David Leyonhjelm

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Senator
David Leyonhjelm
David Leyonhjelm, 2014 (cropped).png
Senator for New South Wales
Incumbent
Assumed office
1 July 2014
Personal details
Born David Ean Leyonhjelm[1]
(1952-04-01) 1 April 1952 (age 62)
Nhill, Victoria
Nationality Australian
Political party Liberal Democratic Party
Alma mater Macquarie University
Profession Veterinarian, agribusiness consultant[2]

David Ean Leyonhjelm (pronunciation: /ˈlənˌhɛlm/ LION-helm; born 1 April 1952) is an Australian politician who is a Senator for New South Wales, representing the Liberal Democratic Party. Having been elected at the 2013 federal election, he took office on 1 July 2014. Prior to being elected to parliament, Leyonhjelm worked as a veterinarian and then as an agribusiness consultant. He also writes columns for several Australian publications, with a concentration on rural issues.

Personal life and business career[edit]

Leyonjhelm was born in the Wimmera, in western Victoria, and was raised in Heywood, on his parents' dairy farm.[3] He was the oldest of four children, and as a teenager trapped rabbits and worked in a shoe shop to help support his family.[4] When he was 15, his parents separated, and he moved with his mother to Melbourne, where he attended Dandenong High School.[5] Leyonhjelm later won a scholarship to study veterinary science at the University of Melbourne, studying alongside Denis Napthine, a future Premier of Victoria,[3] He has since completed Bachelor of Laws and Master of Business Administration degrees at Macquarie University. After gaining his initial degree, he worked as a practising veterinarian for a time, both in Australia and overseas, and later became involved in marketing and management roles in the industry.[6]

In 1989, Leyonhjelm was a founding director of Baron Strategic Services, an agribusiness consultancy firm with which he remains involved.[7] He later served as director of the federally-funded Gene Technology Information Unit (GTIU), which was established by the Keating Government to offer "accurate and unbiased advice about the new gene technologies".[8] Leyonhjelm lives with his wife, Amanda, in Sydney, but also owns a rural property in Hargraves, a locality near Mudgee in the Central West region.[5] A shooting enthusiast, he is the president of the Sydney-based Inner West Hunters Club,[6] and won his grade in New South Wales for several years, shooting metallic silhouette targets with small-bore pistols.[5] Also a former secretary of the Farm Writers' Association of New South Wales, Leyonhjelm had a column in Rural Business "for 20 years".[7] He currently writes a column, "Agribuzz", for Fairfax Rural Media (formerly Rural Press),[9] and also writes regularly in The Australian Financial Review and Business Spectator.[10][11]

Political career[edit]

Politically, Leyonhjelm was a member of Young Labor during the 1970s, and worked on the successful "It's Time" campaign that helped elect Gough Whitlam, with the goal of ending compulsory military conscription.[12] He later joined the Liberal Party, but resigned his membership in 1996 to protest the stricter firearm laws introduced by John Howard.[13] Leyonhjelm had been a member of the Shooters Party since 1992, and, from 1999, was its chairman for a period of time.[14] Having fallen out with its founder, John Tingle, he later left the party to protest what he perceived as its increasing social conservatism and status as a "single issue party".[15][16]

After leaving the Shooters Party, Leyonhjelm became involved with the federally-registered Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), which contests New South Wales elections as the Outdoor Recreation Party.[14][16] He has served as the treasurer and "registered officer" of both parties at various stages, and ran the LDP's national campaigns at the 2007, 2010, and 2013 federal elections.[17][18] At the 2007 federal election, Leyonhjelm unsuccessfully contested the Division of Bennelong for the LDP,[19] which ran as the Liberty and Democracy Party after the Australian Electoral Commission initially refused to register it under its original name.[18] For the Outdoor Recreation Party, he unsuccessfully contested the 2010 Penrith state by-election, drawing 1.87 percent of the first-preference vote,[20] and then was listed first on the party's group ticket at the 2011 state election, which drew 0.75 percent as a group.[21]

