David Miller (Canadian politician)

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David Miller
David miller points at paper.jpg
David Miller launching "ICT Toronto" in 2006
63rd Mayor of Toronto
In office
December 1, 2003 – December 1, 2010
Preceded by Mel Lastman
Succeeded by Rob Ford
President and CEO of WWF-Canada
Incumbent
Assumed office
September 3, 2013
Preceded by Gerald Butts
Personal details
Born David Raymond Miller
(1958-12-26) December 26, 1958 (age 55)
San Francisco, California
Nationality  Canada,
 United Kingdom,
 United States
Political party Independent (2007 - present)
Other political
affiliations
New Democratic Party (until 2007). Note: Municipal politicians in Toronto are not officially affiliated with political parties
Spouse(s) Jill Arthur
Children 2
Alma mater Harvard University
University of Toronto Faculty of Law
Religion Anglican
Signature

David Raymond Miller (born December 26, 1958) is a Canadian former politician. He was the 63rd Mayor of Toronto and the second since the 1998 amalgamation. He was elected to the position in 2003 for a three-year term and re-elected in 2006 for a four-year term. He entered politics as a member of the New Democratic Party, although his mayoral campaign and terms in office were without any formal party affiliation. He did not renew his party membership in 2007.[1]

After declining poll numbers, Miller announced on September 25, 2009 that he would not seek a third term as mayor in the 2010 election, citing family reasons.[2] In 2011, Miller assumed a position with the World Bank as an advisor on urban issues.[3] In 2013, he was appointed as president and CEO of WWF-Canada, the Canadian division of the international World Wildlife Fund.[4]

Background[edit]

Miller was born in San Francisco, California. His American father, Joe Miller, died of cancer in 1960, and his English mother Joan returned with her son to Thriplow, south of Cambridge.[5] Miller spent his earliest years in England before moving to Canada with his mother in 1967. He attended Lakefield College School on a scholarship at the time Prince Andrew was a student there.[6]

Miller completed a four-year undergraduate degree at Harvard University, graduating summa cum laude in Economics in 1981. He earned a Bachelor of Laws degree from the University of Toronto Faculty of Law in 1984 and became a partner at the prominent Toronto law firm of Aird & Berlis LLP, specializing in employment, immigration law and shareholder rights.[7] He represented Toronto Islands residents in a 1985 arbitration case while an articling student, and later described this experience as his introduction to municipal politics.[8] He married fellow lawyer Jill Arthur in 1994, and the pair have two children.

Miller joined the New Democratic Party (NDP) in 1985, and has a picture of former NDP leader Tommy Douglas displayed on his office wall.[9] He first campaigned for the Metropolitan Toronto council in 1991, arguing that Toronto needed to improve its public transit system to establish itself as a world-class city.[10] He lost to incumbent councillor Derwyn Shea. Miller was subsequently the NDP's candidate for Parkdale—High Park in the 1993 Canadian federal election, and finished fourth against Liberal incumbent Jesse Flis. He did not renew his membership in the NDP when it expired in 2007, stating that he did not want to be seen as partisan when dealing with the provincial and federal governments.[1]

Councillor[edit]

Metro councillor[edit]

Miller campaigned for the Metro Toronto Council a second time in 1994, and was elected for the High Park ward over former Member of Parliament Andrew Witer and future cabinet minister Tony Clement. Following the election, he was appointed to the Metro Planning and Transportation Committee, the Metro Anti-racism Committee, and the Board of Governors for Exhibition Place.[11] He spoke against Metro's decision to cut $3 million from its staffing budget in early 1995, arguing that the resulting hardship for laid-off workers during a national recession would be "unconscionable".[12]

The provincial government of Mike Harris amalgamated several surrounding municipalities into the City of Toronto in 1997, with the stated intention of eliminating duplication of services and increasing efficiency. Miller argued that the decision to eliminate six local councils and establish a "megacity" was carried out without public approval.[13] He proposed an alternate plan to fold the six local councils into the existing Metro council, but this received little support.[14]

He campaigned for the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1996, running as the NDP candidate in York South to succeed outgoing party leader Bob Rae. He was narrowly defeated by Liberal Party candidate Gerard Kennedy.

Toronto councillor[edit]

1997-2000[edit]

Miller was elected to the new City of Toronto council in the 1997, winning one of the two seats in Ward 19, High Park. He was appointed to the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) after the election, and became a prominent ally of TTC chair Howard Moscoe.[15] He was also appointed to lead a twelve-member committee that studied the transition to amalgamated municipal services, and successfully advocated that Toronto City Hall rather than Metro Hall to be the permanent seat of the new government.[16] Miller later served on a three-member committee that recommended changes to the municipal ward boundaries.[17]

Miller issued a formal apology on behalf of the TTC in June 1999, following complaints about a subway advertisement by the Toronto police union that some believed depicted Hispanics as criminals.[18] The following year, he argued that the union's controversial "Operation True Blue" telemarketing campaign was creating a climate of intimidation for Toronto residents.[19] Both Miller and his wife claimed that they had received threatening telephone calls during the 2000 municipal election, after the police union listed his home telephone number in a campaign advertisement.[20]

Miller became known as an advocate for waterfront parklands during his time on council. He supported several aspects of a 2000 report from Robert Fung of the Toronto Waterfront Task Force, while criticizing the proposal to sell parkland near Exhibition Place for private development.[21] He also opposed plans to construct a condominium near Toronto's High Park within his ward, instead supporting the construction of affordable housing for low-income residents.[22]

Toronto's existing Keele Valley Landfill would reach capacity by 2002. Miller strongly opposed a plan by Toronto Mayor Mel Lastman to ship the city's garbage to the Adams Mine in Northern Ontario, while was ultimately voted down by council. The city instead sent its trash to Carleton Farms Landfill.[23]

2000-2003[edit]

Following electoral redistribution, Miller was re-elected in 2000 over fellow councillor Bill Saundercook in Ward 13, Parkdale-High Park. He was re-appointed to the TTC and sought election as its chair, but was passed over in favour of Brian Ashton.[24] In 2001, he expressed concern that the WheelTrans bus service for the disabled might be contracted out to the private sector.[25]

Miller won the unanimous support of his colleagues in July 2001 for a motion requesting that the federal government approve the transfer of gasoline-tax revenues to Toronto's public transit system.[26] He later suggested that Toronto's building revenues could be put toward priority spending rather than being stored in reserve accounts, arguing that the city's real estate boom would allow council to defer transit hikes and provide programs for children and the homeless.[27] He was also a leading voice in exposing Toronto's MFP computer leasing scandal in 2001 and 2002, bringing to light several questionable lobbying practices at city hall.[28]

As chair of the city's working group on immigrant and refugee issues, Miller introduced a mentorship program making it easier for recent immigrants to gain work experience in Toronto.[29]

Miller was given an A+ grade and named the best councillor by Toronto Life magazine in November 2000 for his work on council.[30] In April 2002, the Toronto Environmental Alliance awarded him an "A" grade for his work on the TTC.[31]

Mayor Mel Lastman and Miller had an adversarial relationship on council. This was exemplified during a May 2002 debate when Lastman yelled at Miller, "You will never be mayor of this city because you say stupid and dumb things!" Miller later remarked that the exchange was what encouraged him to run for mayor. Despite being council opponents, Lastman attended the funeral for Miller's mother.[32]

Miller later became the most prominent opponent of Lastman's plan to build a $22 million bridge to the Toronto Island Airport. Supporters of the bridge argued that it would eliminate one of the world's shortest ferry rides, make airline service more efficient, and provide a financial benefit to the city. Miller argued that the bridge would prevent the city from revitalizing its waterfront, and asserted that the proposed deal put the interests of developers and lobbyists ahead of the public. The bridge became a major issue when he ran for mayor during the 2003 campaign.[33]

2003 Mayoral campaign[edit]

Miller's plans to run for mayor were well-known around city hall in 2002, and there was little surprise when he formally declared his candidacy in January 2003.[34] His earliest supporters included councillors Howard Moscoe, Sandra Bussin, Irene Jones and Anne Johnston and urban planner Jane Jacobs.[35] He was later endorsed by councillors Olivia Chow, Joe Pantalone and Brian Ashton, public figures such as June Callwood, Judy Rebick, Margaret Atwood, Michael Ondaatje and Michele Landsberg, American environmental activist Robert F. Kennedy Jr., the Canadian Union of Public Employees and the Toronto Professional Fire Fighters Association.[36] The Toronto Star newspaper, journalist Royson James and councillors Raymond Cho and Michael Walker also endorsed Miller near the end of the campaign.[37]

Miller's campaign organization was diverse. As well as support from many New Democrats and social activists, his top campaign strategists included veteran Conservative John Laschinger and Liberal Peter Donolo. Architect Jack Diamond was also a co-chair of his campaign.[38]

Miller used a broom as a prop in this campaign, symbolizing his commitment to cleaning up Toronto both literally, in terms of litter, and metaphorically, arguing that there were shady deals at City Hall. He pledged to cancel the airport bridge, appoint a municipal ethics commissioner, and promote public transit by fully implementing the TTC's ridership growth plan. He supported a police request to hire thirty-two new officers, and opposed rival candidate John Tory's plans for trash incineration in favour of continuing garbage shipments to Michigan.[39]

At one stage in the campaign, Miller raised the possibility of collecting tolls on the Don Valley Parkway and Gardiner Expressway. After criticism from other candidates, including John Tory who described it as "Highway Robbery", Miller dropped the suggestion. During another debate, when John Nunziata denied that he tried to introduce a private member's bill to ban abortion, Miller produced a copy of Nunziata's proposed legislation to contradict him.

At the start of the campaign in early 2003, Barbara Hall led by a wide margin, with John Nunziata a distant second, while Miller and Tory initially had support in single digits. Miller's polling numbers stalled around 12-13% for most of 2003, but increased in October when front-runner Hall suddenly lost much of her support.[40] He first led a city-wide poll on 22 October 2003, scoring 31% support against 29% for Hall and 23% for John Tory.[41]

Hall's support continued to dissipate, and she fell to a distant third. The final stage of the campaign was between Miller and Tory, who each had a base of solid support; Miller among urban residents and progressives, while Tory was backed by the suburbs and conservatives. Days before the vote, prominent Hall supporters Bob Rae and Kyle Rae acknowledged that she could not win, and encouraged her supporters to vote for Miller over Tory.[42] Miller defeated Tory 43% to 38% (Hall was third with 9%), and appointed Jane Jacobs and former Toronto Mayor David Crombie to chair his transition team.[43]

Mayor[edit]

Miller's election campaign was based on two key issues: stopping the bridge to the Island airport and cleaning up city hall. His first promise was quickly met, while the second is more complex and has only partially been fulfilled.

Miller's first term as mayor focused on issues such as waterfront renewal, public transit and municipal reform. He also shifted toward a focus on community safety issues following an increase in gun violence during 2005. Many of Miller's initiatives did not come to fruition within his first few years as mayor. Supporters pointed out they were centred on long-term development goals, while detractors criticized the pace of change.

Waterfront policy[edit]

Toronto City Centre Airport Bridge[edit]

Soon after his election, Miller led the council to reverse its support for the Toronto City Centre Airport Bridge. He argued that the bridge was detrimental to the regional environment, was unwanted by most local residents, and stood in the way of a more comprehensive renewal of the waterfront economy. Supporters of the bridge argued that it would make airline service more efficient, and provide a financial benefit. The vote, held on December 3, 2003, was 32-12 in favour of withdrawal.[44] Afterwards, the federal government announced that it would withdraw its support for the project.[45] There were subsequent threats of legal action against the City by the Toronto Port Authority (TPA) and developer Robert Deluce, but these were settled in 2005 when the federal government agreed to pay $35 million in compensation.

The federal payment was controversial for both supporters and opponents of Miller's administration. Liberal MP Tony Ianno defended it as providing fair compensation to legitimate claimants, and saying that it invalidated Miller's pledge to cancel the bridge without incurring further expense.[46] Miller's allies, including NDP leader Jack Layton, argued that the payout was overly generous, and did not reflect the true costs of cancellation.[47] Shortly after the settlement, Miller announced that he would seek the repayment of $27 million in back taxes from the Port Authority to the city.[48]

David Miller at the opening for the Quay to the City.

