David Wynne (composer)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

David Wynne (2 June 1900 – 23 March 1983) was a prolific Welsh composer.

Life and career[edit]

David Wynne Thomas was born in 1900 in Penderyn, a village near Hirwaun, the son of a shepherd. The following year, the family moved to Llanfabon, near Cilfynydd, where he attended the local school until the age of 12. For the next two years he worked at a local grocer's shop, then at the age of 14 he went down the pit at the Albion Colliery, Cilfynydd, where one of Britain's worst mining disasters had occurred in 1894. When he was 20, he began lessons with a local music teacher and organist, Tom Llewellyn Jenkins. He showed great aptitude and progressed rapidly. In 1925 he was awarded a Glamorgan Scholarship to University College, Cardiff, entering directly into the third year of music studies under Professor David Evans. From there he proceeded to the University of Bristol where he spent a year in teacher training. In 1929 he was appointed Head of Music at Lewis School Pengam, a grammar school for boys, becoming the first full-time secondary school music teacher in Wales. His students at Pengam included composers Robert Smith and Mervyn Burtch. In 1938 the University of Wales awarded him a D.Mus. In 1944 he was awarded the Clements Memorial Prize for his First String Quartet, and this immediately established him as one of the leading Welsh composers of his generation. Most of the music he wrote subsequently was commissioned. At the same time, for professional purposes, he dropped his last name, and became known to everyone as David Wynne. He retired from school teaching in 1960. From 1961 to 1971 he taught at Cardiff College of Music and Drama, now the Royal Welsh College of Music & Drama,[1] and from 1970 to 1979 in the Department of Music at Cardiff University. In 1983, he died suddenly at his home in Hengoed, in the Rhymney Valley, whilst working on his Fourth Symphony.

One could be struck by the apparent contradiction between the man, courteous and soft-spoken, dignified and tolerant, and generous in his encouragement to his students; and his music, hard edged and seemingly uncompromising. Inside him, of course was a backbone of steel, in his early life he had overcome considerable disadvantage and adversity, he had to have had great determination to have achieved what he did, and it is this side of his character that is most often reflected in his music. The toughness and durability shows in one of his finest orchestral works, the 3rd Symphony, written in 1963 for the Caerffili Festival, and inspired by Caerffili Castle, its structure based on the castle’s concentric design. His gentler and more lyrical side, however, emerged in his Fantasia for Piano and Orchestra, which Martin Jones premiered with the Cardiff University Orchestra in 1972.

The Welsh language had an influence on his composition that was both subtle and profound. The speech rhythms of Welsh poetry permeate his instrumental music, its melodic inflections often consciously influenced by the hwyl of the Welsh preachers that he heard in his youth. Many of his vocal works are settings of early and mediaeval Welsh poetry for which he seems to have had an especial affinity. In Owain ab Urien, a work for male voice choir with brass and percussion, he set some of the earliest Welsh poetry, written in the 6th century. This is probably the only work of its kind ever written. It was commissioned by The Guild for the Promotion of Welsh Music, whose president at the time was Sir Michael Tippett, in memory of its founder, John Edwards; and first performed at the Festival Hall in London in 1967 by the Pendyrus Male Voice Choir under its late director Glynne Jones and the Philip Jones brass ensemble.

The Cardiff University School of Music, in association with the Welsh Music Guild, awards a prize in his honour to advance the careers of student composers.[2]

Selected works[edit]

