David Silva

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David Silva
David Silva Euro 2012 vs France 01.jpg
Silva with Spain during UEFA Euro 2012
Personal information
Full name David Josué Jiménez Silva[1]
Date of birth (1986-01-08) 8 January 1986 (age 28)
Place of birth Arguineguín, Spain
Height 1.70 m (5 ft 7 in)[2]
Playing position Attacking Midfielder
Club information
Current club Manchester City
Number 21
Youth career
1995–2000 UD San Fernando
2000–2003 Valencia
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
2003–2004 Valencia B 14 (1)
2004–2010 Valencia 119 (21)
2004–2005 Eibar (loan) 35 (4)
2005–2006 Celta Vigo (loan) 34 (4)
2010– Manchester City 127 (21)
National team
2001–2002 Spain U16 6 (2)
2002–2003 Spain U17 20 (5)
2004–2005 Spain U19 14 (5)
2005 Spain U20 5 (4)
2004–2006 Spain U21 9 (7)
2006– Spain 78 (20)
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 20:12, 20 April 2014 (UTC).

† Appearances (Goals).

‡ National team caps and goals correct as of 5 March 2014 (UTC)

David Josué Jiménez Silva (Spanish pronunciation: [daˈβið xoˈswe xiˈmeneθ ˈsilβa]; born 8 January 1986) is a Spanish footballer who plays for Manchester City and the Spanish national team. Silva plays mainly as an attacking midfielder but has also played as a winger or a second striker on some occasions.

A Spanish international since the age of 20, he was an integral member of the squads that won three consecutive international tournaments — UEFA Euro 2008, 2010 FIFA World Cup, and UEFA Euro 2012 — the first time a European team has achieved such a feat.

Silva spent six years of his professional career with Valencia CF, appearing in more than 150 games and winning one Copa del Rey in 2008, before moving in the summer of 2010 to Manchester City. His passing ability and possession-retaining qualities have earned him the nickname "Merlin" from his teammates.[3][4] Since joining City, Silva has appeared in over 150 games in three seasons, winning the FA Cup and Premier League.

Early life[edit]

Silva was born in Arguineguín, Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, to Fernando Jiménez, a former municipal police officer who eventually was responsible for the safety of the Valencia CF stadium, and Eva Silva. His father, Fernando, is Canarian while his mother, Eva, is of Japanese descent, claimed by the Canarian media.[5][6] Silva has two younger siblings, sister Natalia and brother Nando[citation needed]. He is commonly called by the nickname Chino (Spanish for "Chinese") due to his physical appearance.[citation needed]

Silva began playing football in the youth team of UD San Fernando, near Maspalomas. Originally, he played as a goalkeeper, before becoming a winger[7] and mirrored his game around his footballing idol as a youth, Michael Laudrup.[7] When he was 14, he received an offer to become a youth player at Valencia CF, which he accepted. He stayed in Valencia's youth set-up until he was 17.

Club career[edit]

Silva playing for Valencia

Valencia[edit]

A product of Valencia CF's youth system, Silva made his professional debut in 2004–05, with Segunda División's SD Eibar, while on loan from Valencia, playing 35 league games and scoring on five occasions. In the following season, he was again out on loan, this time to Celta de Vigo, where he played 34 matches, scoring four goals. After two late substitute appearances, the first in a 2–0 home win over Málaga CF on 28 August 2005, Silva finished as an undisputed starter as the Galician side reached the UEFA Cup straight from the second-tier.

Silva returned to Valencia in the summer of 2006, becoming an automatic first-choice despite his young age (20). In two seasons combined, he only missed six matches and netted 14 goals (his first coming on 5 November 2006 in a 1–1 draw at RCD Espanyol). In August 2008, he extended his contract by five years, amidst interest of several Premier League teams.[8] He won the Copa del Rey 2008, his first title in Spain.

After not appearing in the first three months of 2008–09 due to a chronic ankle ailment,[9] Silva returned to the call-ups in mid-December. On 3 January 2009, he scored twice in a 3–1 home win over Atlético Madrid,[10] still contributing with 19 matches (four goals) as the Che qualified for the Europa League.