Airport expansion[edit]

In early 2006, Robert Deluce announced the creation of a company called Porter Airlines that would start a commuter service at the Island Airport, with the planes built at Bombardier's Downsview plant. It would provide travelers with direct flights to Toronto's city centre, which Pearson International is currently unable to offer, as it is located 30 km away. Opponents of expansion argued that increased services would result in greater noise pollution for downtown residents, as well as preventing other economies from flourishing in the waterfront region. Miller argued that the city may soon have to face the choice of "an industrial or revitalized waterfront".[49] Some supporters of expansion have suggested this is a false dichotomy, and have argued that expansion can be integrated with a larger revitalization plan.[50] Deluce's proposal won support from both business interests and Canadian Auto Workers leader Buzz Hargrove, who said it would create new jobs for workers in the region.[51] A Toronto Star report from early February 2006 indicated most Toronto residents opposed expansion.[52]

In late September 2006, it was reported that Robert Deluce's REGCO (the parent company of Porter Airlines) received $20 million of the $35 million paid by the federal government. This payment assisted Deluce in starting his new airline, and opponents have charged that it was for all intents and purposes a federal subsidy. Miller described the payout as "totally improper".[53]

Toronto Port Authority (TPA)[edit]

The bridge and airport debates are reflective of a more general division between Miller's administration and the TPA, the federal body created by former Liberal MP Dennis Mills that controls the Toronto Island Airport.[54] Miller called for the TPA to be either eliminated or significantly reformed, and has argued that more oversight powers should be granted to the Toronto Waterfront Revitalization Corp., which is managed by all three levels of government. Miller himself joined the TWRC as a voting member in 2006.[55]

The Harper government announced in May 2006 that it would conduct a review of the Port Authority, and scrutinize past decisions related to the bridge project. Former deputy minister of justice Roger Tassé was named to oversee the review. Miller described himself as "cautiously optimistic", although he later found it "very regrettable and very worrying" that federal Transport Minister Lawrence Cannon appointed five members of the Port Authority executive before the report was complete.[56] When the Tassé Report was released in November 2006, it defended the Port Authority's decision to sign a bridge contract just before the 2003 election, and described the $35 million payout to DeLuce as "reasonable". Miller dismissed the document as "not worth the paper it is written on", while MP Olivia Chow referred to it as a "total whitewash" and accused the Conservative government of doing a "complete about face" on the issue.[57]

Expo 2015[edit]

In April 2005, Miller encouraged council to begin work on a bid to host the Expo 2015 world fair. He argued that the event would assist the city's plans for waterfront renewal, and would "show Toronto to the world". Council voted 37-2 to launch a bid in May 2006.[58] The bid collapsed in November 2006, when the federal, provincial and municipal governments failed to reach agreement on who would cover potential losses. Miller refused to blame either level of government for the failed bid, although councillor Brian Ashton argued that the province was mostly to blame.[59]

Power plant[edit]

Miller and former TWRC chair Robert Fung have criticized the provincial government's plan to build a large power plant on Toronto's waterfront area, and have urged the province to build a smaller facility in its place. Premier Dalton McGuinty has argued that the plant will be necessary to meet Toronto's energy needs.[60]

Other investments[edit]

In October 2005, Miller announced $70 million in waterfront investments over five years, dedicated toward new boardwalks, promenades, public places and related attractions.[61] HtO, Toronto's first urban beach, was started in late 2005.[62]

Fiscal policy[edit]

Following his election, Miller appointed conservative councillor David Soknacki as Toronto's budget chief.[63] Although Miller and Soknacki are from different ideological backgrounds, they were political allies in managing the city's finances. Toronto's budget shortfall when Miller assumed office was $344 million.[64] There was a general agreement among local politicians and political analysts that the city needed to increase its residential property tax base. Miller promised to hold such increases to 3% per year.

Miller's first budget was passed by city council in late April 2004, by a vote of 29-10. The city eliminated its previous shortfall while increasing spending by 6%, and keeping residential property taxes increases at 3% and business and industrial property taxes to 1.5% The city's total operating budget for the year was $6.7 billion.[65]

Miller engaged in a scaled-back consultation process prior to delivering his second budget in 2005.[66] Following months of difficult negotiations, the city passed a balanced budget by taking $19.8 million from its reserve funds. Soknacki acknowledged that this was a difficult decision, and Miller's administration argued that the provincial government had increased Toronto's budgetary difficulties by not providing $72.3 million for provincially-mandated social programs.[67] During the late stages of negotiations, provincial Municipal Affairs Minister John Gerretsen suggested that the city could make up for its budgetary shortfall by raising property taxes above 3%. Miller rejected this advice.[68] The total operating budget for the year was $7.1 billion, with residential property tax increases again held to 3% and business and industry property tax increases held to 1.5%. Increased funds were provided to policing, transit, parks and social programs. Miller and Soknacki argued that it was the best possible budget under the circumstances, although it was criticized by several right-wing councillors.[69]

In late 2005, Miller endorsed a policy which shifted a portion of Toronto's property tax burden from businesses and commercial operators to homeowners. Acknowledging that this was a difficult decision, he argued that it was necessary to prevent an exodus of jobs from the city. The decision was endorsed by the Toronto Industry Network.[70] Toronto's capital budget for 2006 was $1.3 billion, and was targeted toward such items as road repairs, police stations and recreation centres.[71]

Miller clashed with Toronto Board of Trade President and CEO Glen Grunwald at a February 2006 budgetary consultation meeting, after Grunwald presented a number of policy measures designed to solve Toronto's budget shortfall. Grunwald's recommendations included reducing spending on non-priority items, increasing user fees, privatizing some services and implementing the auditor general's 800 suggestions.[72] Miller criticized the suggestions as "poorly researched", and said that the Board of Trade presentation "didn't befit the role they have as city builders."

In January 2006, there were media reports that Toronto was facing a $532 million shortfall on its operating budget. To promote cost-cutting, Miller and Soknacki encouraged the city to adopt a "zero-based budgeting" approach, wherein all city departments begin with zero authorized funds and are required to defend all proposed expenditures.[73] The city later announced a hiring freeze.[74] Early fears of significant tax increases were allayed by significant provincial investment in the city. Led by Miller, council passed a $7.6 billion operating budget by a vote of 27-17, again holding residential tax increases to 3% and business tax increases to 1%. The budget contained new money to hire police officers and bus drivers.[75]

David Soknacki did not run for reelection in 2006. After the election, Shelley Carroll was appointed as the city's new budget chief. The city introduced $7.8 billion operating budget with a 3.8% property tax increase in 2007; Miller argued that the increase was necessary for the city's expenses.[76] Miller has also pushed for new municipal taxes (mostly "sin taxes") and parking fees under the new City of Toronto Act.[77]

Based upon a 2007 city report, Miller proposed imposing a $60 vehicle-registration tax and a 1.5 per cent land transfer tax, which would be expected to generate $354 million. He argued that the new measures were essential to sustaining the city's budget, without reducing services or raising property taxes. The Canadian Taxpayers Federation and Toronto Board of Trade were opposed, with the latter warning that the proposals would have a negative economic impact on businesses. Miller asserted that residents support the notion of increased taxes as long as the money is being used properly. A survey conducted by the Environics Research Group showed that 70 percent of respondents supported a cut in expenditures rather than new taxes. A similar number also preferred that the proposals to be debated in the 2010 municipal election before being implemented, as Miller did not mention new taxes during the 2006 campaign. On July 16, council voted 23-22 to defer debating the measures until after the October 2007 provincial election. Miller denied that it was a personal defeat, while Councillor Case Ootes, who led the opposition to the measures, described it as a "wake-up call" to Miller that residents wanted spending curbed.[78][79][80]

In the aftermath, Miller immediately proposed several drastic service cuts with the stated intention of saving $100 million from the operating budget. These measures included closing the Sheppard Subway line, cancelling underused bus routes, and scrapping renovations and extra staff to the mayor's office. Miller argued that these were the only responsible steps that Toronto could take to prevent a financial crisis. This drew criticism from several councillors and columnists, with provincial Finance Minister Greg Sorbara attacking the cuts as "quick, perhaps poorly thought out decisions". While they acknowledged the city was faced with a significant budget crisis, they described Miller's announcements as a political ploy, citing his initial move to go to the media instead of calling special session to discuss the cuts, with Brian Ashton suggesting that Miller was punishing councillors that did not support the new taxes. [81] [82] [83]

Miller dismissed Ashton from the executive committee for being the lone member to vote for the deferral of the new taxes. The committee is part of the new "strong mayor" system where key issues are dealt with before being brought to full council. The stated intention was to streamline the decision-making process, but Ashton and Ootes have criticized Miller for treating it as a cabinet and limiting debate with the whole council. Ashton argued that Miller did little to persuade skeptical councillors and the public of the need for new taxes.[84][85]

Under Miller's direction, City Manager Shirley Hoy implemented $34-million in service cuts to the 2007 budget in August 2007 without seeking council approval. Miller's spokesperson defended the move, saying "we’ve got a serious financial shortfall that has to be addressed". The North York and Etobicoke community councils passed motions, by 9-1 and 6-1 majorities respectively, asking Toronto council to stop its plan to close community centres on Mondays and delay the opening of ice rinks. The North York motion was tabled by David Shiner, but two allies of the Mayor Howard Moscoe and John Filion voted for it, with Shelley Carroll as the lone dissenter. Based upon interviews, a majority of councillors are expected to vote to reverse the controversial cuts at the next meeting scheduled for September 26. Ashton suggested that "[Miller]'s grip is slipping" and "It’s like the emperor is doing a slow striptease".[86][87][88] An arbitrator later ruled that the library closures violated the collective bargaining agreement with the union.[89]

Miller has since pushed to have the two tax measures implemented. An Environics Research Group for real estate and construction groups showing that 62% were against the measures, while 85% thought that the mayor's campaign at fairtaxes.ca either had no effect on their support for the new taxes or turned them against. Miller pointed out that two-thirds of 30,000 hits to the website were in favour of the plan. He also argued that at neighbourhood meetings, most initial questions were not about taxes but rather about service improvements.[90] The measures were passed on Oct. 23, 2007 by a majority of 26 to 19 and 25 to 20.[91]

Transit policy[edit]

Miller is a strong advocate for the Toronto Transit Commission, the city's public transit system. He took part in negotiations with the federal and provincial governments during 2004, which resulted in one billion dollars in additional funding being allocated for the cash-strapped TTC over five years.[92] The city also received an additional $70 million in up-front provincial funding in 2004 to forestall a fare increase.[93]

In late 2004, the provincial government of Dalton McGuinty announced that it would provide $355 million in provincial gas tax revenues for the TTC over three years.[94] Miller welcomed this investment, but later criticized the McGuinty government for including a planned cash bailout in early 2005 as part of its larger grant, rather than as a separate cash investment.[95] Miller's first TTC operating budget in 2004 was $219 million.[96]

With Miller's permission, the TTC approved a small fare increase in early 2005. The price of adult tickets and tokens was increased by ten cents, while adult cash fare was increased 25 cents. The TTC mitigated this change by introducing a weekly $30 pass that could be transferred among several users. TTC chair Howard Moscoe said that the rise was unfortunate, but argued that it was "basically an inflationary increase".[97]

Miller endorsed the creation of a streetcar right-of-way along St. Clair Avenue, a six-lane arterial road within the city, in accordance with the recommendations of the TTC ridership plan.[98] The right-of-way project passed council by a vote of 36-7 in September 2004, but triggered some local opposition.[99] Supporters argue that the project will make public transit more efficient, and set an important precedent for public transit expansion. Opponents, especially in the Dufferin Street business community, have criticized the plan on the grounds that it will reduce customer parking during rush hour.[100] Other opponents, including the Canadian Automobile Association[101] have argued that the right-of-way will increase automobile congestion, since the proposal bans left turns and may divert traffic to neighbourhood streets. Supporters have questioned this latter claim, pointing to the success of a previous right-of-way implemented on Spadina Avenue.[102] Former Toronto mayor John Sewell, a long-standing supporter of public transit, has emerged as a vocal opponent of the right-of-way plan.[103]

A group called Save-Our-St. Clair (SOS) took its objections to the Ontario Superior Court in 2005, and won a panel ruling which forced a halt to the project in October.[104] The city subsequently cited a potential bias on the part of one of the judges, and asked that the ruling be set aside. The panel voted 2-1 to recuse themselves in November 2005, and so overturned their previous decision.[105] In February 2006, the Ontario Divisional Court ruled against SOS and gave the city authority to move forward with the project.[106]

Miller also supports the creation of rapid transit bus service lines throughout the city, arguing that these will provide the benefits of subway travel at a much lower expense.[107] He has promoted the TTC Ridership Growth Strategy, a plan which aims to increase ridership and reduce overcrowding.[108]

Miller strongly criticized a one-day wildcat strike by TTC workers in late May 2006, describing the job action as "illegal, unlawful and absolutely unacceptable".[109]

Miller endorsed the TTC's plan to purchase new subway cars from Bombardier, which awarded a contract for construction of the cars via a non-competitive bid. Some members of council criticized the deal, noting that other city departments require competitive bids on contracts of this size. They also cited a study from rival company Siemens that its proposal could have saved the city up to $100 million (Bombardier officials have questioned this figure). Miller and TTC chair Howard Moscoe have argued that the Bombardier contract was awarded fairly, and that it will provide the city with both affordable subway cars and local parts-supply employment.[110] Miller described the deal as "good for city taxpayers and good for Ontario".[111] City council approved the deal in September 2006 by a vote of 25-18.[112]

In November 2006, Miller suggested a parking lot surcharge to encourage public transit. He also proposed a Simcoe Street extension to provide a downtown link to the waterfront.[113]

Miller is a member of the new Metrolinx (then known as Greater Toronto Transit Authority) in early 2007.[114]

In mid-March 2007, Miller and TTC planners unveiled a fifteen-year plan to construct a light-rail network linking almost every neighbourhood within the city. The plan is conditional on funding from other levels of government.[115] The government of Ontario has committed itself to funding two-thirds of the project. He has also announced a plan to build more than 1,000 kilometres of bike lanes by 2012.[116]

