David Hafler (February 7, 1919 – May 25, 2003) was an American audio engineer. He was best known for his work on an improved version of the Williamson amplifier using the ultra-linear circuit of Alan Blumlein.
In 1950, Hafler founded Acrosound with his colleague Herbert Keroes. This company was primarily in the business of designing and manufacturing transformers for tube amplifiers. Around this time Hafler and Keroes popularized the ultra-linear output-stage for audio amplifiers. However, the partnership did not last.
In 1954 Hafler founded Dynaco with Ed Laurent. Hafler was instrumental in bringing affordable, high-quality audio kits to hobbyists, making his name a household word in the US audio community for many years.
In the 1970s Hafler promoted "passive pseudo-quadraphonics", an inexpensive method of recreating ambient sounds at the rear from ordinary stereophonic recordings. Known as the "Hafler hookup", this consisted of two similar additional rear speakers, connected in series (typically 8 + 8 or 16 ohms total) between the live feeds to the front speakers. The crosstalk or loss of stereo separation in the front speakers was generally less than 2 dB while the rear sound level in a typical recorded live performance was about 7 dB below the front, but clearly audible. The Dynaco QD-1 Quadapter based on this idea, added a variable resistor to control the volume of the rear speakers. This passive method worked fairly well compared to the matrix decoders of the period, which attempted to reconstruct a surround sound field from a two channel recording. It has been observed that ambient sounds in a concert, such as applause or coughs from the audience, are generally received in a non-correlated phase by the stereophonic microphones, while sounds from the musicians are generally in a more or less synchronous phase. Thus, if rear speakers are fed with the difference between the stereo channels, audience noises and echoes from the auditorium can be heard from behind the listener.
In 1977, Hafler founded the David Hafler company in Pennsauken, New Jersey (Philadelphia suburb). His first two products were the DH-200 power amplifier and a companion preamplifier, the DH-101. Also notable was the rugged DH-500 stereo amplifier which was rated a 255 watts per channel and saw great success home, studio, and live environments. Following the Dynaco business model, these units were available in both kit form and factory assembled. Both units were acclaimed for their breakthrough sound quality and exceptional value. Both are still highly prized today. Hafler made several different models of amplifiers and preamps over the years. Hafler products were also fertile ground for improvements through upgrades and modifications, that were done both by hobbyists and small audio companies.
Hafler sold his company to the Rockford Corporation in 1987. Today, the Hafler company primarily makes products for the professional sound market.
- Gerzon, Michael A year of surround-sound. Hi-Fi News, August 1971