Senate[edit]

Running for the Australian Senate in New South Wales at the 2013 federal election, Leyonhjelm was elected to the fifth of six vacancies.[22] The Liberal Democrats polled 9.50 percent of the first-preference vote,[23] with the vast majority of this coming from people voting above the line.[24] The result for the LDP in New South Wales was partly attributed to the "donkey vote", with the party occupying first position on a ballot paper with a record number of candidates.[25] Confusion with the Liberal Party of Australia and other similarly-named parties was also thought to have played a part, with a writer in The Age suggesting Leyonhjelm was "probably the only senator elected because people mistook his party for another".[26]

Leyonhjelm assumed his seat on 1 July 2014, and was sworn in on 7 July, making his maiden speech during the same week.[27][28] In the first sitting week, he successfully moved to have the government's Clean Energy (Income Tax Rates and Other Amendments) Bill considered by itself, instead of being grouped with other legislation. The bill, which subsequently failed to pass, would have repealed personal income tax cuts that were to be introduced as compensation for the carbon tax.[29] Leyonhjelm has also announced his intention to introduce a private member's bill that would allow for same-sex marriage in Australia.[30]

Political views[edit]

Leyonhjelm has been described as a "libertarian purist" who wants government "wound back to a minimal role in society".[31] In interviews, he has stated that he was initially drawn towards socialism, but turned away from it after travelling to socialist countries in Africa and Eastern Europe, and was later influenced by the writings of economist Milton Friedman.[12][32] Along with Bob Day of the Family First Party, who was also elected to the Senate at the 2013 election, Leyonhjelm has been compared to Ron Paul, a former U.S. Representative and noted libertarian. Their election has been associated with a rise in the popularity of libertarian and classical liberal ideas in Australia, with one commentator suggesting his election might "spark a libertarian renaissance [in Australia]".[32][33][34] Leyonhjelm and Day have announced their intention to vote as a bloc in the Senate on economic issues, but will vote separately on social issues.[35]