In the 2009–10 season, Silva scored a career-best eight goals, as Valencia finished in third position and returned to the UEFA Champions League. On 15 April 2010, he scored a brace against Athletic Bilbao for a 2–0 home win,[11] adding three assists in the 4–4 thriller at Werder Bremen for the Europa League's round of 16.[12]

Manchester City[edit]

2010–11[edit]

On 30 June 2010, Manchester City announced that they had reached an agreement with Valencia over the transfer of Silva and that he would join the club on a four-year deal, prior to the start of the 2010–11 season.[13] On 14 July, the Premier League side completed the signing[14] and Silva was awarded the number 21 shirt, the same number he wore for Valencia and when playing for Spain. Manchester City had previously tried to sign Silva and his Valencia team-mate David Villa in 2008, but were put off when Valencia quoted a £135 million combined price tag on both players.[15]

David Silva with Manchester City in April 2011

City manager Roberto Mancini mainly deployed Silva as a winger[16] and later in a trequartista role in his first season.[17] Silva made his Premier League debut on 14 August 2010 in a 0–0 draw against Tottenham Hotspur at White Hart Lane.[18] He scored his first goal for the club on 16 September, eight minutes into the Europa League group match against Red Bull Salzburg.[19] On 17 October, he scored his first league goal in a game against Blackpool, netting City's third goal in a 3–2 away win.[20] In a 3–1 home win in the Europa League against Lech Poznań, he set up two goals for Emmanuel Adebayor.[21] He made another assist slipping through Adam Johnson for Manchester City's third in a 3–1 away win against West Ham United.[22] Erroneous media reports emerged suggesting Silva could return to Spain and cited homesickness and difficulty to adapt to the English game.[23] His performances, however, impressed City supporters and earned him three consecutive Manchester City Player of the Month awards from October to December 2010.[24]

On 12 February 2011, he was credited for the equalising goal in the 2–1 loss to rivals Manchester United when an Edin Džeko shot deflected off his back and into the net. On 2 March, he scored from twenty yards out in an FA Cup win (3–0) against Aston Villa. Three days later, he scored the only goal in Manchester City's win against Wigan Athletic. Silva netted the third goal in City's 5–0 rout of Sunderland on 3 April. His assist to Yaya Touré against Everton at Goodison Park took Silva to 15 assists in all competitions for the season.[25]

Following his debut season in the Premier League, Silva has emerged as one of the league's finest playmakers. Carlos Tevez lauded him as "the best signing we (Manchester City) have made."[26]

2011–12[edit]

Silva began the 2011–12 season in fine form, scoring the third goal in City's 4–0 thrashing of Swansea City[27] and was voted man of the match. He also scored the following week against Bolton Wanderers, and was again named man of the match.[28] Silva then set up two of Sergio Agüero's three goals in City's second home game against Wigan Athletic. After a series of magnificent displays from Silva, City boss Roberto Mancini compared him to fellow Spain internationals Xavi and Andrés Iniesta and said that Silva is "one of the best players in the world".[29] On 1 October, Silva was awarded the Premier League Player of the Month for his outstanding performances, making it the first time ever that two Manchester City players have won the award in back to back months with Edin Džeko winning it the month before.

Silva prior to a league match against Liverpool in 2011

In the first Manchester Derby of the season at Old Trafford, Manchester City won 6–1, with Silva proving, yet again, to be instrumental in the Manchester City attack, scoring the fifth goal, setting up Edin Džeko's second with a chested volley pass through the United defense, and participating in the first two goals with excellent passing to James Milner to assist Mario Balotelli.[30] On 25 October 2011, in an interview with a Spanish radio station, Silva revealed that he turned down FC Barcelona and Real Madrid so he could sign for City and that he wants to stay at the club for years. He commented, "Madrid and Barcelona are great teams, but I'm happy here and I would like to stay here for many years."[31] Former City and England defender Earl Barrett said he is almost impossible to stop due to his ability to create space[32] and Andy Cole, who mostly played for Manchester United, has stated that Silva "is a joy to watch."[33]

