David Whitney House
David Whitney House
David Whitney House seen from across Woodward
|Location||4421 Woodward Avenue
|Architect||Gordon W. Lloyd|
|Architectural style||Romanesque Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||72000671|
|Added to NRHP||August 21, 1972|
|Designated MSHS||December 10, 1971|
The David Whitney House is located at 4421 Woodward Avenue in Midtown Detroit, Michigan. The building was constructed as a private residence. It was restored in 1986 and is now a restaurant. The Whitney Mansion was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972.
History and Construction
The David Whitney House was built between 1890 and 1894 by the famous lumber baron David Whitney Jr., who was considered not only one of Detroit's wealthiest personalities, but also one of Michigan's wealthiest citizens. The house is estimated to cost $400,000 (approximately $10,500,000 in today's economy)  and was featured in several newspapers of that time. The exterior is constructed using pink jasper from South Dakota. It is measured to be 21,000-square-foot (2,000 m2) and has 52 rooms (including 10 bathrooms), 218 windows, 20 fireplaces, and a secret vault in the dining room, an elevator, and numerous Tiffany glass windows. The Tiffany glass windows have been estimated to be worth more than the house itself. The window designs often feature themes oriented around the purpose of the rooms they are located in. For example, the music room's windows are themed towards elements of music as well as images of Saint Cecilia, the patron saint of music. The grand staircase features a massive stained glass window portraying a knight, paying homage to the various members of the Whitney family who were knighted, as well as their lineage to Royal blood line in England. The house was the first residential home in Detroit to have a functioning elevator for personal use. The house has recently been featured as a filming location in Detroit's up and coming film industry's movie "LOL" starring Miley Cyrus, and Demi Moore.
David Whitney Jr.
David Whitney Jr. was born in 1830 in Watertown, Massachusetts. Whitney made his millions in Massachusetts as a lumber baron. He moved to Detroit from Lowell (where he had established himself as a lumber baron) in 1857, at the young age of twenty-seven. Starting a joint venture with his brother Charles, he continued to expand his vastly successful lumber business into Ohio, Indiana, and Pennsylvania.
Upon arriving in Detroit, he surrounded himself by the community's wealthiest and most respectable families. Whitney soon earned the nickname of "Mr. Woodward Avenue", due to his keen interest in real estate around the Detroit area. He soon began investing in numerous buildings; in 1915 he built the David Whitney Building, in what is today the Grand Circus Park Historic District.
Whitney Jr. was always fascinated by the Detroit Athletic Club (DAC). Ever since the DAC's establishment in the 1887, it has been revered as "one of the finest private clubs in the country, an elite organization deeply committed to upholding the traditions and elegance of its glorious pasts." Part of the DAC's grounds is now under the possession of Wayne State University. Included among the elite members of the original DAC, were Whitney and his son David C. Whitney. This influenced his choice for the location of the Whitney House as it overlooked the grounds of the DAC. The Whitney mansion was built between 1890 and 1894, and estimated to have cost approximately $400,000. After David Whitney's death in 1900, his family continued to reside in the mansion till 1920. It was converted into an upscale restaurant in the 1986. Today, many of the members of the Whitney family reside in the Grosse Pointe area.
Dating back to the renovations in the mid-1980s, there have been rumored occurrences of supernatural activities on all three floors of the Whitney house. The causes of these events have been linked to the story of David Whitney Jr. and his wife both dying inside the mansion. To this day, some people believe that the ghost of David Whitney Jr. haunts the Whitney mansion. One of the most haunted areas in the house appears to be the elevator. There are reports of the elevator moving on its own between the floors without any passengers. Other unexplained apparitions have been reported on the second and third floors. One evening at closing, a staff member witnessed an older gentleman gazing out of the second floor dining room window; when he was asked to leave, the figure simply vanished into the floor. Reports by the mansion's staff members of sounds of utensils being stacked and table settings being moved all on their own, have only added to the mystery of the Whitney mansion.
|Whitney House interior, 2011
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to David Whitney House (Detroit).|
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "Whitney, David, House". Michigan State Housing Development Authority. Retrieved September 1, 2010.
- "David Whitney House." Detroit: A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary. National Park Service. Web.
- Inflation Calculator | Find US Dollar's Value from 1913-2010. Web. 20 Jan. 2011.
- "Whitney House History." Personal interview. 19 Jan. 2011.
- "Family History." The Whitney. 2010. Web. 23 Jan. 2011.
- "The History of the DAC." Detroit Athletic Club. Web. 23 Jan. 2011.
- "Dark Destinations - The Whitney Restaurant." TheCabinet.com - The Horror Web Page. 21 Feb. 2009. Web. 21 Jan. 2011.
- "Whitney Mansion, Detroit Michigan - Ghosts and Hauntings." 5 Sept. 2007. Web. 21 Jan. 2011.
- Hogarty, Patricia. "The Ghosts of the Whitney Restaurant Watch over the Staff." National News, National Information, National Events. 24 Jan. 2010. Web. 21 Jan. 2011.
- Hill, Eric J. and John Gallagher (2002). AIA Detroit: The American Institute of Architects Guide to Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3120-3.