David Ryckaert III
David Rijckaert III, also called David Rijckaert the Younger and David Ryckaert III (2 December 1612 (baptized), Antwerp - 11 November 1661, Antwerp) was a Flemish Baroque painter. He started his career as a landscape painter but later specialized in genre paintings.
A member of the Ryckaert (or Rijckaert) family of artists, he was the son of David Ryckaert II, the grandson of David Ryckaert I, and the cousin of Martin Ryckaert. It is believed he had a brother called Pauwels who was also a painter.
David Ryckaert was a pupil of his father. He became master of the Guild of Saint Luke in Antwerp in 1636-37 and was the dean of the Guild in 1652-53. He was the teacher of Hans la Croys, Jacob Lafosse II, Gonzales Coques and Erasmus de Bie. His sister Margaret married his pupil Gonzales Coques who became a successful painter.
David Ryckaert III worked his entire career in Antwerp. He married on 31 August 1647 with Jacoba Palmans with whom he had eight children.
Ryckaert began his career as landscape painter. He changed his specialization early on to genre paintings. These show the influence of the leading Flemish genre painters Adriaen Brouwer, David Teniers the Elder, and in particular David Teniers the Younger. His work often depicts interiors with professionals, such as alchemists, quacks, cobblers or painters or inns with peasants. He also painted children at play, celebrations with music and imaginary scenes of witches and ghosts. Many of his works are signed and dated making it easy to follow his artistic development from 1637 to 1661.
Ryckaert' s early genre paintings show a strong influence of Adriaen Brouwer. Between about 1640 and 1650 his genre paintings underwent an important development: rather than portraying coarse peasants he started painting groups composed of worthy people, often engaged in the playing of music. At the same time he borrowed new themes from other artists. For instance, in Alchemist in his laboratory (1648, Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels) he borrowed a subject that often appeared in the work of Teniers the Younger. Through the influence of Teniers, Ryckaert changed his style by putting a greater emphasis on distinct colors and decorative qualities. Additionally, he adopted the chiaroscuro method. This is particularly noticeable in his paintings of alchemists. Around 1650 Ryckaert began to paint religious and mythological subjects.
The final stage in the stylistic development of Ryckaert is illustrated by his painting In the inn (Osterriethhuis, Antwerp) in which Ryckaert adapted Teniers' anecdotal way of painting to a scene of an idyllic and sentimental character.
- Jetty E. van der Sterre. "Rijckaert, David, III." Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Web. 12 Apr. 2014
- Biographical details at Nouvelle Biographie Nationale (French)
- Biographical details at the Netherlands Institute for Art History (Dutch)
- B. Van Haute, 'David III Ryckaert: A Seventeenth-Century Flemish Peasant Painter of Peasant Scenes', Brepols, 1999
- "Dulle Griet“ by David Ryckaert at the Kunsthistorisches Museum
- Alchemist in his laboratory in the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels
- Van Haute, Bernadette. David III Ryckaert: A Seventeenth-Century Flemish Painter of Peasant Scenes. Turnhout, Brepols, 2000.
- Liedtke , Walter A. (1984). Flemish paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 0870993569. (p.237-241, v.1; plate 90-91, v.2).
Media related to David Rijckaert (III) at Wikimedia Commons