Police issues[edit]

Police budget[edit]

After assuming office, Miller became involved in the long-standing and polarizing debates over Toronto's police budget, the city's largest single expenditure. The city had previously approved several large increases for the police during Mel Lastman's tenure as mayor.[117] The force's 2004 request was for $691.4 million, an increase of $57 million from the previous year.[118] Municipal budget chief David Soknacki initially requested that the police cut $14.2 million from their request, a figure which police chief Julian Fantino argued would jeopardize essential services.[119] After a lengthy and sometimes heated debate, the council voted 40-5 on April 21, 2004 to approve a police budget of $679.1 million.[120]

Police spending has increased by $117 million under Miller's administration, and 450 new officers have been put on the streets.[121] In November 2006, Miller stood with Prime Minister Stephen Harper and Premier Dalton McGuinty to announce tougher bail conditions for persons accused of gun crimes. Miller and McGuinty both support Harper's plan for a "reverse-onus" provision, in which persons accused of gun crimes will be required to demonstrate why they should not be held in custody before a trial.[122] Harper has rejected Miller's call for a ban on handguns.[123]

Later in the year, Miller became involved in a labour dispute between the Police Services Board and the Toronto Police Association. The board, led by councillor Pam McConnell, wanted to save revenue by clawing back existing rates of retention pay and eliminating lunch-hour pay for officers on inactive duty during compressed shifts.[124] The police association argued that the proposals would cause an exodus of officers and result in lower pay for officers working compressed schedules. After a series of acrimonious meetings, negotiations broke down and the association entered a work-to-rule campaign by refusing to patrol or hand out fines.[125]

During the course of this dispute, the association printed full-page advertisements in the Toronto Star and Toronto Sun asking the mayor to become personally involved through his role as a board member.[126] It also issued an open letter which asked if Miller wanted to be remembered "as the mayor who was tough on crime, or the mayor who was tough on cops".[127] On October 31, Miller informed the media that he was working to bring both sides together.[128] A tentative deal was signed in early November, with reports that board had compromised on retention pay. One published report suggests that Ralph Lean, a leading Miller fundraiser, played an instrumental role in ending the dispute through private negotiations with former Association head Craig Bromell.[129]

Chief Fantino[edit]

In June 2004, the deadlocked Toronto Police Services Board voted not to renew Fantino's contract as chief. The next month, city council rejected a motion from Fantino's supporters which sought to overturn the decision. The mayor's position was that a full council debate on the matter would have violated the Police Services Act.[130] Miller's refusal to allow a debate drew criticism from the Toronto Sun who ran a cartoon comparing Miller to Adolf Hitler. (The paper's editor apologized after Miller and the Canadian Jewish Congress condemned the cartoon.)[131]

Former councillor Rob Davis led a protest march in support of Fantino.[132] Some journalists and Ontario Finance Minister Greg Sorbara, whose government shortly afterwards appointed Fantino as Commissioner of Emergency Management, speculated that Miller played an influential behind-the-scenes role in the board's decision not to renew Fantino's contract. Miller denied this, saying that he would have preferred the board to reserve any decision until September.[133]

In early 2005, Miller argued that Fantino's replacement as Chief of Police should revamp the city's scheduling practices. He argued that the existing system was designed for the convenience of officers living outside of Toronto, and should be revised to permit more officers on the streets during important periods.[134] The following month, he unexpectedly sided with the Toronto Police Association against the Toronto Police Services Board in opposing mandatory drug testing for officers.[135]

In March 2005, Miller asked of the Police Services Board that he be granted a participatory role in the selection of the next police chief. He argued that he could provide "a voice that represents all Torontonians rather than that of a particular stakeholder", and said that he would recuse himself from formal deliberations and the final decision. Board member Case Ootes responded that the mayor's request amounted to political interference, and said there was "some contradiction" between the request and Miller's earlier refusal to engage in public debate over Fantino's removal. The Board turned down Miller's request. By way of compromise, he was allowed to see the board's shortlist of candidates and propose interview questions for applicants.[136]

Fantino was succeeded on a temporary basis by Mike Boyd, a retired deputy chief who had worked closely with Miller when the latter was still a councillor.[137] In April 2005, the board chose Bill Blair as Fantino's permanent replacement. There was some media speculation that the mayor's office would have preferred Boyd for the position, though Miller denied this.[138] In an effort to move beyond previous hostilities, Miller awarded Fantino with the Key to the City on April 14, 2005. During the ceremony, Miller described Fantino as "a man of integrity who has done tremendous work to help keep Toronto safe."[139]

Miller indicated that he would take a seat on the Police Services Board halfway through his first term, and replaced Ootes during the city's mid-term shuffle of positions in May 2005. Deputy Mayor Joe Pantalone indicated that Ootes was replaced because his right-wing policy views were inconsistent with the aims of Miller's administration.[140]

Anti-crime measures[edit]

In February 2004, Miller introduced an anti-crime package highlighted by increased community outreach programs and job opportunities for at-risk youth. He also appointed Ontario Chief Justice Roy McMurtry to head a panel on gun-related crime in the city.[141] Fantino described Miller's plan as "holistic", and gave it his support.[142] Some councillors expressed concern that the measures would not be effective against serious criminals, and Etobicoke councillor Doug Holyday suggested that Miller should instead lobby the federal government for tougher laws.[143] Nonetheless, council unanimously approved Miller's plan on 1 March 2004.[144]

After a series of gang-related shootings in summer 2005, Miller argued that lax American gun laws were creating unsafe conditions in Toronto. He noted that half the firearms in Toronto originated in America.[145] The mayor also announced that most of a $4.3 million police budget surplus would go toward hiring 150 new officers. He had previously opposed hiring large numbers of new officers when campaigning for mayor, at a time when gang-related shootings in the city were fewer and less pronounced.

Some journalists noted similarities between Miller's revised policy and that proposed by John Tory in 2003.[146] Miller also called upon Toronto's business leaders to target street crime by providing jobs for unemployed youth; one year later, he was able to report increased hirings in both the public and private sectors.[147] Some councillors, including Michael Thompson, suggested that Miller waited too long before reacting to reports of increased violence.[148]

Corruption[edit]

In April 2004, a small number of Toronto officers were charged with aiding figures connected to the Hells Angels biker gang.[149] Shortly thereafter, Miller was overheard saying "Is your police force in jail? Mine is." in a private aside to the Lord Mayor of London, who was in Toronto to announce a new partnership between the cities. Miller explained that he made the comment in order to introduce the scandal to his guest, following an awkward press scrum which the Lord Mayor walked away from after several questions about the local controversy. He later apologized, saying "the allegations are serious and I shouldn't have referred to them with humour". After the mayor's initial comment, Fantino was quoted on the CablePulse 24 program The Chief as saying, "I feel like someone has driven a stake through my heart". He later accepted Miller's apology.[150]

Immigration[edit]

In February 2006, the Toronto Police Services Board unanimously supported a policy to have officers refrain from asking witnesses and victims of crime about their immigration status. The purpose of this policy change was to ensure that illegal immigrants will not be intimidated from reporting serious crimes to the police. Both Miller and Blair supported the policy.[151]

Crime[edit]

Miller and Blair also opposed efforts by the Guardian Angels vigilante group to establish a base in Toronto.[152] Their opposition failed to stop the Angels, who have since initiated patrols in the city.

A poll taken by Ipsos-Reid in October 2005 showed that the mayor, council, police and judges all received low to middling grades from the Toronto public in their handling of increased gang activity. The poll gave Police Chief Bill Blair and the Toronto Police Services a C average grade, followed by community leaders (C-), Miller (D+), city council (D), the Attorney General of Ontario (D), and the judges and justices of the Peace (D).[153]

Environmental policy[edit]

Shortly after assuming office, Miller introduced a $3 million "clean and beautiful" city initiative to involve ordinary Torontonians in the cleanup of their city.[154] A more comprehensive plan was subsequently introduced and approved by council later in the year, allocating an extra $21 million over three years to pay for various cleanups.[155] The "clean and beautiful" project was allocated $6.4 million in 2005, with much of the money directed toward projects such as litter pickup and cleanups of neglected public space.[156]

Miller announced in May 2004 that Toronto would install over 2,000 energy-efficient traffic signal lights.[157] He also endorsed the Deep lake water cooling project, in which water from Lake Ontario is used to cool office buildings in downtown Toronto.[158] In early 2005, he and Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley made a joint address to the Great Lakes Congressional Breakfast in Washington, D.C. Miller was the first Canadian mayor to address the meeting.[159]

A municipal "litter audit" in September 2006 found that the city was 40% cleaner from the previous year. The survey chose 298 random sites throughout the city, and measured the amount of litter in each area.[160]

The City of Toronto is introducing a 9% water rate increase for 2007, with similar increases expected for the foreseeable future. Miller's administration argues that the money is needed to fix aging water and sewer pipes.[161]

In March 2007, Miller unveiled a plan to reduce the city's greenhouse gas emissions by 30% by 2020, and by 80% in 2050 (based on a 1990 baseline). Miller has argued that the plan is viable, and is based on similar initiatives in the European Union.[162]

Garbage disposal[edit]

When Miller was elected mayor, Toronto's garbage had for several years been shipped to Carleton Farms Landfill in Michigan, USA, through a contract with the firm Republic Services. This arrangement was strongly criticized by politicians in both Michigan and Ontario, citing the undesirability and accidents of trucks passing through.[163] Opponents argued that it would not be sustainable in the long term, with US politicians lobbying to close off the border to garbage exports, while the Southwestern Ontario Trash coalition of cities voiced concerns that they would be forced to bear Toronto's garbage in the event of a border closure.[163] Some politicians, including John Tory and Dalton McGuinty, supported the option of local trash incineration as it would reduce dependence on landfill space. Miller opposed this, citing both cost concerns and a threat to the environment.[164] He also reiterated his opposition to shipping Toronto's garbage to the Adams Mine landfill near Kirkland Lake in Northern Ontario.[165] In 2005, Miller led the city in renewing its contract with Republic for five years.[166]

In 2006, Miller spearheaded a decision for the City of Toronto to purchase Green Lane Environmental Ltd., a large landfill area near St. Thomas in southwestern Ontario. It is believed that this purchase will solve Toronto's waste disposal problems for several years, as the city explores other options for the future. Council voted 26-12 to accept the plan.[167] This was criticized by London Mayor Anne Marie DeCicco-Best and provincial Minister of Colleges and Universities Chris Bentley, as they received no notice of the deal, but they conceded that they could do little to block it.[168]

On September 21, 2006, Toronto Star columnist Royson James suggested that the city had received a better offer for the Green Lane site one year earlier, and failed to act on it. Miller described James's accusation as "categorically false", acknowledging that the city received a conditional proposal in 2005 but denying that any formal offer was made or that a price was negotiated. He added that a deal would have been impossible, as the province had not granted its approval at the time. Green Lane has upheld Miller's version of events. This controversy notwithstanding, James has written in support of the Green Lane purchase.[169] The deal was completed in December 2006, with Toronto paying $220 million for the site.[170]

During Miller's tenure, Toronto has also expanded its Green Bin recycling program, a composting project designed to reduce the amount of waste that Toronto ships to landfills. The project was initiated in Etobicoke in 2002, and the other areas of Toronto have been added since Miller's election as mayor. Green Bin became city-wide in October 2005 when North York was included in the program. In marking the achievement, Miller described Toronto as "a North American leader in recycling and composting programs".[171] Toronto currently recycles and composts 40% of the garbage collected by the city; it plans to increase this figure to 60% in 2010, and 100% in 2012.[172]

Miller reiterated his opposition to trash incineration in the 2006 mayoral campaign.[173] The final legal hurdle to the Green Lane purchase was resolved in March 2007, and the deal was signed in early April.[174]

Housing policy[edit]

Miller convened a summit on affordable housing in late February 2004, bringing in representatives from all three levels of government. As the summit was formally convened, he secured $24 million in funding from the provincial government to construct more than 900 units of housing for low-to-middle income earners.[175] Council voted later in the year to approve $13.6 million for new housing projects, amounting to 312 new homes.[176] Miller's housing advisor, Sean Goetz-Gadon, argued in 2004 that Toronto could accommodate 10,000 subsidized housing units for both the homeless and those at risk of becoming homeless.[177]

Miller brought forward a series of measures to provide shelter and warmth for Toronto's homeless population during the winter months in 2004, including a decision to set up an emergency centre before Christmas. The shelter had 80 beds, and provided reference services. During the previous Lastman administration, the city had responded to specific emergencies rather than determining a strategy in advance.[178]

In early 2005, Miller helped steer a motion through council which banned the homeless from sleeping in Nathan Phillips Square. He said that the plan was intended as a "nudge" to push people in the direction of finding shelters, and added that no one would be arrested.[179] The initiative entitled Streets to Homes also called for the creation of 1,000 new affordable housing units per year, and the creation of another emergency shelter.[180] By December 2005, the city had helped 533 homeless find permanent apartments.[181]