Silva scored a goal in City's 3–2 away win against Queens Park Rangers on 5 November[34] and also scored in City's 1–0 home win against Arsenal on 18 December.[35] He also contributed by scoring the fourth goal in City's 4–0 home win against West Brom on 11 April.[36]

In addition to winning his first Premier League medal with Manchester City, he also finished the season as top of the assists table with 17 assists to his name[37] and was one of four City players who made it in the PFA's Premier League Team of the Year.[38]

2012–13[edit]

On 17 September 2012, Silva signed a new five-year deal at City, committing himself to the Etihad Stadium until 2017.[39] He injured himself playing for Spain, which meant he had to miss four games for Manchester City. On 11 November, he provided the crucial assist, a lofted through-ball, to striker Edin Džeko, who converted in the 88th minute to steal a 2–1 victory over Tottenham Hotspur. His first league goal of the season came in a 5–0 thrashing of Aston Villa at home in the very next league match, on 17 November. On 19 January 2013, Silva scored a brace against Fulham at home in a 2–0 win. On 9 March, he scored the fifth and final goal in Manchester City's win (5–0) against Barnsley at the Etihad Stadium in the quarter-finals of the FA Cup, sealing progression to the semi-finals. He finished the season with four goals and ten assists in 32 league appearances for a City squad that finished runners-up to city rivals Manchester United for the Premier League title.

2013–14[edit]

On 19 August 2013, Manchester City started the campaign against Newcastle at home. David Silva headed the 1st goal of the game at close range after the cross by Edin Džeko was pushed away by Tim Krul.[40] Manchester City won the game 4–0. Silva struggled with a thigh injury which kept him out of the Spain side for WC qualifiers. He made his comeback in 3–1 defeat against Bayern Munich in a Champions League group stage match. He assisted the 2nd goal and scored the 3rd in City's first league away win of the season at West Ham on 19 October. His third goal of the season came on 2 November in a home league match against Norwich City. Manchester City won the game 7–0.[41]

International career[edit]

Silva playing for Spain

Silva first represented Spain in the 2003 FIFA U-17 World Championship in Finland, scoring three goals. In 2006, he became an under-21 international and scored four goals during the 2005 FIFA World Youth Championship; this was enough to earn him joint-fourth place in the goal ranking, alongside Italian striker Graziano Pellè.

Silva made his senior international debut in the 1–0 friendly home defeat to Romania on 15 November 2006, and continued to receive call-ups to the side after good contributions in his first games. On 22 August 2007, he scored his first two goals for Spain, netting twice in a 3–2 friendly win versus Greece, and was then called up to the squad of 23 for UEFA Euro 2008.

In the semi-finals game versus Russia, Silva scored the third goal for Spain after a quick counter-attack in which Cesc Fàbregas delivered a low cross, and he sent the ball into Igor Akinfeev's goal with his left foot.[42] In the final, he was involved in an incident with Germany's Lukas Podolski. After he pulled Podolski to the ground, the German approached Silva, which resulted in an angry exchange of words and a coming together of heads that the referee decided not to punish. Shortly afterward, Spanish coach Luis Aragonés substituted Silva for Santi Cazorla in an attempt to calm the tensions.[43]

After appearing regularly during 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification – Spain won all ten fixtures – Silva was also picked for the squad for the finals in South Africa. His participation was, however, a small one, as the national team won the tournament: he started in the first match, a 0–1 group stage defeat against Switzerland, then played the last four minutes of the 1–0 win against Germany in the semi-finals.

On 11 August 2010, during an international friendly with Mexico, Silva scored two minutes into second-half injury time, ending the game with a 1–1 draw.[44] In a Euro 2012 qualifier against Liechtenstein on 3 September 2010, Silva scored after 62 minutes, in a 4–0 away win.[45] The following month, in the same competition, he scored through a rare header, as the national team downed Lithuania in Salamanca (3–1).

