David L. Boren

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David L. Boren
DavidBorenByPhilKonstantin.jpg
13th President of the University of Oklahoma
Incumbent
Assumed office
December 1, 1994
Preceded by Richard L. Van Horn
United States Senator
from Oklahoma
In office
January 3, 1979 – November 15, 1994
Preceded by Dewey F. Bartlett
Succeeded by James Inhofe
21st Governor of Oklahoma
In office
January 13, 1975 – January 3, 1979
Lieutenant George Nigh
Preceded by David Hall
Succeeded by George Nigh
Personal details
Born David Lyle Boren
(1941-04-21) April 21, 1941 (age 73)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Janna Lou Little (deceased)
Molly Shi
Residence Norman, Oklahoma
Profession Lawyer
Religion Methodist
Military service
Service/branch Oklahoma Army National Guard
Years of service 1963-1974
Rank Captain

David Lyle Boren (born April 21, 1941) is an academic leader and American politician from the state of Oklahoma. A Democrat, he served as the 21st Governor of Oklahoma from 1975 to 1979 and in the United States Senate from 1979 to 1994. He is currently the 13th President of the University of Oklahoma. He was the longest serving Chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. Currently, he serves as Co-Chair of the nonpartisan U.S. President's Intelligence Advisory Board.

The Boren family has a strong interest in public policy and three generations of public service. His father, Lyle Boren, served in the U.S. House of Representatives (OK-04) from 1937 to 1947. His son, Dan Boren, served in the U.S. House of Representatives (OK-02) from 2005 to 2013.

Early life and career[edit]

Boren was born in Washington, D.C., the son of Christine (née McKown) and Lyle Hagler Boren.[1] He graduated in 1963 from Yale University, where he majored in American history, graduated in the top one percent of his class and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa.[2] He was a member of the Yale Conservative Party, elected president of the Yale Political Union and is a member of Skull and Bones.[3][4] He was selected as a Rhodes Scholar and earned a master's degree in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics from University of Oxford (1965), serving later as a member of the Rhodes Scholarship selection committee.

In 1966 Boren ran successfully for a seat in the Oklahoma House of Representatives, where he served four terms, 1967 to 1975. In 1968, he received a law degree from the University of Oklahoma College of Law.

While serving in the House, Boren was a member of the committee that investigated the University of Oklahoma after the school allowed black militant Paul Boutelle, a socialist and anti-Vietnam War activist, to give a speech there. During his House tenure Boren was also a professor at Oklahoma Baptist University.

Boren served in the Oklahoma Army National Guard from 1963 to 1974, attaining the rank of Captain and serving as commander of the 2120th Supply & Service Company in Wewoka.[5][6]

Boren has been a friend and political associate of several Speakers of the House, including Carl Albert. Albert's Chief of Staff, Charles Ward later served as Boren's Chief of Staff when he became U.S. Senator.

Boren's son, Dan Boren, represented Oklahoma's 2nd Congressional District. Boren's daughter, Carrie, is a former actress and current director for evangelism in the Episcopal Diocese of Dallas. Boren was a first cousin to the late folk singer Hoyt Axton. His aunt Mae Boren Axton wrote "Heartbreak Hotel" which became popular after the tune was recorded by Elvis Presley.

He has been married twice, to the late Janna Little and currently to Molly Shi.

As governor[edit]

In 1974 Boren ran for Governor. In keeping with the anti-establishment movements of that Watergate scandal-era campaign season, Boren's effort included the "Boren Broom Brigade" to demonstrate his pledge to "sweep out the Old Guard" and bring fundamental reforms to state government.[7]

Boren and Clem McSpadden defeated incumbent David Hall in the primary election and moved into a runoff for the Democratic nomination.[8] Boren beat McSpadden in the runoff[9] and subsequently defeated Republican Jim Inhofe in the general election.[10]

Boren's term included: eliminating the inheritance tax for property left by one spouse to another; a reduction in the state income tax rate; improvements to the state corrections program in the wake of the 1973 Oklahoma State Penitentiary riot; and elimination of more than a hundred state agencies, commissions, and boards. Boren attracted national attention during the Energy Crisis when he advocated nationwide deregulation of natural gas prices.[11]

Boren opted not to run for reelection in 1978, instead running for the United States Senate seat held by the retiring Dewey Bartlett. Boren won a multi-candidate primary with 46 percent of the vote to second place finisher Ed Edmondson's 28 percent.[12] During the campaign, his opponent Anthony Points accused Boren of being gay. In a bizarre stunt following his victory, Boren swore out on oath on a white bible, declaring "I know what homosexuals and bisexuals are. I further swear that I am not a homosexual or bisexual. And I further swear that I have never been a homosexual or bisexual." [13] Boren then defeated Edmondson in the runoff,[14] and Republican Robert Kamm, former President of Oklahoma State University, in the general election.[15]

In the Senate[edit]