In May 2005, Miller's administration presided over the approval of 6,500 new units of housing on brownfield land near the Don River. The project, originally called Ataratiri, had been delayed for 17 years.[182] Two months later, Miller led council in creating a new committee to fast-track the approval of affordable housing.[183] In February 2006, Miller began a comprehensive housing renewal project in Toronto's Regent Park area.[184]

In January 2007, Miller criticized an Ontario Municipal Board decision which allowed a high-rise project on Queen Street West. The area is known for art galleries and low-rent studios, and Miller has argued that high-rise construction will compromise the city's creative sector.[185] He later introduced a motion directing staff to "pursue all available options" against the OMB's decision. The motion was passed by a vote of 33-11 in February 2007.[186]

The provincial government of Dalton McGuinty announced in February 2007 that it would make $392 million available for affordable housing. Toronto is expected to receive the largest share of the revenue.[187]

Culture[edit]

Miller created a new Toronto Film Board in November 2004 to improve the economic prospects of the city's multi-billion dollar film industry. He was himself designated as the board's chair, and convened its first meeting in February 2005.[188] Toronto also received $500,000 from the federal government for cultural spending in 2005, and Miller led Toronto in hosting a year-long festival of the arts in 2006.[189] He introduced "Toronto Unlimited" as Toronto's new promotional slogan in the summer of 2005.[190]

In late 2005, Miller helped convince the city to invest $9.8 million in a new soccer-specific stadium at Exhibition Place, which was later named BMO Field.[191] In March 2006, he helped introduce an "historic" Wi-Fi network to Toronto.[192]

Intergovernmental relations[edit]

Federal government[edit]

Miller welcomed the arrival of Paul Martin's Government in late 2003, claiming that Martin was the first Canadian Prime Minister to directly address municipal issues.[193] He endorsed the Martin government's "New Deal for Cities" plan in February 2004, and supported Martin's pledge to waive the Goods and Services Tax for cities.[194] He was a prominent supporter of the Martin government's 2005 budget, and argued against bringing down the minority Liberal government to force a summer election.[195] In June 2005, Miller welcomed a federal commitment to provide $1.9 billion to Ontario municipalities over five years from federal gas tax revenues.[196]

Miller convened a meeting of Canada's major urban mayors in January 2004, and argued at the summit that Canadian cities needed enhanced powers of governance to deal with a variety modern challenges. In September of the same year, Miller hosted a meeting of ten major city Canadian mayors, examining the issue of federal gas tax revenues.[197]

In February 2004, Miller called for greater coordination between all three levels of government in overseeing patterns of immigration within Canada.[198] In early 2005, the City of Toronto earmarked up to $5 million to assist about 2,000 refugees who were expected to arrive from tsunami-ravaged areas of Southeast Asia.[199]

Miller did not support any party in the 2004 federal election, endorsing four individual candidates: New Democrats Peggy Nash and Olivia Chow, and Liberals John Godfrey and Borys Wrzesnewskyj.[200] In 2005, when federal Social Development Minister Ken Dryden was planning a national childcare strategy, Miller spoke in favour of a system based around public delivery.[201]

Miller endorsed only two candidates in the 2006 federal election: Liberal John Godfrey and New Democrat Peggy Nash.[202] Unsuccessful NDP candidate and former provincial MPP Marilyn Churley blamed Miller for withholding support from other New Democrats. According to one report, Churley briefly mused challenging him for mayor in 2006 before deciding not to do so.[203] Miller supported Paul Martin's call for a total ban on handguns, and urged Martin to bring forward tougher bail conditions on persons accused of gun crimes.[204]

Monte Solberg of the Conservative Party met with Miller in June 2005, and told Miller that the Conservative Party would honour existing agreements for waterfront renewal if elected.[205] Despite ideological differences, Miller commended Stephen Harper, who was elected as Martin's successor in 2006, for taking urban issues seriously. Miller supported the appointment of Lawrence Cannon as Minister for Communities in February 2006, and tried without success to persuade the Harper government against eliminating Canada's national child-care plan.[206] He expressed mixed views about the Harper government's first budget, noting that it allowed Toronto to construct 1,000 units of affordable housing while also expressing concern about cuts to child-care spaces.[207]

In early March 2007, the Harper government introduced a $1.5 billion plan to assist Toronto's public transit system and expand provincial highways. Miller welcomed the new revenue, saying that it was a step in the direction of permanent funding.[208] Miller later described Harper's 2007 budget as a "step backwards", criticizing its lack of revenues for long-term transit funding and permanent infrastructure.[209] Globe and Mail columnist John Barber, however, has noted that this was not echoed by other city mayors and described the One Cent Campaign as "wishful thinking". With Dalton McGuinty's 2007 provincial budget also being similarly dismissive of Miller's demands, Barber suggested that the city could realistically solve its problems by making use of its new taxing powers.[210]

During the 2008 federal election campaign, Miller declared that the Green Party of Canada was the only one to directly address city issues such as transit and infrastructure. He went on to say that he wasn't endorsing any particular party.[211]

On June 18, 2009, Miller requested federal funding from the Harper government's $12-billion stimulus spending, for new streetcars in the Transit City initiative. The city faced a deadline of June 27, 2009 to commit to the $1.2-billion deal signed with Bombardier for the 204 streetcars. To put pressure on the Harper government to come up with its one-third share of the cost, Miller and Premier Dalton McGuinty made an announcement in Thunder Bay to fund the new streetcars. However, federal Transport Minister John Baird rejected the request outright. Baird stated that streetcar funding clearly failed to meet the stimulus bill's requirement that the funds would have to be spent in 2 years, as that was meant to put money into the economy quickly to buoy demand and staving off deflation, while Transit City would have been a long-term project. Also the stimulus required funds to be spent on infrastructure in the municipality where the application is granted to create local employment, whereas the jobs created by building streetcars would be in Thunder Bay and not Toronto. Baird noted that Toronto was the only one out of 2,700 applicants that didn't meet the eligibility criteria.[212][213][214]

One Cent campaign[edit]

Miller formally launched a campaign for Canada's cities to receive one of six cents charged on every dollar under the existing Goods and Services Tax at the Toronto City Summit Alliance's Toronto Summit 2007. He has argued that the transfer will provide a reliable and permanent source of funding for cities. A website called www.onecentnow.ca has been set up to promote the campaign.[215] Karen Stintz and several other councillors criticized Miller for spending $100,000 on the program before it was debated on and approved by council, and suggesting that he was advancing his personal agenda. Miller's office argued that council approval was unnecessary for the initiative, as it had appeared in his campaign platform.[216]

Federal Finance Minister Jim Flaherty has indicated that he does not support the proposal, stating that he would be "interested in reducing taxes for all Canadians and directly to Canadians, not through other governments."[217] Liberal opposition leader Stéphane Dion endorsed a permanent gas tax transfer to municipalities, but stopped short of endorsing Miller's GST proposal.[218] Liberal MP John Godfrey said the proposal needed to be further defined before any party would support it.[219]

Critics of the one cent campaign said that it was losing support, citing declining petition signatures and no federal politicians on side, and suggested that residents have become desensitized to Miller's frequent calls for outside funding to fix the city's problems. Miller remained optimistic, saying that it was too early to judge the success of the program, and argued that he had successfully put back on the agenda the idea that national success was linked to cities.[219]

In early May 2007, mayors from Canada's 22 largest cities gave their unanimous support to the one-cent plan.[220]

Mississauga mayor Hazel McCallion initially expressed pessimism over Miller's 'One-cent now' campaign, stating that "I can assure you our citizens [of Mississauga] can’t point out to us where there’s a lot of waste. Toronto, unfortunately, has that situation, in which their citizens are saying it, as well as their board of trade has been saying it and even their own councillors are saying it". Denzil Minnan-Wong compared the two mayors, saying "Hazel McCallion runs a tight ship. David Miller’s ship has leaks all over the place,” and some commentators suggested that Toronto would have a difficult time making a credible case to the federal government for funding. She unveiled her own plan known as 'Cities Now!' to get federal funding for municipal infrastructure.[221][222] However, McCallion's proposal did not receive support during a meeting with fifteen regional mayors, and she agreed to support Miller's campaign.[223]

Provincial government[edit]

Miller's relations with the provincial government of Dalton McGuinty have generally been cordial, although the two governments have had disputes over finances. Miller argues that the former provincial government of Mike Harris burdened the city with disproportionately high service costs, and has asked the provincial government to re-assume responsibility for some of these programs. As of 2007, Toronto pays $730 million for services that were provincial responsibilities before Harris came to power (Harris stated that the downloads were necessary to reduce the provincial deficit, and to compensate for reduced transfer payments from the federal government of Jean Chrétien).[224] McGuinty has shown some sympathy to Toronto's position, but has also argued that the city has not taken sufficient responsibility for its own budgetary shortfalls.[225]

In early 2004, McGuinty told reporters that Miller's government had asked for more money in transfer payments than the province could provide.[226] McGuinty's first budget, introduced later in the year, nevertheless honoured a commitment to provide municipalities including Toronto with a portion of gasoline taxes.[227] Miller later criticized the McGuinty government's proposal to negotiate future projects with the Association of Municipalities of Ontario rather than with individual municipalities, arguing that this would weaken Toronto's negotiating ability.[228] John Gerretsen, McGuinty's Municipal Affairs Minister, argued that the AMO arrangement would still permit the province to negotiate with Toronto to specific issues.[229] Under Miller's direction, Toronto withdrew from the AMO in 2005.

Miller had criticized the provincial government's previous authority over Toronto as constitutionally outdated and a barrier to economic growth, noting that simple changes like parking levies and tax-free transit passes needed approval from the provincial government.[230] He gave his full support to the McGuinty government's City of Toronto Act, which grants a variety of new powers to the city.[231] In 2005, he wrote that the City of Toronto Act will "give the city freedom and flexibility to deliver services creatively and effectively", and that it "will essentially be Toronto's constitution".[232] The act was formally proclaimed on January 1, 2007.[233] Soon after, Toronto used its new powers to delegate local matters to community councils, and announced plans for a Lobbying Control Framework.[234] Recently, Miller has used the Act to justify the $600,000 cost of hiring new staff for his office, saying that his position has increased responsibilities.[235]

Miller strongly supported the McGuinty government's 2006 budget, which included an immediate $200 million boost for Toronto.[236]

Miller later criticized the McGuinty government's 2007 budget. He supported the province's anti-poverty initiatives, but also argued that it was refusing to "pay its bills", and said that Toronto's budgetary problems were the result of $500 million in social service costs mandated by the provincial government.[237] During a later discussion, provincial Finance Minister Greg Sorbara declined to help the city to fix its $71 million shortfall, saying that "he doesn't have a mandate to fix this". Miller has since moved to have the city sue the province over the shortfall.[238]

Political reforms[edit]

Miller appointed David Mullan as Toronto's first Integrity Commissioner in July 2004.[239] In the same month, he brought forward a motion calling for council to ban corporate and union donations to municipal candidates.[240] He later introduced a comprehensive plan to restructure Toronto's bureaucracy, highlighted by the elimination of three $200,000 a year positions. In making the changes, Miller described Toronto's existing bureaucracy as "incomprehensible to Torontonians" and in need of reform.[241] The package passed council by a vote of 33-9.[242] Miller tried to create a mandatory lobbyist registry in September 2006, but council voted to refer the matter for further study.[243]

In February 2007, council endorsed Miller's lobbyist registry by a vote of 33-9. The new code applies to unions, except in discussions over contracts and health and safety issues.[244]

Miller supports the current non-partisan system of municipal government in Toronto. He has opposed suggestions that party politics should be introduced, arguing that this would undermine the consensus nature of municipal government and "creat[e] a group of people who have a duty to oppose".[245] Initially skeptical about the "strong-mayor system", where the mayor holds increased powers relative to other councillors, Miller endorsed a 2005 panel report which gave the mayor additional powers and created a formal city executive. He argued that Toronto needed to restructure itself before getting new powers from the province.[246] Council endorsed the reforms in December 2005.[247]

In May 2006, the provincial government passed legislation to extend municipal terms from three years to four. Miller supported the change, saying that municipal leaders need longer terms of office to carry out their mandate.[248] In June 2006, he led council in approving a measure to permit the mayor to appoint heads of committees.[249] He also introduced a new "Building A Great City[250] website in 2006, allowing Torontonians to follow the development of key issues on city council.[251]

Media coverage[edit]

In early 2004, Miller re-introduced an hour-long call-in television show called The Mayor on CablePulse 24. A staff member at the station commented on the difference between the Miller's show and that of his predecessor: "with Miller you receive answers to questions. Lastman's show was just a circus."[252] In the same year, filmmaker Andrew Munger released In Campaign: The Making of A Candidate as a behind-the-scenes look at Miller's 2003 campaign.[253]

Miller was profiled in the April 2006 edition of Vanity Fair magazine, which praised his environmental record.[254]

2006 mayoral campaign[edit]

Miller reassembled his first mayoral campaign team for his 2006 re-election bid. John Laschinger and Peter Donolo returned in prominent roles, joined by new figures such as Ralph Lean and John Ronson as fundraisers, Dan Tisch as communications chair, and other prominent supporters such as Patrick Gossage, Jane Pepino and Michael Lewis, the brother of Stephen Lewis.[255] David Crombie and former Ontario Premier David Peterson were named as honorary co-chairs.[256] Miller highlighted safety issues at his campaign launch, and criticized the federal Conservative government's plans to cancel the national gun registry.[257] He received a qualified endorsement from the Toronto Star newspaper shortly before election day.[258]

Miller's primary opponent was councillor Jane Pitfield. Pitfield criticized city spending, and described Miller the "Billion Dollar Man" for overseeing spending increases of $1.3 billion since 2003.[259] Miller responded that Toronto's share was only $275 million, with the remainder coming from the provincial and federal governments.[260] He later described most of the spending as "new investment we've secured from provincial and federal government to meet the needs of our city in public transit, in housing, or the 58 new child care centres that we've opened in Toronto this month alone, in Toronto's poorest neighbourhoods".[261]

Policies[edit]

Miller talks at Humber College, March 2010.