Silva (left) on the ball for Spain in the UEFA Euro 2012 Final

In a friendly against Colombia on 9 February 2011, he came off the bench to score the game's only goal with just four minutes remaining, helping Spain to a hard-fought 1–0 win.[46] He scored twice and provided one assist in Spain's 3–1 victory against Scotland in their final match of the Euro 2012 qualifiers. The win saw the Spaniards enter the tournament with a perfect qualifying record by winning all their group games.[47] He scored the first goal in Spain's 2–2 comeback against Costa Rica, a friendly match where he came on as a substitute in the second half with Spain trailing 2–0.[48] He once again scored in a friendly against Venezuela to make the score 2–0 in a match that ended in a 5–0 win. Heading into Euro 2012, he scored in their pre-tournament friendly against China by finishing off a short give and go from Andres Iniesta in the 84th minute.

Silva was a starter in all six matches of Spain's Euro 2012 campaign. In the 14th minute of the Euro 2012 Final, he headed home a Cesc Fàbregas cross, giving Spain a 1–0 lead.[49] The match ended 4–0 and concluded the tournament in which Silva scored two goals and made three assists, the best efficiency (goals and assists) of any player at the Euros.[50] He was subsequently named in UEFA's Euro 2012 Team of the Tournament for his performances.[51]

Silva was named in Vicente del Bosque's 23-man squad list for Spain's contestation of the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, held in Brazil. On 20 June 2013, Silva scored two goals in Spain's 10–0 demolition of Tahiti.[52]

International goals[edit]

# Date Venue Opponent Goal Result Competition
1. 22 August 2007 Toumba, Thessaloniki, Greece  Greece 2–2 3–2 Friendly
2. 22 August 2007 Toumba, Thessaloniki, Greece  Greece 3–2 3–2 Friendly
3. 26 June 2008 Ernst Happel, Wien, Austria  Russia 3–0 3–0 UEFA Euro 2008
4. 5 September 2009 Riazor, A Coruña, Spain  Belgium 1–0 5–0 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification
5. 5 September 2009 Riazor, A Coruña, Spain  Belgium 4–0 5–0 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification
6. 14 October 2009 Bilino Polje, Zenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1–0 5–2 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification
7. 8 June 2010 Condomina, Murcia, Spain  Poland 2–0 6–0 Friendly
8. 11 August 2010 Azteca, Mexico City, Mexico  Mexico 1–1 1–1 Friendly
9. 3 September 2010 Rheinpark, Vaduz, Liechtenstein  Liechtenstein 4–0 4–0 UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying
10. 8 October 2010 El Helmántico, Salamanca, Spain  Lithuania 3–1 3–1 UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying
11. 9 February 2011 Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid, Spain  Colombia 1–0 1–0 Friendly
12. 11 October 2011 José Rico Pérez, Alicante, Spain  Scotland 1–0 3–1 UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying
13. 11 October 2011 José Rico Pérez, Alicante, Spain  Scotland 2–0 3–1 UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying
14. 15 November 2011 Nacional, San José, Costa Rica  Costa Rica 2–1 2–2 Friendly
15. 29 February 2012 La Rosaleda, Málaga, Spain  Venezuela 2–0 5–0 Friendly
16. 3 June 2012 La Cartuja, Seville, Spain  China PR 1–0 1–0 Friendly
17. 14 June 2012 PGE Arena, Gdańsk, Poland  Republic of Ireland 2–0 4–0 UEFA Euro 2012
18. 1 July 2012 Olympic, Kiev, Ukraine  Italy 1–0 4–0 UEFA Euro 2012 Final
19. 20 June 2013 Estádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  Tahiti 2–0 10–0 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup
20. 20 June 2013 Estádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  Tahiti 10–0 10–0 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup

Career statistics[edit]

Club[edit]

As of 20 April 2014.[53]
Club Season League Cup Europe Total
Apps Goals Assists Apps Goals Assists Apps Goals Assists Apps Goals Assists
Eibar
2004–05 35 4 0 0 0 0 - - - 35 4 0
Total 35 4 0 0 0 0 - - - 35 4 0
Celta
2005–06 34 4 0 0 0 0 - - - 34 4 0
Total 34 4 0 0 0 0 - - - 34 4 0
Valencia
2006–07 36 4 1 2 1 0 11 3 2 49 8 3
2007–08 34 5 6 8 1 5 6 0 0 45 6 11
2008–09 19 4 8 3 0 0 3 1 0 25 5 8
2009–10 30 8 7 2 1 0 7 1 4 36 10 11
Total 119 21 22 10 2 5 26 6 6 155 29 33
Manchester City
2010–11 35 4 7 8 1 4 10 1 2 53 6 14
2011–12 36 6 15 3 0 2 10 2 2 49 8 21
2012–13 33 4 8 5 1 3 3 0 0 41 5 13
2013–14 24 7 9 6 0 1 6 1 3 36 8 13
Total 127 21 39 22 2 10 28 4 7 179 27 61
Career total 315 50 61 32 4 15 54 10 13 403 64 94