Works published by University of Wales Press, Oriana Publications Limited, and at the Welsh Music Information Centre
Stage
  • Jack and Jill, opera (1975)
  • Night and Cold Peace, opera (1978)
  • Cain (1981)
Orchestral
  • Symphony No.1 (1952); unperformed
  • Elegy for string orchestra (1953)
  • Berceuse for string orchestra (1954)
  • Prelude, Air and Dance (1955)
  • Symphony No.6 (1955)
  • Symphony No.2 (1956); commissioned by the Guild for the Promotion of Welsh Music
  • Fantasia No.1 (1957); commissioned by the National Youth Orchestra of Wales
  • Sinfonietta for string orchestra (1958)
  • A Welsh Suite (1961)
  • Symphony No.3 (1963); premiered at the Caerphilly Festival
  • Symphony No.4; incomplete
  • Cymric Rhapsody No.1 (1965)
  • Prelude (1968)
  • Cymric Rhapsody No.2 (1969)
  • Divertimento for string orchestra (1974)
  • Octad (1977)
  • Songs for string orchestra
  • Three Pieces for Orchestra
Concertante
  • Rhapsody No.1 for violin and orchestra (1957)
  • Fantasia Concerto for viola and orchestra (1961)
  • Fantasia Concerto for 2 pianos (3 hands) and orchestra (1962); unperformed
  • Fantasia for piano and orchestra (1972)
Chamber music
  • String Quartet No.1 (1944)
  • String Trio (1945)
  • Piano Trio No.1 (1946)
  • Sonatina for viola and piano (1946)
  • Sonata No.1 for violin and piano (1948)
  • Sonata for viola and piano (1951)
  • Five Short Pieces for clarinet and piano (1956)
  • Sonata for trombone and piano (1956)
  • Sonata for trumpet and piano (1956)
  • Sonata No.2 for violin and piano (1957)
  • Quintet for clarinet and string quartet (1959)
  • Septet for flute, clarinet, bassoon and string quartet (1961)
  • String Quartet No.3 (1966)[3]
  • Mosaic for percussion ensemble (1968)
  • Piano Trio No.2 (1968)
  • Duo for cello and piano (1970)
  • Quartet for violin, viola, cello and piano (1971)
  • String Quartet No.4 (1972)
  • Sextet for woodwind quintet and piano (1977)
  • Sonatina for violin and piano (1978)
  • Music for percussion ensemble (1979)
  • String Quartet No.5 (1980)
  • Quartet for oboe, viola, cello and double bass (1982)
  • Divertimento for 2 trumpets and 2 trombones
  • Postlude for 3 trumpets
Harp
  • Prelude and Dance (1963)
  • Music (1966)
  • Suite of Six Bagatelles
Organ
  • Sonata (1965)
  • Fanfare (1972)
  • Three Short Pieces (1973)
Piano
  • Sonata No.1 (1947)
  • Rondo Capriccioso for 2 pianos (1952)
  • Sonata No.2 (1956)[3]
  • Suite of Three Pieces
  • Variations and Capriccio for 2 pianos (1965)
  • Sonata No.3 (1966)
  • Sonata No.4 (1966)
  • Six Studies (1973)
  • Four Welsh Folk Tunes
  • Six Miniatures
Vocal
  • Songs of Solitude for high voice and string orchestra with piano (1941)
  • Two Songs from a Child's Garden for high voice and piano (1941)
  • Y môr ynghwsg (The Sleeping Sea) for high voice and piano (1941)
  • 6 Chân i denor a thelyn (6 Songs) for tenor and harp (1950)
  • Ebb and Flow for high voice and chamber ensemble (1960)
  • Coming Forth by Day for voice and piano (1964)
  • Evening Shadows for voice and piano (1971)
  • Night-Music for soprano, string quartet and piano (1974)
  • Aubade for voice and piano
  • A Cradle Song for voice and piano
  • Hwiangerdd Wyddelig (Irish Lullaby) for high voice and piano
  • Nocturne for low voice and piano
  • O rosyn, dos (Go, Lovely Rose) for tenor and piano
  • To Music for low voice and piano
Choral
  • Night Watch formixed chorus and orchestra (1957)
  • Four Songs from the Chinese for female chorus (1963)
  • Y gelynnen (The Holly) for female chorus and piano (1963)
  • Great Is the Lord for mixed chorus and organ (1967)
  • Stafell Gynddylan for mixed chorus (1967)
  • Gwirebau (Axioms) for chorus and piano (1969)
  • Suite of Six Songs for youth choir and piano (1972)
  • A Gwent Symphony "Wentwood Thorn" for female chorus and orchestra (1973)
  • The Traveller for tenor and mixed chorus (1973)
  • Geni Crist for mixed chorus and organ (1979)
  • Two settings of Poems by William Blake for mixed chorus and harp (1980)
  • Owain ab Urien, Cantata for male chorus and chamber ensemble

References[edit]

  1. ^ Music web
  2. ^ Cardiff University
  3. ^ a b Classical.net

[2. http://www.cardiff.ac.uk/insrv/libraries/scolar/special/davidwynne.html]

Sources[edit]

  • [Welsh Music/Cerddoriaeth Cymru, Vol./Cyf. 7 No. 4 (Summer/Hâf 1983) pp/tt.35 - 43]
  • [Centenary Tribute - Welsh Music/Cerddoriaeth Cymru Vol/Cyf 10 #5 Winter 2000/01]
  • [Composers of Wales – David Wynne, Ninnau Vol 33 No.5, 2008 p17]
  • [Seventh Catalogue of Contemporary Welsh Music, Compiled by Robert Smith : The Guild for the Promotion of Welsh Music (1981)]
  • [Composers of Wales (3) David Wynne by Richard Elfyn Jones : University of Wales Press (1979)]

External links[edit]