Miller outlined his waterfront renewal plan in October 2006, highlighted by 750 acres (3.0 km2) of new public spaces and parks from Scarborough to Etobicoke. While making this announcement, he described the Toronto Port Authority as "a rogue agency that is not accountable to anyone" and renewed his criticism of the expanding island airport.[262] His environmental strategy outlines a four-year neighbourhood beautification program in each of Toronto's neighbourhoods.[263]

Miller called for more dedicated bus lines and increased light rapid transit, with a corresponding de-emphasis on subway construction. He has also called for a Universal Transit Pass (or "U-pass"), to encourage transit use among college and university students.[264] He promised to continue to limit tax increases to the rate of inflation,[265] and announced $13 million to improve community safety in thirteen troubled neighbourhoods.[266]

In his campaign platform, released November 1, 2006, Miller promised 4,000 units of affordable housing, a mandatory lobbyist registry, and a further expansion of the green bin program into apartments and condominiums. He said that he would negotiate with the federal and provincial governments for a share of the Goods and Services Tax and Provincial Sales Tax, noting that a GST/PST transfer of only one cent would increase Toronto's annual revenues by $450 million.[267] Miller also called for a National Transit Strategy to fund public transit in Canada's largest cities.[268]

In late October 2006, Miller proposed that Toronto's 200,000 landed immigrants be permitted to vote in municipal elections. Pitfield later indicated her support for the proposal,[269] and Provincial Municipal Affairs Minister John Gerretsen indicated his willingness to examine it after the election.[270]

Results[edit]

Miller consistently led Jane Pitfield in public opinion polls during the campaign, usually by significant margins.[271] Stephen LeDrew, a late entry in the contest, failed to provide a credible challenge. Miller defeated Pitfield 57% to 32% on election day, winning 42 of the city's 44 wards.[272] He used his victory speech to make Toronto's case for a greater share of federal and provincial tax revenues.[273][274]

2010 election[edit]

On September 25, 2009 Miller announced that he would not seek a third term as mayor in the 2010 election, citing family reasons.[2] An Ipsos Reid poll earlier that month revealed that almost 8 in 10 Torontonians wanted Miller replaced as mayor, over dissatisfaction at his handling of the 39-day municipal strike. Many of Miller's supporters had defected to other potential candidates, likely to be former Ontario Progressive Conservative leader John Tory or Deputy Premier George Smitherman.[275]

In early October 2010, Miller gave his endorsement to Deputy Mayor Joe Pantalone, who claimed that he was “no clone of David Miller”, but whose platform largely continued the status quo with Miller's policies, in contrast to the other mayoral candidates who advocated sweeping changes.[276][277] Pantalone was lagging considerably behind Councillor Rob Ford and former Ontario Deputy Premier George Smitherman in polls,[278] and Smitherman dismissed Miller’s support of Pantalone saying “If voters wanted the status quo, David Miller would still be in this race.” Miller has accused Ford and Smitherman of wanting to "tear down Toronto”, and suggested that Smitherman posed the greater danger as mayor.[279] Late in the campaign, Smitherman left a voice-mail with Miller to ask Pantalone to withdraw from the race but Miller never returned the call. (Back in the 2003 mayoral election, Smitherman had worked for the campaign of Barbara Hall, which tried to persuade Miller to drop out of the race.)[280]

Ford was elected mayor with 47.1% of the vote, while Smitherman and Pantalone finished second and third, with 35.6% and 11.7%, respectively.

Post mayoral career[edit]

Following his term as mayor, Miller rejoined the law firm of Aird & Berlis LLP where he specializes in international business and sustainability.[281] He splits his time between Toronto and Brooklyn, New York where he accepted a three-year appointment at the Polytechnic Institute of New York University as Future of Cities Global Fellow and will teach courses on finding technological solutions to urban problems.[281][282]

Electoral record[edit]

Municipal politics[edit]

2006 Toronto municipal election, Mayor of Torontoedit
Candidate Total votes  % of total votes
David Miller 332,969 56.97
Jane Pitfield 188,932 32.32
Stephen LeDrew 8,078 1.38
35 other candidates 54,508 9.33
Total valid votes 584,484 100.00

For full results, see Toronto municipal election, 2006.

2003 Toronto municipal election, Mayor of Torontoedit
Candidate Total votes  % of total votes
David Miller 299,385 43.26
John Tory 263,189 38.03
Barbara Hall 63,751 9.21
John Nunziata 36,021 5.20
Tom Jakobek 5,277 0.76
39 other candidates 24,462 3.53
Total valid votes 692,085 100.00

For full results, see Results of the 2003 Toronto election.

2000 Toronto municipal election, Councillor, Ward Thirteenedit
Candidate Total votes  % of total votes
(x)David Miller 11,274 61.71
(x)Bill Saundercook 6,995 38.29
Total valid votes 18,269 100.00
1997 Toronto municipal election, Councillor, Ward Nineteen (two members elected)edit
Candidate Total votes  % of total votes
(x)David Miller 13,665 27.64
(x)Chris Korwin-Kuczynski 13,115 26.53
Connie Dejak 8,267 16.72
(x)David Hutcheon 7,437 15.04
Alex Chumak 3,931 7.95
Ed Hooven 1,336 2.70
Walter Melnyk 1,085 2.19
Jorge Van Schouwen 599 1.21
Total valid votes 49,435 100.00

Electors could vote for two candidates in the 1997 election.
The percentages are determined in relation to the total number of votes.


1994 Toronto municipal election, Metro Toronto Councillor, High Parkedit
Candidate Total votes  % of total votes
David Miller 7,950 38.03
Andrew Witer 6,845 32.74
Tony Clement 4,722 22.59
Caryl Manning 1,390 6.65
Total valid votes 20,907 100.00


1991 Toronto municipal election, Metro Toronto Councillor, High Parkedit
Candidate Total votes  % of total votes
(x)Derwyn Shea 13,706 58.75
David Miller 8,079 34.63
Yaqoob Khan 1,544 6.62
Total valid votes 23,329 100.00

The 1991 results are taken from a Toronto Star newspaper report on November 13, 1991, with 192 of 196 polls having reported. The final results were not significantly different. All other municipal results are taken from official summaries made available by the City of Toronto.

Provincial and federal politics[edit]

Ontario provincial by-election, May 23, 1996: York South
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal Gerard Kennedy 7,774 39.22
     New Democratic Party David Miller 6,656 33.58
     Progressive Conservative Rob Davis 5,093 25.69
     Independent David Milne 151 0.76
     Libertarian George Dance 77 0.39
     Independent Kevin Clarke 70 0.35
Total valid votes 19,821 100.00
Rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 264
Turnout 20,085 51.38
Electors on the lists 39,092
Canadian federal election, 1993: Parkdale—High Park
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
Liberal Jesse Flis 22,358 54.36 $42,653
Reform Lee Primeau 6,647 16.16 $22,990
Progressive Conservative Don Baker 5,668 13.78 $34,329
New Democratic Party David Miller 3,855 9.37 $24,305
National Stephen A. Biega 1,320 3.21 $8,439
Green Richard Roy 430 1.05 $100
Natural Law Wanda Beaver 371 0.90 $0
Libertarian Haig Baronikian 264 0.64 $0
Ind. (Communist) Miguel Figueroa 105 0.26 $1,043
Abolitionist Thomas Earl Pennington 60 0.15 $0
Marxist-Leninist André Vachon 53 0.13 $150
Total valid votes 41,131 100.00
Rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 416
Turnout 41,547 66.37
Electors on the lists 62,600
Source: Thirty-fifth General Election, 1993: Official Voting Results, Published by the Chief Electoral Officer of Canada. Financial figures taken from official contributions and expenses provided by Elections Canada.