Along with seven other crossbenchers (including one independent and representatives from four other parties), the Liberal Democrats share the balance of power in the Senate.[36][37] Leyonhjelm has been described as the newly-elected senator with "perhaps the most clearly articulated and consistent views".[38] He supports the repeal of the Minerals Resource Rent Tax and carbon pricing scheme,[13] but opposes the Abbott Government's proposed paid parental leave and "direct action" on climate change schemes as "bad in principle" and "a waste of taxpayers' money", respectively.[39][40] Notably, Leyonhjelm has proposed charging a fee for permanent residency in Australia, as a way of discouraging people smuggling.[39] He also supports same-sex marriage, and the decriminalisation of marijuana and assisted suicide.[13][15] In his "Agribuzz" column, he generally advocates deregulating the Australian agriculture industry, including removing barriers to free trade,[41] genetically modified organisms,[42][43] and foreign ownership of Australian land.[44][45]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ State Law Publisher - Western Australia
  2. ^ Accidental Senator a Kingmaker in Australia Micro Party Era - Bloomberg
  3. ^ a b Sean McComish (8 October 2013). "Few people in Australia had heard of David Leyonhjelm"The Warrnambool Standard. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  4. ^ Deborah Snow (28 June 2014). "David Leyonhjelm: Trouble shooter"The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  5. ^ a b c Ben Potter (26 October 2013). "Libertarianism gets a loudspeaker"The Australian Financial Review. Retrieved from Factiva, 6 May 2014.
  6. ^ a b Senators-elected: terms commencing 1 July 2014: David Leyonhjelm (Senator-elect) – Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  7. ^ a b Our People – Baron Strategic Services. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  8. ^ Gavin Gilchrist (27 March 1996). "Gene unit denies conflict of interest"The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  9. ^ Agribuzz with David LeyonhjelmThe Land. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  10. ^ Articles authored by David LeyonhjelmFinancial Review. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  11. ^ Contributor: David LeyonhjelmBusiness Spectator. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  12. ^ a b Nina Ubaldi (24 September 2013). "Liberty and Vita Weets: David LeyonhjelmHoni Soit. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  13. ^ a b c "[Leyonhjelm] left the Liberals because of John Howard's crackdown on guns following the Port Arthur massacre…" Liz Foschia and Mhairi McClymont (9 September 2013). "NSW sends pro-gun Liberal Democrat David Leyonhjelm to Senate" – Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  14. ^ a b Sarah Blake (6 September 2013). "Men of many parties have Liberals in their sights" – The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  15. ^ a b (9 September 2013). "Libertarian David Leyonhjlem [sic] supports some Coalition polices but not others"The Australian. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  16. ^ a b Andrew M. Potts (22 March 2011). "PARTY SEEKS OUTDOORSY GAY VOTE"Star Observer. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  17. ^ About Us – The Outdoor Recreation Party. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  18. ^ a b About Us: History – Liberal Democratic Party. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  19. ^ House of Representatives: NSW DIVISION - BENNELONG – Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  20. ^ "Check count and declaration votes - Penrith". New South Wales Electoral Commission. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  21. ^ Legislative Council: Progressive First Preference Group Vote – Electoral Commission New South Wales. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  22. ^ "New South Wales Senators have been decided" – Australian Electoral Commission. Published 2 October 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  23. ^ FIRST PREFERENCES BY GROUP: NSW – Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  24. ^ FIRST PREFERENCES BY CANDIDATE: NSW – Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  25. ^ Aston, Heath (2 October 2013). "The $1m mistake: senator's poll windfall". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2 October 2013. 
  26. ^ Tim Colebatch (5 October 2013). "How mistaken identity and luck won on the day"The Age. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  27. ^ Stephanie Anderson (7 July 2014). "New Senators sworn in at Parliament House" – SBS. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  28. ^ Joanna Mather (10 July 2014). "No topic taboo for Senator David Leyonhjelm"The Australian Financial Review. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  29. ^ Sid Maher (9 July 2014). "Senate rejects repeal of income tax cuts linked to carbon tax"The Australian. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  30. ^ Lisa Cox (14 July 2014). "New senator David Leyonhjelm urges libertarian MPs to 'come out of the closet' and support same-sex marriage"The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  31. ^ Tim Colebatch (5 October 2013). "Fringe dweller? It's 'senator' now"The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  32. ^ a b Dean Bertram (21 September 2013). "In praise of Australia's Liberal Democrats"The Spectator. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  33. ^ Adam Creighton (28 September 2013). "A shock to the Senate"The Australian. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  34. ^ Adam Creighton (24 March 2014). "Year of the libertarian: the Australian politicians, bureaucrats and think tanks taking libertarianism mainstream"Radio National (ABC). Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  35. ^ Heath Aston (1 June 2014). "Senate's odd couple quickly form a voting blocThe Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  36. ^ Mathew Dunckley and Mark Ludlow (23 April 2014). "Senate's new motley crew"The Australian Financial Review. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  37. ^ "The state of play after WA"Business Spectator. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  38. ^ Sophie Morris (5 April 2014). "Minor-party senators need deft negotiation"The Saturday Paper. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  39. ^ a b "Charge asylum seekers $50,000 to come here, says incoming senator"The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  40. ^ (6 October 2013). "Lib Democrats oppose paid parental leave"Herald Sun. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  41. ^ David Leyonhjelm (12 November 2013). "Open for which business?"The Land. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  42. ^ David Leyonhjelm (16 December 2013). "'Frankenfish': food's future"The Land. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  43. ^ David Leyonhjelm (18 November 2013). "GM crop Luddism"The Land. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  44. ^ David Leyonhjelm (9 September 2013). "Xenophobia hurting ag"The Land. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  45. ^ David Leyonhjelm (30 September 2013). "Sell the farm to SBY"The Land. Retrieved 6 May 2014.