National team[edit]

As of 20 June 2013
Spain national team
Year Apps Goals
2006 1 0
2007 10 2
2008 9 1
2009 12 3
2010 12 4
2011 10 4
2012 15 4
2013 8 2
2014 1 0
Total 78 20

Honours[edit]

Club[edit]

Silva has won three consecutive major trophies (Euro 2008, 2010 World Cup, and Euro 2012) with Spain
Valencia
Manchester City

National[edit]

Spain

Individual[edit]

Decorations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Premier League Clubs submit Squad Lists" (PDF). Premier League. 4 September 2013. p. 8. Retrieved 5 September 2013. 
  2. ^ "Player Profile: David Silva". Premier League. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "David Silva, or is it Merlin?". Manchester City F.C. 2 August 2011. Retrieved 4 June 2012. 
  4. ^ "Happy Birthday Merlin!". mcfc.co.uk. 8 January 2013. Retrieved 9 January 2013. 
  5. ^ "David Silva, el nieto de ´la tirajanera´". 
  6. ^ "Manchester City new boy David Silva: The Prada-wearing Japanese machete fighter who started life in goal...". Daily Mail (London). 1 July 2010. Retrieved 4 November 2011. 
  7. ^ a b Kay, Alex (20 October 2011). "David Silva: From a childhood in a Spanish fishing village to Premier League superstar...". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 28 October 2011. 
  8. ^ Silva opts to stay with Valencia; BBC Sport, 13 August 2008
  9. ^ Silva resigned to three-month absence; UEFA.com, 12 September 2008
  10. ^ Barça stride on, Silva inspires Valencia; UEFA.com, 3 January 2009
  11. ^ La Champions es más fácil con Silva (Champions League is easier with Silva); Diario Marca, 15 April 2010 (Spanish)
  12. ^ Villa revels in Valencia's 'crazy' night; UEFA.com, 18 March 2010
  13. ^ City clinch Silva deal; Sky Sports, 30 June 2010
  14. ^ "New City boy Silva targets Champions League". ESPN. 14 July 2010. Retrieved 4 November 2011. 
  15. ^ Daniel Taylor (14 August 2010). "David Silva the little man thinks big at Manchester City". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 9 November 2010. "He has cost £25m. Yet when City sent a delegation to Valencia in late 2008 to ask about Silva and David Villa they were quoted £135m for the pair. The Valencia president, Manuel Llorente, later told the Spanish press that Villa could go, but that he would rather carry a collection bucket around the Mestalla than sell Silva." 
  16. ^ Jacob Steinberg (26 August 2011). "Pat Nevin: 'Why can't England produce a Messi or a Zidane?' | Small Talk | Sport | guardian.co.uk". London: Guardian. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  17. ^ "Mancini tips fantastic Silva to fulfill Trequartista role". 8 April 2011. 
  18. ^ "Tottenham Hotspur 0–0 Manchester City". ESPNsoccernet. 14 August 2010. Retrieved 17 August 2010. 
  19. ^ Red Bull Salzburg 0–2 Man City; BBC Sport, 16 September 2010
  20. ^ "Blackpool 2–3 Man City". BBC Sport. 17 October 2010. Retrieved 19 October 2010. 
  21. ^ "Football so easy for Silva, says Mancini". Manchester Evening News. 22 October 2010. 
  22. ^ "City at West Ham match report". MCFC Official Website. 11 December 2010. 
  23. ^ Kay, Alex (19 February 2011). "Manchester City face fight to keep hold of homesick Silva as Atletico Madrid prepare summer move". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 4 November 2011. 
  24. ^ "Silva streak as David completes hat-trick". MCFC Official Website. 7 January 2011. 
  25. ^ "Everton 2 Man City 1: No Gold for Silva". 
  26. ^ "Carlos Tevez: David Silva is Manchester City's best signing – ESPN Soccernet". Soccernet.espn.go.com. 9 February 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  27. ^ Taylor, Daniel (15 August 2011). "Manchester City 4–0 Swansea City – Premier League match report". The Guardian (London). 