The provincial electoral data is taken from Elections Ontario, and the federal data from Elections Canada.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jim Byers, "Miller leaves NDP, shifts to neutral", Toronto Star, 18 April 2007, B1.
  2. ^ a b "Miller down, out, but not finished". Globe and Mail (Toronto). 2009-09-26. Retrieved 2009-09-26. 
  3. ^ Doolittle, Robyn (2010-11-22). "Miller's exit strategy: a long nap, then the world bank". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  4. ^ "Former Toronto Mayor David Miller joins the WWF". canada.com, June 4, 2013.
  5. ^ Michael Posner, "Miller time?", Globe and Mail, 8 November 2003, M1.
  6. ^ Grove News: 125th Anniversary Commemorative Edition, Lakefield College School Prince Andrew later wore a "Miller for Mayor" campaign button during a 2003 stop in Toronto. See "Sure bet: Lawyer to be mayor", Toronto Star, 16 June 2003, B03.
  7. ^ Posner, "Miller time?", Globe and Mail, 8 November 2003.
  8. ^ Alison Gzowski, "Alison Gzowski revisits a standoff that shook the city", Globe and Mail, 23 July 2005, M1.
  9. ^ "Mayor, city mark day for Tommy Douglas", Globe and Mail, 22 October 2004, A12; "Parkdale-High Park", Toronto Star, 22 October 1993, A8.
  10. ^ Jane Armstrong, "The winding, tree-lined avenues of Swansea may seem worlds away ...", Toronto Star, 21 October 1991.
  11. ^ "Metro appointments", Toronto Star, 10 December 1994, A4; Peter Small, "Vote gives a lifeline to racism committee", Toronto Star, 4 August 1995, A7.
  12. ^ Gail Swainson, "Just days after they started work 25 welfare staffers sent packing", Toronto Star, 1 April 1995, A3.
  13. ^ David Miller, "The megacity", Globe and Mail, 31 December 1986, A12.
  14. ^ Ijeoma Ross, "Metro votes for unified city", Globe and Mail, 14 February 1997, A1.
  15. ^ Paul Moloney and Jack Lakey, "TTC brass lock horns over who's the boss", Toronto Star, 9 June 1998, B1; Paul Moloney, "Moscoe given another chance", Toronto Star, 12 June 1998, B3.
  16. ^ Kim Honey and Richard Mackie, "Councillors opt for modest pay increase", Globe and Mail, 9 January 1998, A8; "Who does what", Toronto Star, 12 January 1998, B4; Bruce DeMara, "Make city hall council's home, committee says", Toronto Star, 29 January 1998, C7.
  17. ^ "Petty politics mar debate on ward boundaries", Toronto Star, 17 January 2000, p. 1.
  18. ^ Paul Moloney, "Police union ad incites hatred, ethnic groups say", Toronto Star, 2 June 1999, p. 1.
  19. ^ Bruce DeMara and Rebecca Bragg, "Police union slammed by council", Toronto Star, 28 January 2000, p. 1.
  20. ^ Mark Gollom, "City councillor enraged by police union ad", National Post, 20 October 2000, A09; "Disgraceful tactic", Toronto Star, 20 October 2000, p. 1.
  21. ^ Robert Benzie, "Proposed sale of parkland 'shortsighted'", National Post, 13 June 2000, A20.
  22. ^ Morgan Campbell, "Group wants study of condo plan", Toronto Star, 29 August 2001, B03.; Paul Moloney, "Low-income housing project endorsed", Toronto Star, 13 September 2000, p. 1.
  23. ^ James Rusk, "Garbage seen as way to unseat Lastman allies", Globe and Mail, 20 September 2000, A19. Miller instead supported shipping the garbage to Michigan.
  24. ^ "Whiners should praise Lastman, not bury him", Toronto Star, 8 December 2000, p. 1. Jennifer Lewington, "Moraine adviser appointed to find way to protect area", Globe and Mail, 13 June 2001, A18. Other major city committees and agencies he served on include the Administration Committee, the Humber York Community Council, the Ethics Steering Committee, the Immigration and Refugee Issues Working Group, Labour Relations Advisory Group, and the Oak Ridges Moraine steering committee. See David Miller, City of Toronto council biography, davidmiller.org.
  25. ^ Paul Moloney, "City looks at contracting out", Toronto Star, 26 July 2001, p. 1. He opposed other privatization efforts in the same period. See Moira Welsh, "City's closed door report called illegal", Toronto Star, 15 February 2001, p. 1.
  26. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Region's politicians cheer gas-tax plan in federal report", Globe and Mail, 19 July 2001, A18. See also David Miller, "Long-term funding still needed by TTC", Toronto Star, 6 May 2002, A21.
  27. ^ Paul Moloney, "Council's left wing eyes untapped taxes", Toronto Star, 21 February 2002, B03.
  28. ^ Jack Lakey, "Council to probe lease deal", Toronto Star, 16 January 2002, A01; Royson James, "Reports pull no punches in MFP mess", Toronto Star, 21 December 2001, B01; Laurie Monsebraaten, "Council to try again on MFP deal", Toronto Star, 3 January 2002, B01l; John Barber, "Safest prediction for mayor's race is free-for-all", Globe and Mail, 24 August 2002, A18; "City inquiry pays off", Toronto Star, 4 October 2002, A22; Don Wanagas, "Nightmare on Front St.", National Post, 31 January 2003, A13.
  29. ^ Catherine Porter, "Mentors helping skilled immigrants get first jobs", Toronto Star, 25 May 2004, A22.
  30. ^ Toronto Life, November 2000. Webhome.idirect.com
  31. ^ Paul Moloney, "Councillors chided for their TTC work", Toronto Star, 8 April 2002, B03.
  32. ^ John Barber, "Mel's funny, but Miller has last laugh", Globe and Mail, 23 May 2002, A19; James Rusk, "Lastman loses council battle", Globe and Mail, 23 May 2002, A19; Bruce DeMara, "Lastman attack falls flat", Toronto Star, 23 May 2002, B03; Linda Diebel, "Miller: A candidate 'clear on who he is'", 11 October 2003, A01.
  33. ^ John Barber, "Is City Hall still too clubby to speak up?", Globe and Mail, 28 May 2003, A19.
  34. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Councillor opens mayoral campaign", Globe and Mail, 9 January 2003, A16.
  35. ^ "Maybe Mel should move to Ottawa", Toronto Star, 23 February 2002, B02; Don Wanagas, "Jacobs endorses Miller for mayor", National Post, 29 October 2002, A17; "Miller makes sudsy entrance", Toronto Star, 11 January 2003, B02.
  36. ^ Don Wanagas, "Chow backs Miller for mayor", National Post, 1 August 2003, A12; Michelle Landsberg, "Why some prominent women won't vote for Hall", Toronto Star, 5 October 2003, A02; Vanessa Lu, "Women won't get this vote", Toronto Star, 7 October 2003, A01; Royson James, "Politicians beguile with city hall myths", Toronto Star, 17 October 2003, B03; James Cowan, "Candidate airs beef", National Post, 8 November 2003, TO06; James Cowan, "U.S. activist backs Miller", National Post, 9 October 2003, A18.
  37. ^ "David Miller best to lead Toronto", Toronto Star, 6 November 2003, A24; Royson James, "Miller is best able to lead city's revival", Toronto Star, 6 November 2003, 6 November 2003, B01; "Miller's election band wagon is starting to creak", Globe and Mail, 8 November 2003, A20; James Cowan, "Union backs Miller for mayoralty run", National Post, 5 March 2003, A15; Scott Stinson, "Firefighters to back Miller for mayor", National Post, 30 October 2003, A16; Jack Lakey, "Now 'deputy mayor,' Joe Pantalone has always been on the winning side", Toronto Star, 30 September 2005, A7.
  38. ^ Stephen Wickens, "Diamond backs smart growth", Globe and Mail, 4 December 2003, G1.
  39. ^ Royson James, "There's a new sheriff in town", Toronto Star, 11 November 2003, A01; James Cowan, "Waterfront key issue in mayor's race, Miller says", National Post, 9 January 2003, A15; Jennifer Wells, "All eyes on Tory", Toronto Star, 23 January 2003, C01; David Miller, "We need 'old deal' back for TTC", Toronto Star, 17 April 2003, A27; James Cowan, "Mayoralty race", National Post, 23 April 2003, A17; David Miller, "Shady backroom deals threaten our waterfront", Toronto Star, 24 April 2003, A29; Vanessa Lu, "Tory supports trash-burning incinerator for Toronto", Toronto Star, 4 October 2003, A30; Jennifer Lewington, "Miller onside with police adding 32 officers to ranks", Globe and Mail, 8 November 2003, A19.
  40. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Hall leads race for mayor, poll shows", Globe and Mail, 3 May 2003, A11; Bruce Demara, "Waiting for sparks to fly", Toronto Star, 9 August 2003, B04; "The Mayoral Race", Globe and Mail, 5 September 2003, A1; Don Wanagas, "Hall's fear suggests lead may be shaky", 7 October 2003, A14; Vanessa Lu, "Miller vaults into close second place behind Hall", Toronto Star, 11 October 2003, A01; Don Wanagas, "Two-man race shaping up as Hall loses ground", National Post, 21 October 2003, A16.
  41. ^ James Cowan, "New poll gives Miller narrow lead", National Post, 22 October 2003, A18.
  42. ^ Bruce DeMara and Vanessa Lu, "Hall ally gets in Miller's corner", Toronto Star, 9 November 2003, A01; Jennifer Lewington and Katherine Harding, "Supporters mustered for final battle", Globe and Mail, 10 November 2003, A9.
  43. ^ Katherine Harding, "Miller names transition team", Globe and Mail, 21 November 2003, A12.
  44. ^ Vanessa Lu, "Decision puts ball in Ottawa's court", Toronto Star, 4 December 2003, A01.
  45. ^ James Cowan, "Ottawa backs city on bridge", National Post, 5 December 2003, A16; Martin Patriquin, "Miller glad to get bridge promise in writing", National Post, 25 May 2004, A19.
  46. ^ John Barber, "Toronto's own Bridge of Sighs", Globe and Mail, 4 May 2005, A17.
  47. ^ John Barber, "Stop this plane, we want to get off", Globe and Mail, 4 February 2006, M1.
  48. ^ John Spears, "Port settlement gets mayor's eye", Toronto Star, 5 May 2005, B05.
  49. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Plane order reignites island-airport feud", Globe and Mail, 2 February 2006. Theglobeandmail.com
  50. ^ "It's smart to expand Toronto's island airport", Globe and Mail, 3 February 2006, A16.
  51. ^ Gabe Gonda, "Airline launches into protests", Toronto Star, 3 February 2006, B01.
  52. ^ Christopher Hume, "Snatching defeat from the jaws of victory", Toronto Star, 4 February 2006, B01.
  53. ^ John Barber, "Cries of outrage fly about airport deal", Toronto Star, 28 September 2006, A11.
  54. ^ John Barber, "Politicians muddy waterfront squabble", Globe and Mail, 5 May 1998, A10.
  55. ^ Bruce DeMara and Kerry Gillespie, "Sink port authority, Miller demands", Toronto Star, 28 April 2004, B2; Jennifer Lewington, "Call for waterfront action wins praise", Globe and Mail, 30 October 2004, A14; Kerry Gillespie, "Miller seeks waterfront helm", Globe and Mail, 11 November 2004, B1; "The battle over lakeside land", Globe and Mail, 8 October 2005, A17; Jennifer Lewington, "Agency plans audit of waterfront spending", Globe and Mail, 14 January 2006, A18.
  56. ^ Kelly Patrick, "Tories revisit cancelled island link", National Post, 2 May 2006, A10; Vanessa Lu and Phinjo Gombu, "Critics laud port authority review", Toronto Star, 2 May 2006; Janice Mawhinney, "Appointments raise island airport fears", Toronto Star, 27 August 2006, A3; James Cowan, "Porter Airlines steaming ahead", National Post, 30 August 2006, A8.
  57. ^ Kelly Patrick and James Cowan, "Expo bid dead", National Post, 3 November 2006, A1; Simon Tuck and Jeff Grey, "Critics blast port authority ‘whitewash'", Globe and Mail, 3 November 2006, A1.
  58. ^ Paul Moloney and Joseph Hall, "Fair could remove waterfront's 'ugly warts", Toronto Star, 15 April 2005, B1; James Cowan, "City votes to go after world Expo", National Post, 26 May 2006, A8. Councillors Michael Walker and Rob Ford voted against the bid.
  59. ^ Kelly Patrick and James Cowan, "Expo bid dead", National Post, 3 November 2006, A1.
  60. ^ James Cowan, "Mayor zaps proposal for power plant", National Post, 2 February 2006, A12; John Spears, "Fung wades into lakeside power plant issue", Toronto Star, 3 February 2006, B4; James Cowan, "Cut power plant in half, report urges", National Post, 8 February 2006, A8.
  61. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Waterfront improvements", Globe and Mail, 12 October 2005, A15.
  62. ^ Christopher Hume, "It has taken time, but waterfront comes of age with urban beach", Toronto Star, 5 December 2005, B3. In January 2006, the provincial government announced it would expedite the approval process of five waterfront parks. See Paul Moloney, "Province expedites five waterfront parks", Toronto Star, 21 January 2006, F8.
  63. ^ Vanessa Lu, "The $6.5 billion man", Toronto Star, 1 January 2004, B01.
  64. ^ Paul Moloney, "Residents to have a say on city's $344M deficit", Toronto Star, 7 January 2004, B2.
  65. ^ Peter Kuitenbrouwer, "'Sticky tape' budget passes with 3% hike", National Post, 29 April 2004, A16.
  66. ^ Kelly Gillespie and Paul Moloney, "Miller likes what he hears", Toronto Star, 29 November 2004, B7.
  67. ^ James Cowan, "City to 'raid reserve' to avoid shortfall", National Post, 23 February 2005, A15.
  68. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Raise taxes, minister advises city", Globe and Mail, 5 February 2005, A13.
  69. ^ Catherine Porter and Bruce DeMara, "Tax hike certain for next year, too", Toronto Star, 2 March 2005, B3.
  70. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Council gives green light to tax hike", Globe and Mail, 29 October 2005, A21.
  71. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Capital-budget picture rosy, Miller declares", Globe and Mail, 10 December 2005, A22.
  72. ^ Thestar.com
  73. ^ "Zero-based solution", Toronto Star, 11 January 2006, A18.
  74. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "City's budget makers mind the gap", Globe and Mail, 1 February 2006, A12.
  75. ^ James Cowan, "City council approves $7.6-billion budget", National Post, 31 March 2006, A12.
