David Haussler

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David Haussler
David Haussler 1.jpg
David Haussler. Photo by Ron Jones.
Born October 1953[1]
Nationality United States
Fields
Institutions University of California, Santa Cruz
Alma mater
Thesis Insertion and iterated insertion as operations on formal language (1982)
Doctoral advisor Andrzej Ehrenfeucht[3]
Doctoral students
Other notable students
Known for
Notable awards
Website

David Haussler (born 1953) is an American bioinformatician known for his work leading the team that assembled the first human genome sequence in the race to complete the Human Genome Project and subsequently for comparative genome analysis that deepens understanding the molecular function and evolution of the genome.[8][9] He is a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator, professor of biomolecular engineering and director of the Center for Biomolecular Science and Engineering at the University of California, Santa Cruz, director of the California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences (QB3) on the UC Santa Cruz campus, and a consulting professor at Stanford University School of Medicine and UC San Francisco Biopharmaceutical Sciences Department.[4][10]

Education[edit]

Haussler studied art briefly at the Academy of Art in San Francisco in 1971 and then psychotherapy at Immaculate Heart College in Hollywood until 1973, when he transferred to Connecticut College, finishing in 1975 with a major in mathematics and minor in physics. He earned an MS in applied mathematics from California Polytechnic University in San Luis Obispo in 1979. Haussler received his PhD in computer science from the University of Colorado at Boulder in 1982.

Career[edit]

During summers while he was in college, Haussler worked for his brother, Mark Haussler, a biochemist at the University of Arizona studying vitamin D metabolism. They were the first to measure the levels of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, the hormonal form of vitamin D, in the human bloodstream.[11] Between 1975 and 1979 he traveled and worked a variety of jobs, including a job at a petroleum refinery in Burghausen, Germany, tomato farming on Crete, and farming kiwifruit, almonds, and walnuts in Templeton, CA. While in Templeton he worked on his Master's degree at nearby California Polytechnic University.

Haussler was an assistant professor in Mathematics and Computer Science at the University of Denver in Colorado from 1982-1986. From 1986 to the present, he has been at UC Santa Cruz, initially in the Computer Science Department, and in 2004 as an inaugural member of the Biomolecular Engineering Department.

While pursuing his doctorate in theoretical computer science at the University of Colorado, Haussler became interested in the mathematical analysis of DNA along with fellow students Gene Myers, Gary Stormo, and Manfred Warmuth. Haussler's current research stems from his early work in machine learning. In 1988 he organized the first Workshop on Computational learning Theory with Leonard Pitt. With Blumer, Ehrenfeucht, and Warmuth he introduced the Vapnik-Chervonenkis framework to computational learning theory, solving some problems posed by Leslie Valiant. In the 1990s he obtained various results in information theory, empirical processes, artificial intelligence, neural networks, statistical decision theory, and pattern recognition.

Research[edit]

David Haussler’s research combines mathematics, computer science, and molecular biology.[2] He develops new statistical and algorithmic methods to explore the molecular function and evolution of the human genome, integrating cross-species comparative and high-throughput genomics data to study gene structure, function, and regulation.[12][13][14][15] He is credited with pioneering the use of hidden Markov models (HMMs), stochastic context-free grammars, and the discriminative kernel method for analyzing DNA, RNA, and protein sequences. He was the first to apply the latter methods to the genome-wide search for gene expression biomarkers in cancer, now a major effort of his laboratory.

As a collaborator on the international Human Genome Project, his team posted the first publicly available computational assembly of the human genome sequence on the Internet on July 7, 2000.[16] Following this, his team developed the UCSC Genome Browser,[17] a web-based tool that is used extensively in biomedical research and serves as the platform for several large-scale genomics projects. These include NHGRI’s ENCODE project to use omics methods to explore the function of every base in the human genome (for which UCSC serves as the Data Coordination Center), NIH’s Mammalian Gene Collection, NHGRI’s 1000 genomes project to explore human genetic variation, and NCI’s Cancer Genome Atlas project to explore the genomic changes in cancer.

