David Leigh (journalist)
||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (September 2011)|
|Born||1946 (age 67–68)|
|Education||Nottingham High School, King's College, Cambridge|
|Occupation||investigative journalist, assistant editor|
|Years active||1970 – present|
|Title||The Guardian's former Investigations executive editor|
David Leigh (born 1946) is a British journalist and author who was the investigations executive editor of The Guardian. He retired in April 2013, although Leigh anticipates continuing his association with the newspaper.
Educated at Nottingham High School and King's College, Cambridge, he was awarded a Cambridge research degree in 1968. He is a investigative journalist who received the first of his British Press Awards in 1979 for an exposure of jury-vetting. He was a journalist for the Scotsman, The Times, and The Guardian, and a Laurence Stern fellow at the Washington Post in 1980.
From 1980 to 1989, he was chief investigative reporter at The Observer. His book The Wilson Plot (1988) increased public interest in alleged attempts by the British security services and others to destabilise Harold Wilson's government in the 1970s. His 1995 TV documentary for World in Action, "Jonathan of Arabia", led after a libel trial to the jailing for perjury of former Conservative defence minister Jonathan Aitken.
With his colleague Rob Evans, Leigh published a series of corruption exposures in The Guardian about international arms giant BAE Systems. After a criminal inquiry by the US Department of Justice and other international prosecutors, the company was eventually required to pay penalties totalling $529 million. In 2006, Leigh became the Anthony Sampson Professor of Reporting in the Journalism department at City University London. His wife's sister married Alan Rusbridger, editor of The Guardian
in 2010 Leigh was a member of the team which handled the release of United States diplomatic and military documents which had been passed to WikiLeaks, and which worked closely with Julian Assange. The relationship soon soured after the Guardian published details of allegations of sexual misbehaviour made against Assange by two Swedish women. This caused David Leigh to tweet: "The #guardian published too many leaks for #Assange 's liking, it seems. So now he's signed up 'exclusively' with #Murdoch's Times. Gosh."
In WikiLeaks: Inside Julian Assange's War on Secrecy (Guardian Books 2011), written in collaboration with Luke Harding, Leigh disclosed the password to a set of unredacted classified US State Department cables. WikiLeaks had earlier distributed multiple copies of encrypted files containing these cables, and others had mirrored the data with BitTorrent. Defending himself against criticism for subsequently dumping out all this data, Julian Assange of WikiLeaks sought to criticise Leigh and the Guardian instead, for unnecessarily disclosing the password. In response The Guardian said "it's nonsense to suggest the Guardian's WikiLeaks book has compromised security in any way". According to The Guardian, WikiLeaks had indicated that the password was temporary and that WikiLeaks had seven months to take action to protect the files it had subsequently decided to post online. In one comment on the incident, The Economist magazine stated, "Mr Assange’s file management looks sloppy, but Mr Leigh’s blunder seems bigger: since digital data is easily copied, safeguarding passwords is more important than secreting files." The book was made into a 2014 Hollywood movie. Assange nor Wikileaks received a penny from these exploitations.
In 2011, after Private Eye magazine published an article critical of the allegedly antisemitic Wikileaks associate Israel Shamir, editor Ian Hislop reported that Assange telephoned him and complained that Private Eye was joining a campaign led by The Guardian to smear Wikileaks and deprive it of Jewish support and donations. Those involved in the campaign included three people, including Leigh, all of whom, according to Assange, are Jewish. After it was pointed out by Hislop that at least one of the three wasn't actually Jewish and that his "Jewish conspiracy" might not stand up against the facts, Assange eventually backed down and told Hislop to, "Forget the Jewish thing." In response, Assange said, "Hislop has distorted, invented or misremembered almost every significant claim and phrase."
In a further allegation in 2012, after the leak of internal emails of the United States strategic intelligence company Stratfor, Wikileaks said in a press release: "Private intelligence staff who align themselves closely with U.S. government policies and channel tips to the Mossad – including through an information mule in the Israeli newspaper Haaretz, Yossi Melman, who conspired with Guardian journalist David Leigh to secretly, and in violation of WikiLeaks' contract with the Guardian, move WikiLeaks' U.S. diplomatic cables to Israel." Melman characterised this as a "clumsy smear" attempt.
