David Willetts

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For the West End actor, see Dave Willetts.
The Right Honourable
David Willetts
MP
Rt Hon David Willetts MP.jpg
Minister of State for Universities and Science
In office
11 May 2010 – 14 July 2014
Prime Minister David Cameron
Preceded by The Lord Drayson (Science and Innovation)
David Lammy (Universities)
Succeeded by Greg Clark
Shadow Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills
In office
2 July 2007 – 11 May 2010
Leader David Cameron
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Position abolished
Shadow Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families
In office
8 December 2005 – 2 July 2007
Leader David Cameron
Preceded by David Cameron (Education and Skills)
Succeeded by Michael Gove
Shadow Secretary of State for Trade and Industry
In office
6 May 2005 – 8 December 2005
Leader Michael Howard
Preceded by James Arbuthnot (Trade)
Stephen O'Brien (Industry)
Succeeded by Alan Duncan
Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
In office
14 September 2001 – 6 May 2005
Leader Iain Duncan Smith
Michael Howard
Preceded by Theresa May
Succeeded by Malcolm Rifkind
Paymaster General
In office
20 July 1996 – 21 November 1996
Leader John Major
Preceded by David Heathcoat-Amory
Succeeded by Michael Bates
Majority 12,160 (27.7%)
Member of Parliament
for Havant
Incumbent
Assumed office
9 April 1992
Preceded by Ian Lloyd
Personal details
Born David Linsay Willetts
(1956-03-09) 9 March 1956 (age 58)
Birmingham, United Kingdom
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Sarah Butterfield
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

David Linsay Willetts (born 9 March 1956) is a British Conservative Party politician and was the Minister of State for Universities and Science until the July 2014 cabinet reshuffle. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) representing the constituency of Havant in Hampshire.

Education[edit]

Willetts was educated at King Edward's School, Birmingham, and Christ Church, Oxford, where he studied Philosophy, Politics and Economics. Willetts graduated with a first class degree.

Policy researcher[edit]

Having served as Nigel Lawson's private researcher,[citation needed] Willetts took charge of the Treasury monetary policy division at 26 before moving over to Margaret Thatcher's Policy Unit at 28. Aged 31, he subsequently took over the Centre for Policy Studies.[1]

First period in government[edit]

Willetts' constituency office

Aged 36, Willetts entered Parliament in 1992 as the MP for Havant. He quickly established himself in Parliament, becoming a Whip, a Cabinet Office Minister, and then Paymaster General in his first term (when that role was split between the Cabinet Office and HM Treasury as a policy co-ordination role). During this period Willetts' gained "Two Brains" as a nickname, a monicker reportedly coined by The Guardian's former political editor Michael White.[2] However, Willetts was forced to resign from the latter post by the Standards and Privileges Committee over an investigation into Neil Hamilton in 1996, when it found that he had "dissembled" in his evidence to the Committee over whether pressure was put onto an earlier investigation into Hamilton.

Shadow Cabinet[edit]

Despite the resignation, Willetts was able to return to the shadow front bench a few years later while William Hague was Leader of the Opposition, initially serving in the Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Education Secretary before becoming Shadow Social Security (later Shadow Work and Pensions) Secretary. He carved out a reputation as an expert on pensions and benefits. Since leaving the DWP post, he has been recruited as an external consultant by the actuaries Punter Southall.

After the 2005 election, he served as Shadow Secretary of State for Trade and Industry in the Shadow Cabinet under Michael Howard. In August 2005, after ruling out running for leader owing to a lack of support, commentators speculated that he was gunning for the post Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer position and would cut a deal with either David Davis or David Cameron. On 15 September he confirmed his support for Davis, at that time the bookies' favourite. Willetts, a centrist moderniser, went to ground following the announcement of the Davis tax plan since it was widely speculated that he disagreed with the seemingly uncosted and widely derided[3] tax plan and found it impossible to defend. Davis then lost the candidacy race to Cameron.

Following Cameron's win, Willetts was appointed Shadow Secretary of State for Education and Skills in Cameron's first Shadow Cabinet in December 2005, the role Cameron had vacated, and later becoming Shadow Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills. His title became Shadow Minister for Universities and Skills since Gordon Brown's merger of the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills with the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform into the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills in June 2009.

