David Jenkins (athlete)
Jenkins in 2011 promoting a fitness product
|Representing Great Britain|
|1972 Munich||4×400 m relay|
|1971 Helsinki||400 m|
|1974 Rome||4×400 m relay|
|1974 Rome||400 m|
|1975 Nice||400 m|
|1975 Nice||4×400 m relay|
|1973 Edinburgh||400 m|
|1973 Edinburgh||4×400 m relay|
|1973 Moscow||400 m|
|1973 Moscow||4×400 m relay|
|1978 Edmonton||4×100 m relay|
David Andrew Jenkins (born 25 May 1952) is a Scottish former track and field sprinter who competed mainly in the 400 metres. His personal best for the distance is 44.93 seconds, set in 1975, which was a British record for over twelve years. He represented Great Britain at three Summer Olympics (1972, 1976 and 1980) and placed seventh in the 400 m at the two latter editions.
Jenkins was the gold medallist at the 1971 European Athletics Championships while still a teenager. He took silver with the 4 × 400 metres relay team at the 1972 Summer Olympics the following year. The 1974 European Athletics Championships saw him finish as runner-up in the individual event, but he was European champion in the relay with Great Britain. He also won a relay gold medal for Scotland at the 1978 Commonwealth Games, sharing in the 4×100 metres relay medals.
He was later convicted for distribution of anabolic steroids. Following his release from jail he grew a legal fitness products enterprise in the form of NEXT Proteins. He also registered several patents around his invention of carbonated protein drinks. His brother Roger Jenkins is also former athlete and was a prominent investment executive at Barclays Bank.
Early life and education
Jenkins was educated at Edinburgh Academy, where he excelled at sport. David Jenkins attended the University of Edinburgh (1970–1973) where he earned a Bachelor of Science Degree in Engineering Science Chemical Engineering as a British Petroleum Industrial Apprentice. Thereafter, he attended Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh, where he earned his postgraduate diploma in Business Management and Marketing (1974).
In 1976, Jenkins was awarded a Traveling Fellowship from the Winston Churchill Memorial Trust. His project's title was "Community Sport Participation and Provision" and the award enabled him to visit the United States and West Germany.
Jenkins is US Representative for The Edinburgh Academy's Academical Club.
Jenkins' first coach was Jake Young, then Head of Physical Education at The Edinburgh Academy. In his youth, Jenkins was the European record holder at 400-metres for under 17 and under 19 years old. In 1969, he represented Great Britain's senior open team in Hamburg, West Germany, winning the 400-metres at age 17 years four months. Jenkins' international athletic career spanned three decades, 1969 through 1982 starting on cinder tracks, to synthetic tracks from hand timing to electronic timing.
From 1970–1973 and again in 1980 Jenkins was coached by the then Scottish National Coach, John Anderson. He started off as Scottish 100/200/400 champion, followed by his first of 6 AAA's 400 metre titles. Also in 1971, still aged only nineteen, Jenkins won the 400 metres at the 1971 European Athletics Championships in Helsinki.
He went on to compete for Great Britain in the 1972 Summer Olympics held in Munich, Germany in the 4 x 400-metre relay where he won the silver medal with his team mates Martin Reynolds, Alan Pascoe and David Hemery. From 1973 to 1977 Hemery, a contemporary and 1968 Olympic hurdles champion, coached Jenkins.
In 1974 he won the silver medal on the 400 metres at the European Athletics Championships in Rome as well as the gold medal in the 4x 400-metre with his team mates Glen Cohen, William Hartley and Alan Pascoe. The race announcer remarked that Jenkins had the "greatest run of his life", when he won the 4×400 m relay.
In 1975 he was United States of America 400-metre champion, with his fastest time of his career 44.93 which was a British records in athletics|British record]] at the time. In 1975, Jenkins and his brother, Roger Jenkins, represented Great Britain and Northern Ireland v. Finland at Crystal Palace, London as the UK's No. 1 and No. 2 400-metre runners.
Scottish documentary company, Pelicula Films, featured David Jenkins during his training in 1975 as he prepared for the 1976 Olympic Games (Montreal, Quebec, CA). The film, The Long Sprint: Diary of an Olympic Athlete, follows Jenkins from his training, races and the Olympic Games heats. Jenkins qualified for the Olympic 400-metre finals but did not medal. The documentary film was directed by Michael Alexander and won the Gold Grand Prix Award in the British International Sport Film and Television Festival in 1977. The film is available in the Scottish Screen Archive, the national film library.
