David Wilkie (swimmer)
||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2012)|
|Full name||David Andrew Wilkie|
8 March 1954 8 march|
Colombo, Sri Lanka
|Height||1.82 m (6 ft 0 in)|
|Weight||76 kilograms (170 lb)|
|Stroke(s)||Medley and breaststroke|
David Andrew Wilkie MBE (born 8 March 1954) is a Scottish former swimmer, who was Olympic and Commonwealth Games champion in the 1970s. He is the only person to have held British, American, Commonwealth, European, World and Olympic swimming titles at the same time. He is a member of the Scottish Sports Hall of Fame and the International Swimmers Hall of Fame.
David Wilkie was born in Sri Lanka, the offspring of Scottish parents who were stationed in that country.
He was a pupil of Daniel Stewart's College in Edinburgh, and while a student there he joined the Warrender Baths Club, one of Scotland's most successful swimming and water polo clubs. It was there that he began to train intensively and develop his specialist stroke, the breaststroke under Frank Thomas, one of Britain's leading coaches. In 1969, Wilkie was chosen to join the elite Scottish Training Squad organised by the Scottish Amateur Swimming Association.
Wilkie broke the Bristish record for the 200 metres breastroke in an international match against Denmark in July 1970. He then won a bronze medal in front of his home crowd in the 1970 Commonwealth Games in Edinburgh in the 200 metre breaststroke breaking his own British record again. He wore a swim cap for that event during the commonwealth games, making him the first elite swimmer to wear one in a major competition.
In 1970 the Scottish Amateur Swimming Association awarded Wilkie the Nancy Riach Memorial Medal Award (awarded to the person who has the done the most to enhance or uphold the prestige of Scottish Swimming during the year) and the W.G. Todd Cup and Prize (Junior Swimmer of the Year). This was the first time in the Association’s history that both awards had gone to the same person in the same year. Wilkie continued to hold the Nancy Riach award every year from 1972 to 1976.
At the Scottish national long course championships in 1972, Wilkie won five events.
Wilkie's world breakthrough came when he won silver in the 200 m breaststroke at the Munich Olympics in 1972 in a European record time. He also broke the Scottish record times for the 100 metres breaststroke and the 200 metres individual medley.
In the 1974 Commonwealth Games, in Christchurch, New Zealand, he won a gold in the 200 metre breaststroke, a further gold in the 200 m individual medley and a silver in the 100 metre breaststroke,. Also in 1974 at the European Championships in Vienna, Austria, he won a gold in the 200 metres individual medley in a world record time. He also won gold for the 200 metres breaststroke and silver as part of the British 4x100 medley relay team.
However, it was after several years of further intensive training, while studying mass communications with a swimming scholarship at the University of Miami, that Wilkie's finest hour came. He won gold in the 200 metre breaststroke at the Montreal Olympics in 1976, in a world-record time and preventing an American Sweep of the Men's swimming gold medals. He later added a 100 metre silver medal to his collection.
Since his retirement, Wilkie has remained active in the world of swimming, involved in swimming aids and technology. He was said to be the first swimmer to wear a head-cap and goggles together in competition to improve the streamline effect within the water.
- (31 July 2012) Coaches; David Wilkie MBE "Coached off the Coach", STV (Scottish Television), Retrieved 27 April 2013
- Gilmour, Jamie (1990). One Hundred years of Warrender baths Club. Macdonald Lindsay Pindar. ISBN 0951678701.
- Riach, Fraser (26 September 1970) "Poised to join world-class swimmers: Sporting Scots 4 - David Wilkie", The Glasgow Herald, Page 8, A copy is also available on the internet at , Retrieved 1 April 2013
- Bislborough, Peter (1988). One Hundred Years of Scottish Swimming. Scottish Amateur Swimming Association. ASIN B000QB8VIG.
- A record swim from Wilkie; 1973 ESPN.co.uk, Retrieved 1 April 2013
- European Swimming Championships (Men) GBRAthletics, Retrieved 2 April 2013
- (1987) University of Miami Sports Hall of Fame Inductee; David Wilkie, Biography Retrieved 22 April 2013
- David Wilkie, MBE Sport Scotland, Retrieved 2 April 2013
- (16 April 2004) Swimmer Wilkie is now millionaire The Scotsman, Retrieved 2 April 2013
- (15 April 2004) Ransom(Wm)& Son. Acquisition FE Investigate, RNS, Retrieved 2 April 2013
- International Swimming Hall of Fame - David Wilkie
- The Commonwealth Games council for Scotland - David Wilkie
|Men's 200 metre individual medley
world record holder (long course)
24 August 1974 – 23 August 1975
David Andrew Wilkie