In 2007, he was awarded the Paul Foot Award, with his colleague Rob Evans, for the BAE bribery exposures. The prize is awarded annually by Private Eye and The Guardian in memory of the campaigning journalist Paul Foot. Leigh and Evans were also presented with the Granada TV What the Papers Say Judges' Award for "an outstanding piece of investigative journalism that uncovered a story of great significance". In 2010, the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists awarded him and five other journalists the Daniel Pearl Award for their investigation of Trafigura.
- David Leigh, The Frontiers of Secrecy: Closed Government in Britain, Praeger (30 June 1980), ISBN 978-0-313-27093-2
- David Leigh, High Time: The Life and Times of Howard Marks, William Heineman Ltd (8 October 1984), ISBN 978-0-434-41339-3; HarperCollins (1988), ISBN 978-0-04-364023-4
- David Leigh, The Wilson Plot: The Intelligence Services and the Discrediting of a Prime Minister, Pantheon Books (1988), ISBN 978-0-394-57241-3; Arrow Books (1 June 1989), ISBN 978-0-7493-0067-8
- David Leigh, Betrayed: Trial of Matrix Churchill, Bloomsbury Publishing PLC (4 February 1993), ISBN 978-0-7475-1552-4
- David Leigh, Luke Harding and David Pallister, The Liar: Fall of Jonathan Aitken, Penguin Books (1997)
- David Leigh and Ed Vulliamy, Sleaze: The Corruption of Parliament, Fourth Estate (17 March 1997), ISBN 978-1-85702-694-8
- David Leigh and Luke Harding, WikiLeaks: Inside Julian Assange's War on Secrecy, Guardian Books (1 February 2011), ISBN 978-0-85265-239-8
- William Turvill "Investigative journalist David Leigh retires after 30 years with The Guardian", Press Gazette, 15 April 2013
- Roy Greenslade "David Leigh, doyen of investigative journalists, steps down", guardian.co.uk (Greenslade blog), 17 April 2013
- Stewart, Angus (1983). Contemporary Britain. Routledge. p. viii. ISBN 0-7100-9406-X.
David Leigh has been chief investigative reporter, the Observer, since 1980
- "BAE Systems to pay $79m fine for breach of US military export rules". The Guardian. 17 May 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "David Leigh to become Britain’s first professor of reporting". Citynews. 27 September 2006. Retrieved 20 November 2006.
- Tiku, Nitasha "Julian Assange Picks a Media Fight With the Guardian", New York Magazine, 21 December 2010
- Stöcker, Christian (1 September 2011). "Leak at WikiLeaks: A Dispatch Disaster in Six Acts". Der Spiegel. Archived from the original on 4 September 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2011.
- Ball, James (1 September 2011). "Unredacted US embassy cables available online after WikiLeaks breach". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 3 January 2012. Retrieved 3 January 2012.
- "WikiLeaks: Swept up and away". The Economist, 10 September 2011
- Ben Quinn "Julian Assange 'Jewish conspiracy' comments spark row", The Guardian, 1 March 2011
- "British magazine: Assange says Jewish conspiracy trying to discredit WikiLeaks", Haaretz, 2 March 2011
- Anshel Pfeffer and Ben-Tovim, Israel, Kurdish fighters destroyed Iran nuclear facility, email released by WikiLeaks claims, Haaretz, 27 February 2012.
- "Jewish news and politics - Assanges-Chutzpah". Tabletmag.com. 28 February 2012.
- "ICIJ Names Winners of 2010 Daniel Pearl Awards for Outstanding International Investigative Reporting", ICIJ, 24 April 2010
- "Press Gazette's top ten investigative journalists: 'Brave and unstoppable' Nick Davies tops the list". PressGazette. 2013-06-14. Retrieved 2013-07-04.