  76. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Toronto property-tax hike double the inflation rate", Globe and Mail, 27 March 2007, A1.
  77. ^ John Spears, "Drinks, cars, movie tickets among Miller's tax targets", Toronto Star, 27 March 2007, E1.
  78. ^ "City defers tax vote until after Ontario election", CTV, Monday, July 16, 2007, Toronto.ctv.ca, toronto.ctv.ca
  79. ^ "New taxes should wait until next election: poll", CTV, Thursday, July 12, 2007 Toronto.ctv.ca, toronto.ctv.ca
  80. ^ "Toronto city council votes to delay decision on new taxes", CBC, July 17, 2007.
  81. ^ "Threats to TTC a political ploy: Sorbara", Toronto Star, Jul 21, 2007, thestar.com
  82. ^ "Fear monger' Miller shakes councillors", Toronto Star, Jul 20, 2007, thestar.com
  83. ^ "Toronto threatens to shut Sheppard subway", Globe and Mail, Jul 20, 2007. Theglobeandmail.com
  84. ^ TheStar.com
  85. ^ Theglobeandmail.com
  86. ^ Thestar.com
  87. ^ Communities.canada.com
  88. ^ Thestar.com
  89. ^ Toronto.ctv.ca
  90. ^ Torontosun.com
  91. ^ 680news.com
  92. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "$1-billion for TTC seen as shot in arm", Globe and Mail, 30 March 2004, A7.
  93. ^ Paul Moloney, "Money woes idle the TTC", Toronto Star, 25 February 2004, B2; Kevin McGran, "City could receive huge gas tax share", Toronto Star, 26 February 2004, A1; Paul Moloney, Theresa Boyle and Richard Brennan, "City gets $90M shot in the arm", 1 April 2004, S20; Kevin McGran, "TTC enjoys a taste of money", Toronto Star, 21 September 2004, B5.
  94. ^ Caroline Mallan, "$680M to refuel transit; TTC to get $355 million in provincial gas tax over 3 years", Toronto Star, 21 October 2004, A1.
  95. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Premier reveals city share of gas tax", Globe and Mail, 23 October 2004, A19.
  96. ^ Catharine Porter and Paul Moloney, "$679 million police budget passes muster", Toronto Star, 22 April 2004, B5. The capital budget was $285 million.
  97. ^ Jeff Gray, "Fare hike gets green light", Globe and Mail, 10 February 2005, A18.
  98. ^ Katherine Harding, "Battle lanes drawn over St. Clair streetcar", Globe and Mail, 12 April 2004, A7.
  99. ^ Katherine Harding, "Council votes for streetcar lanes on St. Clair", Globe and Mail, 30 September 2004, A8.
  100. ^ Kevin McGran, "Streetcar plan getting rough ride", Toronto Star, 14 April 2004, B03.
  101. ^ Toronto City Summit Alliance - Issues Facing Our City - Regional Transportation, torontoalliance.ca
  102. ^ Eye.net
  103. ^ Peter Kuitenbrouwer, "Official Plan the mantra for St. Clair", National Post, 24 April 2004, TO3.
  104. ^ Unnati Gandhi, "Panel puts brakes on streetcar plan", Globe and Mail, 12 October 2005, A14.
  105. ^ Jennifer Lewington and Oliver Moore, "City can seek new hearing over St. Clair streetcar line", Globe and Mail, 4 November 2005, A1.
  106. ^ Oliver Moore and Jennifer Lewington, "Court gives TTC St. Clair green light", Globe and Mail, 22 February 2006. Theglobeandmail.com
  107. ^ Paul Moloney, "TTC votes on proposal for bus lanes to York U.", Toronto Star, 14 July 2004, B2; Jeff Gray, "Rapid-transit lanes core of TTC plan", Globe and Mail, 13 January 2005, A13.
  108. ^ Kevin McGran, "Getting back to a better way", Toronto Star, 4 June 2005, E04.
  109. ^ James Cowan, "TTC strike strands thousands", National Post, 30 May 2006, A1.
  110. ^ Jeff Gray, "Moscoe says he is victim of smear campaign", Globe and Mail, 21 June 2006, A13.
  111. ^ James Cowan, "Bid for subway cars deemed fair by consultants", National Post, 24 August 2006, A11.
  112. ^ James Cowan, "Council awards Bombardier $674M contract for subway cars", National Post, 26 September 2006, A8.
  113. ^ Paul Moloney, "Simcoe St. extension to open up waterfront", Toronto Star, 29 November 2006, D8.
  114. ^ Jeff Gray, "Consider downtown tolls, transit czar says", Globe and Mail, 27 January 2007, A19.
  115. ^ Tess Kalinowski and John Spears, "Success driven by TTC: Miller", Toronto Star, 17 March 2007, B1.
  116. ^ Catherine Porter, "Toronto's utopic bike network has been a bust, but the winds are changing and the mayor insists the political will to carry out his ambitious plan is just around the corner", Toronto Star, 14 April 2007, B4.
  117. ^ Katherine Harding, "Police: Show us your budget", Globe and Mail, 7 February 2004, M1.
  118. ^ Kerry Gillespie, "The high price of law and order", Toronto Star, 21 February 2004, B04.
  119. ^ James Cowan, "Reducing police budget could endanger city, Fantino warns", National Post, 19 February 2004, A9.
  120. ^ Catherine Porter and Paul Moloney, "$679 million police budget passes muster", Toronto Star, 22 April 2004, B05.
  121. ^ John Duncanson, "Relying on the crime card", Toronto Star, 2 October 2006, E1.
  122. ^ Janice Tibbetts, "Harper to announce gun-crime bill in Toronto", National Post, 23 November 2006, A16; Jennifer Lewington and Timothy Appleby, "Harper touts tougher bail rules", Globe and Mail, 24 November 2006, A18.
  123. ^ Jim Byers, "Leaders gather in rare accord", Toronto Star, 24 November 2006, E1.
  124. ^ Melissa Leong, "Police to begin job action", National Post, 12 October 2005, A9/front.
  125. ^ Unnati Gandhi, "Don't wear uniforms at rally, Blair says", Globe and Mail, 2 November 2005, A17.
  126. ^ Wooden patio furnitures, torontocopsaretops.ca
  127. ^ Jennifer Lewington and Oliver Moore, "Hope glimmers in police talks", Globe and Mail, 1 November 2005, A14. See also CTV.ca
  128. ^ Nicholas Kohler. "Police board calling for arbitrator". National Post. November 1, 2005. Canada.com
  129. ^ John Duncanson and Tracy Huffman, "Police contract costs city $60M", Toronto Star, 9 November 2005, A01.
  130. ^ Katherine Harding, "Council won't budge on Fantino", Globe and Mail, 22 July 2004, A8.
  131. ^ Katherine Harding, "Hitler cartoon is ‘despicable,' Miller says", Globe and Mail, 24 July 2004, A9.
  132. ^ Katherine Harding, "Support for Fantino ‘tepid,' poll finds", Globe and Mail, 18 August 2004, A8.
  133. ^ Rosie DiManno, "Miller should fess up on role in chief's ouster", Toronto Star, 26 July 2004, A02. Ontario Finance Minister Greg Sorbara was also critical, saying that Miller "has to assume officially the responsibility" for Fantino's contract not being renewed, and should "not keep pretending that he has nothing to do with it". Miller described Sorbara's comments as "total nonsense". See John Barber, "Miller, Sorbara trade verbal blows over Fantino ouster", Globe and Mail, 7 July 2004, A10.
  134. ^ Jeff Gray, "Overhaul scheduling of police, Miller urges", Globe and Mail, 28 January 2005, A10.
  135. ^ Megan Ogilvie, "Drug tests for police looming", Toronto Star, 11 February 2005, B1.
  136. ^ James Cowan, "Mayor denied role in hiring police chief", National Post, 9 March 2005, A10.
  137. ^ Linda Diebel, "Looking for a police chief most perfect", Toronto Star, 20 February 2005, A05.
  138. ^ Joe Friesen, "Blair noses out Boyd as new police chief", 7 April 2005, A1.
  139. ^ "Former top cop's work to keep city safe rewarded with key to Toronto", National Post, 15 April 2005, A13.
  140. ^ Catherine Porter, "Ootes dumped from police board", Toronto Star, 5 May 2005, B2.
  141. ^ Royson James, "McMurtry to head advisory panel", Toronto Star, 19 February 2004, A1.
  142. ^ Katherine Harding and Jeff Gray, "Miller proposes new panel to fight guns and gangs", Globe and Mail, 19 February 2004, A13; Nicole MacIntyre, "Fantino praises 'holistic' crime strategy ", Toronto Star, 20 February 2004, F2.
  143. ^ James Cowan, 'Group hug' not enough: councillor", National Post, 25 February 2004, A14/front.
  144. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "City council adopts mayor's anti-violence plan", Globe and Mail, 2 March 2004, A13.
  145. ^ Nicholas Kohler, "Mayor blames lax U.S. gun laws after day of gunplay", National Post, 27 July 2005, A1.
  146. ^ Nicholas Kohler, "John Tory, Mayor at last", National Post, 12 August 2005, A1; Unnati Gandhi, "Surplus will be used to hire more officers", Globe and Mail, 17 September 2005, A17.
  147. ^ John Barber, "Miller seeks support in battle with gangs", Globe and Mail, 16 August 2005, A10; Gabe Gonda, Sean Gordon and Vanessa Lu, "It's time 'to take back our streets'", Toronto Star, 22 September 2005, A17; "Challenge yields jobs for 'at risk' youth", Toronto Star, 25 May 2006, R11.
  148. ^ Gabe Gonda, "Plan to search blacks 'an idea'", Toronto Star, 18 August 2005, B2; Jennifer Lewington, "Is this man for real or does he just want to be mayor?", Globe and Mail, 20 August 2005, A7.
  149. ^ Allan Woods and Shannon Kari, "Four Toronto officers charged with corruption", National Post, 27 April 2004, A2.
  150. ^ Peter Kuitenbrouwer, "Miller apologizes for joking about police", National Post, 1 May 2004, A8.
  151. ^ Joe Friesen, "Police ‘don't ask' policy okayed", Globe and Mail, 16 February 2006, A13.
  152. ^ Peter Cheney, "Civilian patrol group persistent about starting Toronto chapter", Globe and Mail, 20 February 2006, A10.
  153. ^ Nicholas Kohler, "66% back curfew for children, National Post, 26 October 2005, A1/front.
  154. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Know an area gone to seed? Spread the word", Globe and Mail, 8 May 2004, A18.
  155. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Mayor's plan to beautify city clears first step", Globe and Mail, 24 November 2004, A19.
  156. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Miller defends greener, cleaner priorities", Globe and Mail, 1 March 2005, A11; Jennifer Lewington, "Cash for spring cleaning", Globe and Mail, 5 March 2005, M2.
  157. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Miller announces conservation measures", Globe and Mail, 13 May 2004, A13.
  158. ^ Joe Friesen, "City set to get big chill from depths of lake", Globe and Mail, 19 July 2004, A9.
  159. ^ Megan Ogilvie, "Miller speaks at key D.C. event", Toronto Star, 2 March 2005, A16.
  160. ^ Jeff Gray, "City 40 per cent cleaner, litter audit reveals", Globe and Mail, 7 September 2006, A14.
  161. ^ John Spears, "Big water users up in arms", Toronto Star, 11 January 2007, A21. The price of water will increase by 10.8% on 1 March 2007. Miller has indicated that the increase will be equivalent to 9% over the full year. See John Spears, "Water rate jumps 10.8 % to repair pipes, sewers", Toronto Star, 8 February 2007, A16.
  162. ^ Jim Byers, "Miller to unveil green plan", Toronto Star, 23 March 2007, A3; Donovan Vincent, "Phase 1: Miller's 'bold ideas'", Toronto Star, 24 March 2007, A1.
  163. ^ a b "Trash talk", CBC News Online, July 31, 2004.
  164. ^ Jack Lakey, "Waste disposal fires up debate", Toronto Star, 5 November 2003, A07.
  165. ^ Dana Borcea, "Miller remains opposed to Adams mine: Toronto's trash", National Post, 19 November 2003, A8.
  166. ^ John Barber, "Sanity prevails as council renews garbage contract", Globe and Mail, 19 May 2005, A12.
  167. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "City moves to buy landfill that can last years", Globe and Mail, 20 September 2006, A12.
  168. ^ "Garbage dump to 'pay for itself,' mayor says", CBC News Online. September 21, 2006.
  169. ^ Royson James, "Did Miller miss better landfill deal?", Toronto Star, 21 September 2006, A1; Donovan Vincent and Vanessa Lu, "Dull mayoral race erupts over garbage issue", Toronto Star, 22 September 2006, A1.
  170. ^ Paul Moloney, "City's trash deal finalized", Toronto Star, 21 December 2006, A14.
  171. ^ Kerry Gillespie, "Green bin gets red carpet", Toronto Star, 20 October 2004, B2; Toronto.ca
  172. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "City moves to buy landfill that can last years", Globe and Mail, 20 September 2006, A12. Some have questioned the accuracy of the 40% number. See John Lorinc, "This numbers game is garbage", Globe and Mail, 18 November 2006, M1.
  173. ^ John Spears and Kerry Gillespie, "Burning trash costly: Miller", Toronto Star, 1 November 2006, B1.
  174. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Landfill deal reached after secret debate", Globe and Mail, 29 March 2007, A3; Jennifer Lewington, "Toronto trash gets new home", Globe and Mail, 4 April 2007, A15.
  175. ^ "Martin's "home" run", Toronto Star, 26 February 2004, A24; "Cash to build 900 affordable homes a sure thing", Toronto Star, 26 February 2004, B2.
  176. ^ Paul Moloney, "Housing approvals signal a city trend", Toronto Star, 3 August 2004, B1.
  177. ^ Carol Goar, ""Welcome truce on housing front", Toronto Star, 28 April 2004, A22.
  178. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Eyeing winter, Miller pushes warm-up plan for homeless", Globe and Mail, 4 November 2004, A18; Catherine Porter, "City shelter to help find homes", Toronto Star, 2 December 2004, B2.
  179. ^ Catherine Porter, "Homeless face icy reception", Toronto Star, 20 January 2005, B2.
  180. ^ Catherine Porter, "From the street to their own home", Toronto Star, 31 January 2005, B2. Members of the Ontario Coalition Against Poverty protested Miller's plans during a council meeting in late January. See Royson James, "Spectacle only helps Miller's plan", Toronto Star, 2 February 2005, B3.
  181. ^ Jeff Gray, "Hundreds of homeless off streets", Globe and Mail, 30 December 2005, A1.
  182. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "West Don Lands gets the nod", Globe and Mail, 6 May 2005, A15.
  183. ^ Jeff Gray and Jennifer Lewington, "Council approves affordable housing changes", Globe and Mail, 20 July 2005, A9.
