games had reversed the ceremonies of handing-over of the medals for the male and female competitions. Thus Dutch Anton Geesink, Olympic champion of the Open category in 1964, gave to the French judoka the medal intended for the Chinese judokate Fuming Sun, Olympic champion of the women heavyweights. It was in Paris, at the time of the 1997 World Judo Championships, that the various actors were brought together once again to receive the right medals.[41]
  • David Douillet has his entry in the dictionary Larousse since November 1997, a rare recognition for a sportsman.[42] The same year, the Musée Grévin brought out a wax statue of Douillet, a first for a French judoka.

Medals[edit]

Olympic Games[edit]

Various[edit]

  • By teams:
    • However World cup by teams in 1994.
    • However Champion of Europe by teams in 1993.
  • In club
    • However Champion of Europe by team with PSG Judo in 1995.
  • International events:
  • World cup:
  • Championships of France:
    • However However 2 championships of France seniors in 1991 and 1992.
  • Juniors:
    • Bronze Bronze medal in the heavyweight class (+95 kg) with l'Euro junior 198

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Charpentier – Boissonnade, Great History of the Plays olympiques , 1999, p 738.
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ Carpenter – Boissonnade, Great History of the Plays olympiques, 1999, p 740.
  5. ^ the judoka Georges Mathonnet
  6. ^ the blazon of Mathonnet
  7. ^ " Championships of Europe of judo: Campargue and Douillet retenus" , L' Humanité, 29 April 1992
  8. ^ The astonishing rise of David Douillet, integral files of the French daily newspaper L' Humanité, 2 October 1993
  9. ^ Chiba, last test before Atlanta, integral files of the French daily newspaper L' Humanité, article of 29 September 1995
  10. ^ David Douillet makes a success of one doubled of poids, integral files of the French daily newspaper L' Humanité, 29 September 1995
  11. ^ Douillet makes blow double, integral files of the French daily newspaper L' Humanité, 2 October 1995
  12. ^ Charpentier – Dussonnade, Great History of the Olympiques Games, 1999, p 742
  13. ^ Site of the 2008 Summer Olympic Games
  14. ^ " One “Uchi-subdued” breaks el sueño" El Mundo
  15. ^ Determined, Douillet leaves sound integral files of the French daily newspaper L' Humanité, article of 9 October 1997
  16. ^ Douillet, a colossus in history, integral files of the French daily newspaper L' Humanité, article of 10 October 1997
  17. ^ David Douillet: " I was trapped by swindlers " , integral files of the French daily newspaper L' Humanité, 7 August 1997
  18. ^ Resultaten van European Championships Bratislava the classification of the Championships d' Europe of judo 1999, site JudoInside.com
  19. ^ The championships of the world begin Thursday, David Douillet turns the back on Mondial, integral files of the French daily newspaper L' Humanité, article of 5 October 1999
  20. ^ David Douillet, file devoted to the French judoka on the site of the French daily newspaper L'Équipe
  21. ^ David Douillet is not yet Goliath, integral files of the French daily newspaper L' Humanité, article of 14 August 2000
  22. ^ Site of the CNOSF, outward journey in Histoire,All the Summer Olympic Games, and to click on 2000; source in the last paragraph
  23. ^ Letter of congratulations addressed by M. Jacques Chirac, President of the Republic, in David Douillet, flag carrier of the French Olympic team, site of the Presidency of the Republic
  24. ^ men in uncertainty, article of the sporting daily newspaper L' Equip on the French judokas with the Olympic Games in Sydney
  25. ^ Judo-Results, results complete on the American site Terra.com
  26. ^ Compte-rendu of the days of competition of judo to the Plays of Sydney, site twoj.org ( The world off judo)
  27. ^ Vidéo of the mover carried out by Douillet, site youtube.com
  28. ^ Considérations on errors; arbitration of Judo to the Olympic Games in Sydney
  29. ^ Final Day 7, the day off competition, site of International federation of judo
  30. ^ Soft, it is enormous! , integral files of the French daily newspaper L' Humanité, article of 23 September 2000
  31. ^ Platini, French player of the century File Web of the French daily newspaper L' Humanité of 27 December 2000
  32. ^ Site of the prefecture of the Rhone
  33. ^ Academy Members, site laureus.com
  34. ^ Engagement of David Douillet for operation yellow pieces
  35. ^ Source
  36. ^ Charpentier August – Boissonnade, Great History of the Olympic Games, 1999, p 743.
  37. ^ " David Douillet, an image which brings back gros" , article of the daily newspaper Release
  38. ^ " David Douillet, of the tatami to the plate of télé" , site telesatellite.com
  39. ^ Site of the FFJ, Way to be followed: Leagues and committees, The management committee
  40. ^ "Olympic judo champion Douillet becomes French Sports Minister". Reuters. 26 September 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  41. ^ Charpentier – Boissonnade, Great History of the Plays olympiques' , 1999, p 737
  42. ^ Charpentier – Boissonnade, ' ' Great History of the Plays olympiques' ' , 1999, p 744.

External links[edit]