In the U.S. Senate, Boren was known as a centrist or conservative Democrat, and was a protégé of Texas Sen. Lloyd Bentsen and was often aligned with southern Democrats such as Sam Nunn of Georgia and Howell Heflin of Alabama. He was a strong advocate of tax cuts across the board as the cornerstone of economic policy. He opposed the Windfall profit tax on the domestic oil industry, which was repealed in 1988.[16] At one point, the tax was generating no revenue, yet still required oil companies to comply with reporting requirements and the IRS to spend $15 million to collect the tax.[16] Of the tax, Boren said: "As long as the tax is not being collected, the accounting requirements are needless. They result in heavy burdens for the private sector and unnecessary cost to the taxpayer."[16]

Sen. Barry Goldwater (R-AZ), who served with Sen. Boren, publicly stated that Boren should be elected President. Boren's Chief of Staff was a respected Capitol Hill insider, Charles Ward, a former longtime Administrative Assistant to Speaker Albert.

Boren served on the Senate Committee on Finance and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry. He also served as chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence from 1987 to 1993. His six years is the longest tenure of any Senate Intelligence Committee chairman. Boren sponsored the National Security Education Act of 1991, which established the National Security Education Program.

Boren was one of only two Democratic senators to vote in favor of the controversial nomination of Robert Bork to the Supreme Court, in 1987. Boren also decided in 1991 to vote against the Persian Gulf War, surprising most political observers.

Boren was one of the President Bill Clinton's top choices to replace Les Aspin as a U.S. Secretary of Defense in 1994. However, Clinton selected William J. Perry instead.[17]

In a controversial public mea culpa in a New York Times Op/Ed piece, Boren expressed regret over his vote to confirm Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas. Partly as a result of that statement, The Daily Oklahoman, the largest newspaper in Oklahoma, which had encouraged and endorsed Boren's entire career, began calling for his retirement from the U.S. Senate.[citation needed]

In 1994, he resigned his Senate seat to accept the presidency of the University of Oklahoma.[18]

Praise from Mandela[edit]

As Chairman of the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, Boren was instrumental in building consensus and bipartisan support for the U.S. State Department initiatives to promote democracy abroad which helped lead to the release of Nelson Mandela. Boren was praised and received a standing ovation led by Mandela at a special broadcast of ABC News Nightline with Ted Koppel, which commemorated Mandela's historic release from prison in South Africa. During his first visit to the USA after his release, Mandela was a dinner guest of Boren and wife Molly according to media reports in Oklahoma. Boren utilized a consensus building approach to governance with bipartisan co-sponsors for legislation plus a focus on non-partisan policy research and analysis in his frequent “Dear Colleague” letters to fellow senators.[19][20][21]

After the Senate[edit]

David Boren, May 2008

Boren currently serves as President of the University of Oklahoma, and has served on the Board of Directors of Texas Instruments and AMR Corporation (the parent company of American Airlines). His current salary as the University of Oklahoma President is $383,852.88 annually.[22] One semester every school year, President Boren teaches a freshman level Political Science class to 200 students.

Boren has been accused of cronyism in his administrative appointments at the University of Oklahoma.[23]

In 1996, Reform Party Presidential candidate Ross Perot unsuccessfully sought Boren to be his vice-presidential running mate.[24] In 2001, Boren, along with fellow Democrat former Governor George Nigh was listed as being in support of the Right to Work law in Oklahoma. The measure, proposed and sponsored by then Gov. Frank Keating, was passed by the voters.

Boren is regarded as a mentor to former Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet from his days as chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee.[25] On the morning of September 11, 2001, Boren and Tenet were having breakfast together when Tenet was called away to respond to the terror attacks.[26] Boren said that in the weeks before the Iraq War began in March 2003, he warned Tenet that since he was not a member of President George W. Bush’s closest circle of advisers, the White House would make him the scapegoat if things went badly in Iraq. "I told him they had your name circled if anything goes wrong," Boren recalls telling Tenet.[27]

In June 2007, conservative political columnist Robert Novak claimed that Boren had met with New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg to discuss a possible third-party presidential campaign. Bloomberg had just recently left the Republican Party, and speculation arose that he discussed the possibility of Boren joining him as a running mate.[28] However, on April 18, 2008, Boren endorsed the leading Democratic candidate, Sen. Barack Obama of Illinois.

In 2008, he released a book titled A Letter to America.[29]

Boren and former U.S. Senator Chuck Hagel served as co-chairmen of the nonpartisan U.S.President's Intelligence Advisory Board under Barack Obama.[30]

Boren also sits on the Honorary Board of the National Association for Urban Debate Leagues.