In 1976 and 1980 Jenkins placed seventh on the 400-metre final at the Summer Olympics.
In 1977 Jenkins participated in the first IAAF World Cup in the 4×400-metre relay at the Rheinstadion in Düsseldorf, West Germany. He also won the 200 metres at the Jubilee Games event.
In 1980 he was U.K 400-metre champion.
He later admitted to having taken performance-enhancing steroids during his athletics career.
In 1998, former British 400-metre Olympic silver medalist Roger Black dedicated a chapter titled "The Jenkins Factor," in his autobiography How Long is the Course ISBN 0-233-99644-3 to Jenkins who was helping advise him in the final months of his 1996 Olympic preparation. Jenkins was credited with changing Black's philosophy on sports and competition.
- British record holder over 400 metres from 1971–1985
- Held British and United Kingdom records for best performances 100 metres at 10.1 seconds [10.33], 200 metres at 20.3 seconds [20.66], 300 metres at 32.44 seconds, 400 metres at 44.93 seconds and 500 metres at 1:00.9 seconds.
- 1971 – Jenkins broke iconic Scottish Olympic sprint champion, Eric Liddell's, University of Edinburgh's 400-metre record of 47.6 seconds (world and Olympic record Paris, France 1924). A record Liddell held from 1924 until 1971. Jenkins' University record of 45.3 seconds (Europa Cup Semi-final Oslo, Norway, 1973) remains today. Eric Liddell's remarkable story has been the subject of several books and television documentaries, as well as the Oscar winning Film 'Chariots of Fire'
During 1975, although ranked first in the world by US Track & Field News and while training for the 1976 Olympic Games, Jenkins began feeling pressure to uphold his high competitive standards and started using anabolic steroids. "It didn’t help" he said, noting that he finished seventh in the 400-metre race that year and in 1980. "I got hurt. I used too much. It was the beginning of selling my soul, really."
In the 1980s Jenkins together with Juan Javier Macklis set up a plant for the production of anabolic steroids in Mexico which they wanted to sell on the US market. In April 1987, Jenkins was arrested and pleaded guilty in December of that year for the trafficking of steroids worth around $100 million.
Jenkins was sentenced by Judge J. Lawrence Irving in US District Court San Diego to seven years in the Boron Federal Prison Camp in California’s Mojave Desert. He was released early after serving 10 months and 15 days, for good behaviour.
Admitting he "screwed up" by getting involved in the steroid-smuggling operation, Jenkins embarked on an honest path that led him to develop whey-based protein powders. While out on bail, Jenkins wanted to prove to the court he could turn his life around and became involved in a legal fitness enterprise.
During the late 1970s, Jenkins began his commercial career as the sales director at Reebok International in Bolton Lancashire, England. There, he was involved in product development and testing. In addition, in the late 1970s he met with and visited Paul Fireman, head of a US sporting goods distributor, in Boston introducing him to Reebok and helping establish the then embryonic brand in the United States.
In 1988 Jenkins started his nutrition company and began working on a protein powder, convinced that its muscle-building properties could be marketed as a healthy, legal alternative to steroids. This is when he created and launched Pro Optibol™.
Combining his engineering degree and manufacturing knowledge with his passion for sports, Jenkins went to work developing whey-based powders. He initially stored the whey protein supplement in his garage. The effectiveness was legendary and combined with astute marketing; Designer Whey® became a national success.
Jenkins is a serial entrepreneur, and inventor within the United States sports nutrition industry and is an international multi-patent holder. As President and chief executive officer of NEXT Proteins, Inc., Jenkins is the creator of the world’s first carbonated protein drinks. This technology is embodied in six patents issued in the US as well as in more than 32 countries representing the majority of the world's population.
Jenkins founded and incorporated NEXT Proteins, Inc., originally called NEXT Nutrition, based in Carlsbad, California, in 1988. In 1993 he set up a partnership with Dan Duchaine, a well known steroid guru, and founded Next Proteins, a company which produced dietary supplements for athletes and bodybuilders. When Duchaine died Jenkins became the chairman of Next Nutrition. Under his direction and with 100 percent personal funding, NEXT Proteins grew from a garage start up, with $50,000 in capital, to a leader in US whey protein products.
