David House

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Sir David House
Born (1922-08-08)8 August 1922
Died 14 July 2012(2012-07-14) (aged 89)
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1941–1977
Rank Lieutenant-General
Service number 203138
Unit King's Royal Rifle Corps
The Royal Green Jackets
Commands held 1st Green Jackets (43rd & 52nd)
51st Gurkha Brigade
GOC Northern Ireland
Battles/wars Indonesian Confrontation
Northern Ireland
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB)
Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO)
Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE)
Military Cross (MC)
Other work Black Rod

Lieutenant General Sir David George House, GCB, KCVO, CBE, MC (8 August 1922 – 14 July 2012) was a British Army officer who was General Officer Commanding in Northern Ireland during the Troubles, and later held the office of Black Rod.

Early life[edit]

House was born on 8 August 1922 in Steyning, Sussex, England.[1] He was educated at Regent's Park School in London.[2]

Military career[edit]

On leaving school, House entered the British Army.[2] He was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the King's Royal Rifle Corps on 23 August 1941.[3] He served in the Italian Campaign.[2] He ended the war as a war substantive captain.[4]

On 19 April 1947, he transferred from an emergency to a regular commission and was promoted to lieutenant from second lieutenant.[4] He was promoted to captain on 8 August 1949.[5]

He commanded the 1st Green Jackets (43rd & 52nd) at Penang from January 1964 to December 1964 and in West Berlin to September 1965. He served in Borneo during the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation.[6] He was promoted to colonel on 3 November 1965, with seniority from 1 July 1964.[7] From 1965 to 1967, he commanded 51st Gurkha Brigade in Borneo, during the Indonesian Confrontation.[2] He was promoted to brigadier on 31 December 1966.[8] From 1967 to 1969, he was chief of BRIXMIS.[2] From April 1969 to January 1971, he was Deputy Military Secretary.[9] He was promoted to major-general on 9 June 1971, with seniority from 1 November 1970.[10] From 1971 to 1973 Deputy Chief of Staff of the British Army of the Rhine.[2] He left the post of Chief of Staff on 13 August 1973.[11]

He was appointed Director of Infantry on 21 September 1973,[12] and left the post on 27 May 1975.[13] On 1 August 1975, he succeeded Sir Frank King as GOC Northern Ireland,[14] and was promoted to lieutenant general with seniority from 1 January 1975.[15] His time in command was marked by the ending of a Provisional IRA ceasefire in January 1976, and a resulting upsurge of violence.[16] He was replaced by Timothy Creasey on 1 November 1977.[14][17]

House retired from active service on 30 December 1977.[18]

Later life[edit]

On 10 January 1978, he was appointed Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod,[19] a ceremonial post in the House of Lords. He was succeeded by Air Chief Marshal Sir John Gingell on 14 January 1985.[20]

He spent his final years living in North Yorkshire.[21] He died on 14 July 2012,[1] and is buried in Aldborough, a village near Boroughbridge, North Yorkshire.[21]

Personal life[edit]

In 1947, House married Sheila Betty Darwin.[22] Together they had two daughters;[1] Jennifer and Elizabeth.[22]

Honours and decorations[edit]

House was awarded the Military Cross (MC) on 8 February 1945 "in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Italy".[23] On 22 June 1965, he was Mentioned in Despatches "in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the Borneo Territories".[6]

He was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 1964 New Year Honours.[24] 16 May 1967, he was promoted to Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) "in recognition of Distinguished Services in the Borneo Territories during the period 24 June 1966 to 11 August 1966".[25] In the 1975 Queen's Birthday Honours, he was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB).[26] In celebration of Elizabeth II's Silver Jubilee and birthday on 11 June 1977, he was promoted to Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB).[27] In the 1985 New Year Honours, he was appointed Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO).[28]

He was appointed Colonel Commandant of The Light Division on 31 December 1973 in succession to General Sir Anthony Read.[29] On 1 November 1977, his tenure expired and was succeeded by Lieutenant General Sir Peter Hudson.[30] He was appointed Colonel Commandant of the Small Arms School Corps on 1 December 1974 also in succession to General Sir Anthony Read.[31] He was succeed on 1 September 1977 by the then Major General Timothy Creasey.[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Lieutenant-General Sir David House". The Telegraph. 9 August 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Who's Who 2008. [160th edition] A&C Black: London, 2008.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 35262. pp. 5094–5096. 29 August 1941. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
  4. ^ a b The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37933. p. 1715. 15 April 1947. Retrieved 2008-09-21.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 38740. p. 5010. 21 October 1949. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
  6. ^ a b The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 43689. pp. 5967–5970. 18 June 1965. Retrieved 2012-08-11.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 43890. p. 1249. 1 February 1966. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 44238. p. 1155. 27 January 1967. Retrieved 2008-09-21.
  9. ^ Mackie, Colin. "Army Senior Appointments". Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  10. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 45396. p. 6312. 14 June 1971. Retrieved 2008-09-21.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46056. p. 10048. 21 August 1973. Retrieved 2008-09-21.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46085. p. 11399. 24 September 1973. Retrieved 2008-09-01.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46582. p. 6830. 23 May 1975. Retrieved 2008-09-01.
  14. ^ a b Bew, Paul; Gordon Gillespie (1993). Northern Ireland: A Chronology of the Troubles, 1968-1993. Gill & Macmillan. pp. 104, 124. ISBN 0-7171-2081-3. 
  15. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46651. p. 9952. 5 August 1975. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  16. ^ Biography at CAIN
  17. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 47371. p. 14022. 7 November 1977. Retrieved 2008-09-21.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 47432. p. 309. 10 January 1978. Retrieved 2008-09-01.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: no. 47433. p. 321. 10 January 1978. Retrieved 2012-08-11.
  20. ^ The London Gazette: no. 50008. p. 519. 15 January 1985. Retrieved 2012-08-11.
  21. ^ a b "Sir David House". Find A Grave. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  22. ^ a b "Sir David House". Yorkshire Post. 28 July 2012. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  23. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 36928. pp. 795–797. 6 February 1945. Retrieved 2012-08-11.
  24. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 43200. p. 7. 31 December 1963. Retrieved 2008-09-21.
  25. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 44311. p. 5453. 12 May 1967. Retrieved 2012-08-11.
  26. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 49969. p. 7370. 6 June 197546593. Retrieved 2012-08-11.
  27. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 47234. p. 7081. 10 June 1977. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  28. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 49969. p. 4. 31 December 1984. Retrieved 2012-08-11.
  29. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46174. p. 271. 7 January 1974. Retrieved 2012-08-11.
  30. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 47364. p. 13731. 31 October 1977. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  31. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46483. p. 1560. 3 February 1975. Retrieved 2012-08-11.
  32. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 47316. p. 11396. 5 September 1977. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
Military offices
Preceded by
Frank King
General Officer Commanding the British Army in Northern Ireland
1975–1977
Succeeded by
Timothy Creasey
Government offices
Preceded by
Frank Twiss
Black Rod
1978–1985
Succeeded by
John Gingell