Boren was inducted into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame in 1988.[31]

In 1996, Boren received the Foreign Language Advocacy Award from the Northeast Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages in recognition of his support for education and his authorship of the National Security Education Act of 1992 which provided opportunities for students who might otherwise not have done so to study in other cultures and countries. .[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~battle/reps/boren.htm
  2. ^ Biography: Office of the President at University of Oklahoma website.
  3. ^ Alexandra Robbins, Secrets of the Tomb: Skull and Bones, the Ivy League, and the Hidden Paths of Power, Little, Brown and Company, 2002, page 124, 158.
  4. ^ Lloyd Grove, "The Boren Identity; Oklahoma's Senator, Unlikely Point Man for Clinton Plan", Washington Post, March 24, 1993.
  5. ^ The National Guardsman. 24-25. National Guard Association of the United States. 1970. p. 23. 
  6. ^ Lawton Constitution, Morale Of Sooner Guard Troops High, July 25, 1975
  7. ^ United Press International, Frederick Daily Leader, Boren Sweeps Past Opponent, November 6, 1974
  8. ^ Martin Waldron, New York Times, Gov. Hall Defeated in Oklahoma: McSpadden and Boren in Runoff; Boren Total a Surprise, August 29, 1974
  9. ^ United Press International, Warsaw Times-Union, Rhodes Scholar Captures Runoff Race in Oklahoma, September 18, 1974
  10. ^ Associated Press, Lawrence World-Journal, New Oklahoma Governor is Rhodes Scholar, November 6, 1974
  11. ^ Bob Burke, Oklahoma Historical Society, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Biography, David Lyle Boren, accessed July 16, 2013
  12. ^ United Press International, Altus Times-Democrat, Derryberry Cinches Runoff Berth With Nigh, August 25, 1978
  13. ^ Mother Jones We're OK; How's Oklahoma Dev. 1978
  14. ^ National Journal, Election results: Oklahoma, Volume 10, Part 3, 1978, page 1525
  15. ^ Arrell Morgan Gibson, Oklahoma: A History of Five Centuries, 1981, page 262
  16. ^ a b c Thorndike, Joseph J. (November 10, 2005). "Historical Perspective: The Windfall Profit Tax -- Career of a Concept". TaxHistory.org. Retrieved November 6, 2008. 
  17. ^ George Stephanopoulos, All Too Human: A Political Education, 1999
  18. ^ Boren, David (May 13, 1994). "Why I Am Leaving the Senate". The New York Times. Retrieved June 16, 2008. 
  19. ^ Dana Hertneky, KWTV Television News, OU President David Boren Remembers Nelson Mandela, December 11, 2013
  20. ^ ABC News, Nightline, David L. Boren converses with Nelson Mandela on YouTube, December 17, 2013
  21. ^ C-SPAN, Senate Dinner for Mandela, June 25, 1990
  22. ^ "Oklahoma's Finances:Online and in Action". Retrieved May 15, 2009. 
  23. ^ Straumsheim, Carl (16 May 2013). "A Legacy or Cronyism?". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  24. ^ AllPolitics - Reform Party - Pat Choate
  25. ^ Tenet, George (May 13, 2003). "Remarks by the Director of Central Intelligence George J. Tenet at the University of Oklahoma Graduation Ceremony". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved May 5, 2008. 
  26. ^ "NewsHour with Jim Lehrer - Intelligence Investigation". Public Broadcasting System. September 11, 2001. Retrieved June 16, 2008. 
  27. ^ Mark Mazzetti and Julie Bosman (February 13, 2007). "Long a Target Over Faulty Iraq Intelligence, Ex-C.I.A. Chief Prepares to Return Fire". The New York Times. Retrieved June 16, 2008. 
  28. ^ "New York Mayor Bloomberg answers presidential questions 2 ways". The San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on June 21, 2007. 
  29. ^ "A call for change". Tulsa World. March 30, 2008. Retrieved April 8, 2008. 
  30. ^ "Obama appoints David Boren to intelligence post". Tulsa World. October 29, 2009. Retrieved February 8, 2010. 
  31. ^ "Oklahoma Hall of Fame". Retrieved November 16, 2012. 
  32. ^ "The James W. Dodge Foreign Language Advocate Award". Northeast Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages. Retrieved August 28, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
David Hall
Governor of Oklahoma
January 13, 1975, – January 8, 1979
Succeeded by
George Nigh
Preceded by
David Durenberger
Minnesota
Chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee
1987–1993
Succeeded by
Dennis DeConcini
Arizona
United States Senate
Preceded by
Dewey F. Bartlett
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Oklahoma
1979–1994
Served alongside: Henry Bellmon , Don Nickles
Succeeded by
James Inhofe
Academic offices
Preceded by
Richard L. Van Horn
President of the University of Oklahoma
1994–current
Succeeded by
current
Party political offices
Preceded by
David Hall
Democratic nominee for Governor of Oklahoma
1974
Succeeded by
George Nigh
Preceded by
Ed Edmondson
Democratic nominee for United States Senator from Oklahoma
(Class 2)

1978, 1984, 1990
Succeeded by
Dave McCurdy