David R. Smith
David R. Smith is a renowned American physicist and professor of electrical and computer engineering at Duke University in North Carolina. Smith's research focuses on electromagnetic metamaterials, or materials with a negative index of refraction.
Smith obtained his B.Sc. and Ph.D. in physics from the University of California San Diego (UCSD) in 1988 and 1994. In 2000, as a postdoctoral fellow working in the laboratory of Professor Sheldon Schultz at UCSD, Smith and his colleagues discovered the first material that exhibited a negative index of refraction.
For his research in mematerials, Smith, along with four European researchers, was awarded the Descartes Prize in 2005, the European Union's top prize for collaborative research. He is known also as the first person to create a functioning cloak of invisibility that renders an object invisible in microwave wavelengths. Although the cloaking device had limited ability to conceal an object from light of a single microwave wavelength, the experiment was an initial demonstration of the potential of metamaterials, constructed composite materials with unusual optical properties, to behave in unique ways because of both their chemical and structural properties.
- Shelby, R. A.; Smith, D. R.; Schultz, S. (2001), "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction", Science 292: 77–79, Bibcode:2001Sci...292...77S, doi:10.1126/science.1058847, JSTOR 3082888, PMID 11292865
- Pendry, John B. (2004). "Negative Refraction". Contemporary Physics 45 (3): 191–202. Bibcode:2004ConPh..45..191P. doi:10.1080/00107510410001667434. Retrieved 2009-08-26.
- "David R. Smith Shares Descartes Award for Material that Reverses Lights Properties". 2005-12-02. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
- Hapgood, Fred (2009-03-10). "Metamaterial Revolution: The New Science of Making Anything Disappear". Retrieved 2009-10-10.
- Silverman, Jacob, HowStuffWorks: Is it possible to make a cloaking device?, retrieved 2009-10-16
- "Theoretical Blueprint For Invisibility Cloak Reported". 2006-05-25. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
- "Thomson Reuters Predicts Nobel Laureates". 2009-09-24.