His group’s informatics work on cancer genomics, including the UCSC Cancer Genomics Browser,[18] provides a complete analysis pipeline from raw DNA reads through the detection and interpretation of mutations and altered gene expression in tumor samples. His group collaborates with researchers at medical centers nationally, including members of the Stand Up To Cancer “Dream Teams” and the Cancer Genome Atlas, to discover molecular causes of cancer and develop a new personalized, genomics-based approach to cancer treatment.[19]

David Haussler is one of eight organizing committee members of the Global Alliance for Genomic and Clinical Data Sharing, along with David Altshuler from the Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT; Peter Goodhand and Thomas Hudson from the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research; Brad Margus from the A-T Children's Project; Betsy Nabel from Brigham and Women's Hospital; Charles Sawyers from Memorial Sloan-Kettering; and Michael Stratton from Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

He co-founded the Genome 10K Project to assemble a genomic zoo—a collection of DNA sequences representing the genomes of 10,000 vertebrate species—to capture genetic diversity as a resource for the life sciences and for worldwide conservation efforts.[20][21]

Through wet-lab experiments, Haussler explores and validates predictions generated from computational genomic research about the evolution and function of human genes. For instance, in his lab he uses embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells to investigate neurodevelopment from a functional and evolutionary perspective. Research project areas include genome evolution, comparative genomics, alternative splicing, and functional genomics.

Awards and recognition[edit]

Haussler is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a fellow of AAAS and AAAI. His awards include the 2011 Weldon Memorial Prize from University of Oxford, the 2009 ASHG Curt Stern Award in Human Genetics, the 2008 Senior Scientist Accomplishment Award from the International Society for Computational Biology, the 2005 Dickson Prize for Science from Carnegie Mellon University, and the 2003 Association for Computing Machinery/Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence Allen Newell Award in Artificial Intelligence.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jones, Pevzner An introduction to bioinformatics algorithms, 2004, p. 403.
  2. ^ a b List of publications from Google Scholar
  3. ^ a b David Haussler at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  4. ^ a b Gitschier, J. (2013). "Life, the Universe, and Everything: An Interview with David Haussler". PLoS Genetics 9 (1): e1003282. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1003282. PMID 23382705. 
  5. ^ Anon (2010). "2009 ASHG Awards and Addresses". The American Journal of Human Genetics 86 (3): 309–310. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2010.02.013. 
  6. ^ Sansom, C.; Morrison Mckay, B. J. (2008). "ISCB Honors David Haussler and Aviv Regev". In Bourne, Philip E. PLoS Computational Biology 4 (7): e1000101. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000101. PMC 2536508. PMID 18795145. 
  7. ^ n88141915
  8. ^ Haussler, D. (2011). "David Haussler". Nature Biotechnology 29 (3): 243–243. doi:10.1038/nbt.1808. PMID 21390032. 
  9. ^ Downey, P. (2008). "Profile of David Haussler". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105 (38): 14251–14253. Bibcode:2008PNAS..10514251D. doi:10.1073/pnas.0808284105. PMC 2567157. PMID 18799747. 
  10. ^ Don't throw it out: 'Junk DNA' essential in evolution, radio interview by Joe Palca, NPR, Aug 19, 2011.
  11. ^ Brumbaugh, P. F.; Haussler, D. H.; Bressler, R.; Haussler, M. R. (1974). "Radioreceptor assay for 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3". Science 183 (4129): 1089–1091. doi:10.1126/science.183.4129.1089. PMID 4812038. 
  12. ^ Pearson, H. (2004). "'Junk' DNA reveals vital role". Nature. doi:10.1038/news040503-9. 
  13. ^ Biello, David. "Scientists Identify Gene Difference Between Humans and Chimps". Scientific American. 17 August 2006. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
  14. ^ "Vertebrate Evolution Occurred in Genetically Distinct Epochs". HHMI News. 19 August 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
  15. ^ Zimmer, Carl. "When Bats and Humans Were One and the Same". The New York Times. 7 December 2004. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
  16. ^ Maher, Brendan. "Postcard from the party". The Scientist. 17 April 2003. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
  17. ^ Wade, Nicholas. "Reading the book of life; Grad student becomes gene effort's unlikely hero". The New York Times. 13 February 2001. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
  18. ^ Zhu, J.; Sanborn, J. Z.; Benz, S.; Szeto, C.; Hsu, F.; Kuhn, R. M.; Karolchik, D.; Archie, J.; Lenburg, M. E.; Esserman, L. J.; Kent, W. J.; Haussler, D.; Wang, T. (2009). "The UCSC Cancer Genomics Browser". Nature Methods 6 (4): 239–240. doi:10.1038/nmeth0409-239. PMID 19333237. 
  19. ^ Patterson, David. "Computer Scientists May Have What It Takes to Help Cure Cancer". The New York Times. 5 December 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
  20. ^ Pennisi, Elizabeth. No Genome Left Behind. Science News. November 2009. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
  21. ^ "Building the Genome Zoo: The Genome 10K Project". The 7th Avenue Project. 22 November 2009. Retrieved 2012-02-29.