Since the founding of NEXT Proteins, Inc. in 1988 Jenkins has developed the following products: Pro Optibol, Ultimate Orange, Designer Whey, Nextra Protein Crunch, Designer Whey Protein Blast, Detour Protein Energy Bars, Aria Women’s Protein Powder, and XAPP Carbonated Protein Drinks.
In September 2006, NEXT Proteins sold its protein bar business and factory in Minden, Nevada to Forward Foods. Forward Foods was formed by senior food industry executives, key managers of NEXT Proteins nutritional bar business, and New York private investment firm, Emigrant Capital, a subsidiary of Emigrant bank.
During the Summer of 2008, NEXT Proteins entered into a license agreement with NBC to become the exclusive licensee to manufacture, distribute and sell protein powders in connection with NBC’s weight loss reality show The Biggest Loser to create branded The Biggest Loser Protein Powders.
In 2011, Jenkins sold the Designer Whey business including the protein powders, bars, and shakes business to Designer Protein, LLC., a subsidiary of Athena Wellness Brands, LLC. Designer Protein, LLC. is a newly formed company that is backed by GarMark Partners, Northwood Ventures and Stockton Road Capital.
Jenkins founded Xipe Press in 1996 and published the book Underground Bodyopus: Militant Weight Loss and Recomposition. The book was authored by Dan Duchaine.
- British 400 Men Overall All Time to 46.99. Power of 10. Retrieved on 2014-09-07.
- David Jenkins. Sports-reference (25 May 1952). Retrieved 8 November 2011.
- Mike Rowbottom. Drugs in sport: The former cheat who prospered, The Independent, 14 December 1998
- David Jenkins, President and Chief Executive Officer, designer whey. Spoke. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
- The edinburgh academical club online. Accie.org. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
- Alessandro Donati: World Traffic in Doping Substances. WADA, February 2007, p. 30, (Pdf, 542 KB)
- Video on YouTube
- Ron Pickering "Athletics 75: A Birds Eye Yearbook"
- Michael Alexander. LONG SPRINT: Diary of an Olympic Athlete. Pelicula Film, 1975
- Business Search – Business Entities – Business Programs. Kepler.sos.ca.gov. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
- Video on YouTube
- Roger Black. "How Long is the Course?" Andre Deutsch Publishing, 1 April 1998.
- Jonathan Eig. "Olympic Runner Goes for Protein Gold --- Snack Chip Gives Athlete Lead Over Food Giants and Helps Redeem Tarnished Career" The Wall Street Journal, 27 March 2000
- "Illegal steroids:Shamed Olympian was brains behind smuggling operation".
- Rowbottom, Mike (14 December 1998). "Drugs in sport: The former cheat who prospered". The Independent (London).
- d. Michael Alexander. "LONG SPRINT: Diary of an Olympic Athlete" Pelicula Film, 1975 http://ssa.nls.uk/film.cfm?fid=3920
- Duncan Mackay. "Sportsmen who went to jail" The Observer, 3 February 2002 http://observer.guardian.co.uk/osm/story/0,,642508,00.html
- Steve Cram. "Jenkins shows Jones that cheats can prosper" The Guardian, 14 January 2008 http://www.guardian.co.uk/sport/2008/jan/15/athletics.sport2
- Staff. "Partnership Capital Growth Facilitates NEXT Proteins Deal" BEVNET, 26 April 2011 http://www.bevnet.com/news/newswire/2011/partnership-capital-growth-facilitates-next-proteins-deal/
- "Forward Foods Acquires Detour Protein Bars", NutraceuticalsWorld.com, 1 November 2006 http://www.nutraceuticalsworld.com/issues/2006-11/view_industry-news/forward-foods-acquires-detour-protein-bars-2006-11-01-00-00-00
- United States Patent: 7205018
- United States Patent: 7799363
- United States Patent: 7794770
- United States Patent: 7842326
- United States Patent: 7897192
- United States Patent: 7906160
- "Forward Foods Acquires Detour Protein Bars", NutraceuticalsWorld.com, 1 November 2006 http://www.nutraceuticalsworld.com/issues/2006-11/view_industry-news/forward-foods-acquires-detour-protein-bars-2006-11-01-00-00-00/
- Daniel Duchaine (1996). Underground Bodyopus: Militant Weight Loss and Recomposition. XIPE Press. ISBN 0-9653107-0-1.