  184. ^ Michael Peeling, "Regent Park bricks begin to tumble", National Post, 14 February 2006, A8.
  185. ^ Raveena Aulakh and Jennifer Lewington, "Mayor condemns OMB ruling", Globe and Mail, 17 January 2007, A14.
  186. ^ "Mayor and local councillor seek protection of West Queen West triangle", Canada NewsWire, 2 February 2007, 11:37; Greg Macdonald, "City to pick a fight with OMB", National Post, 3 February 2007, A13; John Spears, "Fight condo plan in court, mayor urges", Toronto Star, 6 February 2007, E3; James Cowan, "Council to take OMB to court over condos", National Post, 7 February 2007, A13.
  187. ^ Robert Benzie, "City gets housing boost", Toronto Star, 28 February 2007, A1.
  188. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Mayor to propose city set up film board", Globe and Mail, 23 November 2004, A19; Bruce DeMara, "Miller-led board eyes film industry rescue", Toronto Star, 1 December 2004, B2; Murray Whyte, "Board aims to boost film industry", Toronto Star, 11 February 2005, B2.
  189. ^ James Adams, "City to be named a cultural capital of Canada", Globe and Mail, 27 January 2005, A15.
  190. ^ John Spears, "Look out world, here we are", Toronto Star, 24 June 2005, A3; Royson James, "Exasperated mayor wants 'branding' project revamped", Toronto Star, 15 July 2006, B1.
  191. ^ Paul Moloney, "Committee approves stadium", Toronto Star, 21 October 2005, B8.
  192. ^ Mark Evans, "Toronto Hydro joins Wi-Fi wars", National Post, 8 March 2006, FP4; Tyler Hamilton, "Downtown goes wireless", Toronto Star, 8 March 2006, E1.
  193. ^ Les Whittington, "Cities deal 'at heart of priorities,' Martin says", Toronto Star, 9 January 2004, A6.
  194. ^ Heather Scoffield and Jennifer Lewington, "Big-city mayors welcome ‘new deal'", Globe and Mail, 3 February 2004, A4; Peter Kuitenbrouwer, "Miller: 'Beautiful friendship' begins", National Post, 3 February 2004, A7.
  195. ^ John Barber, "Shaky government drops cash on cities, thanks to the NDP", Globe and Mail, 28 April 2005, A14.
  196. ^ James Cowan, "PM signs Ontario cities deal", National Post, 18 June 2005, A10. This program was extended in 2006 by Martin's successor as Prime Minister, Stephen Harper. See Bruce Campion-Smith, "New deal for cities lives on but quietly", Toronto Star, 20 January F1.
  197. ^ Bruce DeMara, "Leaders seek gas-tax magic", Toronto Star, 17 September 2004, B2.
  198. ^ Nicholas Keung, "Cities want immigration deal", Toronto Star, 10 February 2004, A14.
  199. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "City sets aside $5-million to resettle tsunami refugees", Globe and Mail, 14 January 2005, A10.
  200. ^ Bruce DeMara, "Tories offer recipe to fail, Miller says", Toronto Star, 12 June 2004, A21; James Cowan, "David Miller's vote helps", 26 June 2004, A6.
  201. ^ Laurie Monsebraaten, "Non-profit daycares favoured", Toronto Star, 17 January 2005, A16.
  202. ^ "Miller plays it cool for election", Globe and Mail, 3 December 2005, A24.
  203. ^ http://www.nowtoronto.com/issues/2006-01-26/news_upfront.php
  204. ^ Anne Dawson and Allan Woods, "Critics assail gun plan", National Post, 9 December 2005, A1. See also David Miller, "We must ban handguns", National Post, 10 December 2005, A20; Harold Levy, "Lawyers doubt tougher bail rules", Toronto Star, 3 January 2006, A1.
  205. ^ Paul Moloney, "Mayor, Tory MPs meet over cities deal", Toronto Star, 19 July 2005, B2.
  206. ^ John Spears and Stan Josey, "Miller looks at new cabinet, says he sees lots of positives", Toronto Star, 7 February 2006, B4; David Miller, "Don't kill national child-care plan", Toronto Star, 16 February 2006, A21.
  207. ^ Robert Benzie, "Good news for housing, Miller says", Toronto Star, 3 May 2006, A7.
  208. ^ Chinta Puxley, "PM mends fences with Ontario with more than $1.5B for transit, environment", Canadian Press, 6 March 2007, 16:15; Peter Brieger, "$1.5B to ease gridlock: Tories pledge money for GTA transit and highways", National Post, 7 March 2007, A1.
  209. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Toronto mayor views budget as big setback", Globe and Mail, 20 March 2007, A10.
  210. ^ John Barber, "Miller's propaganda penny-wise, policy-foolish ", Globe and Mail, 24 March 2007, A10. Theglobeandmail.com
  211. ^ "Toronto mayor suggests Greens best bet for cities", CBC News. September 17, 2008.
  212. ^ [1]
  213. ^ [2]
  214. ^ [3]
  215. ^ "Mayor David Miller launches campaign to fund cities - One Cent of the GST NOW!" [press release], Canada NewsWire, 26 February 2007, 13:30.
  216. ^ Donovan Vincent, "Mayor's one-cent bid under fire", Toronto Star, 7 March 2007, C3.
  217. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Miller campaigns for slice of GST", Globe and Mail, 27 February 2007, A2.
  218. ^ "Dion promises Miller gas tax revenues instead of one-cent share of GST", National Post, 28 February 2007, A10.
  219. ^ a b "Public fails to buy into One Cent Now campaign", 14 April 2007, National Post, James Cowan, Canada.com
  220. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "One-cent now' campaign stirs big-city mayors to lobby Ottawa", Globe and Mail, 4 Mary 2007, A15.
  221. ^ Communities.canada.com
  222. ^ Canada.com
  223. ^ Chris Wattie, Mayoral smackdown: Miller wins, but compromises. National Post. November 19, 2007. Communities.canada.com
  224. ^ "New deal for cities far from complete" [editorial], Toronto Star, 11 January 2007, A24.
  225. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "McGuinty, city officials set to discuss ‘budget gap'", Globe and Mail, 20 February 2006, A10.
  226. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Don't expect too much, McGuinty warns Toronto", Globe and Mail, 5 February 2004, A14.
  227. ^ Caroline Mallan, Rob Ferguson and Robert Benzie, "Premier defends election vows", Toronto Star, 20 May 2004, A7.
  228. ^ William Lin and Kerry Gillespie, "City left out in cold: Moscoe", Toronto Star, 22 August 2004, A6.
  229. ^ Robert Benzie, Kerry Gillespie and Caroline Mallan, "Province chides mayor", Toronto Star, 26 August 2004, A14.
  230. ^ James Cowan, "Miller seeks 'full powers of government' for cities", National Post, 23 January 2004, A14.
  231. ^ Katherine Harding and Jennifer Lewington, "Toronto to get new powers under McGuinty plan", Globe and Mail, 18 September 2004, A1. Miller considers the 1953 Vancouver Charter as a template for Toronto's new governing structure. See "The price to put up paradise", Toronto Star, 14 May 2005, B4.
  232. ^ David Miller, "Toronto needs more power", Toronto Star, 15 February 2005, A17.
  233. ^ "City of Toronto Act 2006 proclaimed" [press release], Canada NewsWire, 1 January 2007, 07:30.
  234. ^ "Toronto government enacts powers under new City of Toronto Act", Canada NewsWire, 12 January 2007, 10:47.
  235. ^ Councillor Blames Politicians' Perks For Your Tax Hike. City News Online. April 24, 2007. Citynews.ca
  236. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Mayor praises city's windfall of $200-million from province", Globe and Mail, 24 March 2006, A15.
  237. ^ "Miller slams Ontario Budget", Globe and Mail, 23 March 2007 Theglobeandmail.com; "A bad week for Toronto" [editorial], Toronto Star, 25 March 2007, A14.
  238. ^ "Sorbara won't patch hole in budget", Globe and Mail, 12 April 2007 Theglobeandmail.com Theglobeandmail.com
  239. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Retired professor named integrity commissioner", Globe and Mail, 22 July 2004, A8.
  240. ^ Bruce DeMara, "Election reforms ducked", Toronto Star, 22 July 2004, B2.
  241. ^ Bruce DeMara and Kerry Gillespie, "Miller takes a broom to seven top city jobs", Toronto Star, 25 November 2004, A1. See also "Shakeup will help city run efficiently" [editorial], Toronto Star, 26 November 2004, A26.
  242. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Council gives nod to overhaul bureaucracy", Globe and Mail, 1 December 2004, A15.
  243. ^ Jeff Gray, "Plan to clamp down on lobbying neutered, say Miller and others", Globe and Mail, 27 September 2006, A11; "Lobbyist registry delayed needlessly" [editorial], Toronto Star, 28 September 2006, A24.
  244. ^ Donovan Vincent and Jim Byers, "Council approves Miller's lobbyist registry", Toronto Star, 7 February 2007, D5.
  245. ^ "Here's what Mayor David Miller thinks", Toronto Star, 7 May 2005, B5; James Cowan, "Province urged to allow municipal political parties", National Post, 18 November 2006, A17.
  246. ^ James Cowan, "Change council's ways: panel", National Post, 24 November 2005, A14; Jennifer Lewington, "Mayor needs to chart city's course, panel says", 24 November 2005, A20.
  247. ^ Jennifer Lewington, "Plan gives mayor new powers", Globe and Mail, 8 December 2005, A22. The vote was 27-15.
  248. ^ Angela Pacienza, "Municipal election terms extended", Globe and Mail, 11 May 2006, A14.
  249. ^ James Cowan, "Mayor to appoint heads of committees", National Post, 28 June 2006, A10.
  250. ^ Toronto.ca
  251. ^ Michael Peeling, "Council launches priorities web site: Accountability", National Post, 11 April 2006, A13.
  252. ^ Melissa Leong, "The Mayor a hit with viewers", Toronto Star, 5 February 2004, B2.
  253. ^ "Pols hit the big screen", Globe and Mail, 2 April 2004, A11.
  254. ^ "It's Miller's time in pages of Vanity Fair", Globe and Mail, 8 April 2006, A12.
  255. ^ "Mayor's team waiting in wings for election campaign to begin", Globe and Mail, 17 October 2005, A10.; "Miller team adds union activist", Globe and Mail, 26 November 2005, A19.
  256. ^ Gabe Gonda, "Toronto", 18 February 2006, B2.
  257. ^ James Cowan, "Miller ignores rivals in campaign launch", National Post, 18 May 2006, A14.
  258. ^ "Qualified support for David Miller" [editorial], Toronto Star, 10 November 2006, A26.
  259. ^ Royson James, "Jane opts for plain campaign launch", Toronto Star, 4 May 2006, A01.
  260. ^ Jeff Gray, "Pitfield vows to fight tax hike", Globe and Mail, 29 March 2006, A13. Pitfield was unable to provide the specific increase in municipal spending when questioned by reporters.
  261. ^ John Spears and Paul Moloney, "Candidates battle over tax cuts", Toronto Star, 2 October 2006, E9.
  262. ^ "David Miller announces priorities to reclaim and revitalize Toronto's waterfront" [press release], Canada NewsWire, 11 October 2006, 08:15 report.
  263. ^ "David Miller unveils vision for a Clean and Beautiful City" [press release], Canada NewsWire, 18 October 2006, 05:15 report.
  264. ^ "David Miller unveils vision for making Toronto a Transit City" [press release], Canada NewsWire, 24 October 2006, 05:15 report.
  265. ^ Paul Moloney, "Campaign contenders tackle Toronto's tax troubles", Toronto Star, 4 October 2006, B1.
  266. ^ "David Miller unveils his vision to make our safe city safer", Canada NewsWire, 5 October 2006, 05:15 report; Donovan Vincent, "Miller vows to make 'safe city safer'", Toronto Star, 6 October 2006, B3.
  267. ^ James Cowan, "Miller to push for share of GST, PST", National Post, 2 November 2006, A14.
  268. ^ "David Miller unveils his vision for Toronto" [press release], Canada NewsWire, 2 November 2006, 11:20 report.
  269. ^ Jeff Gray, "Let newcomers vote: Miller", Globe and Mail, 24 October 2006, A15.
  270. ^ Vanessa Lu, "Let immigrants vote, Miller says", Toronto Star, 24 October 2006, A1.
  271. ^ Derek Leebosh, "David Miller far ahead of Jane Pitfield", Environics Research, 16 May 2006. Environics.net; James Cowan, "Poll reveals 'horse race'", National Post, 29 September 2006, A01; "Miller way out in front in mayor's race: CTV poll", CTV, 2 October 2006, 18:56 report Toronto.ctv.ca; John Spears, "58% want change", Toronto Star, 28 October 2006, A1.
  272. ^ The only exceptions were Wards 25 and 26, both in Pitfield's home riding of Don Valley West, which Miller lost by small margins. See Paul Moloney, "Pantalone back as deputy", Toronto Star, 17 November 2006, B7.
  273. ^ James Cowan, "Miller time again", National Post, 14 November 2006, A1.
  274. ^ Ukauta B. Kidin, "Can You Believe the Length of this Wiki Entry??", Toronto DeathStar, 22 February 2009, A1.
  275. ^ James, Royson (25 September 2009). "It's the right time for Miller to leave". The Star (Toronto). 
  276. ^ Rider, David (30 September 2010). "‘I'm my own man,' Pantalone says". The Star (Toronto). 
  277. ^ [4][dead link]
  278. ^ Miller to endorse Pantalone | Toronto & GTA | News. Toronto Sun (2010-10-05). Retrieved on 2013-07-26.
  279. ^ Sewell, John (19 October 2010). "Pantalone strikes a sour note". The Star (Toronto). 
  280. ^ Lorinc, John (28 October 2010). "How George Smitherman's dead-end run for Toronto mayor went wrong - The Globe and Mail". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). 
  281. ^ a b Rider, David (June 14, 2011). "David Miller gets NYC university post". Toronto Star. Retrieved August 24, 2011. 
  282. ^ Hopper, Tristin (June 14, 2011). "David Miller takes job at New York engineering school". New York Post. Retrieved August 23, 2011. 


External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mel Lastman
Mayor of Toronto
2003 - 2010
Succeeded by
Rob Ford
Preceded by
ward established in 2000
Toronto City Councillor, Ward Thirteen (Parkdale-High Park)
2000-2003
Succeeded by
Bill Saundercook
Preceded by
ward established in 1997
Toronto City Councillor, Ward Nineteen
(with Chris Korwin-Kuczynski)

1997-2000
Succeeded by
all Toronto wards were restructured in 2000
Preceded by
Derwyn Shea
Metro Toronto Councillor, Ward One
1994-1997
Succeeded by
ward eliminated in 1997