David J. Wineland

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David J. Wineland
David Wineland 2008.jpg
David J. Wineland in 2008
Born David Jeffrey Wineland
(1944-02-24) February 24, 1944 (age 70)
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Nationality American
Fields Physics
Institutions National Institute of Standards and Technology
University of Colorado, Boulder
Alma mater University of California, Berkeley
Harvard University
University of Washington
Thesis The Atomic Deuterium Maser (1971)
Doctoral advisor Norman Foster Ramsey, Jr.
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physics (2012)
National Medal of Science (2007)
Schawlow Prize (2001)
Wineland in Stockholm, 2012

David Jeffrey Wineland[1] (born February 24, 1944)[2] is an American Nobel-laureate physicist at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) physics laboratory. His work has included advances in optics, specifically laser cooling trapped ions and using ions for quantum computing operations. He was awarded the 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics, jointly with Serge Haroche, for "ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems." [3][4]

Career[edit]

Wineland graduated from Encina High School in Sacramento, California in 1961.[1] He received his bachelor's degree from the University of California, Berkeley in 1965 and his PhD in 1970 supervised by Norman Foster Ramsey, Jr.[5] at Harvard University. His doctoral dissertation is entitled "The Atomic Deuterium Maser". He then performed Postdoctoral Research in Hans Dehmelt's group at the University of Washington where he investigated electrons in ion traps. In 1975, he joined the National Bureau of Standards (now called NIST), where he started the ion storage group and is on the physics faculty of the University of Colorado at Boulder.

Wineland was the first to laser cool ions in 1978. His NIST groups uses trapped ions in many experiments on fundamental physics, and quantum state control. They have demonstrated optical techniques to prepare ground, superposition and entangled states. This work has led to advances in spectroscopy, atomic clocks and quantum information. In 1995 he created he first single atom quantum logic gate and was the first to quantum teleport information in massive particles in 2004.[6] Wineland implemented the most precise atomic clock using quantum logic on a single aluminum ion in 2005.[7]

Wineland is a fellow of the American Physical Society, the American Optical Society, and was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1992. He shared the 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics with French physicist Serge Haroche "for ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems."[3]

Family[edit]

Wineland is married to Sedna Quimby-Wineland, and they have two sons.[8]

Sedna Helen Quimby is the daughter of George I. Quimby (1913 - 2003), an archaeologist and anthropologist, who was Professor of Anthropology at the University of Washington and Director of the Thomas Burke Memorial Washington State Museum, and his wife Helen Ziehm Quimby.[9][10]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Class of 1961 Graduation List. encinahighschool.com
  2. ^ "David Wineland". Array of Contemporary American Physicists. Retrieved 2013-01-13. 
  3. ^ a b c "Press release - Particle control in a quantum world". Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  4. ^ Phillips, William Daniel (2013). "Profile of David Wineland and Serge Haroche, 2012 Nobel Laureates in Physics". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110 (18): 7110–1. doi:10.1073/pnas.1221825110. PMID 23584018.  edit
  5. ^ Wineland, D. J.; Ramsey, N. F. (1972). "Atomic Deuterium Maser". Physical Review A 5 (2): 821. Bibcode:1972PhRvA...5..821W. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.5.821.  edit
  6. ^ "Nobel Lecture: Superposition, entanglement, and raising Schro¨dinger’s cat*". Rev Mod Phys. July 12, 2013. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.85.1103. 
  7. ^ "Spectroscopy Using Quantum Logic". Science 309. July 29, 2005. 
  8. ^ "David J. Wineland PhD". Bonfils-Stanton Foundation. Retrieved 2013-01-13. 
  9. ^ Quimby obituary, http://www.sf-fandom.com, 26 February 2003, accessed 28 February 2013
  10. ^ George Quimby, 89, gave Burke museum NW flavor, Seattle Times, 2 March 2003, accessed 28 February 2013
  11. ^ "Rabi Award". IEEE Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control Society. Retrieved August 27, 2011. 
  12. ^ "Arthur L. Schawlow Prize in Laser Science". American Physical Society. Retrieved 2013-01-13. 
  13. ^ "NIST Physicist David J. Wineland Awarded 2007 National Medal of Science (NIST press release)". NIST. 2008-08-25. Retrieved 2013-01-13. 
  14. ^ "Herbert Walther Award". OSA. Retrieved 2013-01-13. 
Awards
Preceded by
Saul Perlmutter
Adam G. Riess
Brian P. Schmidt
Nobel Prize in Physics laureate
2012
With: Serge Haroche
Succeeded by
François Englert
Peter Higgs