On 19 May 2007, Willetts made a controversial speech on grammar schools in which he defended the existing Conservative Party policy of not reintroducing grammar schools. The speech received a mixed reception. The analysis was applauded by The Guardian and The Times.[2][4][5][6] However, the more right-wing Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail were both strongly critical of the speech, which was unpopular with some Conservative Party activists.[7][8] The speech was made more controversial when David Cameron weighed into the argument, backing Willetts' speech and describing his critics as "delusional", accusing them of "splashing around in the shallow end of the educational debate" and of "clinging on to outdated mantras that bear no relation to the reality of life".[9]

The Department for Education and Skills was abolished by the new Prime Minister, Gordon Brown, who established two new departments. On 2 July 2007, Cameron reshuffled Willetts down to the junior of the two departments: the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills.

Second period in government[edit]

Following the 2010 general election, Prime Minister David Cameron appointed Willetts as the Minister of State for Universities and Science.

Feminism claim[edit]

In June 2011, Willetts said during the launch of the Government’s social mobility strategy that movement between the classes had "stagnated" over the past 40 years, and Willetts attributed this partly to the entry of women into the workplace and universities for the lack of progress for men. "Feminism trumped egalitarianism", he said, adding that women who would otherwise have been housewives had taken university places and well-paid jobs that could have gone to ambitious working-class men. He went on to say that "One of the things that happened over that period was that the entirely admirable transformation of opportunities for women meant that with a lot of the expansion of education in the 1960s, 70s and 80s, the first beneficiaries were the daughters of middle-class families who had previously been excluded from educational opportunities", he said. He said that "And if you put that with what is called 'assortative mating' — that well-educated women marry well-educated men – this transformation of opportunities for women ended up magnifying social divides. It is delicate territory because it is not a bad thing that women had these opportunities, but it widened the gap in household incomes because you suddenly had two-earner couples, both of whom were well-educated, compared with often workless households where nobody was educated".[10]

Standing down[edit]

In July 2014, Willets announced that he would not contest the next general election, saying that "after more than 20 years the time has come to move onto fresh challenges."[11] In October 2014, Willets has been appointed as a visiting professor at King's College London. [12] At the time of writing, December 2014, the decision was highly controversial at King's. Students and staff have been involved in a campaign against his appointment. Their arguments include that Willetts has inadequate academic and teaching experience, and has been picked solely for his political views. King's College London, therefore, is picking him solely based on his policies and political career, which many feel is detrimental to academic freedom. His education reforms, in particular the introduction of £9,000 tuition fees during his time in government, have also been highlighted by students.

Free votes record[edit]

According to the Public Whip analyses,[13] Willetts was strongly in favour of an elected House of Lords and was strongly against the ban on fox-hunting. TheyWorkForYou additionally records that, amongst other things, Willetts was strongly in favour of the Iraq War, strongly in favour of an investigation into it, moderately against equal gay rights, and very strongly for replacing Trident.[14]

"Two brains"[edit]

Due to his careful intellectual approach, ties to academia, his unusually policy-heavy background and his high hairline, he has acquired the nickname "Two Brains".[15] He is currently a visiting professor at the Cass Business School, a board member of the Institute for Fiscal Studies and a visiting fellow at Nuffield College, Oxford, Willetts is the author of several books on conservatism, including "Why Vote Conservative" (1996) and "Modern Conservatism" (1992), as well as numerous articles. He was a founding signatory in 2005 of the Henry Jackson Society principles, advocating a proactive approach to the spread of liberal democracy across the world, including when necessary by military intervention.[16][17] He is an honorary member of Conservative Friends of Poland.[18]

Civic conservatism[edit]

Willetts has pioneered the idea of "civic conservatism" [D. Willetts, "Civic Conservatism", SMF (1994)]. This is the idea of focusing on the institutions between the state and individuals as a policy concern (rather than merely thinking of individuals and the state as the only agencies) and is one of the principles behind the increasing support in the Conservative Party's localist agenda and its emphasis on voluntary organisations. During an interview with The Spectator, he was referred to as 'the real father of Cameronism'.[19]