  28. ^ Winter, Henry (21 August 2011). "Bolton Wanderers 2 Manchester City 3: match report". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  29. ^ Stuart Brennan (12 September 2011). "David Silva can rival Barcelona star as best in world | Manchester Evening News". menmedia.co.uk. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  30. ^ "Triple Dutch". ESPN. 24 October 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2011. "Yet again, the majesty of David Silva was evident in the Manchester derby. The Spaniard was instrumental in the rout of old foes United, supplying the passes for the excellent James Milner to tee up the opening two goals for Mario Balotelli, skipping onto Edin Džeko's pass to slide the fourth under David De Gea and setting up Džeko for the sixth with an exquisitely weighted volley." 
  31. ^ "David Silva confirms Barcelona and Real Madrid rejections". ESPN. October 2011. 
  32. ^ "David Silva is just pure gold". Manchester Evening News (Manchester). 26 October 2011. 
  33. ^ "City's David Silva shaping up among world's best midfielders". thenational.ae. 3 November 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2011. 
  34. ^ Phil Dawkes (5 November 2011). "QPR 2–3 Man City". BBC Sport. 
  35. ^ Alistair Magowan (18 December 2011). "Man City 1–0 Arsenal". BBC Sport. 
  36. ^ Phil Dawkes (11 April 2012). "Man City 4–0 West Brom". BBC Sport (Manchester). 
  37. ^ "Barclays Premier League Top Scorers". ESPN Soccernet (ESPN). Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  38. ^ O'Rourke, Pete (22 April 2012). "City quarter in PFA team". Sky Sports. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  39. ^ "Silva signs new Man City deal". ESPNFC. 17 September 2012. 
  40. ^ Winter, Henry (19 August 2013). "Manchester City 4 Newcastle United 0: match report". The Telegraph. Retrieved 3 February 2014. 
  41. ^ Rose, Gary (2 November 2013). "Man City 7-0 Norwich". BBC Sport. Retrieved 3 February 2014. 
  42. ^ Clinical Spain set up Germany final date
  43. ^ McNulty, Phil (29 June 2008). "Germany 0–1 Spain". BBC News. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  44. ^ "Silva salvages draw for Spain". ESPNsoccernet. 11 August 2010. Retrieved 17 August 2010. 
  45. ^ Torres grabs brace for Spain; ESPNsoccernet, 3 September 2010
  46. ^ "Spain 1–0 Colombia: Substitute David Silva grabs late winner to save lacklustre world champions". 9 February 2011. 
  47. ^ Jardine, Peter (11 October 2011). "Spain 3 Scotland 1: Levein's dream dies in six minutes as Silva stars in Spanish win". Daily Mail (London). 
  48. ^ "Costa Rica 2–2 Spain: Silva & Villa save world champions after Arsenal's Joel Campbell looked to have secured victory". 15 November 2011. 
  49. ^ "Spain claim historic win". ESPN. 1 July 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2012. 
  50. ^ "Stats & Records". 2 July 2012. 
  51. ^ "UEFA EURO 2012 Team of the Tournament". UEFA. 2 July 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2014. 
  52. ^ "Torres' 4 goals inspire Spanish rout". ESPN Soccernet. 20 June 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  53. ^ http://www.transfermarkt.co.uk/en/david-silva/leistungsdaten/spieler_35518_2012.html
  54. ^ "Kompany lands Player of the Year double". MCFC Official Website. 23 May 2011. 
  55. ^ "Las universidades canarias, Tadeo, Pedro y Silva, Medallas de Oro de Canarias". ABC España. 24 May 2011 (Spanish). 
  56. ^ "Royal Order of Sporting Merit 2011". 

External links[edit]