David Em, Transjovian Pipeline, 1979,
Los Angeles, California
|Education||Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.
American Film Institute.
|Known for||Digital Art|
David Em (born 1952) is an American computer artist.
Life and work
Em created digital paintings at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (Xerox PARC) in 1975 with SuperPaint, "the first complete digital paint system". In 1976, he made an articulated 3D digital insect at Information International, Inc. (III) that could walk, jump, and fly, the first 3D character created by a fine artist.
With his 1977 art work Aku, Em became the first artist to produce a navigable virtual world at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), where he was Artist in Residence from 1977 to 1984. He also created digital art at the California Institute of Technology (1985 – 1988), and Apple Computer (1991). Em has worked independently since the early nineties.
Scope of Work
Em's art is difficult to categorize. His work spans multiple media, including all-electronic virtual worlds, filmmaking, photography, and printmaking. He has also worked with live performance and theater. Most of his work exists outside of the mainstream art world.
Stylistically, Em's art has connections to Surrealism, abstract painting, and experimental film. There are also often landscape and architectural elements. Some pieces feature geometric components, while others are organic in nature.
Some of his early works done at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in the 1970s have deep-space related themes. In the 1980s he incorporated light effects reminiscent of the French Impressionists, and in the 1990s he introduced otherworldly lifeforms into his work. In the early Twenty-First century, an apocalyptic element appears in his imagery.
His art has been exhibited at the Centre Pompidou, the Musee d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, the Seibu Museum in Tokyo, the Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts at Harvard, and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles. His work has appeared in popular media, including the covers of Herbie Hancock's Future Shock, Sound-System, and Perfect Machine albums and an electronic version of William Gibson’s Neuromancer.
- Perry, T. & Wallich, P.:"Inside the PARC: The Information Architects", Pages 68-69, "IEEE Spectrum", October 1985
- Sorensen, P. "Computer Pictures", "David Em Modern Master" May 1988
- Nelson, Ted "Creative Computing", "Report on Siggraph '81", March 1982
- Haggerty, M. "IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications" page 4 "Computer Painting in a Different Light." Nov. 1992
- Michie, Donald and Rory Johnston. “The Creative Computer”, Viking, 1984, pp. 139-140
- Deken, Joseph “Computer Images: State of the Art,” , Stewart, Tabori, and Chang, 1983, page 133
- Wands, Bruce. “Art of the Digital Age”, Thames and Hudson, 2006, page 48
- Trachtman, P. "Smithsonian Magazine" "Impressionist with a Computer" 1988.
- Zelanski, Paul and Mary Pat Fisher. The Art of Seeing. 7th Ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ. Pearson Prentice Hall, 2007.
- Kleiner, Fred S. and Christin J. Mamiya. Gardner's Art Through the Ages. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.12th Ed., March 2004.
- Ross, David. The Art of David Em. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1988.
- Bradbury, Ray. “Em Squared”. David Em at OCCA. Orange County Center for Contemporary Art exhibition catalogue,1984.
- David Em's Website
- Computer Art & Technoculture Interview, February, 2009
- Digital Art Museum (DAM) Profile