Fourteen years after the publication of "Civic Conservatism" Willetts gave the inaugural Oakeshott Memorial Lecture to the London School of Economics in which he made an attempt to explain how game theory can be used to help think about how to improve social capital. The lecture[20] was described by the Times as "an audacious attempt by the Conservative Party's leading intellectual to relate a new Tory narrative".[21]

"Civic conservatism, like free market economics, proceeds from deep-seated individual self-interest towards a stable cooperation. It sets the Tories the task not of changing humanity but of designing institutions and arrangements that encourage our natural reciprocal altruism."[22]

Personal life and member's interests[edit]

Willetts is married to the artist Sarah Butterfield. The couple have one daughter, Imogen (born 1988) and one son, Matthew (born 1992). His wealth is estimated at £1.9m,[23][24] and his declarations for the Register of Members' Financial Interests may viewed here.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alice Thomson (13 March 2004). "Willetts takes 'two pensions' Blair to task". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Michael White (22 May 2007). "It's over". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  3. ^ Daniel Finkelstein (2 November 2005). "A David Davis guide to fiscal strategy: two and two make... um, er ...". The Times. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  4. ^ Anatole Kaletsky (24 May 2007). "Lesson one: get the yobs out of the classroom". The Times. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  5. ^ Daniel Finkelstein (21 May 2007). "Fisking Janet Daley". Comment Central (The Times). Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  6. ^ Daniel Finkelstein (22 May 2007). "Do Cameron's critics really want grammar schools?". Comment Central. The Times. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  7. ^ Janet Daley (21 May 2007). "When did wanting the best for your children become a crime?". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  8. ^ Stephen Pollard (17 May 2007). "Scandal of the Tory grammar school u-turn". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  9. ^ "Cameron steps up grammars attack". BBC News. 22 May 2007. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  10. ^ Feminsim has held back working men
  11. ^ http://www.portsmouth.co.uk/news/local/havant-mp-to-stand-down-at-next-general-election-after-more-than-two-decades-1-6177913
  12. ^ http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/news/willetts-appointed-to-teach-and-research-at-kings/2016482.article
  13. ^ "Voting Record — David Willetts MP, Havant". Public Whip. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  14. ^ "David Willetts MP, voting record". TheyWorkForYou.com. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  15. ^ Michael White (5 February 2008). "Willetts scores points in this ball game". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  16. ^ "Signatories to the Statement of Principles". The Henry Jackson Society. 27 July 2010. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  17. ^ "Statement of Principles". The Henry Jackson Society. 27 July 2010. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  18. ^ Conservative Friends of Poland website
  19. ^ Fraser Nelson (24 June 2006). "The real father of Cameronism". The Spectator. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  20. ^ "Renewing civic conservatism. The Oakeshott Lecture. LSE, 20th February 2008". London School of Economics. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  21. ^ Daniel Finkelstein (20 February 2008). "Blood, bats and bonding: a new way". The Times. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  22. ^ Daniel Finkelstein (20 February 2008). "Civic conservatism replies to compassionate conservatism". Comment Central. The Times. Retrieved 4 October 2010. 
  23. ^ Samira Shackle; Stephanie Hegarty; George Eaton (1 October 2009). "The new ruling class". New Statesman. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  24. ^ Glen Owen (23 May 2010). "The coalition of millionaires: 23 of the 29 member of the new cabinet are worth more than £1m... and the Lib Dems are just as wealthy as the Tories". The Mail on Sunday. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 

For Willetts' roles in the 1980s–1990s as a welfare specialist:

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Ian Lloyd
Member of Parliament
for Havant

1992–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
David Heathcoat-Amory
Paymaster General
1996
Succeeded by
Michael Bates
Preceded by
David Cameron
as Shadow Secretary of State for Education and Skills
Shadow Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families
2005–2007
Succeeded by
Michael Gove
New office Shadow Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills
2007–2010
Position abolished
Preceded by
The Lord Drayson
as Minister of State for Science and Innovation
Minister of State for Universities and Science
2010–2014
Succeeded by
Greg Clark
Preceded by
David Lammy
as Minister of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills