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David Samoylov (Russian: Давид Самойлов), pseudonym of David Samuilovich Kaufman (Russian: Давид Самуилович Кауфман; 1 June 1920 in Moscow — 23 February 1990 in Tallinn) was a notable poet of the War generation of Russian poets, considered one of the most important Russian poets of the post-World War II era as well.
Samoylov was born in Moscow into an assimilated Jewish family. His father was the head of venerological hospital authority of the Moscow region.
In 1938—1941 he was a student at MIFLI, the Moscow institute of Philosophy, Literature and History. He tried to volunteer for the army when the war with Finland broke out, but was refused for health reasons. At the outbreak of Operation Barbarossa he was refused again, this time for being overage. Instead he served in a trench digging brigade. There he contracted the typhoid fever and was evacuated to Samarkand, where he studied at a pedagogical college after his recovery. After that he entered an infantry officers' school, from which he graduated in 1942, and was sent to the Volkhov front. He remained on the active duty until the end of the war and was wounded several times.
During the second half of his life, he moved to Pärnu, known mostly as a resort-town. He continued writing in Pärnu and even published poetry dedicated to Pärnu. He lived in Toominga street. He has translated literature from Estonian authors such as L.Koidula, J.Kross, Ellen Niit, P.E.Rummo etc. Also from many different languages such as Polish, Czech, Hungarian etc.
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- David Samoylov "Памятные Записки"
- Еврейская энциклопедия. Архивировано из первоисточника 24 августа 2011. Проверено 20 января 2010.
- Александр Давыдов. Два моих деда.
- Казак В. Лексикон русской литературы XX века = Lexikon der russischen Literatur ab 1917. — М.: РИК «Культура», 1996. — 492 с. — 5000 экз. — ISBN 5-8334-0019-8. — С. 363.
- Самойлов Д.С., Чуковская Л.К. Переписка: 1971-1990 / Вступ. статья А.С. Немзера, коммент и подгот. текста Г.И. Медведевой-Самойловой, Е.Ц. Чуковской и Ж.О. Хавкиной. М.: Новое литературное обозрение. 2004.
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